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Duke. Nor, gentle daughter, fear you not at all : shall find me yare 6 : for truly, sir, for your kindness, He is your husband on a pre-contràct :

I owe you a good turn. To bring you thus together, 'tis no sin;

Prov. Call hither Barnardine and Claudio : Sith that the justice of your title to him

(Exeunt Clown and Abhorson. Doth flourish? the deceit. Come, let us go ; One has my pity; not a jot the other, Our corn's to reap, for yet our tithe's 3 to sow, Being a murderer, though he were my brother.

(Ereunt.

Enter CLAUDIO.
SCENE II. - A Room in the ison.

Look, here's the warrant, Claudio, for thy death :
Enter Provost and Clown.

'Tis now dead midnight, and by eight to-morrow

Thou must be made immortal. Where's Barnardine? Prov. Come hither, sirrah: Can you cut off a Claud. As fast lock'd up in sleep, as guiltless man's head ?

labour Clo. If the man be a batchelor, sir, I can : but if When it lies starkly in the traveller's bones : he be a married man, he is his wife's head, and I can

He will not wake. never cut off a woman's head.

Prov.

Who can do good on him ? Prov. Come, sir, leave me your snatches, and Well, go, prepare yourself. But hark, what noise ? yield me a direct answer. To-morrow morning are

[Knocking within. to die Claudio and Barnardine: here is in our pri- Heaven give your spirits comfort ! [Exit ClauDIO. son a common executioner, who in his office lacks

By and by : a helper : if you will take it on you to assist him, I hope it is some pardon or reprieve, it shall redeem you from your gyves *; if not, you For the most gentle Claudio. — Welcome, father. shall have your full time of imprisonment, and your deliverance with an unpitied whipping.

Enter Duke. Clo. Sir, I will be content to be a lawful hangman. Duke. The best and wholsomest spirits of the night I would be glad to receive some instruction from my Envelope you, good provost! Who call'd here of fellow-partner.

late? Prov. What ho, Abhorson! Where's Abhorson, Prov. None, since the curfew rung. there?

Duke.

Not Isabel ? Enter ABHORSON.

Prov. No. Abhor. Do you call, sir ?

Duke. They will then, ere't be long, Prov. Sirrah, here's a fellow will help you to- Prov. What comfort is for Claudio ? morrow in your execution : If you think it meet, Duke.

There's some in hope. compound with him by the year, and let him abide Prov. It is a bitter deputy. here with you ? if not, use him for the present, and

Duke. Not so, not so ; his life is parallel'd dismiss him.

Even with the stroke and line of his great justice ; Abhor. Fye upon him, he will discredit our mys- He doth with holy abstinence subdue tery.5

That in himself, which he spurs on his power Prov. Go to, sir; you weigh equally ; a feather To qualify in others : were he meal'd ? will turn the scale.

[Erit. With that which he corrects, then were he tyrannous; Clo. Pray, sir, by your good favour, (for, surely, But this being so, he's just. Now are they come. sir, a good favour you have, but that you have a

[Knocking within.

Provost goes out. hanging look,) do you call, sir, your occupation a This is a gentle provost : Seldom, when mystery?

The steel'd gaoler is the friend of men. Abhor. Ay, sir ; a mystery.

How now ? what noise ? That spirit's possess'd with Clo. Painting, sir, I have heard say, is a mystery,

haste, but what mystery there should be in hanging, if I That wounds the unsisting postern with these strokes. should be hanged, I cannot imagine. Abhor. Sir, it is a mystery.

Provost returns, speaking to one at the door. Clo. Proof.

Prov. There he must stay until the officer Abhor. Every true man's apparel fits your thief : Arise to let him in; he is call’d up. if it be too little for your thief, your true man thinks Duke. Have you no countermand for Claudio yet, it big enough; if it be too big for your thief, your But he must die to-morrow? thief thinks it little enough: so every true man's

Prov.

None, sir, none. apparel fits your thief.

Duke. As near the dawning, provost, as it is,

You shall hear more ere morning.
Re-enter Provost.

Prov.

