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THE first edition of the History of Northumberland having been for some years out of print, the demand for a second one became frequent and urgent. After much consideration, this laborious work was commenced upon a new, enlarged, and improved plan. It commences with an ample sketch of the natural, civil, and moral history of the county, and an enumeration of its population, trade, and resources ; which is followed by a separate description of each Ward, Division, Parish, and Township. The topographical part will be found enlivened by biographical notices of
persons either distinguished by habits of eccentricity, or for intellectual and moral excellence; and, throughout the whole, the Editor has aimed to convey useful information with brevity and comprehensiveness, while he has carefully avoided the introduction of speculative and disputed opinions.
In justice to himself, the Editor begs leave to state, that he has proceeded in the midst of difficulties, particularly those arising from the distraction occasioned by other necessary pursuits. He freely acknowledges occasional inaccuracies ; but they are mostly such as, even with the most sedulous attention, seem hardly possible to be avoided in a work so multifarious in its notices, and published with periodical expedition. After all, it is hoped that this performance, in its general character, is executed consistently with the wishes of those who have supported it.
Neither the publishers nor their numerous and respectable subscribers are under any weighty obligations to certain collectors, or antiquarian amateurs, who are industrious in procuring, merely to enjoy the selfish pleasure of concealing, matters of local interest. The exceptions to this remark are, however, numerous and honourable; and the communications received from many gentlemen engaged in antiquarian researches, but who are liberalized by extensive knowledge, have added considerably to the value of the work,
At the commencement of this undertaking, the late Thomas Davidson, Esq. of Newcastle, displayed those polite and kind attentions that so eminently distinguished his conduct, and which have endeared his memory to all who enjoyed the honour and happiness of his acquaintance.
John Smart, Esq. of Trewitt House, with his characteristic frankness, has communicated several useful papers and remarks. C. W. Bigge, Esq. of Linden, W. C. Trevelyan, Esq. of Wallington, and the Rev. Anthony Hedley, of Whitfield, merit the most grateful acknowledgments for many hints and corrections which have tended to increase the accuracy and interest of the publication.
Mr. John Dobson, architect, has always evinced great readiness to give his assistance. To the Rev. W. D. Thompson, of Crow Hall, Mr. John Dobson, of Ruffside Hall, Mr. Thomas Surtees, of Corbridge, Mr. Edward Smith, teacher, Rothbury, Mr. Nicholas Oliver, of Bambrough, and to several others mentioned in the course of the work, the publishers owe their best thanks.
The liberal kindness of Mr. John Bell, land-surveyor, Windmill Hills, Mr. James Charlton, of the Anchorage-school, Gateshead, and Mr. William Clarke, teacher, Newcastle, will ever be held in grateful remembrance. Some anonymous correspondents have communicated valuable information, as also a few gentlemen who have declined having their names publicly noticed.
Finally, the publishers feel a pleasure in expressing their grateful sense of the extensive patronage they have received. They have endeavoured to adapt the publication to the “ taste and circumstances of the general reader,” whose candid approval they anticipate with some degree of confidence. The publishing of the History of Newcastle upon Tyne in a distinct volume is the only deviation from the original design, and arose from the difficulty of calculating with any tolerable degree of accuracy the probable extent of a work embracing such a variety of subjects of places, persons, and things. This, with the desire of producing a complete and satisfactory account of one of the most ancient and important towns in the kingdom, will, it is hoped, plead a sufficient apology for the alteration.
