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tentiaries named by each of our tages are prodigiously augmented republics, and united under the if we contemplate the picture preauspices of the victory obtained by sented by the political world, most our arms against the power of particularly by the continent of Spain.

Europe. Deeply imbued with these ideas, The meeting of the plenipotenhis excellency the liberator, as tiaries of Mexico, Colombia, and president of the republic of Co- Peru, would be indefinitely postlombia, invited in 1822 the go- poned, if one of the contracting vernments of Mexico, Peru, and parties did not promote it, till the Chile, to form a confederation, and result of a new and special conmeet at the Isthmus of Panama, vention upon the time and place or some other part that would be relative to that grand object should eligible to several of us, in order be known. The consideration of to form an assembly of plenipoten- the difficulties and delays that may tiaries of each state, “which may arise from the distance which seserve us as a council in any great parates us, joined to other grave troubles, as a point of contact in motives bearing upon our common common danger, as a faithful in- interest, determine me to take this terpreter of public treaties when step, with the view of promoting difficulties arise, and in short as the immediate meeting of our plean arbitrator of our differences.” nipotentiaries, whilst the other

The government of Peru con- governments are concluding those cluded, on the 6th of June of that preliminaries which have already year, a treaty of alliance and con- been arranged between us relative federation with the plenipotentia- to the nomination and incorporaries of Colombia, by which both tion of the representatives. parties were to interpose their With respect to the time of the good offices with the governments installation of the assembly, I of America formerly belonging to think that no difficulty will arise Spain, for them all to enter into a to prevent its meeting in six treaty for the meeting of a general months from the date hereof, and assembly of the confederates. A I even flatter myself that the similar treaty was concluded with ardent desire which animates all Mexico on the 3rd of October, Americans to exalt the world of 1823, by the envoy extraordinary Columbus, will diminish the diffiof Colombia to that state; and culties and delay which ministerial there is great reason to hope that arrangements and the distance the other governments will be in- which separates the capital of each duced, in like manner, thus to state from the central point of follow their best interests.

union must occasion. To defer longer the general as. It appears to me that if the sembly of the plenipotentiaries of world had to elect a capital, the the republics, which are in fact Isthmus of Panama would be already confederated, until the pointed out for that august destiny, accession of the rest should be as- placed as it is in the centre of the certained, would deprive us of the globe, looking on the one side to advantages which that assembly Asia, and on the other to Africa and would produce from the moment Europe. The Isthmus of Panama of its installation. These adyana has been offered for that purpose Vol. LXVII.


by the government of Colombia, rinth, compared with that of as settled by existing treaties. The Panama ? Isthmus is at an equal distance God protect your Excellency, from both extremities, and on that

HIPOLITO UNANUE. account may serve as a provisional

Jose Maria de PANDO. place for the first assembly of the The Minister of State for confederates.

Foreign Affairs,
Agreeing for my part with

TOMAS DE HERES. these considerations, I feel a great inclination to send the deputies Note of the Minister of Colombia, of this republic to Panama as soon to the Colombian Chargé D’Af, as I shall have the honour to faires at Buenos Ayres. receive the anxiously expected REPUBLIC OF COLOMBIA. answer to that circular. Nothing

Secretary of State for Foreign certainly can better fulfil the

Affairs. ardent wish of my heart than the agreement, which I hope the Palace of the Government, at the confederated governments will Capital of Bogota, March 6,1825, come to in the realization of this To Señor Don Gregorio Funes, august act of America.

