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Answer. Granted : agreeably and to remove to the place they to the preceding article.

may have chosen ; in which case 15th. All the chiefs and offi- they will be furnished with passcers made prisoners at the battle ports, so that they may not be moof this day will be set at liberty lested in any of the independent from this moment, as well as the states, until their arrival at their prisoners taken in anterior actions places of destination. by either of the armies.

Answer.Granted. Answer. Granted: and the 18th. Any doubt that may wounded will be taken care of until arise in the stipulations of the they shall be able to dispose of articles of the present treaty will themselves.

be interpreted in favour of the in16th. The general chiefs and dividuals of the Spanish army. officers will retain the use of their Answer.Granted : this stiuniforms and their swords, and pulation will depend on the good will also retain in their service faith of the contracting parties : such assistants as correspond with and having concluded and ratified their rank, and their servants. this treaty, which is hereby ap

Answer. Granted: but during proved, there will be made four their stay in the territory they copies of the same, two of which will submit to the laws of the will remain in the power of each country.

of the parties whose signatures are 17th. To those individuals of hereto affixed, &c. the army who may have come Delivered and signed, with our to the determination with regard hands on the field of Ayacucho, to their future destination agree the 9th of December, 1824. ably to this treaty, leave will Jose CANTERAC. be granted them to re-unite with ANTONIO Josa Du SUCRE. their families their other interest,

HISTORY AND BIOGRAPHY.

MEMOIR of the REV. SAMUEL PARR, LL. D.

geon at Harrow.

DR

R. SAMUEL PARR was years old) feared the expense,

born at Harrow, January and influenced his father to make 15, 1746-7. His great grand- the condition of his going to the father

was rector of Kirkby University, his entry as a sizar. Malory, in Leicestershire; his This was what his independent grandfather was vicar of Hinck-spirit could not brook, after quitley, in the same county: and his ting his school-fellows as an equal. father was an apothecary and sur- His father gave him a month to

determine, whether he would acAt Easter, 1756, young. Parr cept the proffered terms, or relinwas admitted on the foundation of quish college altogether ; he chose Harrow school, where he became the latter alternative ; but parental head boy in January, 1761, at the pride subsequently advanced a early age of fourteen. There he small sum, which, on his entry at was contemporary with Mr. Hal- Emanuel College, Cambridge, in hed, sir William Jones, and Dr. 1765, young Parr confided to the Bennett, late bishop of Cloyne. treasurership of his old friend and His first literary attempt was re- school-fellow, the late bishop Benported by himself to have been a nett. His pecuniary necessities, drama founded on the book of however, soon became pressing, Ruth. Sermons are in existence, and he determined to leave the written by him at the early age of University rather than to borrow. fourteen.

On balancing his accounts, he Soon afterwards, Parr left found, to his extreme surprise, school, his father wishing to edu- that he had 3l. 178., over and above cate him in his own profession, the full payment of his debts; and and for two or three years he at- such had been the economy of his tended to that business. He had expenses, that, he said, had he prea strong desire to obtain the ad- viously known of any such sum, vantages of academic education he should have remained longer ! and honours, but his step-mother In one of his printed sermons, he (he had lost his own mother when pathetically laments his inability to he was between nine and ten continue where his talents and ac,

success.

quirements seemed to promise him three maiden aunts, as she said of the highest distinction and worldly herself, “in rigidity and frigidity,"

and she always described Dr. Parr Dr. Sumner soon recalled him as “born in a whirlwind, and bred to Harrow, where he was appoint- a tyrant.” Such discordant eleed first assistant in January, 1767. ments were not likely to produce At Christmas, 1769, he was or- harmony. The lady lost few opdained on the curacies of Wilsdon portunities of annoying her spouse; and Kingsbury, Middlesex, which an object, which a strong underhe resigned at Easter, 1770. In standing and caustic powers of 1771, he was created M.A. per language afforded her more than literas Regias; and in the same ordinary facilities of accomplishyear, on the death of Dr. Sumner, ing; and she always preferred exhe became a candidate for the posing his foibles and ridiculing head-mastership of Harrow, with his peculiarities in the presence of the late master's strong recom

others. His mind and temper mendation. Although sanguine were kept in continual irritation ; hopes were entertained by his and he was driven to the resources friends of his success, his youth of visiting, and to the excitement and other influence prevailed of that table talk which unfortuagainst his nomination, to the nately superseded efforts of more great disappointment of the scho- lasting character. Porson used to lars, by whom he was sincerely say, "Parr would have been a beloved. The election fell upon great man but for three things, Dr. Heath.

