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When, and whereof created, for what cause, In measure what the ntind may well contain; What within Edin or without was done 65 Oppreffes else with surfeit, and soon turns Before his memory, or one whose drouth

Wisdom to folly', às nourishment to wind. 130 Yet scarce allay'd till eyes the current stream, Know then, that after Lucifer from Heaven Whore liquid murmur heard new thirst excites, (So call him, brighter once amidst the host Proceeded thus to ask his heav'r ly guest.

Of Angels, than that fear the stars among) Great things, and full of wonder in our ears, 70 Fell with his daming legions through the deep Far differing from this world, thou hast reveald, Into his place, and the great Son return'd

135 Divine interpreter, by favor sent

Victorious with his Saints, th'omnipotent Down from the enipyréan to forewarn

Eternal Father from his throne beheld Us timcly' of what might else have been our loss, Their multitude, and to his Son thus (pake. Unknown, which human knowledge could not At least our envious foc hath faild, who thought reach :

75 All like himself rebellious, by whose aid 149 For which to th' infinitely Good we owe

This inacceslible high strength, the seat Immortal thanks, and his admonishment

Of deity supreme, us difpoffefs'd, Receive with solenin purpose to observe

He trusted to have seiz'd, and into fraud Immutably his sovran will, tie end

Drew many, whom their place knows here ne of what we are, Buc fince thou hast vouchsaf'd

more ; Gently for our instruction to inpart

81 Yet far the greater part have kept, I see 145 Things above earthly th: ught, which yet concern d Their station, Heav'n yet populous retains Our knowing, as to highest wisdoni leemid, Number sufficient to possess her realıns Deign to descend now lower, and relate

Though wide, and this high temple to frequent What niay no less perhaps avail us known, 85 With ministeries due and folemn rites : How firit began this Heav’n which we behold But lest his heart exalt him in the harm

150 Distant so high, with moving fires adorn'd Already dorez, to have dispeopled Heav'n, Innumerable, and this which yields or fills My damage fondly deen’d, i can repair All space, the ambient air wide intersus'd

That detriment, if such it be to lose Embracing round this florid earth, what cause go Self-lost, and in a moment will create Mov'a the Creator in his holy rest

Another world, out of one man a race 155 Through all eternity so late to build

Of men innumerable, there to dwell, In Chaos, and the work begun, how soon

Not here, till by degrees of merit rais'd Absolv'd, if unforbid thou may'st unfold

They open to themfelves at length the way What we not to explore the secrets aik 95 Up hither, under long obedience try'd, Of his eternal empire, but the more

And Earth be chang'd to Heav'n, and Heav'n 'To magnify his works, the more we know.


164 And the great light of day yet wants to run One kingdom, joy and union without end. Much of his race though steep; suspense in Heaven, Mean while inhabit lax, ye Pow'rs of Heaven. Held by thy voice, thy potent voice, he hears, 100 And t'pu my Word, begotten Son, by thee And longer will delay to hear thee tell

This I perform, speak thou, and be it done : His generation, and the rising birth

My overshadowing Spi'rit and might with thee 16g of Nature from the unapparent derp :

I send along; ride forth, and bid the deep Or if the ttar of evening and the moon

Within appointed bounds be Heav'n and Earth, Halte to thy aulience, night with her will bring Boundless the deep, because I am who fill Silence, and fecplist ning to thee will watch, 106 Infinicude, nor vacuous the space. Or we can bid his absence, till thy song

Though I uncircumscrib'd myself retire,
End, and dismiss thee ere the morning shine. And put not forth my goodness which is free

Thus Adam his illuftrious guest befought : To act or not, necessity and chance
And thus the Godlike Angel answer'd mild, 110 Approach not me, and what I will is fate.
This also thy request with caution alk'd

So spake th' Almighty, and to what he spake
Obtain: though to recount almighty works His Word, the filial Godhead, gave effe&. 1953
What words or tongue of Seraph can suflice, Immediate are the acts of God, more swift
Or heart of man suffice to comprehend?

