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Of hazard as of honor, due slike

Heard far and wide, and a!! the host of Hell To him who reigns, and fo much to him due With deafning shout return'd them loud acclame. Of hazard more, as he above the rest 455 Thence more at ease their minds, and somewhat High honor'd Gts ? Go therefore, mighty Powers,

rais'd Terror of Heav'n, though fallin'; intend at home, By false presumptuous hope, the ranged Powers While bere shall be our home, what best may ease Disband, and, wand'ring, each his leveral way The present misery, and render Hell

Pursues, as inclination or fad choice More tolerable ; if there be cure or charm 460 Leads him perplex'd, where he may likellett find To respite, or deceive, or Nack the pain

'Truce to his restless thoughts, and entertain Of this ill manfion : intermit no watch

The irksome hours, till his great chief retur. Against a wakeful foe, while I abroad

Part on the plain, or in the air sublime, Through all the coasts of dark deftruction seek Upon the wing, or in swift race contend, Deliverance for us all : this enterprise 465 As at th Olympian games or Pythian fields; 53% None shall partake with me. Thus saying rose Part curb their fiery Iteeds, or thun the goal The Monarch, and prevented all reply,

With rapid wheels, or fronted brigads form. Prudent, left from his resolution rais'd

As when to warn proud cities war appears Others among the chief might offer now

Wag'd in the troubled sky, and armies ruik (Certain to be refus'd) what erst they fear'd.; 470 To battet in the clouds, betore each van And so refus'd might in opinion stand

Prick forth the aery knights, and couch their spears His rivals, winning cheap the high repute

Till thickest legions clofe ; with feats of armis Which he through hazard buge must earn. But From either end of Heav'n the welkin burns. they

dal Others with vast Typhæan rage more tell Dreaded not more th' adventure than his voice Rend up both rocks and hills, and ride the air 549 Forbidding; and at once with tiim they rose;. 475 In whirlwind; Hell carce liolds the wild uproar. Their rifing all at once was as the found

As when Alcides, from Oechalia crown'd Of thunder heard remote. Tow’ards him they bend with conqueft, felt the envenom'd robe, and tort With awful reverence prone ; and as a God Through pain up by the roots 'Thessalian pines, Extol him equal to the High'est in Heav'n: And Lichas from the top of Oeta threw 543 Nor fail'd they to express how much they prais'd, Into th' Euboic fea. Others more mild, That for the general safety he despis'd

Retreated in a silent valley, fing His own : for neither do the Spirits damn'd With notes angelical to many a harp Lose all their virtue; left bad men should boast Their own heroic deeds and hapless fall Their specious deeds on earth, which glory' excites, By doom of battel; and complain' that fate Or close ambition varpish'd o'et with zeal. 485 Free virtue should enthrall to force or chance. Thus they their doubtful consultations dark Their song was partial, but the harmony Ended rejoicing in their matchless chief:

(What could it less when Spi'rits immortal ting :) As when from mountain tops the dusky clouds Suspended Hell, and cook with ravishment Ascending, while the north-wind feeps, o'er: The thronging audience. In discourse more free spread

(For eloquence the soul, song charms the sense, Heav'n's chearful face, the louring element 490 Others apart sat on a hill retir'd, Scowls o'er the darken'd landskip snow, or shower; In thoughts more elevate, and reason'd high If chance the radiant sun with farewel sweet Of providence, foreknowledge, will, and fate, Extend his evening beam, the fields revive, Fix'd fate, free will, foreknowledge absolute, The birds their notes renew, and bleating herds And found no end, in wand'ring måzes loft. Atteft their joy, that hill and valley rings. 495 Of good and evil much they argued then, O Thame to men! Devil with Devil damn'd

Of happiness and final misery, Firm concord holds, men only disagree

Paliion and apathy, and glory' and Mame, Of creatures rational, though under hope

Vain wisdom all, and faise philosophy: Of heav'nly grace: and God proclaiming peace, Yet with a pleasing foreery could charm Yet live in hatred, enmity, and strife 500 Pain for a while or anguish, and excite Among themselves, and levy cruel wars,

Fallacious hope, or arm th' obdur'd breaft Wasting the earth, each other to destroy:

With stubborn patience as with triple steel. As if (which might induce us to accord)

