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DISCOVERY OF A NORTHERN CONTINENT. EXPLORATION OF THE IN
around the southern edge and traveling along the
EXPEDITIONS INTO THE INTERIOR OF MEXICO.
1528. Narvaez leads an expedition to the southern coast
of the United States. Cabeza de Vaca tells the
story of the “Seven Cities of Cibola."
of Nebraska, through Colorado and the present
SPANISH DISCOVERY OF THE NORTHWEST.
(a) By the Coast Line.
by Jimenez, who discovers the southern part of
especially after 1750. Finally
plores the shore and claims to have discovered
(b) Inland Route.
to, was not surpassed for more than 200 years.
The coast region, however, and parts of the in-
to some extent settled.
above 40°. The whole coast region up to 37° is
FRENCH DISCOVERY OF MISSISSIPPI REGION.
1519. Beginning with the Spanish, Pineda discovers
the mouth of the Mississippi. 1539-43. De Soto's inland wanderings, contemporary
with those of Cartier.
the Spaniards make a long tour to the West, re-
ana well established.
established in region adjoining the Bay. Also
tentions the forts change hands many times.
Michigan to Wisconsin River down to the Mis-
and not into the Pacific.
and from there up the Mississippi to 45° half way
across the Continent from East to West. 1682. La Salle descends Mississippi to the Gulf and
erects a fort at the Mouth of the Ohio. Thus Mississippi valley is added to the domain of New France.
1685. La Salle comes with a colony from France and
missing the mouth of the Mississippi is cast away on Texan shore, where a fort is built and formal
possession is taken for France. 1699. Iberville and Bienville come and found permanent
settlement in Louisiana. In the north French trappers range the country as far as and beyond
the Upper Mississippi visited by Hennepin. 1712. Crozat is given exclusive commercial privileges
in Louisiana. 1716. John Law's financial experiment. 1717. Crozat's monopoly fails. 1720. Bursting of the “Mississippi Bubble.” 1727. The French explore to a point above the Kansas. 1731–43. Verendrye attempts to form a line of trading
posts across the Continent. 1742. Upper Missouri River ascended to region above
Yellowstone. 1743. The Verendryes reach base of the Rocky Moun
tains in what is now Montana. 1755. England and France at over boundary.
Seven Years' War results. 1762. Family compact between France and Spain. 1763. Transfer of territory after Seven Years' War gives
Spain (from France) city of New Orleans and all territory between the Mississippi River and the Rocky Mountains. France does not own an
inland acre of land in North America. 1800. Treaty of San Ildefonso transfers entire province
of Louisiana back to France. 1803. Louisiana Purchase for $15,000,000 includes all of
Louisiana, Arkansas, Missouri, Iowa, North and
ith Dakota, Nebraska and parts of Montana, of Minnesota, Colorado, Kansas, Wyoming, Oklahoma and Indian Territory.
THE OREGON COUNTRY.
AMERICAN DOMAIN. 1792. Columbia River discovered by United States ex
plorer Robert Gray from Boston.
1805. Explorers Lewis and Clark travel up the Mis
souri to its source. Go down Columbia River
to the Pacific Ocean. 1811. John Jacob Astor settlements on southern bank of
Columbia River. 1819. By the Florida Treaty Spain cedes to the United
States all claims she might have by earlier explorers to land embraced in Oregon, Idaho and parts of Montana and Wyoming and lays no claim north of 42° because of no definite historic evi
dence of actual explorations or settlements. 1818. Contract between England and the United States
to reorganize this territory as neutral ground. United States and Britain both claim the land between California on the south to 42°, which was owned by Mexico, and Alaska on the north, which
was owned by Russia, to 54° 40'. 1819. By terms of treaty United States claims land to
54° 40'. 1842. Boundary War agitation. “Fifty-four forty or
Fight” cry. 1846. Compromise under President Tyler's adminis
tration agrees on 49° parallel as the north boundary of England. Had we forced our claim for 54° 40' we would have had complete mastery of the Pacific Ocean and the settlement in 1903 of the Canadian line would have been avoided.
1824. United States of Mexico organized into a repub
lic, separating itself from Spain; President Victoria; contains besides Mexico all of California, Nevada, Utah and Texas, Arizona, and parts of
New Mexico, Colorado and Wyoming. 1833. Trouble between the United States and Mexico
over Texas, which Mexico refuses to sell. 1836. Texas severs its connection with Mexico. 1848. Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo gives all of the
territory north of Mexico to the United States. President Herrera in command. (Contains all the original Republic of 1824 now in the United