Happily 8, Prov. Are you agreed ?

You something know; yet, I believe, there comes Clo. Sir, I will serve him; for I do find, your No countermand; no such example have we: hangman is a penitent trade; he doth often ask for- Besides, upon the very siege 9 of justice, giveness.

Lord Angelo hath to the public ear Prov. You, sirrah, provide your block and your Profess'd the contrary. are, to-morrow, four o'clock.

Enter a Messenger. Abhor. Come on; I will instruct thee in my trade; follow.

Duke. This is his lordship’s man. Clo. I do desire to learn, sir ; and, I hope, if you

Prov. And here comes Claudio's pardon. have occasion to use me for your own turn, you

Mess. My lord hath sent you this note; and by

me this further charge, that you swerve not from • Gild, or varnish over. 3 Tilth, land prepared for sowing.

6 Ready.

7 Defiled. 4 Fetters.

8 Perhaps.

5 Trade.

9 Seat.

common.

the smallest article of it, neither in time, matter, or if my instructions may be your guide. Let this other circumstance. Good morrow; for, as I take Barnardine be this morning executed, and his head it, it is almost day.

borne to Angelo. Prov. I shall obey him. (Erit Messenger. Prov. Angelo hath seen them both, and will disDuke. This is his pardon; purchas'd by such sin, cover the favour.?

(Aside.

Duke. O, death's a great disguiser: and you For which the pardoner himself is in :

may add to it.

Shave the head, and tie the beard; Hence hath offence his quick celerity,

and say, it was the desire of the penitent to be so When it is borne in high authority :

bared before his death: you know, the course is When vice makes mercy, mercy's so extended,

If any thing fall to you upon this, more That for the fault's love, is the offender friended. than thanks and good fortune, by the saint whom I Now, sir, what news?

profess, I will plead against it with my life. Prov. I told you : Lord Angelo, belike, thinking Prov. Pardon me, good father ; it is against my me remiss in mine office, awakens me with this un- , oath. wonted putting on: methinks, strangely; for he Duke. Were you sworn to the duke, or to the hath not used it before.

deputy ? Duke. Pray you, let's hear.

Prov. To him, and to his substitutes, Prov. [Reads.] Whatsoever you may hear to the Duke. You will think you have made no offence, contrary, let Claudio be erecuted by four of the clock : if the duke avouch the justice of your dealing ? and, in the afternoon, Barnardine: for my belter Prov. But what likelihood is in that? satisfaction, let me have Claudiu's head sent me by five. Duke. Not a resemblance, but a certainty. Yet Let this be duly performed : with a thought, that more since I see you fearful, that neither my coat, in. depends on it than we must yet delirer. Thus fail not tegrity, nor my persuasion, can with ease attempt to do your office, as you will answer it at your peril. you, I will go further than I meant, to pluck all What say you to this, sir ?

fears out of you. Look you, sir, here is the hand Duke. What is that Barnardine, who is to be and seal of the duke. You know the character, I executed in the afternoon ?

doubt not; and the signet is not strange to you. Prov. A Bohemian born; but here nursed up Prov. I know them both. and bred: one that is a prisoner nine years old. Duke. The contents of this is the return of the

Duke. How came it, that the absent duke had duke; you shall anon over-read it at your pleasure; not either delivered him to his liberty, or executed where you shall find, within these two days he will him ? I have heard, it was ever his manner to do so. be here. This is a thing that Angelo knows not :

Prov. Ilis friends still wrought reprieves for him: for he this very day receives letters of strange tenor; And, indeed, his fact, till now in the government perchance, of the duke's death: perchance, entering of lord Angelo, came not to an undoubtful proof. into some monastery ; but, by chance, nothing of Duke. Is it now apparent ?

what is writ. Look, the unfolding star calls up the Prov. Most manifest, and not denied by himself. shepherd : put not yourself into amazement, how

Duke. Hath he borne himself penitently in prison? these things should be : all difficulties are but easy How seems he to be touch'd ?

when they are known. Call your executioner, and Prov. A man that apprehends death no more, off with Barnardine's head: I will give him a predreadfully, but as a drunken sleep ; careless, reck- sent shrift, and advise him for a better place. Yet less, and fearless of what's past, present, or to come; you are amazed ; but this shall absolutely resolve insensible of mortality, and desperately mortal.

you. Come away, it is almost clear dawn. Duke. He wants advice.