Another part in squadrons and gross bands,
Man had not hellish foes enow besides,

On bold adventure to discover wide
That day and night for his destruction wait. 505 That dismal world, if any clime perhaps

The Stygian counsel thus diffolv'd; and forth Might yield them eafier habitation, bend
In order came the grand infernal peers :

Four ways their flying march, along the banks Midft came their mighty paramount, and seem'd Of four infernal rivers, that disgorge 575 Alone th' antagonist of Heav'n, nor less

Into the burning lake their baleful streams; Than Hell's dread emperor with pomp supreme, Abhorred Styx, the flood of deadly hate ; And God-like imitated state ; him round

Sad Acheron of sorrow, black and deep; A globe of fiery Seraphim inclos'd

Cocytus, nam'd of lamentation loud With briglit imblazonry, and horrent arms. Heard on the rueful stream ; fierce Phlegethon sa Then of their feffion ended they bid cry

Whose waves of torrent fire infiame with rage. With trumpets regal found the great result: $15 Far off from these a low and filent stream, Towards the four winds four speedy Cherubim Lethe the river of oblivion rolls Put to their mouths the founding alchemy

Her watry labyrinth,' whereof who drinks, By heralds voice explain'd; the hollow' abyss Forthwith his former State and being forgets,


Forgets both joy and grief, pleasure and pain. Voluminous and vast, a ferpent arm'd
Beyond this Rood a frozen continent

With mortal ting: about her middle round
Lies dark and wild, beat with perpetual storms A cry of Hell hounds never coaging bark'd
Of whirlwind and dire bail, which on firm land With wide Cerberean mouths tull loud, and rung
Thaws not, but gathers neap, and ruin seems 590 A hideous peal; yet, when they lift, would creep,
Of ancient pile; or else deep snow and ice, If ought disturbid their noise, into her womb,
A gulph profound as that Seibonian bog

And kennel there,

yet there fill bark’d and howid, Betwixt Damiaca and Mount Calius old,

Within unseen. Far less abhorr'd than these Where armies whole have sunk: the parching air Vex'd Scylla bathing in the sea that parts 660 Burns frore, and cold performs th' effect of fire. 595. Calabria from the hoarfe Trinacrian Thore : Thither by harpy-footed furies hal'd

Nor uglier follow the night-hag, when, call'd At certain revolutions all the damn'd

In secret riding through the air she comes, Are brought; and feel by turns the bitter change Lur'd with the smell of infant blood, to dance Of fierce extremes, extremes by change more fierce, With Lapland witches, while the laboring moon 665. From beds of raging fire to starve in ice 600 Eclipses at their charms. The other shape, Their soft ethereal warmth, and there to pine If shape it might be callid that Mape had none Immoveable, infix'd, and frozen round,

Distinguishable in member, joint, or limb, Periods of time, thence hurried back to fire. Or substance might be called that shadow seem'd, They ferry over this Lethéan found

For each seem'd either; black it tood as night, 670 Both to and fro, their sorrow to augment 605 Fierce as ten Furies, terrible as Hell, And with and struggle, as they pais, to reach And thook å dreadful dart; what seem'd his head The tempting stream, with one small drop to lose The likeness of a kingly crown had on: In (weet forgetfulness all pain and woe,

Satan was now at hand, and from his feat All in one moment, and so near the brink;

The monster moving onward came as fast But fate withstands, and to oppose th' attempt 610 With horrid strides, Hell trembled as he strode. Medysa with Gorgonian terror guards

Th' undaunted Fiend what this might be admir'd, The ford, and of itself the water fies

Admir'd, not fear'd; God and his Son except, All taste of living wight, as opce it filed

Created thing nought valued he nor fhunn'd; The lip of Tantalus. Thus roving on

And with disdainfullook thus first began.

