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This, this was Vesta's seat-sublime, alone,
And, lo! where still ten circling columns rise
But ye who sleep the calm and dreamless sleep,
And thou, Immortal Bard, whose sweetest lays
I N D E X.
[N. B. The figures with crotchets refer to the History; those with a * to the
Appendix to Chronicle, &c.; and the others to the Chronicle.]
ABOLITION of Slavery, treaty with Brazil Army ; regulation for the sale and purfor, 72*
chase of commissions, 57 Accidents : explosion of Mr. Brock's Army of the United States, 1
firework manufactory, Whitechapel, 123 Arracan, taken by Gen. Morrison,  -breaking of a bridge at the launch of Assassination at Chartres, 28 the princess Charlotte, Portsmouth, 129; Assassins executed al Naples, 55 fall of a rock at Carvalinho, Portugal, Assizes and Sessions: Antrim.Jones v.
135 ; fall of a bridge at Nienburg, 169 O'Hara, 22* Adams, Mr., chosen president of the Bridgewater ; Hannah Taunton, kil
United States,  ; his inaugural ling her husband, 117 address, 109*
Bucks ; Charles Lynni, murder of AbraAdultery: case of an offender being shot ham Hogg, 3*
by the husband, 28; laws against, in Cork ; A. Keefe, and Thomas Bourke, Siam, 220*
murder of the Franks family, 31* Africa, see Sierra Leone, Sherbro, Tri- Derby ; G. Bally, rape, 37 poli 226* ; Clapperton and Deubam's Kilkenny ; Farley v. J. T. Haydon, account of the inlerior, 254*
Jibel, 20* Agriculture and Botany, 262*
Lancaster; W. Cherry, rape, 39 Alexander, Emperor ; proclamation to the Leicester ; Hannah Read, murder of
Polish diet, (156]; his illness,  ; her husband, 112 death, ; character, ib.
Limerick ; Patrick Cusack, Eleanor America, Norih; dreadful fire at Mirami- Ryan, &c., murder, 23
chi, New Brunswick, 135, 173; Rules Lincoln ; R. Maydwell, murder, 37? of the Equity courts, United States, Maidstone; Poolly v. Pybus, for a mali136; church establishment and mis. cious commission of bankruptcy, 46 sionaries, 47* ; See Canada, United Old Bailey ; C. Wood, rape, 5 ; John States.
Palin, stealing four £1000 bank America, South ; Recognition of the inde. potes, 151
pendence of Buenos Ayres Colombia, Sussex ; G. and E. Daw, murder, 41;C. and Mexico,  ; confederation of the Holder and D. Gardiner, threatening United Provinces of Rio de la Plata,
letter, 5*  ; national army,  ; insur- Westminster Sessions, J. G. Muirhead, rections at Cordova, San Juan, ib. misdemeanor, 139; Robert Charles, congress of Panama  ; letter from assault and attempt to violate, 145 Mr. Canning to the Chevalier de los Astronomy, &c. 251* Rios, relative to the conduct of Great Avalanche, fortunale escape from, 1 ; five Britain toward the Spanish colonies, men killed by, near Morsine, 53 51"; inines, 285*; See Brazil, Colombia, Aurora Borealis, 258* Peru, Rio de la Plata.
Australia, new seitlement in, 83 Amiens, a parricide executed at, 64 Austria : emperor's speech to the HungaAnatomical invention 245*
rian diet, 92* Andrews, Dr., dean of Canterbury, death Autographs, at sale of Boswell's Library, 81 of, 254
Ayr Steam-boat, Comet run down by, 142; Animal ingrafting, experiments of, 246* trial of the master, &c. 174 ; liberation Antique coins, forgery of, 104
of ditto, 184 Antiquities; excavations at Pompeii, 122 ;
Roman boat discovered at Glasgow, 479* Baden, speech of the Grand duke to the
establishments of offices for carry- generally the northern counties, ing on the trust business are more present a far higher average of numerous and expensive than they wages than those of the south of ought to be; the trusts conse- England, besides the benefit, which quently in debt, and money bor- does not appear on the returns, of rowed even at annuity interest, to a supply of fuel at a much easier provide a mode of discharging it. price. The committee, therefore, recom- In comparing the several districts mend that all the trusts near Lon- where the custom prevails of asdon should be consolidated under sisting the farmer to pay his laa single set of commissioners, for bourers out of the poor's rates, with the sake of effecting the three those where such a practice has grand objects—of durability in the not yet been suffered, we cannot work, economy in the expenses, find that there is any obvious reand relief to the public, by the re- lation between the existence of moval of vexatious obstructions, that abuse, and either a high or from the frequency and inconve- low rate of wages. Thus, in the nient position of the toll-gates. division of Bassetlaw, county of
Poor's Rates. There has been Nottingham, the wages being from published by order of the House 10s. to 12s. per week, are paid in of Commons, an abstract of returns part out of the poor's rates ; while, prepared by the direction of the in South well division of the same select committee of last session, county, the rate not exceeding 10s., appointed to inquire into the prac- the poor's rate is never so applied. tice which prevails in some parts Hundreds of instances, bespeaking of the country of paying the wages similar irregularity, might be enuof labour out of the poor's rates, ' merated, and lead to the belief and to consider whether any and that more depends on the caprice what measures can be carried into of the magistrates than on the neexecution for the purpose of alter- cessity of the case. Where the ing that practice, and to report system has once commenced, we their observations thereon to the are aware that more than ordinary House. The present document skill and firmness are requisite toconsists of returns only of the rate wards its abolition: and in the inof wages throughout the several stance of a labourer with a numecounties of England, and of an- rous family, the difficulty of introswers to a circular list of question ducing any change seeins almost bearing upon the proposed subject insurmountable. Something less of investigation. The committee than one-third of the kingdom is have not annexed to the abstract a visited by this perversion of the single observation or opinion of poor's rates. their own.
