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she appeared to be quite relieved: system, and the superficial coat of so much improved was she, that muscles. Each muscle may be Professor Herholdt considered her separately detached, and with it quite well. Thus she remained the vessels and nerves that run up to this time, when a new series along its surface, or go through it. of sufferings commenced ; a painful The succeeding coats of muscles, tumour showed itself in the right &c. may, in like manner be dearmpit, which increased to a great tached and studied separately, or size, and was so very painful that in selection with the other organs her life was considered in great of the system, until the student at danger. This swelling also con- length arrives at the bare skeleton. tained needles, and so great was A portion of the last coat of muscles the number, that, from the 26th and of the vascular and nervous of May to the 10th of July, 1822, system, the separation of which 100 were extracted, making, with offered no advantage, remain atthe 295 before mentioned, the tached to the bones. In the cavities enormous number of 395 !
are found all the organs proper The patient is marked with scars to them. The cranium may be in various parts of the body, and opened and the brain taken out. is at present in Frederick's Hospi- In this, by means of a cut through tal, at Copenhagen, where she has its entire mass, may be seen the been visited by Dr. Otto and thirty minutiæ of its organization. The other persons, at different times. eye, detached from its orbit, may The patient's ischury, in the be studied apart. The muscles, year 1822, left her, and she was, the vessels, the nerves, and the instead of it, attacked by diabetes membranes of this delicate organ insipidus, which proceeded to a are represented with scrupulous very great length ; her bowels re- accuracy ; the transparent parts mained obstinately costive, with are imitated in glass. The orgagreat emaciation and debility, but nization of the throat may be exahopes are still entertained of her mined by means of this piece of recovery. During this long ille mechanism, with greater precision ness, or rather toward the latter than on a natural subject. In the part of it, the patient amused her- thoracic cavity is seen the heart, self by learning Latin, and wrote and vessels that branch off from an account of the principal changes it, and which may be followed to that had occurred in the history their remotest ramification. One of her case.
portion of the lungs is divided in It is supposed by Professor Her- two, in order to exhibit the pulholdt and Dr. Otto that she must monary circulation. In the abhave swallowed the needles during dominal cavity, separated from the delirious fits.
preceding by the diaphragm, are Anatomical Invention. Paris found an exact representation of March 27.-M.Ouroux, a physician the viscera. On removing the has presented to the Academy of intestinal mass, the veins, the Sciences, a piece of artificial anato- spleen, the liver, &c. are disclosed my, representing the body of a to view. The preparation of the man according to its natural di- organs contained in the cavity of mensions. Immediately under the the pelvis is particularly worthy of skin are exhibited the venous attention. The removal of all
these parts leaves open to inspec- gentleman, are much more intition the azigos, the thoracic canal, mately connected as to cause and and the grand lymphatic nerve effect, than has hitherto been supattached to the vertebral column. posed. “And, in truth," the report The price set upon this very inge- proceeds," he has shewn, by means nious piece of mechanism is 3,000 of experiments entirely new, very francs. The wax figure of a man, ingenious and perfectly conclusive ; in the natural proportions, exhi, first, that the blood in the veins is biting merely the outward coat of never moved towards the heart but muscles (the skin being taken off), during the act of inspiration ; and, cannot be had for a less sum than secondly, that all the facts known between 30 and 40,000 francs. with respect to this motion in man,
Royal Academy of Sciences at and the animals which resemble Paris.--Circulation of the Blood, him in structure, may be explained SC.--Some time since, Dr. Barry, by considering it as the effect of an English physician resident at atmospheric pressure." Paris, read before the Academy of In conclusion, the report recomSciences in that city a memoir on mends to the Academy-1st. To the motion of the blood in the have the memoir of Dr. Barry inveins. Messrs. Cuvier and Dumeril, serted among those of distinguishwere appointed by the Academy to ed foreign literati--and 2nd. To investigate the subject, and draw up invite the author to prosecute his a report upon it. These gentle researches with respect to the abmen have lately presented their sorption of poisonous matters apreport. It commences by alluding plied to the surface of the body; to the various opinions, which have researches, it is added, flowing as a hitherto been entertained by phy, corollary from his theory, which siologists, with respect to the cause possess much interest, and admit of the motion of the blood in the of many useful applications to the veins. Thus some have attributed animal economy, this motion to the action of the Experiments on Animal Ingrafiheart; others to the pressure of ing. By_Dr. Dieffenbach, of the muscles ; and others again to Berlin. The satirical humour of an absorbing power in the veins Butler threw an air of disbelief themselves. Amidst this diversity over the operation of ingrafting of opinion, however, with respect noses, said to be performed by to the cause of this motion, authors Taliacotius; but the perseverance have in general agreed in recogniz- of modern experiments has estabing a certain connexion between lished the faet beyond all contrathe motion itself and the act of diction. The following specimens inspiration ; but this connection of this art are taken from the was merely looked upon as a coin- German journal of Grafe and Von cidence, or at most the act of in- Walther : spiration was esteemed nothing Dr. Dieffenbach ingrafted the more than an accessory cause of feathers of a black chicken into the the motion alluded to.
