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Thou'lt show thy mercy, and remorse), more strange | Which, like your asses, and your dogs, and mules, Than is thy strange apparent cruelty :

You use in abject and in slavish parts, And where 6 thou now exact'st the penalty,

Because you bought them : Shall I say to you, (Which is a pound of this poor merchant's flesh,) Let them be free, marry them to your heirs ? Thou wilt not only lose the forfeiture,

Why sweat they under burdens ? let their beds But touch'd with human gentleness and love, Be made as soft as yours, and let their palates Forgive a moiety of the principal ;

Be season'd with such viands? You will answer, Glancing an eye of pity on his losses,

The slaves are ours: –

So do I answer you : That have of late so huddled on his back;

The pound of flesh, which I demand of him, Enough to press a royal merchant down,

Is dearly bought, is mine, and I will have it : And pluck commiseration of his state

If you deny me, fye upon your law ! From brassy bosoms, and rough hearts of Aint, There is no force in the decrees of Venice : From stubborn Turks, and Tartars, never train'd I stand for judgment: answer; shall I have it ? To offices of tender courtesy.

Duke. Upon my power, I may dismiss this court, We all expect a gentle answer, Jew.

Unless Bellario, a learned doctor,
Shy. I have possess'd your grace of what I purpose; Whom I have sent for to determine this,
And by our holy Sabbath have I sworn,

Come here to-day.
To have the due and forfeit of my bond :


My lord, here stays without If you deny it, let the danger light

A messenger with letters from the doctor,
Upon your charter, and your city's freedom. New come from Padua.
You'll ask me, why I rather choose to have

Duke. Bring us the letters ; Call the messenger. A weight of carrion flesh, than to receive

Bass. Good cheer, Antonio! What, man? couThree thousand ducats : I'll not answer that:

rage yet ! But, say, it is my humour; Is it answer'd ? The Jew shall have my flesh, blood, bones, and all, What if my house be troubled with a rat,

Ere thou shalt lose for me one drop of blood. And I be pleas'd to give ten thousand ducats

Ant. I am a tainted wether of the flock, To have it baned? What are you answer'd yet ? Meetest for death; the weakest kind of fruit Some men there are, love not a gaping pig; Drops earliest to the ground, and so let me: Some, that are mad, if they behold a cat;

You cannot better be employ'd, Bassanio,
As there is no firm reason to be render'd,

Than to live still, and write mine epitaph.
Why he cannot abide a gaping pig;
Why he, a harmless necessary cat ;

Enter Nerissa, dressed like a Lawyer's Clerk. So can I give no reason, nor I will not,

Duke. Came you from Padua, from Bellario ? More than a lodg'd hate, and a certain loathing, Ner. From both, my lord : Bellario greets your I bear Antonio, that I follow thus


[Presents a letter. A losing suit against him. Are you answer'd ? Bass. Why dost thou whet thy knife so earnestly?

Bass. This is no answer, thou unfeeling man, Shy. To cut the forfeiture from that bankrupt To excuse the current of thy cruelty.

there. Shy. I am not bound to please thee with my Gra. Not on thy sole, but on thy soul, harsh Jew,

Thou mak'st thy knife keen : but no metal can, Bass. Do all men kill the things they do not love? | No, not the hangman's ax, bear half the keenness Shy. Hates any man the thing he would not kill? Of thy sharp envy. Can no prayers pierce thee ? Bass. Every offence is not a hate at first.

Shy. No, none that thou hast wit enough to make. Shy. What, would'st thou have a serpent sting Gra. O, be thou curst, inexorable dog ! thee twice?

And for thy life let justice be accus'd.
Ant. I pray you, think you question with the Jew: Thou almost mak’st me waver in my faith,
You may as well go stand upon the beach,

To hold opinion with Pythagoras,
And bid the main flood bate his usual height; That souls of animals infuse themselves
You may as well use question with the wolf, Into the trunks of men : thy currish spirit
Why he hath made the ewe bleat for the lamb; Govern'd a wolf, who, hang'd for human slaughter,
You may as well forbid the mountain pines Even from the gallows did his fell soul fleet,
To wag their high tops, and to make no noise, And, whilst thou lay'st in thy unhallow'd dam,
When they are fretted with the gusts of heaven; Infus'd itself in thee; for thy desires
You may as well do any thing most hard,

Are wolfish, bloody, starv’d, and ravenous. As seek to soften that (than which what's harder ?) Shy. Till thou canst rail the seal from off my bond, His Jewish heart: — Therefore, I do beseech you, Thou but offend'st thy lungs to speak so loud: Make no more offers, use no further means, Repair thy wit, good youth, or it will fall But, with all brief and plain conveniency,

To cureless ruin. - I stand here for law. Let me have judgment, and the Jew his will.

