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ANNUAL REPORT OF THE BOARD OF REGENTS OF THE SMITHSONIAN

INSTITUTION FOR THE YEAR ENDING JUNE 30, 1921.

SUBJECTS.

1. Annual report of the secretary, giving an account of the operations and condition of the Institution for the year ending June 30, 1921, with statistics of exchanges, etc.

2. Report of the executive committee of the Board of Regents, exhibiting the financial affairs of the Institution, including a statement of the Smithsonian fund, and receipts and expenditures for the year ending June 30, 1921.

3. Proceedings of the Board of Regents for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1921.

4. General appendix, comprising a selection of miscellaneous memoirs of interest to collaborators and correspondents of the Institution, teachers, and others engaged in the promotion of knowledge. These memoirs relate chiefly to the calendar year 1921.

IX

THE SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION.

June 30, 1921.

Presiding officer ex officio.-WARREN G. HARDING, President of the United States.
Chancellor,—CALVIN COOLIDGE, Vice President of the United States.
Members of the Institution:

WARREN G. HARDING, President of the United States.
CALVIN COOLIDGE, Vice President of the United States.
WILLIAM HOWARD TAFT, Chief Justice of the United States.
CHARLES EVANS HUGHES, Secretary of State.
ANDREW W. MELLON, Secretary of the Treasury.
JOHN WINGATE WEEKS, Secretary of War.
HARRY M. DAUGHERTY, Attorney General.
Will H, Hays, Postmaster General,
EDWIN DENBY, Secretary of the Navy.
ALBERT BACON FALL, Secretary of the Interior.
HENRY CANTWELL WALLACE, Secretary of Agriculture.
HERBERT CLARK HOOVER, Secretary of Commerce.

JAMES John Davis, Secretary of Labor.
Regents of the Institution:

CALVIN COOLIDGE, Vice President of the United States, Chancellor.
WILLIAM HOWARD TAFT, Chief Justice of the United States.
HENRY CABOT LODGE, Member of the Senate.
A. OWSLEY STANLEY, Member of the Senate.
MEDILL MCCORMICK, Member of the Senate.
LEMUEL P. PADGETT, Member of the House of Representatives.
FRANK L. GREENE, Member of the House of Representatives,
JOHN A. ELSTON, Member of the House of Representatives.
ALEXANDER GRAHAM BELL, citizen of Washington, D. C.
GEORGE GRAY, citizen of Delaware,
CHARLES F. CHOATE, Jr., citizen of Massachusetts,
John B. HENDERSON, citizen of Washington, D. C.
HENRY WHITE, citizen of Maryland.

ROBERT S. BROOKINGS, citizen of Missouri.
Executive committee.-GEORGE GRAY, ALEXANDER GRAHAM BELL, HENRY WHITE.
Secretary of the Institution.-CHARLES D. WALCOTT,
Assistant Secretary.-C. G. ABBOT.
Chief clerk.--HARRY W. DORSEY.
Accounting and disbursing agent.-W. I. ADAMS.
Editor.--W. P. TRUE.
Assistant librarian.-PAUL BROCKETT.
Property clerk.-J. H. Hill.

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Keeper er officio.--CHARLES . WALCOTT, Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution.

Administrative assistant to the Secretary, in charge.-W. DE C. RAVENEL.

Head curators.-WALTER Hough (Acting), LEONHARD STEJNEGER, G. P. MERRILL

Curators.-PAUL Bartsch, R. S. BASSLER, T. T. BELOTE, AUSTIN H. CLARK, F. W. CLARKE, F. V. CoviLLE, W. H. DALL, WALTER HOUGH, L. 0. HOWARD, ALEŠ HRDLIČKA, NEIL M. JUDD, FREDERICK L. LEWTON, GEORGE P. MERRILL, GERRIT S. MILLER, Jr., CARI. W. MITMAN, ROBERT RIDGWAY, WALDO L. SCHMITT, LEONHARD STEJNEGER.

Associate curators.-J. M. ALDRICH, C. W. GILMORE, W. R. MAXON, CHARLES W. RICHMOND, J. N. ROSE, DAVID WHITE.

Chief of correspondence and documents.-H. S. BRYANT.
Disbursing agent.-W. I. ADAMS.
Superintendent of buildings and labor'.-J. S. GOLDSDITH.
Editor.—MARCUS BENJAMIN.
Assistant librarian.-N. P. SCUDDER.
Photographer.-ARTHUR J. OLMSTED.
Property clerk.-W. A. KNOWLES.
Engineer.-C. R. DENMARK.
Shipper.-L. E. PERRY.

NATIONAL GALLERY OF ART.

Director.--WILLIAM H. HOLMES.

BUREAU OF AMERICAN ETHNOLOGY.

Chief.-J. WALTER FEWKES.

Ethnologists.—John P. HARRINGTON, J. N. B. HEWITT, Francis LA FLESCHE, TRUMAN MICHELSON, JAMES MOONEY, JOHN R. SWANTON.

Editor. -STANLEY SEARLES.
Librarian.-ELLA LEARY.
Illustrator:-DE LANCEY GILL.

INTERNATIONAL EXCHANGES. Chief clerk.-C. W. SHOEMAKER.

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REGIONAL BUREAU FOR THE UNITED STATES, INTERNATIONAL

CATALOGUE OF SCIENTIFIC LITERATURE.

Assistant in charge.-LEONARD C. GUNNELL.

REPORT

OF THE

SECRETARY OF THE SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION,

Charles D. Walcott,

FOR THE YEAR ENDING JUNE 30, 1921.

To the Board of Regents of the Smithsonian Institution.

GENTLEMEN: I have the honor to submit herewith the annual report on the activities and condition of the Smithsonian Institution and its branches during the year ending June 30, 1921. The affairs of the Institution proper are reviewed on the first 24 pages of this report, while more detailed accounts of the year's work of the various branches of the institution are given in the appendices hereto. These include reports on the United States National Museum, the Bureau of American Ethnology, the International Exchange Service, the National Zoological Park, the Astrophysical Observatory, the Smithsonian Library, the United States Regional Bureau of the International Catalogue of Scientific Literature, the National Gallery of Art, the Freer Gallery of Art, and the publications of the Institution and its branches.

THE SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION.

THE ESTABLISHMENT.

The Smithsonian Institution was created by act of Congress in 1846, according to the terms of the will of James Smithson, of England, who in 1826 bequeathed his property to the United States of America “to found at Washington, under the name of the Smithsonian Institution, an establishment for the increase and diffusion of knowledge among men.” In receiving the property and accepting the trust Congress determined that the Federal Government was without authority to administer the trust directly, and therefore constituted an “establishment” whose statutory members are " the President, the Vice President, the Chief Justice, and the heads of the executive departments.”

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