[Ereunt. Prov. He will hear none: he hath evermore had the liberty of the prison; give him leave to escape

SCENE III. Another Room in the same. hence, he would not: drunk many times a day, if not many days entirely drunk. We have very

Enler Clown. often awaked him, as if to carry him to execution, Clo. I am as well acquainted here, as I was in and showed him a seeming warrant for it: it hath our house of profession: one would think, it were not moved him at all.

mistress Overdone's own house, for here be many Duke. More of him anon. There is written in of her old customers. your brow, provost, honesty and constancy: if I

Enter ABHORSON. read it not truly, my ancient skill beguiles me; but in the boldness of my cunning, I will lay myself in Abhor. Sirrah, bring Barnardine hither. hazard. Claudio, whom here you have a warrant

Clo. Master Barnardine! you must rise and be to execute, is no greater forfeit to the law than hang'd, master Barnardine! Angelo who hath sentenc'd him: To make you Abhor. What, ho, Barnardine! understand this in a manifested effect, I crave but Barnar. (Within.] A plague o' your throats ! four days' respite ; for the which you are to do me

Who makes that noise there? What are you? both a present and a dangerous courtesy.

Cle. Your friends, sir; the hangmen : You must Prov. Pray, sir, in what ?

be so good, sir, to rise and be put to death. Duke. In the delaying death.

Barnar. [Within.] Away, you rogue, away; I am Prov. Alack ! how may I do it? having the hour sleepy. limited ; and an express command, under penalty,

Abhor. Tell him, he must awake, and that quickly to deliver his head in the view of Angelo? I may make my case as Claudio's, to cross this in the Clo. Pray master Barnardine, awake till you are smallest.

executed, and sleep afterwards. Duke. By the vow of mine order, I warrant you,

Abhur. Go in to him, and fetch him out. i Nine years in prison,

2 Countenance.

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come.

Clo. He is coming sir, he is coming; I hear his Duke.

Quick, despatch, straw rustle,

And send the head to Angelo. [Erit Provost. Enter BARNARDINE.

Now will I write letters to Angelo,

The provost, he shall bear them, whose contenta Abhor. Is the axe upon the block, sirrah ?

Shall witness to him, I am near at home; Clo. Very ready, sir.

And that by great injunctions I am bound Barnar. How now, Abhorson ? what's the news

To enter publickly: him I'll desire with you?

To meet me at the consecrated fount, Abhor. Truly, sir, I would desire you to clap A league below the city ; and from thence, into your prayers : for, look you, the warrant’s By cold gradation and weal-balanced form,

We shall proceed with Angelo, Barnar. You rogue, I have been drinking all night; I am not fitted for’t.

Re-enter Provost. Clo. O, the better, sir; for he that drinks all Prov. Here is the head; I'll carry it myself. night, and is hang'd betimes in the morning, may

Duke. Convenient is it: Make a swift return; sleep the sounder all the next day.

For I would commune with you of such things,

That want no ear but yours.
Enter Duke.

Prov.

I'll make all speed. [Exit. Abhor. Look you, sir, here comes your ghostly

Isab. [Within.] Peace, ho, be here ! father: Do we jest now, think you ?

Duke. The tongue of Isabel :

She's come to Duke. Sir, induced by my charity, and hearing

know, how hastily you are to depart, I am come to advise If yet her brother's pardon be come hither : you, comfort you, and pray with you.

But I will keep her ignorant of her good, Barnar. Friar, not s; I have been drinking hard To make her heavenly comforts of despair, all night, and I will have more time to prepare me,

When it is least expected. or they shall beat out my brains with billets : I will

Enter ISABELLA. not consent to die this day, that's certain.

