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Thou'lt show thy mercy, and remorse), more strange | Which, like your asses, and your dogs, and mules, Than is thy strange apparent cruelty :
You use in abject and in slavish parts, And where 6 thou now exact'st the penalty,
Because you bought them : Shall I say to you, (Which is a pound of this poor merchant's flesh,) Let them be free, marry them to your heirs ? Thou wilt not only lose the forfeiture,
Why sweat they under burdens ? let their beds But touch'd with human gentleness and love, Be made as soft as yours, and let their palates Forgive a moiety of the principal ;
Be season'd with such viands? You will answer, Glancing an eye of pity on his losses,
The slaves are ours: –
So do I answer you : That have of late so huddled on his back;
The pound of flesh, which I demand of him, Enough to press a royal merchant down,
Is dearly bought, is mine, and I will have it : And pluck commiseration of his state
If you deny me, fye upon your law ! From brassy bosoms, and rough hearts of Aint, There is no force in the decrees of Venice : From stubborn Turks, and Tartars, never train'd I stand for judgment: answer; shall I have it ? To offices of tender courtesy.
Duke. Upon my power, I may dismiss this court, We all expect a gentle answer, Jew.
Unless Bellario, a learned doctor,
Come here to-day.
My lord, here stays without If you deny it, let the danger light
A messenger with letters from the doctor,
Duke. Bring us the letters ; Call the messenger. A weight of carrion flesh, than to receive
Bass. Good cheer, Antonio! What, man? couThree thousand ducats : I'll not answer that:
rage yet ! But, say, it is my humour; Is it answer'd ? The Jew shall have my flesh, blood, bones, and all, What if my house be troubled with a rat,
Ere thou shalt lose for me one drop of blood. And I be pleas'd to give ten thousand ducats
Ant. I am a tainted wether of the flock, To have it baned? What are you answer'd yet ? Meetest for death; the weakest kind of fruit Some men there are, love not a gaping pig; Drops earliest to the ground, and so let me: Some, that are mad, if they behold a cat;
You cannot better be employ'd, Bassanio,
Than to live still, and write mine epitaph.
Enter Nerissa, dressed like a Lawyer's Clerk. So can I give no reason, nor I will not,
Duke. Came you from Padua, from Bellario ? More than a lodg'd hate, and a certain loathing, Ner. From both, my lord : Bellario greets your I bear Antonio, that I follow thus
[Presents a letter. A losing suit against him. Are you answer'd ? Bass. Why dost thou whet thy knife so earnestly?
Bass. This is no answer, thou unfeeling man, Shy. To cut the forfeiture from that bankrupt To excuse the current of thy cruelty.
there. Shy. I am not bound to please thee with my Gra. Not on thy sole, but on thy soul, harsh Jew,
Thou mak'st thy knife keen : but no metal can, Bass. Do all men kill the things they do not love? | No, not the hangman's ax, bear half the keenness Shy. Hates any man the thing he would not kill? Of thy sharp envy. Can no prayers pierce thee ? Bass. Every offence is not a hate at first.
Shy. No, none that thou hast wit enough to make. Shy. What, would'st thou have a serpent sting Gra. O, be thou curst, inexorable dog ! thee twice?
And for thy life let justice be accus'd.
To hold opinion with Pythagoras,
Are wolfish, bloody, starv’d, and ravenous. As seek to soften that (than which what's harder ?) Shy. Till thou canst rail the seal from off my bond, His Jewish heart: — Therefore, I do beseech you, Thou but offend'st thy lungs to speak so loud: Make no more offers, use no further means, Repair thy wit, good youth, or it will fall But, with all brief and plain conveniency,
To cureless ruin. - I stand here for law. Let me have judgment, and the Jew his will.
Duke. This letter from Bellario doth commend Bass. For thy three thousand ducats here are six. A young and learned doctor to our court:
Shy. If every ducat in six thousand ducats Where is he? Were in six parts, and every part a ducat,
He attendeth here hard by, I would not draw them, I would have my bond. To know your answer, whether you'll admit him. Duke. How shalt thou hope for mercy, rend'ring Duke. With all my heart : — some three or four
none? Shy. What judgment shall I dread, doing no Go give him courteous conduct to this place. wrong?