his trade, his wife, and his poliThe dissatisfaction of the school tics !" By this his first wife, who was manifested in Dr. Parr's fa- died at Teignmouth, April 16, vour by some overt acts of insub- 1810 (and was buried at Hatton), ordination. These he was unjust- Dr. Parr had several children, who ly accused of having fomented; died in their infancy; and two and the most violent clamours were daughters who grew up. Of these, raised against him, and circulated the younger, Catharine, died unin the public papers. Ultimately married ; the elder, Sarah, was he resigned the place of assistant, united in 1797, to John, the eland established a private academy dest son of colonel Wynne, of at Stanmore, with forty-five boys, Plasnwydd, near Denbigh, and of whom all but one followed hiin died at Hatton, in 1810, having from Harrow. It then became given birth to three daughters, two desirable, and even necessary, that of whom, Caroline and Augusta, he should be married : he, there- are now living, the former being fore, espoused Jane, daughter of the wife of the rev. John Lynes, Zachariah Marsengale, esq., of rector of Elmley Lovett, WorcesCarleton, Yorkshire, and niece to tershire; one of the doctor's exThomas Mauleverer, esq., of Arn- ecutors. cliffe, in that county. Dr. Parr The period of Dr. Parr's conmarried Miss Marsengale, because tinuance at Stanmore, was five he wanted a housekeeper; Miss years. The advantages of his esMarsengale married Dr. Parr, be- tablishment there had not, howcause she wanted a house. She ever, been equal to his expectawas an only child, bred up by tions, His expenses were excessive, his profits therefore inconsi- 1783, he removed to that seat of derable, his labours most oppress- hospitality, where he spent the reive, and he found the impossibility mainder of his days; retiring, of supporting his situation against while yet in the enjoyment of youth the influence and credit of a great and strength, from the fatigue of public school, and the well-found- public teaching, and devoting his ed reputation of his competitor, leisure to the private tuition of a Dr. Heath. He therefore, in limited number of pupils. After 1776, was induced to accept the this preferment he resigned Astermastership of Colchester school, by. In the same year, he obtained and thither a considerable part of from bishop Lowth, through the his Stanmore scholars followed extraordinary merit of his first him. He was ordained priest in sermon, supported by the interest 1777, and held the cures of the of the present earl of Dartmouth's parishes of Trinity and the Highe, grandfather, the prebend of WenColchester. In 1778, he obtained lock Barns, in the Cathedral of St. the mastership of Norwich school, Paul. In 1785, he resumed his where Mr. Beloe was for three former subject, in “A Discourse years his under-master, and the on Education, and on the Plans rev. T. Munro his scholar; and in pursued in Charity Schools,” and 1779, he undertook the care of two about a thousand copies were sold curacies at Norwich. These he in a very short time. resigned in 1780, in which year In 1787, Dr. Parr assisted the he received his first ecclesiastical rev. Henry Homer in a new edition preferment, the rectory of Asterby, of the three books of Bellendenus,* in Lincolnshire. In the summer

a learned Scotsman, Humanity of this year he commenced his ca- Professor at Paris, in 1602, and reer as an author, by the publica- Master of Requests to James 1. tion of “Two Sermons on Edu- These he respectively dedicated to cation.". In 1781, he was admitted Mr. Burke, lord North, and Mr. to the degree of LL.D. at Cam- Fox.t He prefixed a Latin prebridge, but without any particular face, with characters of those dismark of distinction.

