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We are deeply affected by this to the universal law of all mortals, sacrifice, which our dearly beloved to call us from our temporal gobrother has resolved to make with vernment to eternity, the chief such great self-denial for the con- state officers of the empire (to firmation of the hereditary statutes whom our present and irrevocable of our imperial house, and the will, as also our present legal apunshaken tranquillity of the Rus- pointment, shall, by our order, be sian empire.

communicated in due time) will After having invoked the assist- use all diligence in swearing the ance of God, and having duly and oath of allegiance to the hereditary maturely considered an object as emperor whom we have just now dear to our heart as it is important appointed to the throne of the to the state, and finding that the Russian empire, as well as to the statutes which related to the order inseparable throne of the kingdom of succession to the throne do not of Poland and the grand duchy of deprive those who have a right to Finland. it of the power of relinquishing With respect to ourselves, we the same, if no difficulty exists request all our faithful subjects with respect to the line of succes- will, with the same sentiments of sion, we have, therefore, with the love and affection which caused us previous consent of our illustrious to consider the care for their conmother, as well as the high power stant happiness as our greatest of the head of the imperial family, blessing upon earth, direct their which came to us by inheritance, fervent prayers to our Lord and and mindful of the power granted Saviour Jesus Christ, that, in his to us by God, commanded as fol- infinite mercy, he may receive our lows:

souls into his everlasting kingdom. In the first place, the voluntary Done at Tzarsko-selo, the 16th act by which our elder brother the of August, in the year of our Cesarowitsch and grand duke Con- Lord 1823, and 23rd year of our stantine renounced his rights to reign. the Russian throne, shall remain (Signed) ALEXANDER. firm and irrevocable. In order to secure the publicity of the said

Fourth Supplement. act of renunciation, it shall be deposited in the grand cathedral Letter from his Imperial Highness church of Ascension at Moscow,

the Cesarowitsch Grand Duke and with our three highest author

Constantine, to her Majesty the ities, the holy synod, these nate,

Empress Mother. and the directing senate.

Most Gracious Princess, Dearest Secondly, With respect to the Mother ;-With the greatest anarrangement, and in conformity guish of heart, I received last with the exact tenor of the act of evening, at seven o'clock, from succession to the throne, we ac- baron Von Dietisch, chief of the knowledge, as our successor, our general staff of his Imperial Masecond brother, the grand duke jesty, and from the adjutant-geNicholas. In this manner we re- neral, prince Volkonsky, the acserve to ourselves the pleasing hope, companying original intelligence, that on the day when it shall and act of the decease of our please the King of kings, according adored ruler, my benefactor, the


emperor Alexander. Whilst I With the same candour I make participate with your Imperial it my duty to declare, that, without Majesty in the grief which over- extending my wishes any further, whelms us,


to the Creator I shall deem myself happy that, if that he may, in his Almighty after more than thirty years' service mercifulness, keep our strength, devoted to my father and brother, and give us power to support the the late emperors, of glorious meaffliction which he has imposed mory, I may be permitted to dediupon us.

cate them for the future to his The situation in which this mis- majesty the emperor Nicholas with fortune places me, makes it my the same high esteem, with the duty to pour into the bosom of same fervent zeal, and the same your Imperial Majesty my real unlimited submission, which have sentiments candidly and openly animated me on all occasions, and upon this important subject. will do so to the end of my days.

Your Imperial Majesty knows, Having thus expressed my real that, following my own inclination, and irrevocable opinion, I throw I requested of the emperor Alex- myself at the feet of your Imperial ander, of glorious memory, the Majesty, whilst I most submispermission to renounce the right sively implore you to deign a graof succession to the throne, and cious reception of the present letter, that in consequence thereof, I re- and graciously to grant that the ceived an imperial rescript, dated contents may be made known to 2nd February, 1822, an attested all whom it may concern, in order copy of which is enclosed, whereby that it may be carried into effect, the

emperor communicated his and that thereby the will of his gracious consent to the request, majesty the emperor, my deceased with the observation that your lord and benefactor, as well as the Imperial Majesty had also given consent of your Imperial Majesty, your consent, which you have may be put in full force and effect. verbally confirmed to me. The I take the liberty of submitting commands of the deceased

emperor to you herewith a copy of the were, moreover, to the effect, that letter which I have, at the same the said gracious rescript should time, addressed to his majesty the remain in my hands under the emperor

Nicholas. seal of secrecy, until the death of I remain, with profound regard, his majesty.