Duke. This letter from Bellario doth commend Bass. For thy three thousand ducats here are six. A young and learned doctor to our court:

Shy. If every ducat in six thousand ducats Where is he? Were in six parts, and every part a ducat,


He attendeth here hard by, I would not draw them, I would have my bond. To know your answer, whether you'll admit him. Duke. How shalt thou hope for mercy, rend'ring Duke. With all my heart : — some three or four

none? Shy. What judgment shall I dread, doing no Go give him courteous conduct to this place. wrong?

Mean time, the court shall hear Bellario's letter. You have among you many a purchas'd slave, [Clerk reads.] Your grace shall understand, that,

at the receipt of your letter, I am very sick : but in 6 Whereas. the instant that your messenger came, in loving visit


of you,




ation was with me a young doctor of Rome; his name That malice bears down truth. And I beseech you, is Bulthasar : I acquainted him with the cause in Wrest once the law to your authority : controversy between the Jew and Antonio the mer. To do a great right, do a little wrong: chani : we turned o'er many books together : he is And curb this cruel devil of his will. furnish'd with my opinion ; which, better'd with his Por. It must not be ; there is no power in Venice own learning, (the greatness whereof I cannot Can alter a decree established : enough commend,) comes with him, at my impor- | 'Twill be recorded for a precedent; tunity, to fill up your grace's request in my stead. And many an error, by the same example, I beseech you, let his lack of years be no impediment Will rush into the state : it cannot be. to let him lack a reverend estimation ; for I never Shy. A Daniel come to judgment! yea a Daniel! knew so young a body with so old a head. I leave O wise young judge, how do I honour thee ! him to your gracious acceptance, whose trial shall Por. I pray you, let me look upon the bond. belter publish his commendation.

Shy. Here'tis, most reverend doctor, here it is. Duke. You hear the learn’d Bellario, what he Por. Shylock, there's thrice thy money offer'd writes :

thee. And here, I take it, is the doctor come.

Shy. An oath, an oath, I have an oath in heaven:

Shall I lay perjury upon my soul ?
Enter Portia, dressed like a Doctor of Laws. No, not for Venice.
Give me your hand : Came you from old Bellario? Por.

Why, this bond is forfeit; Por. I did, my lord.

And lawfully by this the Jew may claim Duke. You are welcome : take your place. A pound of flesh, to be by him cut off Are you acquainted with the difference

Nearest the merchant's heart: - Be merciful; That holds this present question in the court? Take thrice thy money ; bid me tear the bond.

Por. I am informed throughly of the cause. Shy. When it is paid according to the tenour.Which is the merchant here, and which the Jew ? It doth appear, you are a worthy judge ;

Duke. Antonio and old Shylock, both stand forth. You know the law, your exposition
Por. Is your name Shylock ?

Hath been most sound: I charge you by the law, Shy.

Shylock is my name.

Whereof you are a well-deserving pillar, Por. Of a strange nature is the suit you follow ; Proceed to judgment: by my soul I swear, Yet in such rule, that the Venetian law

There is no power in the tongue of man Cannot impugn 7 you, as you do proceed.

To alter me: I stay here on my bond. You stand within his danger 8, do you not?

Ant. Most heartily I do beseech the court

[To Antonio. To give the judgment. Ant. Ay, so he says.


Why then, thus it is. Por.

Do you confess the bond? You must prepare your bosom for his knife: Ant. I do.

Shy. O noble judge! O excellent young man ! Por.