Than time or motion, but to human ears Yet what thou canst attain, which best may serve Cannot without process of speech be told, To glorify the Maker, and infer

116 So told as earthly notion can receive. Thee also happier, thall not be withheld

Great triumph and rejoicing was in Heaven, 180 Thy hearing : such commillion from above When such was heard declar'd th'Almighty's will; I have receivid, to answer thy desire

Glory they sung to the most High, good-will Of knowledge within bounds; beyond abstain 120 To future raen, and in their dwellings pesce : To ask, nor iet thine own invention hope

Glory to him, whose just avenging ire Things nat reveai'd, which th' invisible King, Had driven out th' ungodly from his fight Only omniscient, hath fuppress'd in night, And th' habitations of the just; to him To none communicable in Earth or Heaven: Glory and praise, whose wisdom had ordain'd Enough is left belides to learch and know. 125 Good out of evii to'create, instead But knowledge is as food, and needs no less Of Spi'rits malign a better race to bring Her temp'rance over appetice, to know

Into their vacant room, and thence diffuse 160



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His good to worlds and ages infinite.

Exhaling first from darkness they beheld; 255 So sang the Hierarchies : Mean while the Son Birth-day of Heav'n and Earth; with joy and On his great expedition now appear'd,

shout Girt with omnipotence, with radiance crown'd The hollow universal orb they fill'd, Of majeily divine; fapience and love 195 And touch'd their golden harps, and hymning Immense, and all his Father in him shone.

prais'd About his chariot numberless were pour'd

God and his works, Creator him they sung, Cherub and Seraph, Potentates and Thrones, Both when first evening was, and when first mom. And Virtues, winged Spi'rits, and chariots wing'd Again, God said, Let there be firmament 261 From th' armoury of God, where stand of old 200 Amid the waters, and let it divide Myriads between two brazen mountains lodg'd The waters from the waters : and God made Againlt a solemn day, harness's at hand, The firmament, expanse of liquid, pure, Celestial equipage; and now came forth

Transparent, elemental air, çiffus'd

265 Spontaneous, for within them Spirit liv'd,

In circuit to the uttermost convex
Attendant on their Lord: Heav'n open'd wide 205 Of this great round : partition firm and sure,
Her ever during gates, harmonious sound

The waters underneath from those above
Os golden hinges moving, to let forth

Dividing : for as earth, so he the world The King of Glory in his pow'rful Word

Built on circumfluous waters calm, in wide 270 And Spirit coming to create new worlds.

Chrystallin-ocean, and the loud mifrule
On heav'nly ground they stood, and from the shore Of Chaos far remov'd, left fierce extremes
They view'd the vast immeasurable abyss

Contiguous might distemper the whole frame : Outrageous as a sea, dark, wasteful, wild,

And Heav'n he nam'd the firmament: So even Up from the bottom turn'd by furious winds And morning chorus sung the second day. 275 And furging waves, as mountains, to affault The earth was formi'd but in the womb as yes Hear'n's highth, and with the center mix the pole. Of waters, embryon immature involvid, Silence, ye. troubled waves, and thou deep, Appear'd not : over all the face of earth peace,

216 Main ocean flow'd, not idle, but with warm
Said then th' omnific Word, your discord end : Prolific humor soft'ning all her globe, 289
Nor stay’d, but on the wings of Cherubim Fermented the great niother to conceive,
Uplifted, in paternal glory rode

Satiate with genial moisture, when God said,
Far into Chaos, and the world unborn; 220 Be gather'd now ye waters under Heaven
For Chaos heard his voice: him all his train Into one place, and let dry land appear.
Follow'd in bright procession to behold

Immediately the mountains huge appear

285 Creation, and the wonders of his night.

Emergent, and their broad bare backs upheave Then stay'd the fervid wheels, and in his hand Into the clouds, their tops ascend the sky: He took the golden compaffes, prepar'd 225 So high as heav'd the tumid hills, fo low In God's eternal store, to circumscribe