[In a work on local history, a list of subscribers' names is always a matter of curiosity, and, it may be, of utility. The publishers regret that the fol.
lowing one is so incomplete, and which has been entirely occasioned by some booksellers and agents neglecting to forward their lists. From the returns made, it is printed as accurately as possible. ]
Brewis Thomas, farmer, Needless Hall Adamson John, esq. Newcastle Beeney Isaac, painter, ditto
Brewis William, farmer, Thropple Affleck John Hall, printer, ditto Bell Matthew, esq. Woolsingham Brown Dixon, esq. Benton Alder Thomas, esq. Murray Hall Bell Henry, esq. Newbiggin House Brown Thomas, solicitor, Newcastle Alexander Thomas, clerk, Newcastle Bell John, London
Brown William, cooper, ditto Alexander W. schoolmaster, Fallowden Bell T. bookseller, Newcastle, 2 copies Brown John, builder, ditto Allen Robert, attorney, London Bell John, surveyor, Windmill Hills Brown John, publican, ditto Allison Rev. Thos. Heddon on the Wall Bell George, Low Forge, Bedlington Brown Matthew, farmer, Corbridge Amos A. D. agent, London Bell Thomas, currier, Carlisle
Brown Robert, shopkeeper, Cullercoats Anderson Major, Newcastle Bell Mrs. Bedlington
Brown John, smith, Hebron Anderson George, spirit merchant, ditto Bell William, fitter, Sunderland Brown John, Allendale town Anderson Thos. carver and gilder, ditto Bell Matthew, Barrasford Fell Brown Martin, pitman, Bog Row Anderson Robert, Howick Bell Joseph, Bowsden
Brown Peter, baker, South Shields Andrews G. bookseller, Durham, 2 copies Bell Matthew, Richmond
Brown John, cabinet-maker, Brandling Andrews Miss, dress-maker, Newcastle Bell Greenwell, mason, Fourstones Place Appleby Thomas, joiner, Hazon Bell Robert, mariner, Sunderland Brown Henry, farmer, Ingo Archbold James Slaiter, Newcastle Bell --, agent, Stublick colliery Brown William, innkeeper, Alnwick Archbold John, merchant, Wooler Bellamy Robt. farmer, Little Greencroft Brown Thomas, Sterling Town, New Arkless Benjamin, viewer, Tantoby Belt Robert, sail-cloth manufacturer, York, U. S. Arkless John, viewer, Fatfield
Brown Jacob, custom-house, N. Shields Arkless George, viewer, High Heworth Bennet John, Blyth Links
Brown Robt. near Newcastle Barracks Armstrong W. schoolmaster, Gateshead Berwick Subscription Library
Brown Robt. spirit merchant, Hebburn Armstrong William, overman, Hetton Bigge C. W. esq. Linden
Bruce John, teacher, Newcastle Armstrong Francis, Blanchland Bigge Mrs. T. Benton House
Brumell Henry, esq. Morpeth Arundale Thomas, skinner, Newcastle Birch William, gent. Westgate
Brumwell G. porter mercht. Newcastle Askew Thomas, potter, St. Peter's. Birkinshaw J. Bedlington Iron-works Bryson Robert, builder, ditto Atcheson Adam, esq. Lorbottle · Birkitt Rev. James, Ovingham Buddle John, esq. Carville Atkin, woollen manufacturer, Alston Black Robert, Ingram
Bullock John, publican, Gateshead Atkins John, spirit merchant, Alnwick Blackburn Peter, Blanchland
Burdon Sir Thomas, knt. Jesmond Atkinson Christopher, esq. Ewart
Blackett Christopher, esq. Wylam Burlison John, gardener, Fenham Atkinson Adam, esq.