Then must the Jew be merciful. Por. For the intent and purpose of the law Shy. On what compulsion must I? tell me that. Hath full relation to the penalty,

Por. The quality of mercy is not strain'd; Which here appeareth due upon the bond. It droppeth, as the gentle rain from heaven,

Shy. 'Tis very true : O wise and upright judge ! Upon the place beneath : it is twice bless’d; How much more elder art thou than thy looks ! It blesseth him that gives, and him that takes : Por. Therefore, lay bare your bosom. "Tis mightiest in the mightiest; it becomes


Ay, his breast : The throned monarch better than his crown: So says the bond; - Doth it not, noble judge ? His sceptre shows the force of temporal power,

Nearest his heart, those are the


words. The attribute to awe and majesty,

Por. It is so. Are there balance here, to weigh Wherein doth sit the dread and fear of kings;

The flesh. But mercy is above his scepter'd sway,


I have them ready. It is enthroned in the hearts of kings,

Por. Have by some surgeon, Shylock, on your It is an attribute to God himself;

charge, And earthly power doth then show likest God's To stop his wounds, lest he do bleed to death. When mercy seasons justice. Therefore, Jew, Shy. Is it so nominated in the bond ? Though justice be thy plea, consider this, —

Por. It is not so expressid : But what of that? That, in the course of justice, none of us

'Twere good you do so much for charity. Should see salvation : we do pray for mercy ;

Shy. I cannot find it; 'tis not in the bond. And that same prayer doth teach us all to render Por. Come, merchant, have you any thing to say ? The deeds of mercy. I have spoke thus much, Ant. But little ; I am arm’d, and well prepar'd. To mitigate the justice of thy plea;

Give me your hand, Bassanio; fare you well! Which, if thou follow, this strict court of Venice Grieve not that I am fallen to this for you; Must needs give sentence 'gainst the merchant there.

For herein fortune shows herself more kind
Shy. My deeds upon my head! I crave the law, Than is her custom : it is still her use,
The penalty and forfeit of my bond.

To let the wretched man out-live his wealth Por. Is he not able to discharge the money ? To view with hollow eye, and wrinkled brow,

Bass. Yes, here I tender it for him in the court; An age of poverty ; from which lingering penance Yea, twice the sum : if that will not suffice,

Of such a misery doth she cut me off. I will be bound to pay it ten times o'er,

Commend me to your honourable wife : On forfeit of my hands, my head, my heart : Tell her the process of Antonio's end, If this will not suffice, it must appear

Say, how I lov'd you, speak me fair in death ;

And, when the tale is told, bid her be judge, 7 Oppose. 8 Reach or controul.

Whether Bassanio had not once a love.


Repent not you that you shall lose your friend, Bass. I have it ready for thee; here it is.
And he repents not that he pays your debt;

Por. He hath refus'd it in the open court; For, if the Jew do cut but deep enough,

He shall have merely justice, and his bond. I'll pay it instantly with all my heart.

Gra. A Daniel, still say I; a second Daniel Bass. Antonio, I am married to a wife,

I thank thee, Jew, for teaching me that word. Which is as dear to me as life itself;

Shy. Shall I not have barely my principal ? But life itself, my wife, and all the world,

Por. Thou shalt have nothing but the forfeiture, Are not with me esteem'd above thy life :

To be so taken at thy peril, Jew. I would lose all, ay, sacrifice them all

Shy. Why then the devil give him good of it! Ilere to this devil, to deliver you.

I'll stay no longer question. Por. Your wife would give you little thanks for Por.

Tarry, Jew; that,

The law hath yet another hold on you. If she were by, to hear you make the offer. It is enacted in the laws of Venice,

Gra. I have a wife, whom, I protest, I love; If it be prov'd against an alien, I would she were in heaven, so she could

That by direct, or indirect attempts, Entreat some power to change this currish Jew. He seek the life of any citizen,

Ner. 'Tis well you offer it behind her back ; The party, 'gainst the which he doth contrive, The wish would make else an unquiet house. Shall seize one half his goods; the other half Shy. These be the Christian husbands : I have a Comes to the privy cotier of the state ; daughter;

And the offender's life lies in the mercy 'Would, any of the stock of Barrabas

Of the duke only, 'gainst all other voice. Had been her husband, rather than a Christian ! In which predicament, I say, thou stand'st:

(Aside. For it appears by manifest proceeding,
We trifle time; I pray thee, pursue sentence. That, indirectly, and directly too,
Por. A pound of that same merchant's flesh is Thou hast contriv'd against the very life

Of the defendant: and thou hast incurr'd
The court awards it, and the law doth give it. The danger formerly by me rehears'd.
Shy. Most rightful judge !

