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Such was the promptitude with which relief was afforded, that he immediately received from Cambridge, 590l. a present, besides a considerable sum for books. His letters of this date speak thus on the subject.
'January 17, 1814: "I have received in all from different quarters, and from those of whom I had never heard the name . . . quite enough to pay all my debts: and, as I have reason to think, that most, if not all, the copies of the works will be disposed of, I now have all and abound." "
'February 14, 1814: "I really expected, at first, little more than to dispose of two or three hundred copies of the works, and i never intimated a desire of further help than in that way. You have heard what I received from Mr. S. . . . Since then, money has been sent me, with the most cordial, respectful letters, from persons of whom I never heard: among the rest, 201. from a quaker. Offers were made of raising more, if I desired it; which I declined. Probably all the copies of the works will be sold. I do not now owe any thing which I cannot pay on demand-what I never could say since you were born! and I have something in hand; and shall receive more, besides the works.'
'I stated, that I had all and abounded, and did not wish to trouble my friends further, except as subscribers to the works. But I, next letter, received 115l. as a present!-I have had 350l. from Bristol, where I thought my rudeness had given offence; besides orders for a hundred copies of the works!"
Another letter to my brother, ten days afterwards, states that Mr. Cooke had remitted 2001 more from Bristol! and my father adds in a postscript.
Februaay 25, 1814. I have received at least 2,000l. as presents in little more than two months, besides the sale of books!!
'The trials and difficulties' which rendered Scott's abode at the Lock Hospital unhappy, were ended in 1801, by his removal to Aston, in which situation he continued, active and laborious, to the time of his death. In 1807, he engaged in the instruction of young men, who were designed to be sent abroad as missionaries by the Church Missionary Society. To this care he devoted much of his time for seven years, and notwithstanding his advanced age applied himself for their sake to the learning of several new languages. Of this society he was an ardent friend and patron, as he was also of other similar institutions. He took a lively interest in the cause of the Jews, and published concerning them and for them a work, which he supposed to be in some considerable measure original, and likely to do something toward effecting their conversion.
After this period, 1814, little is recorded in the volume before us, except what is designed to display the temper of his mind,
and the spirit by which he was actuated.' Of this portion of the book, which extends through 170 pages, and consists principally of extracts from his and his children's letters, a minute account of his last illness, with a journal of his conduct, feelings, and conversation, during that period, and an abstract of his character and works; we can give no very particular epitome. Many of his letters are very fine, producing a favourable impression of his vigour of mind, judgment, and affectionate desire of doing good. And from the whole, though there are some things which are injudiciously inserted, yet it is impossible not to gather a high respect for his christian character, and to regard him as an example worthy of imitation in his laudable devotion to the great purpose of his life, his indefatigable labours, his zealous and self-denying perseverance, his habitual piety. He died after a severe illness, on the 16th of April, 1821, in the 65th year of his age. Instead of copying any of the numerous and high wrought eulogies, which are collected together from various sources, we conclude our article with an extract which gives a favourable view of some of his private habits.
It may be interesting to some persons to know his usual mode of spending his time, when exposed to no particular interruptions.
Unlike most men who have accomplished great things in life, he was never, till quite his latter years, an early riser. This, indeed, might be sufficiently accounted for, by the disturbed nights which he often passed, owing to his asthmatic complaint. He usually rose about seven, and retired to rest about eleven o'clock. But during some late years he rose frequently between five and six. At these times he often spent three hours alone in his study before breakfast. His seasons of private devotion were always, I believe, immediately after rising, and again from eight to nine o'clock in the evening. There were times also in which he had periods of retirement in the middle of the day: and occasionally he observed days of fasting and more special devotion.
After breakfast followed his family exposition and worship, which often occupied three quarters of an hour, or even still more time. He next, while he had missionaries or other pupils under his care, applied himself to their instruction; and then pursued his own studies till near the hour of dinner. His time for exercise and for making his pastoral visits was generally the afternoon. For some years his chief exercise was the cultivation of his garden; but latterly, from the necessity of a recumbent posture, much of the time which he had been used to give to this employment was passed upon his bed. After tea he was again occupied in his study till the hour for family worship arrived: after which a light supper, fol lowed by a little conversation, closed the day.
He was, as Mr. Wilson has observed, "always employed, but
never in a hurry." His method of "gleaning," as he termed it, by always having a book at hand for spare portions of time, he himself has described and recommended in a letter which has been inserted. But he gleaned by conversation with all who came in his way, upon such subjects as they understood, as well as from books. He thought it of much advantage to a clergyman to understand common affairs, particularly those connected with the employments of his people. "When they saw that he understood things belonging to their profession, it would make them," he said, "give him credit for more competency to instruct them in what pertained to his own."-Indeed his active mind employed itself vigorously upon all subjects which came before it; and particularly upon the passing events of the world, as they affected the interests of the Christian church, or of his country, and the consequent duties of himself, and his people.
