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This to attain, whether Heav'a move or Earth, 70 No&urnal and diurnal rhomb suppos'd,
Imports not, if thou reckon right; the rest Invisible else above all stars, the wheel
From Man or Angel the great Architect

Of day and night; which needs not thy belic, Did wisely to conceal, and not divulge

If earth industrious of herself fetch day His secrets to be scann'd by them who ought Traveling cast, and with her part averse Rather admire; or, if they list to try

75 From the sun's beam meet night, her other part Conjeâure, he his fabric of the Heavens

Still luminous by his ray. What if that light 140 Hath left to their disputes, perhaps to move Sent from her through the wide transpicuous air, His laughter at their quaint opinions wide

To the terrestrial moon be as a star Hercalier, when they come to model Heaven Inlightning her by day, as she by night And calculate the stars, how they will wield 80 This earth ? reciprocal, if land be there, The mighty frame, how build, unbuild, contrive Fields and inhabitants : Her spots thou scelt 145 To save appearances, how giid the sphere

As clouds, and clouds may rain, and rain produce With centric and eccentric scribled o'er,

Fruits in her foften'd foil, for some to eat Cycle and epicycle, orb in orb:

Allotted there ; and other suns perhaps Already by thy reasoning this I guess, 85 With their attendant moons thou wilt descry Who art to lead thy offspring, and supposest Communicating male and female light, 150 That bodies bright and greater should not serve Which two great sexes animate the world, The less not bright, nor Heav'n such journeys run, Stor'd in each orb perhaps with fume that live Earth fitting Itill, when the alone receives For luch vast room in nature wnpolit ls'd 'The benefit : consider first, that great 90 By living foul, defere and defolate, Or bright infers not excellence: the carth

Only to thine, yet scarce to contribute 155 'Though, in comparison of Heav'n, fo small, Each orb a glimpse of light, convey'd so far Nor glift'ring, may of solid good contain

Down to this habitable, which returns More plenty than the fun that barren shines, Light back to them, is obvious to dispute. Whose viruve on itself works no effet, 95 But whether thus these things, or whether not, But in the fruitful earth; there first receiv'd Whether the fun predominant in Heaven 160 His beams, unađive else, their vigor find. Rise on the earth, or earth rise on the sun, Yet not to earth are those bright luminaries He from the cast his flaming road begin, Officious, but to thee earth's habitant.

Or fc from west her filent course advance And for the Heav’n’s wide circuit, let it speak 100 With inoffensive pace that spinning Neeps The Maker's high magnificence, who built

On her soft axle, while she paces ever, 165 So spacious, and his line stretch'd out so far; And bears thee fost with the smooth air along, That Man may know he dweils not in his own; Solicit not thy thoughts with matters hid, An edifice too large for him to fill,

Leave them to God above, him ferve and fear; Lodg’d in a small partition, and the rest F05 Of other creatures, as him pleases bett, Ordain'd for uses to his Lord best known.

Wherever plac'd, let him dispose : joy thou 170 The swiftness of those circles attribute,

In what he gives to thee, this Paradise Though numberless, to his omnipotence,

And thy fair Eve; Heav'n is for thee too high That to corporeal substances couid add 109 Tokrow what passes there; be lowly wise : Speed almoit fpiritual; me thou think'st not fow, Think only what concerns thee and thy being; Who since the morning hour set out from Heaven Dream not of other worlds, what creatures there Whore God reîdes, and ere mid-day arriv'd Live, in what state, condition, or degree, 176 In Eden, difrance inexpreffible

Contcated that thus far hath been reveal'd By numbers that have name

But this I urge,

Not of Earth only but of higheit Heaven. Admitting motion in the Heav'ns, to show 115 To whom thus Adam, clear'd of doubt, reply'da nvalid that which thee to doubt it mov'd; How fully haił thou fatisfy'd me, pure

Iso Not that I so afirm, though so it leem

Intelligence of Heav'n, Angel ferenc, rothee who hasr thy dweiling here on earth. And: freed from intricacies, taught to live God to remove his ways from human fnse, The easiest way, nor with perplexing thoughts 'lac'd Heav'n from Earth fo far, that earthly sight, To interrupt the sweet of life, from which t prefume, might err in things too high, God hath bid dwell far off all ansious cares, 185 i no advantage gain. What if the sun

And not moleft us, unless we ourselves center to the werld, and other stars

Seek them with wand'ring thoughts, and notions his attractive vireve and their own

vain. ted, dance about him various rounds?