Down, therefore, and beg mercy of the duke. Por. And you must cut this flesh from off his Gra. Beg, that thou mayst have leave to hang breast;

thyself : The law allows it, and the court awards it.

And yet, thy wealth being forfeit to the state, Shy. Most learned judge! - A sentence; come, Thou hast not left the value of a cord; prepare.

Therefore thou must be hang'd at the state's charge. Por. Tarry a little ;- there is something else. Duke. That thou shalt see the difference of our This bond doth give thee here no jot of blood;

spirit, The words expressly are a pound of flesh :

I pardon thee thy life before thou ask it:
Take then thy bond, take thou thy pound of flesh; | For half thy wealth, it is Antonio's :
But, in the cutting it, is thou dost shed

The other half comes to the general state,
One drop of Christian blood, thy lands and goods Which humbleness may drive into a fine.
Are, by the laws of Venice, confiscate

Por. Ay, for the state; not for Antonio. Unto the state of Venice,

Shy. Nay, take my life and all, pardon not that: Gra. O upright judge! – Mark, Jew; - 0 You take my house, when you do take the prop learned judge!

That doth sustain my house : you take my life, Shy. Is that the law ?

When you do take the means whereby I live. Por.

Thyself shall see the act : Por. What mercy can you render him, Antonio ? For, as thou urgest justice, be assur’d,

Gra. A halter gratis ; nothing else, I hope. Thou shalt have justice, more than thou desir’st. Ant. So please my lord the duke, and all the court, Gra. O learned judge!--Mark, Jew ;-a learned To quit the fine for one half of his goods ; judge!

I am content, so he will let me have
Shy. I take this offer then;- pay the bond thrice, The other half in use, - to render it,
And let the Christian go.

Upon his death, unto the gentleman
Here is the money.

That lately stole his daughter :
Por. Soft;

Provided, that he do record a gift,
The Jew shall have all justice ;—soft!—no haste;- Here in the court, of all he dies possessid,
He shall have nothing but the penalty.

Unto his son Lorenzo, and his daughter.
Gra. O Jew! an upright judge, a learned judge! Duke. He shall do this; or else I do recant

Por. Therefore, prepare thee to cut off the flesh. The pardon, that I late pronounced here. Sned thou no blood; nor cut thou less, nor more, Por. Art thou contented, Jew, what dost thou say? But just a pound of flesh: if thou tak'st more, Shy. I am content. Or less, than a just pound, be it but so much Por.

Clerk, draw a deed of gift. As makes it light, or heavy, in the substance, Shy. I pray you, give me leave to go from hence : Or the division of the twentieth part

I am not well; send the deed after me,
Of one poor scruple; nay, if the scale do turn And I will sign it.
But in the estimation of a hair,-


Get thee gone, but do it. Thou diest, and all thy goods are confiscate.

[Exit SHYLOCK. Gra. A second Daniel! a Daniel, Jew !

Sir, I entreat you home with me to dinner. Now, infidel, I have thee on the hip.

Por. I humbly do desire your grace of pardon ; Por. Why doth the Jew pause ? take thy for- I must away this night toward Padua, feiture.

And it is meet, I presently set forth. Shy. Give me my principal, and let me go. Duke. I am sorry that your leisure serves you not


Antonio, gratify this gentleman;

She would not hold out enemy for ever, For, in my mind, you are much bound to him. For giving it to me. Well, peace be with you! [Ereunt DUKE, Magnificoes, and Train.

(Ereunt Portia and NERISSA. Bass. Most worthy gentleman, I and my friend, Ant. My lord Bassanio, let him have the ring; Have by your wisdom been this day acquitted Let his deservings, and my love withal, Of grievous penalties ; in lieu whereof,

Be valued 'gainst your wife's commandment. Three thousand ducats, due unto the Jew,

Bass. Go, Gratiano, run and overtake him, We freely cope your courteous pains withal. Give him the ring; and bring him if thou canst, Ant. And stand indebted, over and above, Unto Antonio's house :

- away, make haste. In love and service to you evermore.

