To rise in darkness: revolution, repression, and memory in El Salvador, 1920-1932
To Rise in Darknessoffers a new perspective on a defining moment in modern Central American history. In January 1932 thousands of indigenous andladino(non-Indian) rural laborers, provoked by electoral fraud and the repression of strikes, rose up and took control of several municipalities in central and western El Salvador. Within days the military and civilian militias retook the towns and executed thousands of people, most of whom were indigenous. This event, known asla Matanza(the massacre), has received relatively little scholarly attention. InTo Rise in Darkness, Jeffrey L. Gould and Aldo A. Lauria-Santiago investigate memories of the massacre and its long-term cultural and political consequences.Gould conducted more than two hundred interviews with survivors of la Matanza and their descendants. He and Lauria-Santiago combine individual accounts with documentary sources from archives in El Salvador, Guatemala, Washington, London, and Moscow. They describe the political, economic, and cultural landscape of El Salvador during the 1920s and early 1930s, and offer a detailed narrative of the uprising and massacre. The authors challenge the prevailing idea that the Communist organizers of the uprising and the rural Indians who participated in it were two distinct groups. Gould and Lauria-Santiago demonstrate that many Communist militants were themselves rural Indians, some of whom had been union activists on the coffee plantations for several years prior to the rebellion. Moreover, by meticulously documenting local variations in class relations, ethnic identity, and political commitment, the authors show that those groups considered "Indian" in western El Salvador were far from homogeneous. The united revolutionary movement of January 1932 emerged out of significant cultural difference and conflict.
Comentarios de la gente - Escribir un comentario
No encontramos ningún comentario en los lugares habituales.
the Political Economy
Four Ese Trabajo Era Enteramente de
Derechos de autor
Otras 1 secciones no mostradas
Otras ediciones - Ver todas
activists agn-cg-So agn-cm-mg agrarian Ahuachapan Anaya Araujista Araujo artisans Atiquizaya campesinos candidate cantons Carrizal Carta Central America coffee colonos Comintern communist Comunista Conte crisis Cuenca Cuisnahuat cultural December Diario discourse elections electoral elite ethnic events of 1932 finca forms frts Galindo Pohl Gobernación Gobernador de Sonsonate Gould Guardia Guatemala hacienda Ibid ideological Indians indigenous indigenous communities informants insurgents insurrection Interview Izalco January Jayaque Juayua killed labor movement ladino land leaders leadership leftist Libertad Marmol Martinez massacre memories mestizaje Miguel Mármol militants military mobilization municipal Nahuate Nahuizalco National Guard organization participated peasants plantation political protest radical recalls reform regime region repression revolution revolutionary role Romero Bosque rural workers Salvadoran San Isidro San Salvador Santa Ana Santa Tecla Santo Domingo social Socorro Rojo Socorro Rojo Internacional Sonsonate strike subaltern sucesos survivors Tacuba testimony tion town troops union urban usna violence wages western Salvador