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Of carnage, prey innumerable, and taste
The favor of Death from all things there that live:
Nor shall I to the work thou enterprises 270
Be wanting, but afford thee equal aid.

So saying, with dolight he snuff ’d the smell
Of mortal change on earth. As when a flock
Of ravenous fowl, though many a league remote,
Against the day of battel, to a field,

275 Where armies lic incamp’d, come flying, lur'u With scent of living carcasses design'd For death, the following day, in bloody fight: So scented the grim Feature, and upturn’d His postril wide into the murky air, Sagacious of his quarry from so far. Then both from out Hell gates into the waste Wide anarchy of Chaos damp and dark Flew diverle, and with pow'r (their pow'r was

great)
Hovering upon the waters, what they met 285
Solid or slimy, as in raging fea
Tose up and down, together crouded drove
From each side foaling tow'ards the mouth of

Hell:
As when two polar winds, blowing adverse
Upon the Cronian sea, together drive 290
Mountains of ice, that stop th' imagin'd way
Beyond Petlora eastward, to the rich
Cathaian coast. The aggregated soil
Death with his mace petrific, cold and dry,
As with a trident smore, and fix'd as firm 295
As Delos floting once; the rest his look
Bound with Gorgonian rigor not to move;
And with Asphaltic slime, broad as the gate,
Deep to the roots of Hell the gather'd beach
They fasten'd, and the niole immense wrought on
Over the foaming deep high arch’d, a bridge 301
of length prodigious, joining to the wall
Immoveable of this now fencclefs world
Forfeit to Death; from hence a passage broad,
Smonth, easy, inoffensive down to Hell. 305
So, if great things to small may be compar'd
Xerses, the liberty of Greece to yoke,
From Susa his Memnonian palace high
Came to the sea, and over Hellespont
Bridging his way, Europe with Alia join’d, 310
And scourg'd with many a stroke th' indignant
Now had they brought the work by wondrous art
Pontifical, a ridge of pendent rock,
Over the ver'd abyss, following the track
Of Satan to the self-fame place where he 315
First lighted from his wing, and landed safe
From out of Chaos, to the outside bare
of this round world: with pins of adamant
And chains they made all fast, too fast they made
And durable; and now in little space 320
The confines met of empyréan Heaven
And of this World, and on the left hand Hell
With long reach interpos’d; three several ways
In sight, to each of these three places led.
And now their way to Earth they had desery d, 325
To Paradise first tending, when behold
Satan in likeness of an Angel bright
Betwixt the Centaur and the Scorpion steering
His zenith, while the fun in Aries role i

Disguis’d he came, but those his children dear 350
Their parent soon discern'd, though in disguise.
He after Eve seduc'd, unminded lunk
Into the wood fast by, and changing shape
To'observe the sequel, saw his guileful act
By Eve, though all unweeting, feconded 325
Upon her husband, saw their shame that sought
Vain covertures; but when he saw defcend
The Son of God to judge them, terrify'd
He fed, not boping to escape, but thun
The present, fearing guilty what his wrath 340
Might suddenly indict; that past, return'd
By night, and list'ning where the hapless pair
Sat in their fad discourse, and various plaint,
Thence gather'd his own doum, which understood
Not instant, but of future time, with joy 345
And tidings fraught, to Hell he now return'd,
And at the brink of Chaos, near the foot
of this new wondrous pontifice, unhop'd
Met who to meet him came, his offspring dear.
Great joy was at their meeting, and at fight 350
Of that itupendous bridge his joy increas'da
Long he admiring stood, till Sin, his fair
Inchanting daughter, thus the filence broke.