125 But apt the mind or fancy is to rove e.r wand'ring course now high, now low, then Uncheck’d, and of her roving is no end; hid,

'Till warn'd, or by experience taught, the learn, illve, retrograde, oc ftanding still,

That not to know at large of things remote 191 thou feeft, all what if lev’nth to theie From ule, ohfcure and subtle, but to know Janet earth, so stedfast though she seem, That which before us lies in daily life, sibly three different inotions move?


Is the prime wisdom; what is more, is fume, ch else to several spheres thou must ascribe, Or copiness, or fond impertinence, 195 'd contrary with thwart obliquities,

And renders us in things that most concern ve the sun his labur, and that swift

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Therefore from this high pitch let us defcerd As thitherward endevoring, and upright 260
A lower flight, and speak of things at hand Stood on my feet; about me round I law
Useful, whence haply mention may arise

Hill, daie, and shady woods, and funny plains, Of something not unfeasonable to ask

And liquid lapse of murm’ring Itreams: by these, By sufferance, and thy wonted favor deign'd. Creatures that liv'd and mov'd, and walk'd, or Thee I have heard relating what was done


264 Ere my remembrance : now hear me relate Birds on the branches warbling; all things smil'd, My tory, which perhaps thou hast not heard; 205 With fragrance and with joy my heart o'crflow'd. And day is not yet spent; till then thou sect Myself I then perus’d, and limb by limb How subtly to detain thce I devise,

Survey'd, and sumetimes went, and sonjetimes Inviting thee to hear while I relate, Fond, were it not in hope of thy reply:

With supple joints, as lively vigor led: For while I lit with thee, I seem in Heaven, 210 But who I was, or where, or from what cause, 270 And sweeter thy discourse is to my ear

Knew not; to speak I try'd, and forthwith spake;
Than fruits of palm tree pleafanteit to thirst My tongue obey'd, and readily could name
And hunger both, from labor, at the hour What'er i law. Thou Sun, laid I, fair light,
Of swect repart; they satiate, and soon fill And thou inlighten'd Earth, so fresh and gay,
Though pleasant, but thy words with grace di. Ye Bills, and Dales, ye Rivers, Woods, and


275 imbued, bring to their sweetness no satiety. And ye that live and move, fair Creatures! tell To whom thus Raphael answer'd heav'n!y. Tell, if ye faw, how came I thus, how here? meek,

Not of myself; by some great Maker then, For are thy lips ungraceful, Sire of men,

In goodness and in pow'r præeminent; Ner tougue ineloquent; for God on thee

Tell me, how may I know him, how adore, 280 Abundantly his gifts hath also pour'd

From whom I have that thus I move and live, laward and outward both, his image fair: And feel that I am happier than I know. Speaking or mute all comeliness and grace While thus I callid, and stray'd I knew not whiAttends thee, and each word, each niotion forms;

ther, Nor less think we in Heav'n of thee on Earth From where I first drew air, and first beheld Than of our fellow-fervant, and inquire 225 This happy light, when answer noroc return'd, 285 Gladiy into the ways of God with Man : On a green shady bank profuse of flowers For God we see hath honor'd thee, and fet Pensive I fat me down; there gentle sleep On Man his cqual love: say therefore on; Firit found me, and with soft oppression seis'd For I that day was 'absent, as befel,

My droused sense, untroubled, though I thought Bound on a voyage uncouth and obscure, 230 I then was paling to my former state

290 Far on cxcursion tow’ard the gates of Hell; Insensible, and forthwith to diffolve: Squar'd in full legion (such command we had) When suddenly stood at my head a drcam, To see that none thenice iflued forth a fyy,

Whose inward apparition gently mov'd Or enemy, while God was in his work,

Niy fancy to believe I yet had being, Left he incens'd at such eruption bold, 235 And liv'd: One cane, me thought, of shape diDestruction with creation might have mix'd.