Most gracious princess Accustomed from my infancy

And dearest mother, conscientiously to fulfil the will of Your Imperial Majesty's most my deceased father, as well as the obedient son, late emperor, and that of your (Signed) CONSTANTINE. Imperial Majesty, and still main- Warsaw, November 26, 1825. taining the limits of this principle, I consider it as my duty to resign Fifth Supplement. my right of succession to the throne to his imperial highness the Letter from his Imperial Highness grand duke Nicholas and his heirs,

the Cesarowitsch Grand Duke in conformity to the appointment

Constantine to his Majesty the in the imperial ukase respecting

Emperor Nicholas. the order of succession in the im- Dearest Brother ;-With indeperial family

scribable anguish of heart I re- into execution. After this declaraceived last night, at one o'clock, tion, I deem it a sacred duty to the painful intelligence of the de- implore your Imperial Majesty to cease of our adored master, my accept from me, as the first person, benefactor, the emperor Alexander. the oath of submission and fidelity, Whilst I hasten to express to you and to allow me to make known to the feelings with which the melan- you, that as my wishes are not choly misfortune we have sustained directed to any new dignity or title, fills me, I make it my duty to in- I wish solely to retain that of form you, that I have at the same Cesarowitsch, with which I was time herewith sent a letter to her honoured by our late father for my majesty the empress, our much services. beloved mother, wherein I an- It will constantly constitute my nounce to her, that in consequence sole happiness, if your Imperial of an autograph rescript, which I Majesty will deign to accept the received from the deceased emperor sentiments of my profound regard on the 2nd of February, 1822, in and unbounded submission, sentianswer to the letter which I had ments for which I pledge more than written to him respecting the re- thirty years' faithful services and nunciation of the succession to the pure zeal, which have animated imperial throne, and which letter me for my late father and brother, was laid before our mother, and emperors of glorious memory. to which she deigned to give her With like sentiments I shall not consent, subsequently to me per- cease till the end of my days to sonally confirmed, that it is my serve your Imperial Majesty and irrevocable resolution to renounce

illustrious successors in my present to you my right of succession to appointments and situation. the throne of the emperor of all I remain, with profound regard, the Russias ; and, at the same time,

Sire, I requested my much-beloved mo- Your Imperial Majesty's most loyal ther to make known to all whom

Subject, it may concern, my irrevocable (Signed) CONSTANTINE. will, in order that it may be carried Warsaw, November 26, 1825.

ORDER of the Day of the EMPEROR to the RUSSIAN Army.

Brave Russian army! faithful his indefatigable pains which he defenders of the throne and the had bestowed on your organization. country !which of you was not Faithful, brave soldiers ! You have bowed down by the dreadful news again, even in these days of afflicwhich has plunged us and all tion, acquired immortal glory equal Russia in unspeakable affliction ? to that which you purchased with You have lost a sovereign, a father, your blood when you conquered a benefactor, a companion of your the enemies of the sovereign and immortal deeds. Yet, let not your

the country hearts yield to despondency. His You have shown by your conduct, looks are directed to you from that you, who are constant defendabove, and he blesses the fruits of ers of the imperial throne on the field of battle, know how to obey perial Majesty, shall wear on their in time of peace the laws and the epaulets the cipher of his majesty sovereign will.

the emperor Alexander 1st so long As a mark of my regard for you,

as there shall be in their companies regiments of the Guard Preobras- one of the officers or soldiers who henski Semenoski, Ismailowski, belonged to them on the 19th of Grand Yagers, Finland Yagers, November (1st December), 1825. Pawlowski Grenadiers, Chevalier 2. The generals about the perGuards, Mounted Guards, Hussars, son of his Majesty, as also the Mounted Yagers, and Artillery of aides-de-camp-general, and the the Guards, I make you a present aides-de-camp of his Imperial Maof the uniforms which his majesty jesty, shall continue to wear the the emperor, your benefactor, used cipher. to

Each regiment shall Brave warriors ! preserve for preserve this sacred deposit, as a ever the sacred remembrance of monument to be transmitted to Alexander 1st. Let it be the terror posterity.

of your enemies, the hope of the I further order

country, the pledge of your fidelity 1. All officers and soldiers of the and attachment to my person. companies of the regiments Preo

NICHOLAS. brashenski, Semenoski, which bear St. Petersburgh, Dec. 15 (27), the name of companies of his Im



TREATY between the EMPEROR OF BRAZIL and the King of PORTUGAL.