Envoy of the Republic of ColomIf your excellency does not bia to the government of Buenos think proper to agree to it, I fore- Ayres. see immense delay and injury, Sir,--I have the honour to inparticularly so, as at a time that form you, that on the 4th of last the progress of the world is so February government received the much accelerated in its political circular of his excellency the march, it will assuredly be to our Liberator, charged with the diegreat damage.

tatorial command of Peru, inviting In the first conferences between that republic, our ally, to the the plenipotentiaries, the residence meeting of the grand general of the assembly, and its powers, assembly of the American states at may be settled in a solemn manner the Isthmus of Panama, and to by the majority, after which every which it has consented by a special thing may be arranged to our convention. His excellency the satisfaction.

vice-president, equally impressed The day that our plenipotentia- with the importance of that object, ries shall first assemble, will be suggests the following points to regarded as an immortal epoch in facilitate its execution : the diplomatic history of America. [The note then goes on to make When, a hundred centuries hence, the five propositions contained in prosperity shall seek the origin of the note from the Vice-president to our political institutions, and record the Liberator.] the treaties which consolidated our Many and various are, in truth, governments, the protocols of the the matters which will occupy the Isthmus will be registered with assembly of the American states. veneration. There they will look The first will be, to renew the for the plans of our first alliance, great treaty of union, alliance, and will trace the march of our and perpetual confederacy, against relations with the universe. What Spain or any other power which will then be the Isthmus of Co- might intend to conquer us.

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2. That the plenipotentiaries 8. In short, to declare on what should issue, in the name of their footing ought to be placed the constituents, an able manifesto political and commercial relations upon the justice of their cause, of those parts of our hemisphere, showing the paltry views of Spain, which, like the island of Santo and our system of politics with Domingo or Hayti, are separated respect to the other powers of from their old government, and christianity.

have not yet been recognized by 3. To come to a determination any European or American power. upon the islands of Porto Rico and As the three last points equally Cuba, and of the propriety of com- concern the United States, conbining the forces of all to free them sidering them as neutrals, the from the Spanish yoke; and in government has thought proper to case of coming to that resolution, authorize our envoy extraordinary the proportion of troops to be and minister plenipote tiary at contributed by each state for the Washington, to invite them to purpose ; and if the island shall be send deputies to the projected amalgamated with any of the con- assembly. I have hastened to take federated states, or if they shall be this step, hoping that the allies of left at liberty to choose a govern- the republic of Colombia will agree ment for themselves,

upon its utility. It will give

our 4. To make or renew a treaty good, sincere, and illustrious friends of commerce as allies or confede- (the United States) a proof of the rates.

confidence that may be reposed in 5. To make a consular conven- us from our disinterested proceedtion among

all, which should ings, and to the civilized world in clearly and distinctly lay down the general a testimony of our desire functions and prerogatives of their to avoid all objects of resentment respective consuls.

and disgust, that might be occa6. To take into consideration sioned by the state of war in which the means to give effect to the we find ourselves. Assure, theredeclarations of the president of the fore, the minister for foreign United States of America, in his affairs, that the government of message to the Congress last year, Colombia will feel a true pleasure concerning the means to frustrate in knowing that its views are perany ulterior design of colonization fectly in concert with those of the on this continent by the powers of state of Buenos Ayres. Europe, and to resist all principles You will not lose a moment in of interference in our domestic communicating to me the resolu

tion of that government, upon each 7. To fix in concert those prin- one of the points contained in the ciples of the rights of nations present communication. In the which may bear discussion, and mean time I have the honour to principally those which relate to subscribe myself, &c. two nations, when one is in a state of neutrality and the other in

P. GUAL. a state of war.


one will


Don Jose Canterac, lieutenant transportation. Those who will general of the royal armies of his return to Spain will not carry Catholic majesty, being charged arms against America during the with the supreme command of war of the Independence; and no Peru, in the absence of his excel


any part of Amelency the vice king Don Jose La rica occupied by the Spanish Serna, wounded and taken pri- armies. soner in the battle fought this 3rd. - Any individual belongday, after having taken the advice ing to the Spanish army, wishing of the generals and chiefs, re-unit- to enlist in the army of Peru, will ed after the bloody battle of enjoy his former grade. Ayacucho, &c. &c., has thought it Answer.-Granted. convenient to propose, and to regu