[Exit Gratia NO. Por. He is well paid, that is well satisfied; Come, you and I will thither presently; And I, delivering you, am satisfied,

And in the morning early will we both And therein do account myself well paid :

Fly toward Belmont: Come, Antonio. (Ereunt.
My mind was never yet more mercenary.
pray you, know me, when we meet again ;

SCENE II. - A Street.
I wish you well, and so I take my leave.
Bass. Dear sir, of force Imust attempt you further;

Enter Portia and NERISSA.
Take some remembrance of us, as a tribute,
Not as a fee; grant me two things, I pray you,

Por. Inquire the Jew's house out, give him this Not to deny me, and to pardon me.

Por. You press me far, and therefore I will yield. And let him sign it: we'll away to-night,
Give me your gloves, I'll wear them for your sake; And be a day before our husbands home:
And, for your love, I'll take this ring from you :-

This deed will be well welcome to Lorenzo.
Do not draw back your hand; I'll take no more;
And you in love shall not deny me this.

Bass. This ring, good sir, — alas, it is a trifle ; Gra. Fair sir, you are well overtaken ;
I will not shame myself to give you this.

My lord Bassanio, upon more advice 9,
Por. I will have nothing else but only this ; Hath sent you here this ring; and doth entreat
And now, methinks, I have a mind to it.

Your company at dinner, Bass. There's more depends on this, than on the Por.

That cannot be :

This ring I do accept most thankfully,
The dearest ring in Venice will I give you, And so, I pray you tell him : Furthermore,
And find it out by proclamation ;

pray you show my youth old Shylock's house. Only for this, I pray you, pardon me.

Gra. That will I do. or. I see, sir, you are liberal in offers :


Sir, I would speak with you :You taught me first to beg; and now, methinks, I'll see if I can get my husband's ring, [To Portia. You teach me how a beggar should be answer’d. Which I did make him swear to keep for ever.

Bass. Good sir, this ring was given me by my wife: Por. Thou mayst, I warrant: We shall have old And, when she put it on, she inade me vow,

swearing, That I should neither sell, nor give, nor lose it. That they did give the rings away to men; Por. That 'scuse serves many men to save their But we'll outface them, and outswear them too.

Away, make haste; thou know'st where I will tarry. An if your wife be not a mad woman,

Ner. Come, good sir, will you show me to this And know how well I have deserv'd this ring,



gifts ;


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SCENE I. - Belmont. Avenue to Portia's House. | Medea gather'd the enchanted herbs

That did renew old Æson.


In such a night, Lor. The moon shines bright:— In such a night And with an unthrift love did run from Venice,

Did Jessica steal from the wealthy Jew;
as this,
When the sweet wind did gently kiss the trees,

As far as Belmont.

And in such a night,
And they did make no noise ; in such a night,

Did Troilus, methinks, mounted the Trojan walls,

young Lorenzo swear he lov'd her well; And sigh'd his soul toward the Grecian tents,

Stealing her soul with many vows of faith,

And ne'er a true one. Where Cressid lay that night.

In such a night,

Lor. Jes.

And in such a night, Did Thisbe fearfully o'ertrip the dew;

Did pretty Jessica, like a little shrew, And saw the lion's shadow ere himself,

Slander her love, and he forgave it her. And ran dismay'd away.

Jes. I would out-night you, did no body come: Lor. In such a night,

But, hark, I hear the footing of a man. Stood Dido with a willow in her hand

Enter STEPHANO. Upon the wild sea-banks, and way'd her love

Lor. Who comes so fast in silence of the night? To come again to Carthage. Jes. In such a niglit,

9 Reflection,


you, friend?

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Steph. A friend.

And his affections dark as Erebus :
Lör. A friend? what friend? your name, I pray Let no such man be trusted. — Mark the musick.
Steph. Stephano is my name ; and I bring word,

Enter Portia and Nerissa, at a distance.
My mistress will before the break of day

Por. That light we see, is burning in my hall. Be here at Belmont : she doth stray about

How far that little candle throws his beams!
By holy crosses, where she kneels and prays So shines a good deed in a naughty world.
For happy wedlock lours.

Ner. When the moon shone, we did not see the
Who comes with her ?

Steph. None, but a holy hermit, and her maid. Por. So doth the greater glory dim the less :
I pray you, is my master yet return'd ?