Down sunk a hollow bottom broad and deep, This universe, and all created things :

Capacious bed of waters : thither they 290 One foot he center'd, and the other turn'd Halted with glad precipitance, uprolid Round through the vast profundity obscurs, As drops on dust conglobing from the dry; And said, Thus far extend, thus far thy bounds Part rise in crystal wall, or ridge direct, This be thy juft circumference, O world, 231 For haile; such flight the great command Thus God the Heav'n created, thus the Earth,

impressid Matter unform'd and void : Darkness profound On the swift floods; as armies at the call

295 Cover'd th' abyss: but on the watry calm of trunipet (for of armies thou haft heard) His brooding wings the Spirit of God outspread, Troop to their standard, so the watry throng, And vital virtue' infus'd, and vital warmth 236 Wave rolling after wave, where way they found, Throughout the fluid mass, but downward purg'd If steep, with torrent rapture, if through plain, The black tartareous cold infernal dreys

Soft-ebbing; nor withstood them rock or hill, 300 Adverse to life : then founded, then conglob’d But they, or under ground, or circuit wide Like things to like, the rest to several place 240 With serpent error wand'ring, found their way, Disparted, and between spun out the air,

Ard on the washy oofe deep channels wore;
And Earth self-balanc'd on her center hung: Easy, ere God had bid the ground be dry,

Let there be light, faid God, and forthwith light All but within those banks, where rivers now 305
Ethereal, first of things, quintessence pure Stream, and perpetual draw their humid train.
Sprung from the deep, and from her native east The dry land, earth, and the great receptacle
To journey through the aery gloom began, 246 Of congregated waters he call's scas :
Spher'd in a radiant cloud, for yet the sun And saw that it was good, and said, Let th' earth
Was not; she in a cloudy tabernacle

Put forth the verdant grass, herb yielding feed,
Sojourn'd the while. God saw the light was good; And fruit-tree yielding fruit after her kind, 311
And light from darkness by the hemisphere 250 Whose feed is in herself upon the earth.
Divided : light the day, and darkness night He scarce had said, when the bare earth, till then
He nam'd. Thus was the first day ev'n and morn: Defert and bare, unsightly, unadorn'd,
Nor past uncelebrated, nor uplung

Brought forth the tender grafs, whose verdure Br the celestial quires, when orient light


315 2 [H] 2



Her universal face with pleasant green :

From him, for other light fac needed none Then herbs of every leaf, that suddeu fow'r'd In that aspect, and fill that distance keeps Opening their various colors, and made gay Tuli vight, then in the east her turn the shines, 316 Her bocom smelling sweet: and these scarce bloern, Revolu'd on Heav'n's great axle, and her reign Forth fiorish'd thick the clustring vine, forth crepe With thousand leífer lights dividual hoids, The smelling gourd, up stood the corny reed 321 With thousand thousand fars, that then appear'd Imbatteld in her field, and th' humble Inrub, Spangling the hemisphere : then first adera'd And bush with friz ed hair implicit : lait

l'ish their bright luminaries that set and rose, 385 Rose as in dance the stately trees, and spread Glad evening and glad morn crown'd the fourth Their branches hurg with copious fruir, or gemm'd day. Their blossoms: with high woods the hills were

And God said, Let the waters generale crown'd,

Repril with spawn abundant, living foul : With tufts the valleys, and each fountain side, And let fowl by above the earth, with wings With borders long the rivers : that earth now Display'd on the' open firmament of Heavez. 396 Seem'd like to Hcaven, a scat where Gods night And God created the great whales, and each dwell,

Scul living, cach chat crept, which pleateouly Or wander with delight, and love to haunt The waters generated by their kinds, Hir lacred shades: though God had yet not rain'd And every bird of wing after his kind; Upon the earth, and man to till the grond And saw that it was good, and bless'd them, None was, but from the earth a dewy milo


395 Went up and water'd all the ground, ard each Be fruitful, n:ultiply, and in the seas Plant of the field, which ere it was in th'earth And lakes and running srcams the waters fill; Gud made, and every herb, before it grew 336 And let the lowl be multiply'd on th' carth. On the green item; God saw that it was good : Forthwith the founds and seas, each creck and bez So ev'n and morn recorded the third day.

