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plus of revenue and income beyond the appropriations heretofore charged thereupon, to the end of the year one thousand seven hundred and ninety-five : and thirdly, the surplus which shall remain unexpended of the monies appropriated to the use of the war-department for the year one thousand seven hundred and ninety-four.

Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That President the President of the United States be empow. may borered to borrow, on behalf of the United States, of the bank of the United States, these apwhich is hereby authorized to lend the fam., propria

any

other body or bodies politic, person or persons, any sum or sums not exc

exceeding in the whole, the fums herein appropriated, and to be applied to the purposes aforesaid, and to be reimbursed as well interest as principal out of the funds aforesaid. FREDERICK AUGUSTUS MUHLENBERG,

Speaker of the House of Representatives.
HENRY TAZEWELL, President of the

Senate pro tempore.
APPROVED, March the third, 1795.

GEORGE WASHINGTON,

President of the United States.

or of

CH A P T E R CXII.

An Art supplementary to the Act, intitled, An

Act establishing a Mint, and regulating the

Coins of the United States."
Sec. I. E it enacted by the Senate and

House of Representatives of the United States of America, in Congress assembled, and it is hereby enacted and declared, That for the

BE

Additional better conducting of the business of the mint the maint by of the United States, there shall be an addithe name of tional officer appointed therein, by the name of and refiner. the melter and refiner, whose duty shall be to

take charge of all copper, and silver or gold bullion, delivered out by the treasurer of the mint after it has been aflayed, agreeably to the

rules and customs of the mint already direcHis duty. ted and established, or which may hereafter

be directed and establihed, by the accounting officers of the treasury, and to reduce the same into bars or ingots fit for the rolling mills, and then to deliver them to the coiner or treasurer, as the director shall judge expedient; and to do and perform all other duties belonging to the office of a melter and refiner, or which shall be ordered by the director of the mint.

Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the melter and refiner of the said mint, shall, be

fore he enters upon the execution of his said give fecu- office, take an oath or affirmation before some rity.

judge of the United States, faithfully and diligently to perform the duties thereof. And also shall become bound to the United States of America, with one or more sureties, to the satisfaction of the Secretary of the Treasury, in the sum of fix thousand dollars, with condition for the faithful and diligent performance of the several duties of his office.

Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That His com

there shall be allowed and paid to the said melpensation. ter and refiner of the mint, as a compensation

for his services, the yearly salary of fifteen hundred dollars.

Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That

To take oath and

mont.

the director of the mint be, and hereby is presidente authorized, with the approbation of the temporary President of the United States, to employ appointsuch person as he may judge suitable to discharge the duties of the melter and refiner, until a melter and refiner shall be appointed by the President, by and with the advice of the Senate. Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That the

Treasurer treasurer of the mint shall, and he is hereby of the ming directed, to retain two cents per ounce from barretina every deposit of filver bullion below the stan- lion depodard of the United States, which hereafter shall fited, &c, be made for the purpose of refining and coining; and four cents per ounce from every deposit of gold bullion made as aforesaid, below the standard of the United States, unless the same shall be so far below the standard as to require the operation of the test ; in which case, the treasurer shall retain fix cents per ounce, which fum fo retained shall be accounted for by the said treasurer with the treasury of the United States, as a compensation for melting and refining the same.

Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That the treasurer of the mint shall not be obliged to of the mine receive from any person, for the purpose of thall not he

obliged to refining and coining, any deposit of silver bullion, below the standard of the United States, tain depo . in a smaller quantity than two hundred ounces; lion. nor a like deposit of gold bullion below the said standard, in a smaller quantity than twenty ounces.

Sec. 7. And be it further enacted, That from and after the passing of this act, it shall and may be lawful for the officers of the mint

Treasurer

receive cer

U. S.

Officers of to give a preference to silver or gold bullion,
may give a deposited for coinage, which shall be of the
preference standard of the United States, fo far as ref-
of the stan- pects the coinage of the same, although bul-
dard of the lion below the standard, and not yet refined,

may have been deposited for coinage, previous
thereto, any law to the contrary notwithstan-
ding: Provided, That nothing herein shall
justify the officers of the mint, or any one of
them, in unnecessarily delaying the refining
any filver or gold bullion below standard, that
may be deposited, as aforesaid.

Sec. 8. And be it further enacted, That the President President of the United States be, and he is the weight hereby authorized, whenever he shall think of copper it for the benefit of the United States, to recoin.

duce the weight of the copper coin of the
United States : Provided, such reduction shall
not, in the whole, exceed two pennyweights
in each cent, and in the like proportion in a
half cent; of which he shall give notice by
proclamation, and communicate the same to
the then next session of Congress.

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Sec. 9. And be it further enacted, That it distribution shall be the duty of the Treasurer of the Uni

ted States, from time to time, as often as he shall receive copper cents and half cents from the Treasurer of the mint, to send them to the bank or branch banks of the United States, in each of the states where such bank is established ; and where there is no bank established, then to the collector of the principal town in such state (in the proportion of the number of inhabitants of such state) to be by such bank or collector, paid out to the citizens of the state for cash, in sums not lefs

Mode of

of cents and half (ents.

than ten dollars value; and that the same be
done at the risk and expense of the United
States, under such regulations as shall be pre-
scribed by the department of the treasury.
FREDERICK AUGUSTUS MUHLENBERG,

Speaker of the House of Representatives.
HENRY TAZEWELL, President of the

Senate pro tempore.
APPROVED, March the third, 1795:

GEORGE WASHINGTON,

President of the United States.

.

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An Act for the more effectual Recovery of Debts

due from Individuals to the United States. Sec. I. E it enacted by the Senate and House

of Representatives of the United States of America, in Congress assembled, That Comptrola the Comptroller of the Treasury be, and is ler may ilhereby authorized, to issue a notification to cation to any person who has received monies for which debtors, he is accountable to the United States, or to the executor or administrator of such person, if he be deceased, requiring him to render to the Auditor of the Treasury, at such time as he shall think reasonable, according to the circumstances of the case, within twelve months from the date of such notification, all his accounts and vouchers, for the expenditure of the said monies; and in default thereof, fuits shall, at the discretion of the Comptroller of the Treasury, be commenced for the same, without further notice ; And the

Vol. III.

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