295 Noe that they durft without his leave attempt,

And said, Thy manfion wants thee, Adam, rise, but as he sends upon his high behefs

First Man, of men innumerable ordain'd For ftate, as Sovran Kistg, and to inure

First Father, called by thee I come thy guide Our prompt obedience. Faft we found, fast fut To the garden of bliss, thy seat prepar’d. The dismal gares, and barricado'd strong;

241 So saying, by the hand he took me rais'd, 300 ere our approaching heard within And over fields and waters, as in air Noise, other than the sound of dance or song, Smooth fiiding without step, last led nie up Torment, and loud lament, and furious rage. A woody moustain; whose high top was plain, Glad we return'á up to the coasts of light 245 A circuit wide, inclos'd, with goodliest trees fabbath evening : so we had in charge. Planted, with walks, and bow'rs, that what I But thy relatiop now; for I attend,


305 Pleas'd with thy words r.o less than thou with Of earth before scarce pleasant seem'd. Each

mine. So spake the Godlike Pow'r, and thus our fire. Loaden with fairest fruit that hung to th'cye For Man to tell how human life began 250 Tempting, stirr'd in me sudden appetite Is hard; for who himself beginning knew? To pluck and eat; whereat I wak'd, and found Desire with thee ftill longer to converse

Before mine eyes all real, as the dream 310 Induc'd me. As new wak'd from soundest sleep Had lively shadow'd : Here had new begun soft on the flow'ry herb I found me laid

My wand'ring, had not he who was my guide In balmy sweat, which with his beams the sun Up hither, from among the trces appear'd, soou dry'd, and on the reaking moisture fed. 256 Presence divine. Rejoicing, but with awe, Strait toward Heav'n my wond'ring eyes I turn'd, In adoration at his feet I fell

315 And gaz'd a while the ample sky, till rais'd Submiss : he rear'd me', and Whom thou fought's By quick instinctive motion up I (prung, VOL. II.

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Said mildly, Author of all this thou seeft

And these inferior far beneath me fet? Abobe, or round about thee, or beneath.

Among unequals what society This Paradiso I give thee, count it thine

Can fort, what harmony or true delight? To till and keep, and of the fruit to eat :

Which must be mutual, in proportion due 385 Of every tree that in the garden grows

Giv'n and receiv’d; but in disparity Eat freely with glad heart; fcar here no dearth: The one intense, the other still remiss But of the tree whose operation brings

Cannot well suit with either, but soon prove Knowl d. c of good and ill, which I have set Tedious alike: Of fellowship I speak The pl age of thy obedience and thy faith, 325 Such as I seck, fit to participate

399 Amid the garden by the tree of life,

All rational delight, wherein the brute
Remember what I wirn thee, thun tr taste, Cannot be human confort; they rejoice
And fun the bitter confequence: for know, Each with their kind, lion with lioness;
The day thou eat'it tireof, my fole command 5o fitly them in pairs thou hast combin'd;
Transgress'd, inevitably thou shalt die, 330 Much less can bird with beast, or both with fowl
From that day mortab, and this happy state So well converse, nor with the ox the ape; 396
Shalt löfe, expellid from hence into a world Worse then can man with beast, and lealt of all.
Of woe and furrow Sternly he pronounc'd Whereto th’Almighty answer'd not duplcasid.
The rizid interdiction, which resounds

A nice and Lubtle happiness I fee
Yet dreadful in mine ear, though in my choice Thou to thyself propoleft, in the choice
Not to incur; but soon his clear aspect

Of thy associates, Adam, ani wilt taste
Return'd, and gracious purpose thus renew’d. No pleasure, though in pleasure, solitary.
Not only these fair bounds, but all the carth What think it thou then of me, and this my fate?
To thee and to thy race I give; as I rds

seem I to thee fufficiently poffefs'd Polless it, and all things that therein live,

of happiness, or not? who am alone Or live in sea, or air, beat, fish, and fowl, From all eternity, for none I know In sign whereof each bird and beast behold

Second to me or like, equal much less. After their kinds; I bring them to receive How have I then with whom to hold converse From thee their names, and pay thee feälty Save with the creatures which I made, and those With low subjection ; understand the same 34.5

To me inferior, infinite descents Of fish within their watry relidence,

Beneath what other creatures are to thee? Not hither summon'd, since they cannot change He ceas'd, 1 lowly answer’d. To attain 'Their element to draw the thinner air.