Isab. Ho, by your leave. Duke. O, sir, you must : and therefore I beseech

Duke. Good morning to you, fair and gracious you,

daughter. Look forward on the journey you shall go. Barnar. I swear, I will not die to-day for any Hath yet the deputy sent my brother's pardon ?

Isab. The better, given me by so holy a man. man's persuasion.

Duke. He hath releas'd him, Isabel, from the Duke. But hear you

world ; Barnar. Not a word; if you have any thing to

His head is off, and sent to Angelo. say to me, come to my ward; for thence will not [ to-day.

[Erit.

Isab. Nay, but it is not so.
Duke.

It is no other :
Enter Provost.

Show your wisdom, daughter, in your close patience. Duke. Unfit to live, or die: 0, gravel heart ! Isab. Unhappy Claudio ! Wretched Isabel ! After him, fellows; bring him to the block. Injurious world! Accursed Angelo !

(Ereunt ABHORSON and Clown. Duke. This nor hurts him, nor profits you a jot; Prov. Now, sir, how do you find the prisoner ? Forbear it therefore ; give your cause to heaven.

Duke. A creature unprepar’d, unmeet for death; Mark what I say ; which you shall find And, to transport him in the mind he is,

By every syllable, a faithful verity : Were horrible.

The duke comes home to-morrow;- nay, dry your Prov. Here, in the prison, father,

eyes; There died this morning of a cruel fever

One of our convent, and his confessor, One Ragozine, a most notorious pirate,

Gives me this instance : Already he hath carried A man of Claudio's years ; his beard and head, Notice to Escalus and Angelo; Just of his colour : What if we do omit

Who do prepare to meet him at the gates, This reprobate, till he were well inclined; There to give up their power. If you can, pace And satisfy the deputy with the visage Of Ragozine, more like to Claudio ?

In that good path that I would wish it go ; Duke. O, 'tis an accident that heaven provides ! And you shall have your bosom 4 on this wretch, Despatch it presently; the hour draws on

Grace of the duke, revenges to your heart, Prefixʼd by Angelo : See this bedone,

And general honour. And sent according to command ; whiles I

Isab.

I am directed by you. Persuade this rude wretch willingly to die.

Duke. This letter then to friar Peter give; Prov. This shall be done, good father, presently. 'Tis that he sent me of the duke's return : But Barnardine must die this afternoon:

Say, by this token, I desire his company And how shall we continue Claudio,

At Mariana's house to-night. Her cause, and yours, To save me from the danger that might come, I'll perfect him withal ; and he shall bring you If he were known alive?

Before the duke; and to the head of Angelo Duke. Let this be done: put them in secret holds, Accuse him home, and home. For my poor self, Both Barnardine and Claudio : Ere twice

I am combined by a sacred vow, The sun hath made his journal greeting to

And shall be absent. Wend 5 you with this letter The under generations, you shall find

Command these fretting waters from your eyes Your safety manifested.

With a light heart; trust not my holy order, Prov. I am your free dependant.

If I pervert your course. — Who's here? 3 The antipodes.

your wisdom

4 Your heart's desire.

6 Go.

ye well.

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Enter Lucio.

For my authority bears a credent bulk, Lucio.

Good even !

That no particular scandal once can touch, Friar, where is the provost ?

But it confounds the breather. He should have liv'd, Duke.

Not within, sir.

Save that bis riotous youth, with dangerous sense, Lucio. O, pretty Isabella, I am pale at mine heart, Might, in the times to come, have ta'en revenge, to see thine eyes so red: thou must be patient : But By so receiving a dishonour'd life, they say the duke will be here to-morrow. By my

With ransome of such shame. 'Would yet he had troth, Isabel, I lov'd thy brother: if the old fantas

liv'd, tical duke of dark corners had been at home, he Alack, when once our grace we have forgot, had lived.

(Exit Isabella. Nothing goes right; we would, and we would not. Duke. Sir, the duke is marvellous little beholden

[Erit. to your reports; but the best is, he lives not in them.

SCENE V. Fields without the town. Lucio. Friar, thou knowest not the duke so well as I do: he's a better woodman than thou takest Enter Duke in his own habit, and Friar PETER. hiin for.