Burn Matthew, Yorkshire
Burn John, esq. solicitor, London Atkinson William, smith, Seaton Sluice Blakey James, Heworth Shore
Burnett James, millwright, Newcastle Atkinson Edward, farmer, New Houses Blenk Joshua, Blanchland
Burnett H. bookseller, Sunderland by Kirkharle
Blyth Henry, gent. Bishopwearmouth Burnup Richard, agent, Bunker Hill Aynsley William, Plover Hill
Bolam Henry, pitman, Coxlodge Burrell Robert, esq. Durham
Buston Thomas, esq. Buston
Bones -, innkeeper, Lemington Buston Roger, esq. High Buston
Busby M. G. surgeon, Alnwick
Cairns George, farmer, Lysom
Sunderland Bowman Jas. custom-house, Newcastle Caley John, esq. London Bailey Nicholas, esq. Gallow Hill House Bowman William, farmer, Birney Hill Campbell Henry, bootmaker, London Bainbridge, solicitor, Alston Bowman M. farmer, Kirkwhelpington Campbell John, surgeon, Dunse Baker CresswellJ. A.esq. Cresswell Hall Bowman John, saddler, Brampton
Cambo Subscription Library Bankes John, bleacher, Elswick Bowness Geo. shopkeeper, Allanshead Carlisle Subscription Library Barker Matthew, bookseller, Hexham, Boyd -, cabinet-maker, Alnwick Carnaby Ra. cabinet maker, Newcastle 21 copies
Brandon William, esq. London Carpenter J. C. esq. Ford Barkess William, viewer, Allendean BRANDLING CHARLES JOAN, esq. M.P. Carr John, esq. ditto Barras John, tailor, Newcastle
Carr John, esq.
Alnwick Barry John, ship-owner, Sunderland Brandling William, esq. Low Gosforth Carr John, shoemaker, Corbridge Bates Robert, butcher, Newcastle Brandling John, esq. Gosforth Carr Ed. innkeeper, Newton by the Sea Beavon Frederick, M. D. Acton House Branley teacher, Nent Hall
Carr William, clerk, Jarrow b
Carrick John, Newcastle
Crawford John, esq. North Shields Dodds Ralph, plasterer, Newcastle Carter - crate maker, ditto
Crawford P. R. Warden Paper-mill Dodds T. W. surgeon, Lanchester Castles Joseph, innkeeper, Warkworth Crawford Thomas, coal-owner, Durham Dodds John, Cresswell Chambers Alex. coachman, Whickham Crawford Mrs. Newcastle, D.
Dodds Isaac, mason, Ayton Banks Chambers William, Longframlington Crawford T.farmer, near Seaton Delaval Dodds John, publican, Alnwick Chapman Wm. esq. banker, Newcastle Crawford John, farmer, Lookout Dodds John, pavior, ditto Charlton James, Anchorage-school, Crawford William, farmer, Monkseaton Dolphin John, mine agent, Ruffside Hall Gateshead
Crawford William, Netherton Peak Donaldson Jos. schoolmaster, Chatton Charlton Thos. clergy school, Newcastle Crozier George, Whinney Hill
Donkin Henry, esq. Durham Charlton Ralph, ditto
Cruddas Thomas, colliery viewer, Lum- Donkin William, esq. Sandhoe Charlton John, grammar school, Durham ley Thicks
Donkin William, solicitor, Hexham Charlton Pet. grocer, North Shields, D. Curry William, publican, Cow Gate Donkin John, joiner, Gateshead Fell Charlton John, farmer, Gubion Cust Richard, esq. Carlisle
Donkin Robert, farmer, Ingram Charlton William, farmer, Corbridge Cuthbert John, mariner, Low Heworth Donkin Robert, teacher, Warden Charlton Forster, spirit dealer, Blyth Cutforth Timothy, broker, Newcastle Dove Sarah, innkeeper, Greenhead Charlton Robert, nailor, Bedlington
Doubleday Captain Henry, Durham Charlton Ann, innkeeper, Hexham Daglish James, Coldstream
Douglas John, M. D. Sunderland Charlton J. H. surgeon, ditto
Dale Peter, manufacturer, Walker Douglas Thomas, schoolmaster, Alnwick Charlton William, innkeeper, ditto Dale Thomas, agent, Hexham Brewery Douglas John, artist, Kensington Charlton Anthony, solicitor, Morpeth Daleson John, gent. Iron Sign
Downing John, grocer, Newcastle
Dryden John, Blyth Docks
Dryden post-master, Alston
attorney, Howden Davidson Alexander, esq. Swarland Dunford Thomas, clerk, Newcastle, D. Chisholm William, foundry, Durham Davidson excise-office, Richmond Dunn M.