neck, back, and tail of a white In the Memoir presented to the pigeon ; while he transferred the Academy by Dr. Barry, a very white plumes of the pigeon to the different view is taken of these black chicken. He next took facts, which, in the opinion of this feathers of various sorts, from chickens, pigeons, and sparrows, The bones of a non-descript aniand dibbled them with a trocar, mal of an immense size, and larger into the skins of rabbits, puppies, than any bones that have hitherto and kittens, where they took root been noticed by naturalists, have and grew. He then dibbled, in been discovered about twenty miles the same manner, the long bristles from New Orleans, in the alluvial of the whiskers of cats, &c. into ground formed by the Mississippi the skin of the stript pigeons, with river, and the lakes, and at but a the same success. He next cut a short distance from the sea. They bunch of feathers from the back of were disinterred by a Mr. W. a pigeon, within an inch of the Schofield, of New Orleans, who skin, pushed a needle down each spent about a year in this arduous stump, till the bird showed symp- undertaking. A fragment of a toms of pain, and on withdrawing cranium is stated to measure the needle, he pushed the bristles twenty-two feet in length ; in of a kitten's whiskers into the its broadest part four feet high, hole, 'where they took root and and perhaps nine inches thick, and grew well. Not contented with it is said to weigh 1,200lbs. The this, the learned doctor ingrafted largest extremity of this bone is successfully, upon his own arm, thought evidently to answer to the the hairs of a friend's eyebrow. A human scapula ; it tapers off to a claw was next detached from the point, and retains a flatness to the toe of a pigeon, and ingrafted upon termination. From these facts it its tail. This was the most won is inferred that this hone constiderful experiment of all; for, tuted a fin, or fender. One of its though the claw did not itself take edges, from alternate exposures to root in the tail, it seems to have the tide andatmosphere, has become deposited there the egg of a claw; spongy or porous, but generally it at least a very fine new claw is in a perfect state of ossification. sprouted out from the same place. A large groove or canal presents itSome time afterwards, the feather self in the superior portion of this which had been plucked out to bone, upon the sides of which conmake room for the claw, grew siderable quantities of ambergris again, and an obstinate contest may be collected, which appears to between the claw and the feather have suffered little or no decompotook place, for priority of occu- sition or change by age. It burns pancy, but the feather at last suc- with a beautiful bright flame, and ceeded in expelling the intruder. emits an odoriferous smell while The doctor, in his next experi- burning; it is of a greasy conment, scalped the head of a pigeon, sistence, similar to adipocere. It and having cut a flap from the is evident that there was a correspigeon's thigh, he fitted it to the ponding fin or fender. The anifirst wound, and sewed the edges mal, therefore, must have been fifty together. It united and made an feet in breadth from one extremity excellent scalp, and was soon of a fin to the other, allowing for covered with a fine grove of wear and tear, as well as a width bristles. He next cut off the nose of the back proportionate to the of a wild rabbit, sewed it on again, length of the fins,
There are and it grew as well as ever. several of the dorsal vertebre,
Gigantic Organic Remains.- and one of the lumbar, and a bone
answering to the os coccygis in our of obstructions to the free passage anatomy. The vertebræ are sound, of salmon, between the sea and and corresponding in size to the the upper parts of lakes and rivers, largest bone; the protuberances of where the spawn is deposited, and the vertebræ are three feet in ex- the young fish come into life. They tent; they lead to the supposition urge, that upon such free passage that the animal had considerable depends the multiplication of the protuberances on the back; the body breed—but then the difficulties inof each vertebræ is at least twenty terposed spring from the 'rights, inches in diameter, and as many both real and assumed, of parties in length; the tube or calibre for who have long been in the habit of containing the spinal marrow is placing obstructions across the six inches in diameter: some of the rivers to catch fish on private acarterial and nervous indentations, counts, while, from their local imor courses, are yet visible. There pediments, they injuriously affect is a bone similar to our os calcis, the general breed. Another class one foot in length, and eight of obstructions arises from the apinches in diameter.