Duke. These letters at fit time deliver me. Duke. Well, you'll answer this one day. Fare

[Giving letters. Lucio. Nay, tarry; I'll go along with thee; I The matter being afoot, keep your instruction,

The provost knows our purpose, and our plot. can tell thee pretty tales of the duke Duke. You have told me too many of him Though sometimes you do biench 7 from this to that,

And hold you ever to our special drift; already, sir, if they be true; if not true, none were

As cause doth minister. Go, call at Flavius' house, enough; but, sir, your company is fairer than

And tell him where I stay: give the like notice honest : Rest you well. Lucio. By my troth, I'll go with thee to the And bid them bring the trumpets to the gate;

To Valentinus, Rowland, and to Crassus,
lane's end : Nay, friar, I am a kind of burr, I shall But send me Flavius first.
stick.

[Ereunt.
F. Peter.

It shall be speeded well.

[Erit Friar. SCENE IV. - A Room in Angelo's House.

Enter VARRIUS.
Enter Angelo and Escalus.

Duke. I thank thee, Varrius; thou hast made Escal. Every letter he hath writ hath disvouch'd Come, we will walk: There's other of our friends

good haste : other. Ang. In most uneren and distracted manner.

Will greet us here anon, my gentle Varrius. (Exeunt.

[ His actions show much like to madness : pray, heaven, his wisdom be not tainted! And why meet

SCENE VI. Street near the city gate. him at the gates, and re-deliver our authorities there?

Enter ISABELLA and MARIANA. Escal. I guess not.

Ang. And why should we proclaim it in an hour Isab. To speak so indirectly, I am loath ; before his entering, that, if any crave redress of I would say the truth ; but to accuse him so, injustice, they should exhibit their petitions in the That is your part : yet l'm advis'd to do it; street ?

He says, to veil full 8

purpose. Escal. He shows his reason for that: to have a

Mari.

Be rul'd by him. despatch of complaints; and to deliver us from Isab. Besides, he tells me, that if peradventure devices hereafter, which shall then have no power He speak against me on the adverse side, to stand against us.

I should not think it strange ; for 'tis a physick Ang. Well, I beseech you, let it be proclaim'd:

That's bitter to sweet end. Betimes i' the morn, I'll call you at your house : Mari. I would, friar Peter Give notice to such men of sort and suit 6

Isab.

O, peace; the friar is come. As are to meet him. Escal. I shall, sir: fare

Enter Friar PETER.

[Exit. F. Peter. Come, I have found you out a stand Ang. Good night.

most fit, This deed unshapes me quite, makes me unpregnant, where you may have such vantage on the duke, And dull to all proceedings. A deflower'd maid! He shall not pass you; Twice have the trumpets And by an eminent body, that enforc'd

sounded; The law against it ! - But that her tender shame The generous 9 and gravest citizens Will not proclaim against her maiden loss,

Have hent' the gates, and very near upon How might she tongue me? Yet reason dares her? | The duke isent'ring; therefore hence, away. (Ereunt.

you well.

no :

7 Start off.
9 Most noble

8 Availful. 1 Seized

Figure and rank

ACT V.

SCENE I. - A public Place near the City Gate. There is another comfort than this world,

That thou neglect me not, with that opinion Mariana (veil’d), ISABELLA, and Peter, at a distance. Enter at opposite doors, Duke, VARRIUS, That which but seems unlike: 'tis not impossible,

That I am touch'd with madness: make not impossible Lords; Angelo, Escalus, Lucio, Provost, But one the wicked'st caitiff on the ground, Officers, and Citizens.

May seem as shy, as grave, as just, as absolute, Duke. My very worthy cousin, fairly met :

As Angelo; even so may Angelo,
Our old and faithful friend, we are glad to see you, In all his dressings 3, characts, titles, forms,
Ang. and Escal. Happy return be to your royal Be an arch-villain : believe it, royal prince,
grace!

If he be less, he's nothing ; but he's more,
Duke. Many and hearty thankings to you both. Had I more name for badness.
We have made inquiry of you ; and we hear

Duke.