With fry innumerableswarm ; and fhoils Again th' Almighty spake, Let there be lights Of life that with their fins and shining scales High in th' expanse of Heaven, to divide

340 Glide under the green wave, in sculls that oft The day from night; and let them be for ligos, Bank the mid fea : part single or with mate For seasons, and for days, and circling years, Grazc the sea weed their paậurs, and throug! And lct them be for lights as I ordain

ETC#5 'Their office in the firmament of Heaven

Of coral stray, or sporting with quick glaoce 45 To give light on the earth; and it was fo. 345

Show to the fun their war'd coats dropt with gee, And God made two great lights, great for their use Or in their pearly shells at eale, attend To Man, the greater to have rule by day, Moist nutriment, or under rocks their food 'The less by night altern; and made the flars, In jointed armour watch: on smooth the leal, And see them in the firmament of Heaven And bended dolphins play : part huge of breiz 412 To'illuminate the carth, and rule the day 330 Wal swing unwieldy', enormous in their gait in their viciflieude, and rulc the night,

Tempest the ocean : there leviathan, And light from darkness to divide. God saw, Hugift of living creatures, on the deep Surveying his great work, that it was good : Stretch'd like a promontory leeps or swims For of celestial bodivsfirst the sun

And foems a moving land, aud at his gilts A mighty sphere he fram'd, unlightfome firf, 355 Draws in, and at his trunk ipouts out a ka. Though of ethereal mold: then forin'd the moon Mcan while the icpid caves, and feas and shores Globose, and every magnitude of itars,

Their brood as numerous hatch, from th' cza? And sow'd with itass the Heav'n thick as a fic!d :

joon Of light by far the greater part he took

Burling with kir.dly rupture forth difclas'd Traniplanıcı from her cloudý shrine, and plac d Their cailow yanng, büt feather'd loop and become In the sun's orb, niade porcus to receive 361 They sumn'd their pens, and soaring this And drink the liquid light, firn to retain

fublime Her gather'd bcan-, gizat palace pow oi light. With clang despis'd the ground, under a cloud Hither as to their fountain other stars

In profpcca; there the eagle aou the for: Revairing, in their gelden urns draw light, 365 On cliffs and cedar tops their vyries build : And hence the morning planet giks her horns; Part loofy wing the region, part more wile 4: By uncture or reflectien they augnient

In common, rurg'd in figure wedge theu way,
Their small peculiar, though from numan Light Intelligent of feasons, and set forth
So far remote, with diminutioni:en.

Theis wery caravan tigh over feas
First in his cat ibt o'ricus lamp was fin, 370 Flying, and over lands with niutual wing
Regent of day, ani allti' horizon round

Ealing their flight; lo llcers the prudai cace Iriveted with bright savs, jucundte run

Her annual voyage, borde on winds; the eis 4"! His longitude through ilcav'n's high road; the Flores, as they pass, fann'd with unaurban gray

plumes : Dawn, and the Pleialts before him jane'd From branch to branch the finalier birds with foreign Shedding swect influence : lufs crib: the moon Soluc'd the woods, and spread their painted wita: Bue oppofit in leve i'd welt wait

376 Ciller'n, nor then the folenia nightingale His mirror, with full lace borrowing her light Ceas'd warbling, but all nigh: tun'd be soft lazı:


Others op filver lakes and rivers bath'd

First wheel'd their course; earth in her rich attire Their downy breast; the swan with arched neck Consummate lovely fmiid; air, water, earth, Between her white wings mantling proudly, rows By fowl, fish, beült, was flown, was swum, was Her ftate with cary feet; yet oft they quit 440

walk'd The dank, and rising on ftiff pensons, tower Frequent; and of the sixth day yet remain'd; The mid aereal iky: Others op ground