680 In cónfus'd march forlorn, th' adventrouş bands 6.15 Whence and what art thou, execrable shape, With shudd:ring horror pale, and eyes aghast, That dar'ft, though grim and terrible, advance View'd first their lamentable lot, and found Thy miscreated front athwart my way No reft; through many a dark and dreary vale, To yonder gates ? through them I mean to pass, They pass’d, and many a region dolorous,

That be assur'd, without leave ask'd of thee: O'er many a frozen, many a fiery Alp,


Retire, or taste thy folly', and learn by proof, Rocks, caves, lakes, fens, bogs, dens, and shades Hell-born, not to contend with Spi'rits of Heaven. of death,

To whom the goblin full of wrath reply'd. A univerfe of death, which God by curse

Art thou that traitor Angel, art thou He, Created ev'l, for evil only good,

Who first broke peace in Heav'n and faith, till then Where all life dies, death lives, and nature breeds, Unbroken, and in proud rebellious arms Perverse, all monitrous, all prodigious things, 625 Drew after him the third part of Heav'n's sons Abominable, irutgerable, and worse

Conjúr'd against the High'eft, for which both thou Thar tables yet have feign’d, or fear conceir'd, And they, outcast from God, are here condemn'd Corgons, and Hydra's, and Chimæra's dire. To wafte eternal days in woe and paik? 695

Mean while the Adversary of God and Man, And reckon ft thou thyself with Spi'rits of Heaven, Satan vitia thoughts infiland of highest design, 630 Hell-doom'd, and breath'ft defiance here and foorn Puts on swift wings, and tow’ards the gates of Hell

, Where I reign king, and, to enrage thee more, Explores his folitary flight; sometimes

Thy king and lord ? Back to thy punishment, He scours the right hand coaft, sometimes the left, False fugitive, and to thy speed add wings, 700 Now shaves with level wing the decp, then foars Left with a whip of scorpions I pursue Up to the fiery concave towring high. 635" Thy lingring, or with one stroke of this dart As when far off ai sea a feet descry'd

Strange horror seise thee', and pangs unfelt before. Hangs in the clouds, by, equinoctial winds

So spake the grilly terror, and in shape, Close failing from Bengala, or the iles,

So speaking and so threatning, grew ten-fold

Of Ternate and Tidore, whence merchants bring More dreadful and deform: on th' other Ade
Their spicy drugs: they on the trading food 640 Incens’d with indignation Satan stood
Through the wide Ethiopian to the Cape

Unterrify'd, and like a comet burn'd,
Ply stemming nightly toward the pole. So seem's That fires the length of Ophiuchus huge
Far off the flying Fiend at last apppear

In th' ardic sky and from his horrid hair 710
Hell bounds high reaching to the horrid roof, Shakes pestilence and war. Each at the head
And thrice three-fold the gates ; three folds were Leveld his deadly aim; their fatal hands

No second stroke intend, and such a frown Three iron, three of adamantin rock,

Each cast at th other, as when two black clouds, Impenetrable, impal'd with circling fire,

With Heav'n's artillery fraught, come rattling og
Yet unconsum'd." Before the gates there faç Over the Caspian, then stand front to front
On either fide a formidable shape ;

Hovering a space, till winds the fignal blow
The one secm'd woman to the waste, and fair, 650 To join their dark encounter in mid air:
But eaded soul in a scaly fold

So frown'd the mighty combatants, that Hell




Grew darker at their frown, fo match'd they Transformid: but he my inbred enemy ftoo!;

720 Forth issued, brandishing his fatal dari For never but once more was either like

Made to destroy: 1 Aed, and cry'd out Death; 'To meet fa great a foe: and now great deeds Hell trembled at the hideous name, and highd Had been achiev'd, whereof all Hell had rung, From all her caves, and back resounded Death Had not the snaky sorceress that sat

I fled, but he pursued, (though more, it seeins, 790 Past by Hell gate, and kept the fatal key, 725 Inflam'd with lust than rage) and swifter far, Ris'n, and with hideous outcry rulh'd between. Me overtook his mother all dismay'd,

O Father, what intends thy hand, the cry'd, And in embraces forcible and foul Against thy only Son? What fury', O Son, Ingendring with me, of that rape begot Poffefses thee to bend that mortal dart

These yelling monsters, that with ceaseless cry 195 Against thy Father's head? and know'st for Surround me, as thou saw'st, hourly conceivá whom;

730 And hourly born, with forrow infinite For him who fits above and laughs the while To me; for when they lift, into the wonb At thee ordain'd his drudge, to exechte

That bred them they return, and howl and gnav Whate'er his wrath, which he calls justice, bids ; My bowels, their repaft; then bursting forth 800 His wrath, which one day will destroy ye both. Afresh with conscious terrors vex me round,

