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de Witt to the repeal of the Perpetual Edict-The example set by Dor-

drecht followed by the entire province - The States of Holland reduced to

powerlessness-Proposal for a change of government-It is supported by

the Council of Amsterdam-Reservations made on the subject of the nomi-

nation of the magistrates of the town—The Prince of Orange elected

Stadtholder of Holland and Zealand, under the name of William III.- The

States-General appoint him Captain- and Admiral-General for life-Con-

gratulations sent to him-Letter from his grandmother-He is solemnly

invested with his office-Great position made for him-Negotiations---

Proposals transmitted by De Groot to Louis XIV.--Exactions of the King

of France-Report made by De Groot to the States of Holland - Delibe-

rations-Opinion of the Prince of Orange-Speech of Van Beuningen

--Refusal to accept the King of France's conditions of peace - Measures

attempted with the King of England-Secret negotiations entered into with

Charles II. by the Prince of Orange-Offers made to him-He repulses

them--Treaty of Heeswyck between Louis XIV. and Charles II.-- William III.

declares himself in favour of a continuation of the war-Declaration of

the States-General--Secret negotiations continued between the Prince of

Orange and the King of England - They are in vain-Letter from Charles II.

to the Prince of Orange--Military operations-Progress of the King of

France's conquests—Taking of Nimeguen-Louis XIV. checked by the inun-

dations before Bois-le-Duc-His return to France-Resistance offered to

the Bishop of Münster--Siege of Groningen--He is forced to raise it-Ter-

mination of the naval expedition-Holland saved by a storm from the land-

ing of the enemy's troops-India ships brought back to port-Services

rendered by Ruyter-Organisation of the defence-Financial measures :

forced loans-Information furnished by De Witt-Increase of the strength

of the army-Louis XIV. gives up the prisoners of war-Choice of com-

manders : restoration of discipline- The powers granted to the Prince of

Orange restore confidence to the United Provinces -- Necessity for foreign aid

- Assistance from Spain-Negotiations with the Emperor - Treaty of the

Hague-Co-operation of the Elector of Brandenburg : his junction with

Montecuculi-Insufficiency of this intervention-It nevertheless contributes

to the deliverance of the republic . . . . . . Page 360

LONDON PRINTED BY SPOTTISWOODE AND CO., NEW-STREET SQUARE

AND PARLIAMENT STREET

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Prosperity of the United Provinces—Growth of their colonial power–Diplo-

matic relations in Europe—Negotiations for the extension of the Triple

A- Alliance—Difficulties in obtaining satisfaction for Sweden from Spain–

o De Groot sent as ambassador to Stockholm–Guarantee of the treaty of Aix-

** la-Chapelle—The Act of Triple Concert–Increased weakness of Spain—

o French negotiations for the cession of the Netherlands—Their danger to the

States-General–Spain lets them drop-Defection of England—Hostility of

Charles II. and his Ministers—Temple commissioned to reassure the

States—De Witt's first suspicions—Renewal of the disputes – Van

Beuningen's embassy to England—His illusions—France seeks a rupture—

Recall of Count d'Estrades—Embassy of the Marquis de Pomponne–His

first interviews with De Witt–Desire of the Grand Pensionary to be on

- better terms with France—Explanation given to Pomponne by Van Beunin-

gen—Renewal of negotiations for the cantonment of the Netherlands in the

event of the death of the King of Spain—Refusal of Louis XIV. to continue

them—He reveals to Pomponne his designs upon the United Provinces—

Invasion of Lorraine—Dispossession of Duke Charles IV.-Wain protests of

the States—Rejection by Louis XIV. of the Emperor's offer of mediation—

Irritation of the Emperor—His demand to be admitted into the Triple

Alliance—Understanding between England and France–Recall of Sir

William Temple—His last interview with DeWitt—Failure of Van Beunin-

gen's embassy to London–Negotiations for an alliance between Charles II.

and Louis XIV.-Journey of the Duchess of Orleans to England—Treaty

of Dover—Death of the Duchess of Orleans—Treaty of London—Warnings

given to the States—Last illusions of John de Witt—The United Provinces

threatened with retaliation for the Triple Alliance - - . Page 1

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