Mean time, the court shall hear Bellario's letter. You have among you many a purchas'd slave, [Clerk reads.] Your grace shall understand, that,
at the receipt of your letter, I am very sick : but in 6 Whereas. the instant that your messenger came, in loving visit
ation was with me a young doctor of Rome; his name That malice bears down truth. And I beseech you, is Bulthasar : I acquainted him with the cause in Wrest once the law to your authority : controversy between the Jew and Antonio the mer. To do a great right, do a little wrong: chani : we turned o'er many books together : he is And curb this cruel devil of his will. furnish'd with my opinion ; which, better'd with his Por. It must not be ; there is no power in Venice own learning, (the greatness whereof I cannot Can alter a decree established : enough commend,) comes with him, at my impor- | 'Twill be recorded for a precedent; tunity, to fill up your grace's request in my stead. And many an error, by the same example, I beseech you, let his lack of years be no impediment Will rush into the state : it cannot be. to let him lack a reverend estimation ; for I never Shy. A Daniel come to judgment! yea a Daniel! knew so young a body with so old a head. I leave O wise young judge, how do I honour thee ! him to your gracious acceptance, whose trial shall Por. I pray you, let me look upon the bond. belter publish his commendation.
Shy. Here'tis, most reverend doctor, here it is. Duke. You hear the learn’d Bellario, what he Por. Shylock, there's thrice thy money offer'd writes :
thee. And here, I take it, is the doctor come.
Shy. An oath, an oath, I have an oath in heaven:
Shall I lay perjury upon my soul ?
Why, this bond is forfeit; Por. I did, my lord.
And lawfully by this the Jew may claim Duke. You are welcome : take your place. A pound of flesh, to be by him cut off Are you acquainted with the difference
Nearest the merchant's heart: - Be merciful; That holds this present question in the court? Take thrice thy money ; bid me tear the bond.
Por. I am informed throughly of the cause. Shy. When it is paid according to the tenour.Which is the merchant here, and which the Jew ? It doth appear, you are a worthy judge ;
Duke. Antonio and old Shylock, both stand forth. You know the law, your exposition
Hath been most sound: I charge you by the law, Shy.
Shylock is my name.
Whereof you are a well-deserving pillar, Por. Of a strange nature is the suit you follow ; Proceed to judgment: by my soul I swear, Yet in such rule, that the Venetian law
There is no power in the tongue of man Cannot impugn 7 you, as you do proceed.
To alter me: I stay here on my bond. You stand within his danger 8, do you not?
Ant. Most heartily I do beseech the court
[To Antonio. To give the judgment. Ant. Ay, so he says.
Why then, thus it is. Por.
Do you confess the bond? You must prepare your bosom for his knife: Ant. I do.
Shy. O noble judge! O excellent young man ! Por.
Then must the Jew be merciful. Por. For the intent and purpose of the law Shy. On what compulsion must I? tell me that. Hath full relation to the penalty,
Por. The quality of mercy is not strain'd; Which here appeareth due upon the bond. It droppeth, as the gentle rain from heaven,
Shy. 'Tis very true : O wise and upright judge ! Upon the place beneath : it is twice bless’d; How much more elder art thou than thy looks ! It blesseth him that gives, and him that takes : Por. Therefore, lay bare your bosom. "Tis mightiest in the mightiest; it becomes
Ay, his breast : The throned monarch better than his crown: So says the bond; - Doth it not, noble judge ? His sceptre shows the force of temporal power,
Nearest his heart, those are the
words. The attribute to awe and majesty,
Por. It is so. Are there balance here, to weigh Wherein doth sit the dread and fear of kings;
The flesh. But mercy is above his scepter'd sway,
I have them ready. It is enthroned in the hearts of kings,
Por. Have by some surgeon, Shylock, on your It is an attribute to God himself;
charge, And earthly power doth then show likest God's To stop his wounds, lest he do bleed to death. When mercy seasons justice. Therefore, Jew, Shy. Is it so nominated in the bond ? Though justice be thy plea, consider this, —
Por. It is not so expressid : But what of that? That, in the course of justice, none of us
'Twere good you do so much for charity. Should see salvation : we do pray for mercy ;
Shy. I cannot find it; 'tis not in the bond. And that same prayer doth teach us all to render Por. Come, merchant, have you any thing to say ? The deeds of mercy. I have spoke thus much, Ant. But little ; I am arm’d, and well prepar'd. To mitigate the justice of thy plea;
Give me your hand, Bassanio; fare you well! Which, if thou follow, this strict court of Venice Grieve not that I am fallen to this for you; Must needs give sentence 'gainst the merchant there.