plication of water (for mills) to the It is stated that, in the place, purposes of manufactures. The whence these remains were dis- committee agree, that the salmon interred, a large carnivorous tooth fishery ought to be subordinate to was found, and had been carried the interests of the latter, and they away. It is also stated, that, in strongly recommend an inquiry the year 1799, many remains of into the foundation of right of inantediluvian creation were taken dividuals exercising the former, up near the same place, and shipped suggesting at the same time an to Europe. Mr. Schofield feels accommodation of differences, so as the most perfect conviction that he to preserve a free passage for the could at a slight expense collect salmon, and more particularly many more. He had been hither- during the fence months and part to prevented by the high state of of the fishing season. There is the water from obtaining the some slight difference of opinion in whole: but there was reason to the evidence as to the duration of hope that the skeleton might be the time during which the fish completely disinterred.
ought to be fenced from disturbSalmon Fisheries. The second ance; but the general wish comreport of the select committee of prehends the months of October, the House of Commons, appointed November, and December. Lowerto take into consideration the state ing the wears, and obvious meof the salmon-fisheries of Scotland, chanical alterations safely practicand those of the united kingdom able in their structure, would mitigenerally, together with the laws gate, if not remove, many of the affecting the same, has been offi- objections urged against them in cially printed.
The committee dwell The report states, that the com- strongly upon the clearing away of mittee have inquired into the more all obstructions in the rivers as indifficult branches of the subject of dispensable to the foundation of the the salmon fisheries, and in parti- fisheries upon any prosperous plan, cular into the important considera- and point out the mistaken calculation (which is much dwelt upon) tion of individuals in the estimate
of their own interests as connected known that several wears were with existing impediments. removed at various times (though
The committee have also gone not of late years) in the south of into evidence at considerable length, Ireland. respecting the modes of taking The great, and indeed universal salmon practised in different parts evil complained of throughout the of the kingdom, with a view to mass of evidence taken before the ascertain the circumstances attend committee, is the havoc in the ant on each, for the future consi- breed occasioned by fishing in the deration of the legislature. In tributary streams during the spawnpursuing this branch of the inquiry ing season, and various
schemes are the end in view has been, to ascer- suggested by way of dams to pretain what modes of fishing are vent the progress of salmon from adapted to the greatest variety of the large rivers into these streams, circumstances, calculated to secure and thereby avert the work of unthe largest supply of good fish, timely destruction which is so se and suited to the habits of the verely censured. animal. The committee state in There is a good deal of contraconclusion, that they cannot refrain dictory evidence upon the point from expressing an opinion, that whether salmon always continue the salmon fisheries are eminently to spawn in the same rivers ; the deserving, and stand greatly in general tendency of the testimony need of, the protection of the legis- is, however, rather to affirm that lature; and that there is every fact, and experienced fishermen reason to believe, under the influ- profess to distinguish with certainence of a general law, founded in ty the fish of the several rivers. We sound principle, that they might have the following curious informarise to an importance and magni- tion respecting the natural history tude hitherto unknown. But how of the salmon. To prove
that the is this law to be framed, until the grilse and salmon are one species, inquiries into individual rights we marked,” says Mr. Mackenzie creating ruinous obstructions, re- “ in the month of March, 1823, a commended by the committee at grilse keip in the river Oykell, by the outset, shall have been gone tying a piece of wire round the body through? And what chance is of the fish, immediately above the there, upon so vaguea recommenda- tail, and in March, 1824, we caught tion, of having these inquiries made the same fish again as a salmon of at all, when the poverty in many about 7lb. weight, though it was instances of the parties is considered only 3 lb. when we marked it.” -fishermen at the one side, and Other witnesses confirm to demoncorporate monopolies at the other; stration this evidence as to the and not the least outline given by identity of the grilse and salmon. the committee of the manner and The rev. John Fleming gives the form in which such investigations following evidence of the fruitfulshould be prosecuted? Perhaps ness and extraordinary precocity of the
easiest, and certainly the the fish :-cheapest, process of conducting “ Fish are well known to breed this litigation would be by the long before they have arrived at ordinary mode of indictment for maturity, and as a proof that they nyisancema mode by which it is do, it may be stated that at the end