tinguished statesmen, the style of In the summer of the same year, which is, perhaps, the most successappeared “A Discourse on the late ful of all modern imitations of Fast, by Phileleutherus Norfolci. Cicero. How far the preface was encis,” 4to. This sermon has been appropriate may be doubted. Belconsidered the best of Dr. Parr's lendenus had intended a large productions, and had a correspond- work, “ De Tribus Luminibus ing success; for though anonymously published, the whole im- * I. “ De Statu prisci orbis in Re

II. pression, consisting of four hundred ligione, Re Politica, et Literis.” and fifty copies, was sold in two

“ Ciceronis Princeps ; sive, de Statu

Principis et Imperii.III. « Ciceronis months; and it is at present a work Consul, Senator, Senatusque Romanus ; of most extraordinary rarity. In sive de Statu Reip. et Urbis imperantis the spring of 1783, lady Trafford, Orbis.” whose son he had educated, pre

+ Dramatis Persona. Doran, marquis sented him with the perpetual Miso-Themistocles, duke of Richmond ;

of Lansdowne; Novius, lord Thurlow; curacy of Hatton, then worth about Thrasybulus, Mr. Dundas; Clodius, 801. per annum ; and in April Mr. W.

Romanorum,” the “ Three Lights phlet by Dr. White, entitled “ A of Rome,” Cicero, Seneca, and the Statement of Dr. White's Literary elder Pliny; whence Dr. Parr con- Obligations to the late rev. Mr. ceived the idea of delineating the Samuel Badcock, and the rev. characters of the then three most Samuel Parr, LL. D.," Oxford, eminent senators of Great Britain. 1790. The taste and character of the In 1791 happened the riots in composition, and the singular dis- Birmingham, when the library and crimination in the portraits, created philosophical apparatus of Dr. an extraordinary sensation in the Priestley were burnt. The mob, literary and political world. A hearing that Dr. Parr had been translation (by Mr. Beloe) was visiting Dr. Priestley, made known published in octavo in 1788, but their determination to proceed to without the author's approbation. Hatton, and burn Dr. Parr's house Dr. Parr had thenceforth fully and library. For three days and committed himself on the side of nights Dr. Parr and his family the popular party. This naturally were agitated with consternation terminated all hope of church pre- and dismay, but happily, before the ferment from the Court; and such mob could accomplish their purwas the low state of Dr. Parr's pose, the military put an end to pecuniary resources, that a sub- their proceedings. In that unexscription was made by the leading ampled period of national excitewhigs of the day, about the same ment, when political and religious period as that for Mr. Fox, and an prejudices raged together, Dr. Parr annuity of 300l. was purchased for acted a manly and decided part. Dr. Parr's life.

Undismayed by the dangers of the In 1789, appeared “Tracts by attempt, and the unpromising con. Warburton and a Warburtonian, sequences to his worldly interests, not admitted into the Collection of he ardently strove to conciliate the their respective Works.” Although divided parties of his countrymen. it was thought that personal feel. It is well known, that the pretext ings towards bishop Hurd gave for these outrages was a meeting origin to this volume, yet it was held by the dissenters on the 14th allowed on all hands, to contain of July, 1791, in celebration of the some admirable critical remarks. It French revolution. In consequence produced a reply, entitled, “A of a report that a party remained Letter to Dr. Parr, occasioned by stubborn enough to meditate anohis Republication,” &c.

ther commemoration upon the enIn 1790, Dr. Parr exchanged suing anniversary of that event, a the

curacy of Hatton (though he step that might have brought destill continued to reside there as struction upon themselves and the deputy curate) for the rectory of whole town, the doctor, in one day, Waddenhoe, in Northamptonshire. began and finished his “ Letter In the same year he became ac- from Irenopolis to the Inhabitants quainted with Dr. Priestley. of Eleutheropolis; or

a serious In 1790, also, Dr. Parr was in- Address to the Dissenters of Birmvolved in the controversy on the ingham, by a Member of the real authorship of the Bampton Established Church.” This pamphLectures preached by Dr. White. let produced an advertisement from This controversy produced a pam- the dissenters, in which they dis

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