For herein fortune shows herself more kind
To let the wretched man out-live his wealth Por. Is he not able to discharge the money ? To view with hollow eye, and wrinkled brow,
Bass. Yes, here I tender it for him in the court; An age of poverty ; from which lingering penance Yea, twice the sum : if that will not suffice,
Of such a misery doth she cut me off. I will be bound to pay it ten times o'er,
Commend me to your honourable wife : On forfeit of my hands, my head, my heart : Tell her the process of Antonio's end, If this will not suffice, it must appear
Say, how I lov'd you, speak me fair in death ;
And, when the tale is told, bid her be judge, 7 Oppose. 8 Reach or controul.
Whether Bassanio had not once a love.
Repent not you that you shall lose your friend, Bass. I have it ready for thee; here it is.
Por. He hath refus'd it in the open court; For, if the Jew do cut but deep enough,
He shall have merely justice, and his bond. I'll pay it instantly with all my heart.
Gra. A Daniel, still say I; a second Daniel Bass. Antonio, I am married to a wife,
I thank thee, Jew, for teaching me that word. Which is as dear to me as life itself;
Shy. Shall I not have barely my principal ? But life itself, my wife, and all the world,
Por. Thou shalt have nothing but the forfeiture, Are not with me esteem'd above thy life :
To be so taken at thy peril, Jew. I would lose all, ay, sacrifice them all
Shy. Why then the devil give him good of it! Ilere to this devil, to deliver you.
I'll stay no longer question. Por. Your wife would give you little thanks for Por.
Tarry, Jew; that,
The law hath yet another hold on you. If she were by, to hear you make the offer. It is enacted in the laws of Venice,
Gra. I have a wife, whom, I protest, I love; If it be prov'd against an alien, I would she were in heaven, so she could
That by direct, or indirect attempts, Entreat some power to change this currish Jew. He seek the life of any citizen,
Ner. 'Tis well you offer it behind her back ; The party, 'gainst the which he doth contrive, The wish would make else an unquiet house. Shall seize one half his goods; the other half Shy. These be the Christian husbands : I have a Comes to the privy cotier of the state ; daughter;
And the offender's life lies in the mercy 'Would, any of the stock of Barrabas
Of the duke only, 'gainst all other voice. Had been her husband, rather than a Christian ! In which predicament, I say, thou stand'st:
(Aside. For it appears by manifest proceeding,
Of the defendant: and thou hast incurr'd
Down, therefore, and beg mercy of the duke. Por. And you must cut this flesh from off his Gra. Beg, that thou mayst have leave to hang breast;
thyself : The law allows it, and the court awards it.
And yet, thy wealth being forfeit to the state, Shy. Most learned judge! - A sentence; come, Thou hast not left the value of a cord; prepare.
Therefore thou must be hang'd at the state's charge. Por. Tarry a little ;- there is something else. Duke. That thou shalt see the difference of our This bond doth give thee here no jot of blood;
spirit, The words expressly are a pound of flesh :
I pardon thee thy life before thou ask it:
The other half comes to the general state,
Por. Ay, for the state; not for Antonio. Unto the state of Venice,
Shy. Nay, take my life and all, pardon not that: Gra. O upright judge! – Mark, Jew; - 0 You take my house, when you do take the prop learned judge!