O Parent, these are thy magnific decds,
Thy trophies, which thou view'st as not thine
own;

355 Thou art their author and prime architect : For I no sooner in my heart divin'd, My heart, which by a secret harmony Still moves with thine, join'd in connexion swect, That thou on earth badit prosper'd, which thy looks

360
Now allo evidence, but itrait I felt
Though distant from thee worlds between, yot

felt
That I must after thee with this thy son,
Such fatal confequence unites us three :
Hell could no longer hold us in her bounds, 365
Nor this unvoyagcalle gulf obscure
Derain from following thy illustrious track.
Thou hast archiev'd our liberty, confin'd
Within Hell gates till now, thou us impower'd
To fortify thus far, and overlay

370
With this portentous bridge the dark abyss.
Thine now is all this world; thy virtue' bath won
What thy hands builded not, thy wisdon gain'd
With odds what war hach loft, and fully' aveng'd
Our foil in Heav'n; here thou ihalt monarch
reign,

375
There didît not; there let him ftill victor sway,
As hattel hath adjudg'd, from this new world
Retiring, by his own doom alienated,
And henceforth monarchy with thee divide
Of all things parted by th'cmpyreal bounds, 380
His quadrature, from thy orbicular world,
Or try thee now more dange'rous to his throne.
Whom thus the Prince of darkness answer'd

glad.
Fair Daughter, and thou Son and Grandchild

both,
High proof ye now have giv'n to be the race 385
Of Satan, (for I glory in the name,
Antagonist of Heav'n's almighty king)
Amply have merited of me, of all

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With suck'd and glutted oil, at one ling 633 | Corrupe and pestilent: Now from the north 695 Of thy victorious arm, weil-pleating Son,

Of Norumbega, and the Samoed shore, Both Sin, and Death, and yawniny Grave at last Bursting their brazen dungeon, arm's with ice Through Chaos hurld, obftruét the mouth of Hell And snow and hail and stormy gust and flaw, For ever, and seal up his ravennus jaws. 637 Boreas and Cæcias and Argeftes loud Then Heav'n and Earth renew'r fhall be made And Thrascias tend the woods and seas upturn; 700 pure

With adverfc blast upturns them from the fouth To sundity that shall receive no stain:

Notus and Afer black with thundrous clouds Till then the curse pronounc'd on both precedes. From Serraliona; thwart of these as fierce

He ended, and the heav'nly audience loud 641 Forth rush the Levant and the Ponent winds Sung Halleluiah, as the found of feas,

Eurus and Zephyr with their lateral noise, 705 Thringh multitude that fung: Just are thy ways, Sirocco, and Libecchio. Thus began Righteous are thy decrees on ail thy works; Outrage from lifeless things; but Discord first who can extenuate thee? Next, to the Son, 645 Daughter of Sin, among th' irrational, Destin'd rettorer of mankind, by whom

Death introduc'd through fierce antipathy: New Heav'n and Earth fall to the ages rife, Beast now with beast 'gaa war, and fowl with Or down from Heav'n defcend. Such was their

fowl,

710 song,

And fish with fish; to graze the herb all leaving, While the Creator calling forth by name

Devour'd each other; nor stood much in awe His mighty Angels gave them several charge 650 Of Man, but fied him, or with count'nance grim As sorted best with present things. The fun Glar'd on him pailing. These were from without Had first his precept fo to move, so shine, The growing miseries which Adım saw 775 As might affect the earth with cold and heat Already' in part, though hid in gloonriest fade, Scarce tolerable, and from the north to call To sorrow' abandon'd, but worse felt within, Decrepit winter, from the south to bring

655 And in a troutled sea of passion tost, Soiftitial summer's heai. To the blanc moon Tkus to disburden fought with sad complaint. Her office they prescrib'd, to th' other five

O miserable of happy! is this the end

720 'Their planetary motions and aspects

Of this new glorious world, and ne fu late In fextile, square, and trine, and opposic

The glory of that glory, who now become Of noxious efficacy, and when to join 660 Accurs'd of blessed, hide me from the face In synod unbenign; and taught the fix'd

of God, whom to behold was then my highth Their influence malignant when to shower, Of happiness! Yet well, if here would end 725 Which of them rising with the fun, or falling, The misery; I deserv'd it, and would bear Should prove tempestuous : To the winds they set My own de servings; but this will not ferve; Their corners, when with blufter to confound All that I eat or drink, or shall beget, Sea, air, and shore, the thunder when to roll 666 I propagated curse. O voice once heard With terror through the dark acreal hall. Delightfully, Increase and multiply, Some say he bid his angels turn ascanse