There wanted yet the master work, the end 505 Walk'd firm; the crested cock whore clarion founds Of all yet done : a creature who not prone The filent hours, and th' other whose gay train And brute as other creatures, but indued Adorns him, color'd with the florid hue

445 With fanctity of reason, might erect Of rainbows and starry' eyes. The waters thus His stature, and upright with front serene With fish replenish’d, and the air with fowl, Govern the relt, self-knowing, and from thence Evening and morn folemniz'd the fifth day. Magnanimous to correspond with Heaven, 511 The fixth, and of creation laft arose


But grateful to acknowledge whence his good With evening harps and matin, when God faid, Descends, thither with heart and voice and eyes Let th' earth bring forth foul living in her kind, Directed in devotion, to adore Cattle and creeping things, and beast of th' earth, And worship God supreme, who made him chief Each in their kind. The earth obey'd, and serait Of all his works : therefore th' Omnipotent 516 Opening her fertil womb tcem'd at a birth Eternal Father, (for where is not he Innumerous living creatures, perfect formis, 455 Prefent?) thus to his Son audibly spake. Limb'd and full grown : out of the ground up rose Let us make now Man in our image, Man As from his lair the wild beast where he wons In our fimilitude, and let them rule

520 la forest wild, in thicket, brake, or den;

Over the fith and fowl of sea and air, Among the trees in pairs they rose, they walk'd: Beast of the field, and over all the earth, The cattle in the fields and meadows green : 460 And every creeping thing that creeps the ground. Those rare and solitary, these in focks

This faid, he form'd thee, Adam, chce, O Man, Pasturing at once, and in broad herds upsprung. Duit of the ground, and in thy noftrils breath'd The grafiy clods now calvid, now half appear'd

The breath of life; in his own image he
The tawey lion, pawing to get free 464 Created thee, in the image of God
His hinder parts, then springs as broke from bonds, Express, and thou becam' t a living soul.
And rampant fakes his brinded mane; the ounce, Male he created thee, but thy confort
The libbard, and the tiger, as the mole

Female for race; then blefs'd mankind, and said,
Rising, the crumbled earth above them threw Be fruitful, multiply, and fill the earth, 330
In hillocs. the swift ftag from under ground Subdue it, and throughout dominion hold
Bose up his branching head: scarce from his mold Over fith of the sea, and fowl of th' air,
Bchemoth biggest born of earth upheav'd 471 And every living thing that moves on th' carth.
His vastness : ilcec'd the flocks and bleating role, Wherever thus created, for no place 535
As plants : anıbiguous between sea and land Is


distinct by name, thence, as thou know it, The river-horse and fcaly crocodile.

He brought thee into this delicious grove,
At once came forth whatever creeps the ground, This garden, planted with the trees of God,
Infect or worm : those wav'd their limber fans 4;6 Delectable both to behold and taste;
For wings, and smalleft lincaments exact

And freely all their pleafadt fruit for fond

54 In all the liveries deck'd of summer's pride

Gave thee; all sorts are here that all th' earth With spots of gold and purple’, azure and green: yields, These as a line their long dimension drew, 487 Variety without end; but of the tree, Streaking the ground with finuous trace; not all Which tasted works knowledge of good and evil, Minims of nature; fome of serpent kind,

Thou may'st not; in the day thou eat'lt, thon Wondrous in length and corpulence, involv'd

dy'lt; Their snaky folds, and added wings. First crept Death is the penalty impos'd, beware, 545 The parfimonious enmet, provident 485 And govern well thy appetite, left sin Of future, in small room large heart inclos'd Surprise thee, and her black attendant Death, Pattern of just equality perhaps

Here finish'd he, and all that he had made Hereafter, join'd in her popular tribes

View'd, and behold all was entirely good; Of commonalty : swarming next appear'd So ev'n and morn accomplish'I thi fixth day: 550 The female bee, that feeds her husband drone 490 Yet not till the Crcator from his work Deliciously, and builds her waxen cells