Stella Hall Chisholm Ralph, publican, Alnwick Davison William, bookseller, Alnwick Dunn Matt. grammar-school, HoughChisholm John, New Haggerston Davison Mrs. Lowick
ton-le-Spring Clark George, painter, Durham Davison Alexander, ditto
Durham Subscription Library
Egdell Samuel, innkeeper, Alnwick Clarke J. G.
Davison George, farmer, Rock Egdell Robert, butcher, Warkworth
Elliott Robert, whitesmith, Newcastle Coates Thomas, esq. Lipwood Hall Dawson
Elliott William, baker, ditto Cochrane William, Livery Stables Dawson Thos. glass-cutter, Newcastle Elliott James, upholsterer, ditto Cock William, Low Heworth
Dawson Thomas, shoemaker, Morpeth Ellison CUTHBERT, esq. M. P. HebCodling James, Newcastle
Dawson Thomas, brewer, Bedlington burn Hall Compton Fenwick, esq. New Learmouth Debord Henry, ship-owner, Blyth Ellison Cuthbert, baker, South Shields Cook Rev. Joseph, Newton Hall Dennis P. surgeon, Alnwick
Elsdon Henry, engineer, Cowpen Cook Captain, Durham Dent John, agent, Painshaw
Elsdon Thomas, pipe-maker, Gateshead Cook Captain, R. N. Whalton Dial John, Morton
Eltringham Thomas, bacon merchant, Cook William, esq: Cambo
Dickman T. cabinet-maker, Newcastle Newcastle Cook James, publican
Dickinson Robert, stationer, Hexham Embleton Richard, tanner, ditto Cook William, farrier, Newbottle Dickinson Robert, innkeeper, Embleton Emmerson Thomas, farmer, Ovington Cookson Isaac, esq. Newcastle
Dickinson John, butcher, Jarrow English Wm. engineer, Bow, London Cookson Isaac, jun. esq. Park House Dickinson , farmer, near Allendale English Thomas, hind, Sheepwash Cooper Samuel, viewer, Percy Main town
English John, Longhurst Coppin William, esq. Blyth
Dickinson John, Greenwich Hospital Errington John, skinner, Gateshead Coulson John, spirit mercht. Newcastle office, Newcastle
Errington Robert, Stannington Moor Coulson Matthew, grocer, Hexham Dinning Henry, esq. Newlands Errington Thomas, Gateshead Coventry Andrew, baker, North Shields Dixon Edward, innkeeper, Newcastle Errington Fran. publican, Longhorsley Cox Joseph, esq. Brampton
Dixon George, shoemaker, New York Erskine Colonel, Durham Cowans William, draper, Newcastle Dixon Thomas, miller, Gateshead Cowens James, tailor, Seaton Sluice Dixon John, tailor, Sunderland Fawcus John, Dunston Steads Coward Robert, farmer, Link House Dixon Robert, mariner, South Shields Fairbridge John, surgeon, Hexham Coward Robert, Crow Hall
Dobson William, surgeon, Sunderland Fairlamb, Hexham Coxon Geo. tallow chandler, Newcastle Dobson Edward, Dilston Mill
Fenwick J. Ralph, M. D. Durham CRAMLINGTON HENRY, esq. mayor, Dodd Thomas, esq. Riding
Fenwick Ralph, esq. Shortridge Newcastle Dodd Rev. M. Ingram
Fenwick John, esq. Campville
, Craster Edmund, esq. Preston, D.
Fenwick Nicholas, esq. North Shields
Fenwick Benj. viewer, Percy Main Craw Miss, Fatfield
Dodd Edward, tanner, Hexham Fenwick John, solicitor, Newcastle Crawford David, esq. Westgate Dodds Michael, esq. Cornhill
Fenwick -, Bowre's Houses, Durham