4th. No one shall be aclate with the general of division, countable for his former opinions, Antonio Jose de Sucre, command- nor for his particular services in er-in-chief of the United Army of the king's cause, nor those known Peru, the conditions contained in as smugglers: in this particular the following articles :

they will be entitled to the rights 1st.—The territory garrisoned of all the articles of this treaty. by the Spanish troops in Peru, as Answer.-Granted: if by their far as the Desaguora, shall be de- conduct they do not disturb the livered to the United Liberating public order, and if they conform army, with the parks of artillery, to the laws. chests, and all the military maga- 5th. - Any inhabitant of Pezines.

ru, either European or American, Answer. - Granted: and will ecclesiasticor merchant, land-owner also be included in the delivery all or workman, wishing to remove to the remainder of the Spanish army, another country, will be at liberty the baggage and horses, the garri- so to do by virtue of this convensons remaining in any part of the tion, and to take with him his territory, and other forces and family and property; he will be articles belonging to the Spanish protected by the state until his degovernment.

parture, and if he prefers to re2nd. Every individual be- main, he will be considered a longing to the Spanish army will Peruvian. be at liberty to return to his coun- Answer. Granted: with retry, and his passage will be defray- gard to the inhabitants of the ed by the state of Peru ; mean- country to be delivered, and agreewhile he will be treated with due ably to the conditions mentioned consideration, and will receive at in the preceding article. least one-half of his pay according 6th. The state of Peru will to his grade during his stay in the also respect the property of the territory.

Spaniards who may be absent from Answer. - Granted: but the the territory—they will be at government of Peru will only liberty, for the period of three grant the half pay according to years, to dispose of their property, proportionate regulations for the which will be considered in the

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same point of view as that of Answer.-Granted. Americans unwilling to go to the

11th. The town of Callao Peninsula, although they may have will be delivered to the United property in that country.

Liberating army, and its garrison Answer. Granted: as in the will be included in the articles of preceding article, provided the con- this treaty. duct of these individuals shall in


Granted: but the no way be hostile to the cause of town of Callao, with all her the freedom and independence of colours and military articles, shall America; in the event of which be delivered to the Liberator, and the government of Peru reserves be subject to his disposal on or beto itself the privilege of acting fore 20 days. freely and discretionary.

12th. - Superior

Superior officers of 7th. The term of one year both armies will be sent to the will be granted to all the interest- provinces, for the purpose of deed parties, in order to avail them- livering and receiving the archives, selves of the stipulations embraced magazines, appurtenances, and the in the fifth articlemtheir property troops, deposited in, and stationed will be subjected to the ordinary at, the different garrisons. duties, but that of individuals be- Answer. Granted: The same longing to the army to be free of formalities will be observed at the duties.

delivery of Callao. The provinces Answer..Granted.

will be delivered to the inde8th. The state of Peru will ac- pendent authorities in 15 days, knowledge the debts contracted by and the places the most remote in the administration of the Spanish all the present month. government in the territory thereof 13th. The vessels of war to the present day.

and merchantmen in the ports Answer. The congress of Peru of Peru, will be allowed the term will decide with regard to this ar- of six months, from the date of the ticle what will be most convenient ratification of this treaty, to get to the interests of the republic. their stores and provisions on

9th.--All the individuals em- board, to enable them to depart ployed in public offices will be from the Pacific. continued therein, if it be their


Granted : but the desire; otherwise, those preferring ships of war will only be permitted to leave the country will be com- to make preparations for their prehended under the articles second voyage, without committing any and fifth.

act of hostility either there, or on Answer.--Those of the meri- quitting the Pacific; they being torious will be continued in their obliged to leave all the seas of offices, if the government should America without touching at any think proper.

port of Chilé, or any other port in 10th. Every individual be- America which may be occupied longing to the army, or in the go- by the Spaniards. vernment's employ, who may wish 14th.---Passports will be granted to be erased from the rolls and to to the ships of war and merremain in the country, will be at chantmen, for their uninterrupted liberty so to do; and in that case navigation from the Pacific to their their persons will be respected. ports in Europe.

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