Defifting, though unwcaried, up return'd, With honcy stor'd: the rest are numherless, Upto the Heav'n of Heav'ns his high abode, And thou their natures know'st, and gave them Thence to behold this new created world nanies,

Th' addition of his empire, how it ihowd 555 Needless to thee repeated; nor unknown

In prosped from his throne, how good, how fair, The serpent subtleit beast of all the field, 495 | Antwering his great idea. Uphe rode Of huge extent sometimes, with brazen eyes Follow'd with acclamation and the found And hairy mane terrific, though to thee

Symphonious of ten thousand harps that tun'd Not noxious, but obedient at thy call.

Angelic harmonies : the earth, the air Now Heav'n in all her glory shone, and rollid Resounded, (thou remember’st, for thou heardilt) Her motions, as the great firn Mover's hand son The Heav'ns and all the constellations rung,



The planets in their station liftning stond, Thy pow'r; what thought can measure thee, or While the bright pomp ascended jubilant.

tongue Open, ye everlasting gates, they sung, 565 Relate thee? greater now in thy return Open, ye Heav'ns, your living doors; let in Than from the giant Angels; thee that day 605 The great Creator from his work return'd Thy thunders magnify'd; but to create Magnificent, his fix days work, a world; Is greater than created to destroy. Open, and henceforth oft; for God will deign Who can impair thee, mighty King, or bound To visit oft the dwellings of just men 570 Thy empire! easily the proud attempt Delighted, and with frequent intercourse

Of Spi'rits apostate and their counsels vain 610 Thither will send his winged messengers

Thou hast repell’d, while impiously they thougts. On errands of supernal grace. So sung

Thee to diminish, and from thee withdraw The glorious train ascending : He through Hea- The vumber of thy worshippers. Who seeks

To leflen thee, against his purpose serves That open'd wide her blazing portals, led, 575 To manifest the more thy might : his evil 615 To God's eternal house direct the way,

'Thou useft, and from thence creat'st more good. Abroad and ample road, whose dust is gold Witness this new-made world, annther Heaven And pavement ftars, as stars to thee appear, From Heaven gate not far, founded in view Seen in the galaxy, that milky way,

On the clear nyaline, the glassy sea; Which nightly as a circling zone thou seest 580 Of amplitude almost immense, with stars 620 Powder'd with stars. And now on carth the se Numerous, and every ftar perhaps a world vcnth

Of destin'd habitation; but thou know'st Evening arose in Eden, for the sun

Their seasons: among these the seat of Men, Was set, and twilight from the east came on, Earth with her nether ocean circumfus'd, Forerunning night; when at the holy mount Their pleasant dwelling place. Thrice happy Of Heav'n's high seated top, the imperial throne


625 Of Godhead, fix'd for ever firm and sure, 586 And fons of Men, whom God hath thus advanc'd The filial Pow'r arriv'd, and sat him down Created in his image, there to dwell With his great Father, for he also went

And worship him, and in reward to rule
Invisible, yet stay'd, (such privilege

Over his works, on earth, in sea, or air,
Hath Gmpipresence) and the work ordain'd, 590 | And multiply a race of worshipers
Author and end of all things, and from work Holy and just : thrice happy if they know
Now resting, bless'd and hallow'd the sev’nth day, Their happiness, and persevere upright.
As resting on that day from all his work,

So sung they, and the empyréan rung
But not in filence holy kept ; the harp

With halleluiahs : Thus was sabbath kept. Had work and rested not, the folemn pipe, 595 And thy request think now fulfill'd, that afk'd 6:5 And dulcimer, all organs of sweet foop,

How first this world and face of things began, All sounds on fret by string or golden wire And what before thy memory was done Temper'd fost turings, intermix'd with voice From the beginning, that posterity. Choral or unison : of incense clouds

Inform'd by thee might know; if else thou seek'te Fumiog from golden cenfers hid the mount. ' 600 Ought, not surpasling human measure, say, 040 Creation and the lix days acts they sung, Great are thy works, Jehovah, infinite



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