That doth sustain my house : you take my life, Shy. Is that the law ?
When you do take the means whereby I live. Por.
Thyself shall see the act : Por. What mercy can you render him, Antonio ? For, as thou urgest justice, be assur’d,
Gra. A halter gratis ; nothing else, I hope. Thou shalt have justice, more than thou desir’st. Ant. So please my lord the duke, and all the court, Gra. O learned judge!--Mark, Jew ;-a learned To quit the fine for one half of his goods ; judge!
I am content, so he will let me have
Upon his death, unto the gentleman
That lately stole his daughter :
Provided, that he do record a gift,
Unto his son Lorenzo, and his daughter.
Por. Therefore, prepare thee to cut off the flesh. The pardon, that I late pronounced here. Sned thou no blood; nor cut thou less, nor more, Por. Art thou contented, Jew, what dost thou say? But just a pound of flesh: if thou tak'st more, Shy. I am content. Or less, than a just pound, be it but so much Por.
Clerk, draw a deed of gift. As makes it light, or heavy, in the substance, Shy. I pray you, give me leave to go from hence : Or the division of the twentieth part
I am not well; send the deed after me,
Get thee gone, but do it. Thou diest, and all thy goods are confiscate.
[Exit SHYLOCK. Gra. A second Daniel! a Daniel, Jew !
Sir, I entreat you home with me to dinner. Now, infidel, I have thee on the hip.
Por. I humbly do desire your grace of pardon ; Por. Why doth the Jew pause ? take thy for- I must away this night toward Padua, feiture.
And it is meet, I presently set forth. Shy. Give me my principal, and let me go. Duke. I am sorry that your leisure serves you not
Antonio, gratify this gentleman;
She would not hold out enemy for ever, For, in my mind, you are much bound to him. For giving it to me. Well, peace be with you! [Ereunt DUKE, Magnificoes, and Train.
(Ereunt Portia and NERISSA. Bass. Most worthy gentleman, I and my friend, Ant. My lord Bassanio, let him have the ring; Have by your wisdom been this day acquitted Let his deservings, and my love withal, Of grievous penalties ; in lieu whereof,
Be valued 'gainst your wife's commandment. Three thousand ducats, due unto the Jew,
Bass. Go, Gratiano, run and overtake him, We freely cope your courteous pains withal. Give him the ring; and bring him if thou canst, Ant. And stand indebted, over and above, Unto Antonio's house :
- away, make haste. In love and service to you evermore.
[Exit Gratia NO. Por. He is well paid, that is well satisfied; Come, you and I will thither presently; And I, delivering you, am satisfied,
And in the morning early will we both And therein do account myself well paid :
Fly toward Belmont: Come, Antonio. (Ereunt.
SCENE II. - A Street.
Enter Portia and NERISSA.
Por. Inquire the Jew's house out, give him this Not to deny me, and to pardon me.
This deed will be well welcome to Lorenzo.
My lord Bassanio, upon more advice 9,
Your company at dinner, Bass. There's more depends on this, than on the Por.
That cannot be :
This ring I do accept most thankfully,
pray you show my youth old Shylock's house. Only for this, I pray you, pardon me.
Gra. That will I do. or. I see, sir, you are liberal in offers :
Sir, I would speak with you :You taught me first to beg; and now, methinks, I'll see if I can get my husband's ring, [To Portia. You teach me how a beggar should be answer’d. Which I did make him swear to keep for ever.
Bass. Good sir, this ring was given me by my wife: Por. Thou mayst, I warrant: We shall have old And, when she put it on, she inade me vow,
swearing, That I should neither sell, nor give, nor lose it. That they did give the rings away to men; Por. That 'scuse serves many men to save their But we'll outface them, and outswear them too.