'Till his spirits had been completely worn down by labours and infirmities, he possessed great cheerfulness and vivacity; which especially displayed themselves in times of sickness.—He was a man of much conversation. All his studies and pursuits were talked over with his family. He was indeed always and every where didates," apt to teach :"* we might even be ready to term him, St. Paul was termed, seguoλoyos,† if that word may be taken, as our version appears to take it, for one who scatters his words, like seed, all around him. In confirmation of this the scenes of the Margate packets may be recalled to mind. I will mention also another incident which recalled, though it may appear trivial, will illustrate my position, and his character.-In one of my journeys to Aston, I took with me, as nurse maid, a young woman of but slender capacity, though I hope of good principles; and it amused and interested me to learn that this poor girl, when charged with the care of a young child, could find no way of passing her time so agreeably, as in standing or walking about near my father, while he worked in his garden. He so explained to her his various operations, and the intended result of them, with appropriate observations, that her attention was quite engaged. And by means resembling this it was, that his domestics gradually acquired a degree of information, which made them appear enlightened persons in comparison with what is generally found in that rank of life. And hence too it was, as well as for the great spiritual benefit which most of them derived from his instructions, that, without contracting any disrespectful familiarity, they became attached to him in a very uncommon degree.
In this connexion I may mention what has left a pleasing and affecting impression upon my memory from my early days. His returns from visiting his late flock at Ravenstone, when he lived at Olney, were always interesting occasions, while he talked over with my mother all that he had observed in their state. At these times,
* 1 Tim. iii. 2. 2 Tim. ii. 24.
Acts xvii. 18.
I suppose from sympathy with his hopes and fears, his joys and sorrows respecting them, it was very gratifying to me to stand by, a silent listener to the conversation.
In like manner the peculiar piety, cheerfulness and affection which marked the discourse that took place on a Sunday evening, (notwithstanding the very discouraging circumstances against which my father had to contend,) early made a strong impression upon my mind of the happiness of true religion.
'Generally I may say, that my father was very strict about the observance of the sabbath in his family. All domestic work. that could be anticipated, was done the evening before and cooking on the Sunday was avoided, that the whole family, if not otherwise prevented, might attend public worship. Yet, as may be collected from the fact just related, his piety was cheerful as well as strict.
"Improv'd and soften'd by the day,
'In one respect a deficiency may have been felt in these memoirs -my father never, I believe, at least, never since a very early period, wrote any private papers, relative to what passed in his own mind. Pious persons have differed in judgment upon this practice. His judgment was not against it: but it was not his habit. Nor has he left any writings beyond what are now printed, which can be communicated to the public-unless it be additional letters in the hands of his friends.-At the same time that I make this remark, I may be permitted to observe, that he much deprecated the publication of such letters, unless (what he apprehended might not be attainable,) they could be previously submitted to persons in whose judgment he could confide. He thought that the memory of many good men had been injured by such publications.*-1 confess it is with some trepidation, as to what might have been his own judgment upon the subject, that I now lay so much of his private correspondence before the public: but all, I persuade myself, will feel that I have given them much that is truly valuable: and, under the sanction and authority which death has added to his character, he may now speak some things publicly, which perhaps propriety or expediency required that he should before say only in private to his friends. If I have in any important instance exceeded that moderate licence which this consideration would allow, there is nothing for which I should feel more unfeigned regret.'
*See his Practical Observations on Deut. xxxiv.
A Sermon on the Religious Opinions of the present Day, delivered in two parts, morning and afternoon, on Lord's Day Sept 23, 1821, to the Church and Congregation in Jamaica Plain, Roxbury. By THOMAS GRAY, A.M. Their Pastor. Published by request of the hearers. Second Edition. Boston.
We think these sermons adapted to do good. They are written with judgment and an excellent spirit. They present a brief sketch of the peculiar opinions of the principal sects now prevalent, taken in the main from their own standard works, given in a popular manner without comments, but so presented as to be brought into pretty direct contrast without forestalling the judgment of the inquirer. The survey is concluded with some remarks of a practical and valuable character. We quote with much pleasure a few paragraphs.
The survey, we have here taken, may and ought to teach all of us, the importance of searching the Scriptures for ourselves as the only foundation of our faith and practice. We are accountable to God for the correctness of our faith so far and no farther than as we possess the means of acquiring it. We possess these means; we have the Bible in our hands; we have reason and understanding to guide our inquiries; and if diligent in our search after truth, if humble in our attempts and earnest in prayers to God to enlighten our minds, and grant us the teachings of his spirit, we shall not fail to attain to all that is necessary to know in order to our salvation.'
'Diversity of opinion there always has been, and always will be amongst men. To bring all men to one standard of religious faith, would be as vain an attempt as to bring them all to the same measure of height and stature.— -No two leaves on any tree are exactly similar; and minds are as variously constituted as bodies. Variety, in short, is nature's great law. Diversity of opinion gives exercise for mutual condescensions, for charity, for free inquiry, and for fearless exercise of our reasoning faculties; without which these virtues would have no scope; and good thus results from it. "Lightnings and earthquakes break not God's design." It is the variety of tones that produces the sweetest chords, whilst one unvarying note would tire and disgust. It is the variety of nature, that imparts to it its lovelier charms.- -All will be harmony in religion, when men will agree to differ, will allow the right of private judgment and cease to withhold the christian name from those who differ from themselves. Only about one fifth part of the human race have, as yet embraced the christian religion under any form, and that single fifth part is divided into above five hundred different sects. Amongst all these there are undoubtedly many honest, many sincere inquirers