The highth and depth of thy eternal ways
As thu-he spake, cach bird and can behold All human thoughts come short, Supreme of things!
Approaching two and two, these cowring low 350 Thou in thyself art perfect, and in thee 415
Wiih bland shine ut, each bird stoop'd on his wing Is no deficience found ; not so is Man,
I nani'd thin, as they pass’d, and understood But in degree, the cause of his defire
Their nature, with such knowlerige God inducd By conversation with his like to help,
My luduen apprehufion : but in these

Or folace his defects. No need that thou
I fou s not wha' mi thought I wanted (till; 355 Shouldst propagate, already infinite,
And to the heav'n y vision thus presun'd

And through all ounibers absolute, though one;
Oby what name, for above all these, But Man by number is to manifest
Above maukinu, or ought than mankind higher, tiis single imperfection, and beget
Surpassi it tar my naming, how may 1

Like of his like, his image multiply'd, Adore thce, Author of this universe,

In uity defective, which requires
And ali this good to man? for whole well-being Collateral love, and deareft amity.
So amply, and with hands so liberal

Thou in thy secrely although alone,
Thou iait provided all things : but with me Best with thyself accompanied, seek's not
I see not who partakes. In folitude

Sycial communication, yet fo pleas'd,
What happincis, who can enjoy alone, 365 Canst raise thy creature to what highth thou wit
Or all .njoying what contentment fird?

Of union or conimunion, deify’d; *Thus I prelumptuous; and the vision bright, I by converfing car not these erect As with a smile more brighten'd, thus reply'd. From prone, nor in their ways coinplacence firs

What call'st thou solitude? is not the earth Thus i imboloen'd ipake, and frecdom usd With various living creatures, and the air 370 Permisive, and acceptance found, which gain'd Revlenith'd, and all these at thy command This answer from the gracious voice divie. To come and play before thee? know'st thou not Thus far to try thee, Adam, I was pleas'd, This language and their ways? they also know, And find thee knowing not of beasts alone, An reason not conteniptib y; with these Which thou hast righely nam'd, but of chyfeit, Find pastiine, and bar rule; tły realm is large Lxprefling well the spi'rit within thee free, 440 So spake the univerial Lord, and feem'd 376 | My image, not inparted to the brute, So ord'ring. I with leave of fpe ch implor'd, Whole fellowship therefure unmeet for thee And humbi deprecation thus reply'd.

Good reason was thou frecly shouidit dislike, Let not my words offend thee; heav'nly Power, And be so minded still; 1, ere thou ipak'at, My Maker, be propitious while I speak. 320 Knew it not goud for Man to be alone, Hast thou not made me here thy subtitute, And no such company as then thou saw't



Intended thee, for trial only brought,

And with obsequious majesty approv'd To see how thou could'st judge of fit and meet : My pleaded reason To the nuptial bower 510 What next I bring shall plcase thee, be assur'd, I led her blushing like the morn: all Heaven, Thy likeness, thy fit help, thy other felf, 450 And happy constellations on that hour Thy with exactly to thy heart's desire.

Shed their feledtest influence; the earth He ended, or I heard no more, for now Gave sign of gratulation, and each hill; My carthly by his heav'nly overpower'd,

Joyous the birds; fresh gales and gentle airs 515 Which it nad long flood under, frain'd to th' Whisper'd into the woods, and from their wings highth,

Flung rose, flung odors from the spicy Ihrub, * In that celestial colloquy sublime,

455 Disporting, till the amorous bird or night As with an object that excels the sense

Sung spoutal, and bid halte the evening star Dazled and spent, funk down, and sought repair On this hill top, to light the bridal lamp. 530 of deep, which instantly fell on me, call'd

Thus have I told thee all my state, and brought By nature as in aid, and clos'd mine eyes.