England Fifty Years ago. In With regard to the wages of seventy years the people of Great labour, it seems worth notice how Britain have advanced full eight the growth of manufactures in a millions in number. In twenty, country tends to improve the com- five years, the number of inhabited forts of the agricultural classes in houses in
England and Wales their neighbourhood. The manu- alone have advanced one-half. facturing districts of Lancashire, Fifty years ago, the very existence the West Riding of Yorkshire, and of canals was a matter of incredu
lity. Fifteen millions of public three millions of tons, employwealth have now been profitably ing about two hundred thousand absorbed by these mighty ducts; souls. and at least half as much more is American Statistics. The whole at this hour destined for their number of people in the United formation. Fifty years ago, there States, by the late census, is was hardly a steam-engine in the 9,629,000. Of this number it is kingdom. There cannot now be stated that 2,065,000 are engaged less than twelve thousand
in agriculture, 349,000 in manution of power equal to at least a factures, and 72,000 in commerce. quarter of a million of horses; an Only the efficient or labouring energy which, in a single day, persons in each class appear to would have raised up the great have been enumerated. Add the pyramid of Egypt. Fifty years women, the children, and the inago, our annual export of manu- valids, and there will be found to factured cotton did not amount to be about 8,000,000 in the agria quarter of a million in value: it cultural class, 200,000 in the comhas now swollen to nearly thirty mercial, and 1,300,000 in the mamillions. In the same period, our nufacturing In England, the exported woollens, in defiance of agricultural class does not exceed Saxon, Prussian, Spanish, and one-third of the whole population. American competition, have ad- This one-third is not only suffivanced more than two millions. cient to produce bread, stuffs, and Fifty years ago, our imports of provisions enough for themselves raw silk were only three hundred and the other two-thirds, but also thousand pounds in weight : they to produce enough wool for all the
now nea three millions. extensive woollen factories in the Fifty years ago, our export of iron kingdom, with the exception of a was hardly twelve thousand tons: small quantity of fine quality. The it is now about ten times as much. wool produced amounts annually Fifty years ago, our exports of to 28,000,000 of dollars in value. linens were about four millions of Four-fifths of our nation are emyards: they are now nearly forty .ployed to produce the same effects millions. Fifty years ago, the that follow from the labours of whole value of our exported pro- one-third of the British nation. duce, both native and foreign, was American Mines. The mines just fifteen millions of money: the in Spanish America had been value of British produce exported, brought to their fullest height of alone, is now more than fifty mil- production by the end of the last lions. A hundred_and twenty century, and continued to give to years ago, says old Tucker, there the world annual supplies of unwere only two or three vessels in precedented magnitude till the Scotland above two hundred tons; year 1810. It was then the disour whole tonnage is now more turbances broke out, originating than a quarter of a million, em- in the struggle for independence, ploying twenty thousand souls. A and partly from the conflicts of hundred and fifty years ago, says rival parties, which desolated the Chalmers, the whole navy of Bri- country, and interrupted the mintain did not amount to a hundred ing operations, especially in Mexico, thousand tons : it is now at least Peru, and Buenos Ayres. The
degree to which the produce of the 106,000, Versailles 40,000, and mines fell off, has been thus given Amiens 40,000. In the royal liin a recent publication, “Tooke vrary at Paris there are several on High and Low Prices.” uncollated MSS. of the Scriptures.
Prison Discipline. The state Annual produce of American Mines in of crime in Sweden is less than in dollars.
most other countries. The whole 1800 to 1810. After 1810. number of persons committed to Mexico .30,000,000 12,000,000 Peru 5,480,000 2,740,000
prison for offences does not exceed Chile
866,000 866,000 1,500mviz., about 800 convicted Buenos Ayres.. 3,640,000 1,820,000 of various crimes, and 700 impriBrazil
4,340,000 4,340,000 soned for vagrancy and other of New Grenada .. 2,735,000 2,735,000
fences of police. A royal commis47,061,000 24,501,000 sion has been appointed to super
intend all the prisons and houses Thus the quantity of the pre- of correction, so as to place their cious metals derived yearly from discipline and administration on a these sources was reduced one-half common footing. A house of corin consequence of the war. rection is building at Stockholm,
Public Libraries in France.- in which the prisoners will be alIn Paris the royal library has above lowed part of the gains made by 700,000 printed volumes, and their work, and may lay it up to 70,000 MSS. The library of form a sum against the time of Monsieur 150,000 printed volumes, their liberation. Similar measures and 5,000 MSS. The library of are also in progress at Christiana, St. Genevieve 110,000 printed vo- in Norway. lumes, and 2,000 MSS. The Wolves in Russia. The folMazarine library 92,000 printed lowing is the official account of volumes, and 3,000 MSS. The the devastations committed by the library of the city of Paris 20,000 wolves in the government of Livolumes. All these are daily open vonia only, in the year 1823: they to the public. In the departments devoured-horses, 1,841; foals, there are 25 public libraries, with 1,243; horned cattle, 1,807; above 1,700,000 volumes, of which calves, 733; sheep, 15,182; Aix has 72,670, Marseilles 31,500, lambs, 726; goats, 2,545; kids, Toulouse 30,000, Bordeaux 183 ; swine, 4,190; sucking pigs, 105,000, Tours 30,000, Lyons 312 ; dogs, 703 ; geese, 673.