By mine honesty, Such goodness of your justice, that our soul

If she be mad, (as I believe no other,) Cannot but yield you forth to public thanks,

Her madness hath the oddest frame of sense, Forerunning more requital.

Such a dependency of thing on thing, Ang

You make my bonds still greater. As e'er I heard in madness. Duke. O, your desert speaks loud ; and I should

Isab.

0, gracious duke, wrong it,

Harp not on that, nor do not banish reason To lock it in the wards of covert bosom,

For inequality : but let your reason serve When it deserves with characters of brass

To make the truth appear, where it seems hid ; A forted residence, 'gainst the tooth of time,

And hide the false, seems true. And razure of oblivion : Give me your hand,

Duke.

Many that are not mad, And let the subject see, to make them know

Havesure more lack of reason. What would you say? That outward courtesies would fain proclaim

Isab. I am the sister of one Claudio, Favours that keep within. - Come, Escalus;

Condemn’d upon the law of fornication, You must walk by us on our other hand;

To lose his head; condemn'd by Angelo ! And good supporters are you.

1, in probation of a sisterhood, Peter and ISABELLA come forward. Was sent to by my brother : one Lucio F. Peter. Now is your time ; speak loud, and was then the messenger ; kneel before him.

Lucio.

That's I, an't like your grace: Isab. Justice, O royal duke! Vail ? your regard I came to her from Claudio, and desir'd ber Upon a wrong'd, I'd fain have said, a maid ! To try her gracious fortune with lord Angelo, O worthy prince, dishonour not your eye

For her poor brother's pardon. By throwing it on any other object,

Isab.

That's he, indeed, Till you have heard me in my true complaint,

Duke. You were not bid to speak. And given me justice, justice, justice, justice !

Lucio.

No, my good lord; Duke. Relate your wrongs: In what? By whom? Nor wish'd to hold my peace. Be brief:

Duke.

I wish you now then ; Here is lord Angelo shall give you justice;

Pray you, take note of it; and when you have Reveal yourself to him.

A business for yourself, pray heaven you then Isab. 0, worthy duke,

Be perfect. You bid me seek redemption of the devil:

Lucio. I warrant your honour. Hear me yourself; for that which I must speak Duke. The warrant's for yourself ; take heed to it. Must either punish me, not being believ'd,

Isab. This gentleman told somewhat of my tale. Or wring redress from you: hear me, O, hear me, here. Lucio. Right.

Ang. My lord, her wits, I fear me, are not firm : Duke. It may be right; but you are in the wrong She hath been a suitor to me for her brother To speak before your time. — Proceed. Cut off by course of justice.

Isab,

I went Isab.

By course of justice ! To this pernicious caitiff deputy,
Ang. And she will speak most bitterly and strange. Duke. That's somewhat madly spoken.
Isab. Most strange, but yet most truly will I speak:

Isab.

Pardon it; That Angelo's forsworn, is it not strange ?

The phrase is to the matter. That Angelo's a murderer, is't not strange ?

Duke. Mended again : the matter ? — Proceed. That Angelo is an adulterous thief,

Isab. In brief, - to set the needless process by, An hypocrite, a virgin-violator;

How I persuaded, how I pray'd and kneel'd. Is it not strange, and strange ?

How he refellid + me, and how I reply'd ; Drake.

Nay, ten times strange. (For this was of much length,) the vile conclusion Isab. It is not truer he is Angelo,

Ì now begin with grief and shame to utter; Than this is all as true as it is strange :

He would not but by gift of my chaste person Nay, it is ten times true : for truth is truth Release my brother; and after much debatement To the end of reckoning.

My sisterly remorse 5 confutes mine honour, Duke.

Away with her: Poor soul, And I did yield to him: But the next morn betimes, She speaks this in the infirmity of sense.

His purpose surfeiting, he sends a warrant Isab. O prince, I conjure thee, as thou believ'st For my poor brother's head. ? Lower.

;

3 Habits and characters of office. 4 Refuted.

Pity

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