My story to the sum of earthly bliss
Mine eyes he clos’d, but open left the cell 460 Which I enjoy, and must confefs to find
Of fancy my internal light, by which

In all things else delight irdeed, but such
Abstract as in a trance methought I saw,

As us'd or not, works in the mind no change, 525 Though sleeping, where I lay, and saw the shape Nor vehement desire, these delicacies Still glorious before whom awake I stood; I mean of taste, fight, smell, herbs, fruits, and Who ttooping open'd my left side, and took 465

flowers, From thence a rib, with cordial spirits warm, Walks, and the melody of birds; but here And life.blood streaming fresh; wide was the Far o:herwise, transported i behold, wound,

Transported touch; here passion first I felt, 530 But suddenly with flesh fill'd up and hal’d: Commotion strange, in all njoymcots else The rib he form’d and fashion'd with his hands; Superior and unmov'd, here only weak Under his forming hands a creature grew, 470 against the charm of beauty's pow'rsul glance. Manlike, but different sex, so lovely fair,

Or nature fail'd in me, and left fome part That what seem'd fair in all the world, seem'd Not proof enough such object to suitsin, 535

Or fron, my fide fubducting took perhaps Mean, or in her summ'd up, in her contain’d More than enough; at leatt on her bestow'd And in her looks, which from that time infus'd Too much of ornament, in outward show Sweetness into my heart, unfelt before, 475 Elaborate, of inward lefs exact. And into all things from her air inspir'd

For well I understand in the prime end 540 The spi'rit of love and amorous delight.

Of nature her th' inferior, in the mind She disappear'd, and left me dark ; I wak'd And inward faculties, which most excel, To find her, or for ever to deplore

In outward also her resembling less Her loss, and other pleasures all abjure : 480 Hi, image who made both, and less expressing When out of hope, behold' her, not far off, The character of that dominion given

545 Such as I saw her in my dream, adorn'd

O'er other creatures; yet when I approach
With what all Earth or Heaven could bestow Her loveliness, fo abfolute she seems
To make her amiable : On the came,

And in herself complete, so well to know
Led by her heav'nly Maker, though unseen, 485 Herown, that what she wilís to do or say,
Asd guided by his voice, nor uninform’d Seems wilöst, virtuouseft, discreetett, beft; 550
Of nuptial fanctity and marriage rites :

All higher knowledge in her presence falls
Grace was in all her steps, Heav'n in her eye, Degraded, wisdom in discourse with her
In every gesture dignity and love.

Loses discountenanc'd, and like folly shows;
I overjoy'd could not forbear aloud.

490 Authority and reason on her wait, This turn hath made amends; thou haft fulfil'd As one intended first, not after made

555 Thy words, Creator bounteous and benign, Occafionally; and to consummate all, Giver of all things fair, but faireit this

Greatness of mind, and nobleness their seat
Of all thy gifts, nor envielt. I now see

Build in her loveliest, and create an awe
Bone of my bone, flesh of my flesh, myself 495 About her, as a guard angelic plac'd.
Woman is her name, of Man

To whom the Angel with contracted brow. 560 Extracted; for this cause he shall forego

Accuse not nature, the hath done her part; Father and mother, and to' his wife

Do thou bur thine, and be not diffident And they shall be one heart, one fleth, one foul, Of wisdom, the dieserts'thee not, if thou

She heard me thus, and tho' divinely brought, Dismiss not her, when mot thou need'nt her nigh, Yet innocence and virgin nodesty, 501 By attributing over much to things

505 Her virtue and the conscience of her worth, Leis excellent, as thou thyfejf perceiv'ft. That would be woo'd, and not unfought be won, For what admir'lt thou what iransports thee so, Not obvious, not obtrusive, but retir'd,

An outside? fair no doubt, and worthy weil The more defirable, or to say all,

505 Thy cherishing, thy honoring and hy love, Nature herself, though pure of sinful thought, Not thy subjection : weirls with her tytull; 570 Wrought in her so, that seeing me, she turn'd; Then value : Oft.times nothing profits more I follow'd her, she wbat was honor knew, Than felf-esteem, grounded ou juft and rigbo

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