Away, make haste; thou know'st where I will tarry. An if your wife be not a mad woman,
Ner. Come, good sir, will you show me to this And know how well I have deserv'd this ring,
SCENE I. - Belmont. Avenue to Portia's House. | Medea gather'd the enchanted herbs
That did renew old Æson.
In such a night, Lor. The moon shines bright:— In such a night And with an unthrift love did run from Venice,
Did Jessica steal from the wealthy Jew;
As far as Belmont.
And in such a night,
Did Troilus, methinks, mounted the Trojan walls,
young Lorenzo swear he lov'd her well; And sigh'd his soul toward the Grecian tents,
Stealing her soul with many vows of faith,
And ne'er a true one. Where Cressid lay that night.
In such a night,
And in such a night, Did Thisbe fearfully o'ertrip the dew;
Did pretty Jessica, like a little shrew, And saw the lion's shadow ere himself,
Slander her love, and he forgave it her. And ran dismay'd away.
Jes. I would out-night you, did no body come: Lor. In such a night,
But, hark, I hear the footing of a man. Stood Dido with a willow in her hand
Enter STEPHANO. Upon the wild sea-banks, and way'd her love
Lor. Who comes so fast in silence of the night? To come again to Carthage. Jes. In such a niglit,
Steph. A friend.
And his affections dark as Erebus :
Enter Portia and Nerissa, at a distance.
Por. That light we see, is burning in my hall. Be here at Belmont : she doth stray about
How far that little candle throws his beams!
Ner. When the moon shone, we did not see the
A substitute shines brightly as a king, Lor. He is not, nor we have not heard from him.- Until a king be by; and then his state But go we in, I pray thee, Jessica,
Empties itself, as doth an inland brook And ceremoniously let us prepare
Into the main of waters. Musick! hark !
Ner. It is your musick, madam, of the house.
Por. Nothing is good, I see, without respect ;
Methinks, it sounds much sweeter than by day. Laun. Sola, sola, wo ha, ho, sola, sola!
Ner. Silence bestows that virtue on it, madam. Lor. Who calls ?
Por. The crow doth sing as sweetly as the lark, Laun. Sola ! did you see master Lorenzo, and when neither is attended ; and, I think, mistress Lorenzo! sola, sola!
The nightingale, if she should sing by day, Lor. Leave hollaing, man; here.
When every goose is cackling, would be thought Laun. Sola! where? where ?
No better a musician than the wren. Lor. Here.
How many things by season season'd are Laun. Tell him, there's a post come from my | To their right praise and true perfection! master, with his horn full of good news; my master Peace, hoa! the moon sleeps with Endymion will be here ere morning.
[Erit. And would not be awak'd ! (Musick ceases. Lor. Sweet soul, let's in, and there expect their Lor.
That is the voice,
Or I am much deceiv'd, of Portia.
cuckoo, Within the house, your mistress is at hand ; By the bad voice. And bring your musick forth into the air. —
Dear lady, welcome home.
Madam, they are not yet ;
Go in, Nerissa,
Give order to my servants, that they take Still quiring to the young-ey'd cherubins :
No note at all of our being absent hence ; Such harmony is in immortal souls ;
Nor you, Lorenzo ; - Jessica, nor you. But, whilst this muddy vesture of decay
[A tucket' sounds. Doth grossly close it in, we cannot hear it.
Lor. Your husband is at hand, I hear his trumpet:
We are no tell-tales, madam ; fear you not.
Por. This night, methinks, is bu the day-light sick,
would walk in absence of the sun. Or race of youthful, and unhandled colts,
Por. Let me give light, but let me not be light; Fetching mad bounds, bellowing, and neighing loud, For a light wife doth make a heavy husband, Which is the hot condition of their blood;
And never be Bassanio so for me; If they but hear perchance a trumpet sound, You are welcome home, my lord. Or any air of musick touch their ears,
Bass. I thank you, madam : give welcome to my You shall perceive them make a mutual stand,
friend. Their savage eyes turn'd to a modest gaze,
This is the man, this is Antonio,
Ant. No more than I am well acquitted of.
I A Aourish on a trumpet.