A substitute shines brightly as a king, Lor. He is not, nor we have not heard from him.- Until a king be by; and then his state But go we in, I pray thee, Jessica,

Empties itself, as doth an inland brook And ceremoniously let us prepare

Into the main of waters. Musick! hark !
Some welcome for the mistress of the house.

Ner. It is your musick, madam, of the house.

Por. Nothing is good, I see, without respect ;

Methinks, it sounds much sweeter than by day. Laun. Sola, sola, wo ha, ho, sola, sola!

Ner. Silence bestows that virtue on it, madam. Lor. Who calls ?

Por. The crow doth sing as sweetly as the lark, Laun. Sola ! did you see master Lorenzo, and when neither is attended ; and, I think, mistress Lorenzo! sola, sola!

The nightingale, if she should sing by day, Lor. Leave hollaing, man; here.

When every goose is cackling, would be thought Laun. Sola! where? where ?

No better a musician than the wren. Lor. Here.

How many things by season season'd are Laun. Tell him, there's a post come from my | To their right praise and true perfection! master, with his horn full of good news; my master Peace, hoa! the moon sleeps with Endymion will be here ere morning.

[Erit. And would not be awak'd ! (Musick ceases. Lor. Sweet soul, let's in, and there expect their Lor.

That is the voice,

Or I am much deceiv'd, of Portia.
And yet no matter; — Why should we go in ? Por. He knows me, as the blind man knows the
My friend Stepháno, signify, I pray you,

cuckoo, Within the house, your mistress is at hand ; By the bad voice. And bring your musick forth into the air. —


Dear lady, welcome home.
[Erit SrephaNO. Por. We have been praying for our husbands'
How sweet the moon-light sleeps upon this bank !

Here will we sit, and let the sounds of musick Which speed, we hope, the better for our words ;
Creep in our ears; soft stillness, and the night, Are they return'd ?
Become the touches of sweet harmony.


Madam, they are not yet ;
Sit, Jessica : Look, how the floor of heaven But there is come a messenger before,
Is thick inlaid with patines of bright gold; To signify their coming.
There's not the smallest orb, which thou behold'st, Por.

Go in, Nerissa,
But in his motion like an angel sings,

Give order to my servants, that they take Still quiring to the young-ey'd cherubins :

No note at all of our being absent hence ; Such harmony is in immortal souls ;

Nor you, Lorenzo ; - Jessica, nor you. But, whilst this muddy vesture of decay

[A tucket' sounds. Doth grossly close it in, we cannot hear it.

Lor. Your husband is at hand, I hear his trumpet:

We are no tell-tales, madam ; fear you not.
Enter Musicians.

Por. This night, methinks, is bu the day-light sick,
Come, ho, and wake Diana with a hymn; It looks a little paler ; 'tis a day,
With sweetest touches pierce your mistress' ear, Such as the day is when the sun is hid.
And draw her home with musick.
Jes. I am never merry, when I hear sweet musick. Enter BASSANIO, ANTONIO, GRATIANO, and their


Lor. The reason is, your spirits are attentive : Bass. We should hold day with the Antipodes,
For do but note a wild and wanton herd,


would walk in absence of the sun. Or race of youthful, and unhandled colts,

Por. Let me give light, but let me not be light; Fetching mad bounds, bellowing, and neighing loud, For a light wife doth make a heavy husband, Which is the hot condition of their blood;

And never be Bassanio so for me; If they but hear perchance a trumpet sound, You are welcome home, my lord. Or any air of musick touch their ears,

Bass. I thank you, madam : give welcome to my You shall perceive them make a mutual stand,

friend. Their savage eyes turn'd to a modest gaze,

This is the man, this is Antonio,
By the sweet power of musick : Therefore, the poet | To whom I am so infinitely bound.
Did feign that Orpheus drew trees, stones, and floods; Por. You should in all sense be much bound to
Since nought so stockish, hard, and full of rage,

But musick for the time doth change his nature : For, as I hear, he was much bound for you.
The man that hath no musick in himself,

Ant. No more than I am well acquitted of.
Nor is not mov'd with concord of sweet sounds, Por. Sir, you are very welcome to our house :
Is fit for treasons, stratagems, and spoils :
The motions of his spirit are dull as night,

I A Aourish on a trumpet.

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