She spake, and at her words the hellish pest 735 That rest or intermiflion none I find." Forbore; then there to her Satan return'd. Before mine eyes in opposition fits

So strange thy outcry, and thy words so strange Grim Death my son and foe, who sets them on, Thou interporeít, that my sudden hand

And me his parent would full soon devour sos Prevented spares to tell thee yet by deeds

For wánt of other prey, but that he knows
What it intends; till first I know of thee, 740 His end with mine invoiv'd; and knows that I
What thing thou art, thus double-form'd, and why should prove a bitter morsel, and his bane,
In this infernal vale first met thou call'it

Whenever that shall be ; fo fate pronounc'd.
Me Father, and that phantasm call'st my Son; But thou, O Father, I forewarn thee, fhun
I know thee not, nor ever saw till now

His deadly arrow ; neither vainly hope
Sight more deteftable than him and thee. 745 To be invulnerable in those bright arms,

T' whom thus the portress of Hell gate reply'd. Though temper'd heav'nly, for that mortal dini, Hast thou forgotten me then, and do I seem Save he who reigns above, none can resit. Now in thine eye fo foul ? once deem'd so fair She finishd, and the subtle Fiend his lore 815 In Heav'n, when at the assembly, and in sight Soon learn'd, now milder, and thus answer á Of all the Seraphim with thee combin'd 750

smooth. In bold conspiracy against Heav'n's king,

Dear Daughter, since thou clam'ft me for thy fire, All on a sudden miserable pain

And my fair son here show'st me, the dear pledge Surpris'd thee, dim thine eyes, and dizzy fuum Of dalliance had with thee in Heav'n, and joys In darkness, while thy head fiames thick and fast Then sweet, now sad to mention, through dire Threw forth, till on the left fide opening wide, 755 change

826 Likest to thee in thape and count'nance bright, Befallin us unforeseen, unthought of; know Then shining heav'nly fair, a Goddess arm'd I come no enemy, but to set free Out of thy head I sprung : amazement feis'd From out this dark and dismal house of pain All th' host of Heav'n; back they recoil'd afraid Both him and thee, and all the heav'nly hoft At first, and called me fin, and for a sign 760 of Spi'rits, that in our just pretences arm'd Portentous held me; but familiar grown,

Fell with us from on high: from them I go I pleas'd, and with attractive graces won

This uncouth errand fole, and one for all The most adverse, thee chiefly, who full oft Myself expose, with lonely steps to tread Thyself in me thy perfect image viewing

Th’ unfounded deep, and through the void imBecam'ft enamour'd, and such joy thou took'st 765 mense With me in secret, that my womb conceiv'd To search with wand'ring quest a place foretold 830 A growing burden. Mean while war arose, Should be, and, by concurring signs, ere now And fields were fought in Heav'n; wherein re- Created vast and round, a place of bliss main's

In the poorlieus of Heav'n, and therein plac'd (For what could else?) to our almighty foe A race of upstart creatures, to supply Clear victory, to our part loss and rout 770 Perhaps our vacant room, though more remov'd, Through all the empyréan: down they fell Left Heav'n surcharg'd with potent multitude Driv'n headlong from the pitch of Heaven, down Might hap to move new broils : Be this or ought Into this deep, and in the general fall

Than this more fecret now defign'd, I hafte I also; at which time this pow'rful key

To know, and this once known, fall foon return, Into my hand was giv'n, with charge to keep, 775 And bring ye to the place where Thou and Death Thefe gates for ever shut, which none can pass Shall dwell at ease, and up and down unseen Without my opening. Penfive here I fat

Wing filently the buxom air, imbalm'd Alone, but long I fat not, till my womb

With odors; there ye shall be fed and fillid Pregnant by thee and now excessive grown, Immeasurably, all things shall be your prey. Prodigious motion felt and rueful throes. 780

He ceas'd, for both seem'd highly pleas'd, and At last this odious offspring whom thou seeft

Thine own begotten, breaking violent way Grinn'd horrible a ghaftly smile, to hear
Tore through my entrails

, that with fear and pain His famin should be fill'd, and bleft his maw Distorted, all my nether shape thus grew Destin'd to that good hour: no less rejoicid



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