In the name of the Most Holy gal and Algarve, and his best beand Indivisible Trinity.

loved and esteemed son don Pedro His most faithful majesty hav- as emperor, yielding and transfering constantly in his royal mind ing, of his own free will, the sothe most lively desire to re-esta- vereignty of the aforesaid empire blish peace, friendship, and good to his aforesaid son and his legitiharmony between sister nations mate successors, only taking and whom the most sacred ties ought reserving for his own person the to conciliate and unite in perpe- same title. And these august tual alliance, in order to accomplish lords, accepting the mediation of these important ends, to conduce his Britannic majesty to adjust all to general prosperity, and to secure preliminary questions regarding the political existence and the fu- the separation of the two states, ture destinies of Portugal, as well have named plenipotentiaries, to as those of Brazil ; and desiring at wit--his imperial majesty names once to renounce every obstacle the most illustrious and most exthat might impede the said alli- cellent Luiz Joze de Carvalho e ance, concord, and happiness of Melo, of the council of state, digboth states, by his diploma of the nitary of the imperial order of the 13th of May of the current year, Southern Cross, commander of the recognises Brazil to hold the name orders of Christ and of the Conof an independent empire, and se- ception, and minister and secretary parate from the kingdom of Portu- of state for Foreign Affairs ; also the most illustrious and most ex- of any Portuguese colonies, whatcellent baron de Santo Amaro, ever, to unite themselves with Bragrandee of the empire, of the coun- zil. cil of State, gentleman of the im- 4. Henceforth there shall be perial chamber, dignitary of the peace and alliance and the most imperial order of the Southern perfect friendship between the emCross, and commander of the orders pire of Brazil and the kingdoms of Christ and of the Tower and of Portugal and Algarve, with Sword ; and also the most illustri- perfect oblivion of the past dissenous and most excellent Francisco sions between the respective naVillela Barboza, of the council of tions. State, grand cross of the imperial 5. The subjects of both nations, order of the Southern Cross, knight Brazilians and Portuguese, shall of the order of Christ, colonel of be considered in the respective the imperial corps of engineers, states as those of the most favoured minister and secretary of state for and friendly nations, and their the Naval Department, and in- rights and property shall be relispector general of marines. giously guarded and protected; it

His most faithful majesty being understood that the owners names the right hon. his excellency of real estates shall be maintained sir Charles Stuart, privy councillor in the peaceable possession of of his Britannic majesty, grand such estates. cross of the order of the Tower and 6. All property, whether real, Sword and of the Bath ; and full personal, or moveable, sequestered powers having been presented and or confiscated and belonging to the exchanged, they have agreed, in subjects of the two sovereigns of conformity with the principles laid Brazil and Portugal, shall be forthdown in the preamble, that the with restored, together with their present treaty should be framed. arrears, deducting the expenses of

Art. 1. His most faithful ma- the administration thereof; or jesty recognizes Brazil to hold the their proprietors shall be indemnirank of an empire, independent fied according to the rules laid and separate from the kingdoms of down in the 1st article. Portugal and Algarve, and his 7. All ships and cargoes taken, best beloved and esteemed son, don belonging to the subjects of both Pedro, as emperor, yielding and sovereigns, shall be in like manner transferring, of his own free will, restored, or their owners indemnithe sovereignty of the said empire fied. to his said son and his legitimate 8. A commission named by successors, his most faithful ma- both governments, composed of an jesty only taking and reserving equal number of Brazilians and the same title for his own person.

Portuguese, and established when 2. His imperial majesty, as an the respective governments shall acknowledgment of respect and af- judge most expedient, shall be fection for his august father and charged to examine the matters lord, don John 6th, agrees that his treated of in the 6th and 7th artimost faithful majesty in his own cles; it being understood that person assume the title of emperor. claims must be made in the space

3. His imperial majesty pro- of one year from the formation of mises not to accept the proposals the commission; and in the case

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