Now death to hear! for what can I increase The poles of earth twice ten degrees and more Or multiply, but curses on my head? From the sun's axle, they with labor push'd 670 Who of all ages to succeed, but feeling Oblique the centric globe: Some say the sun The evil on him brought by me, will cerse Was bid turn reins from th' equinoctial road My head? Il fare our ancestor impure, 735 Like distant bicadth to Taurus with the seven For this we may thank Adanı; but his thanks Atlantic Sisters, and the Spartan Twins

Shali be the execration! So bcîdes up to the Tropic Crab: thence down amain 675 Vline own that bide upon me, all from me By Leo and the Virgin and the Scales,

Shall with a fierce reflux on me redound, As deep as Capricorn, to bring in change

On mc as on their natural center light 140 Of seasons to each cline; else had the spring Heavy, though in their place. O fleetic: jo Perpetual smil'di on earth with vernart Mowers, Of Paradise, dear bought with lasting woes! Equal in days and nights, except to those 680 D.d I request thee, Maker, from my clay Beyond the polar circies; to them day

1

To mold me Man, did I fulicit the Had unbe nighted fhon, while the low run Frum' darkues to promote ime, or here place 74 To recompense his distance, in their fight

In this delicious garden? as my will Had rounded still th' horizon, and not known Concurd not to my be’ing, it were but right Or calt or welt, which had !orbid the snow 685 And equal to reduce me to my duft, From cold Eftotiland, and south as far

Defirous to resign and render back Beneath Magellan. At that talted fruit

All I receiv'd, unable to perform The sun, as from Thyestean banquet, turn'd Thy terms too hard, by which I was to holl His course intended; else how had the world The good I fought not. To the loss of that, Juhabited, though sinloss, more than now, 690 Sufficient penalty, why hast thuu added avoided pinching cold and scorching heat? The sense of endless woes? inexplicable These changes in the Heav'ns, though flow, Thy justice feens. Yet, to say truth, too late 733

I thus contest ; then should have been rcfus's } ike change on sea and land, sideral blatt, Those terms whatever, when they were propos'l: V.p., and miil, and exhalation hos,

Thou didst accept them: wilt thou enjoy the good,

1

produc'd

Then cavil the conditions and though God For one man's fault thus guiltless be condemn’d, Made thee without thy leave, what if thy fon 760 If guiltless ? But from me what can proceed, Prove disobedient, and reprov'd, retort,

But all corrupt, both mind and will depravid Wherefore didst thou beget me? I sought it not : Not to do only, but to will the same 826 Wouldst thou admit for his contempt of thee With me? how can they then acquitted stand That proud excuse? yet him not thy election lu fight of God? Him after all disputes But natural necessity begot.

765 Fore'd I absolve : all nry evasions vain, God made thee' of choice his own, and of his own And reasonings, though through mazes, lead me To serve him; thy reward was of his grace,

Grill

830 Thy punishment then justly' is at his will.

But to my own convidtion : first and last Be' it lo, for I submit; his doom is fair,

On me, me only, as the fource and spring That dust I am, and shall to dust return : 770 Of all corruption, all the blanze lights due; O welcome hour whenever! why delays

So might the wrath. Fond wih! couldst thou His hand to execute what his decree

fupport Fix'd on this day? why do I overlive,

That burden heavier than the earth to bear, 835 Why am I mock'd with death, and lengthen'd out Than all the world much heavier, though divided To deathless pain? how gladly would I meet 775

With that bad Woman? Thus what thou desir'It Mortality my fentence, and be carth

And what thou fear'ft, alike destroys all hope Insensible! how glad would lay me down

Of refuge, and concludes thee miferable As in my mother's lap? there I should rese Beyond all past example and future,

840 And deep secure; his dreadful voice no more To Sacan only like both crime and doom. Would thunder in my ears, no fear of worse 780 O Conscience, into what abyss of fears To me and to my offspring would torment me And horrors hast thou driv'n me; out of which With cruel expectation. Yet one doubt

I find no way, from deep to deeper plung'd. Pursues me still, lest all I cannot die,

Thus Adam to himself lamented loud

845 1. Lest that pure breath of life, the spi'rit of Man Through the still night, not now, as cre Man fell,

Which God inspir’d, cannot together perish 785 Wholesome and cool, and mild, but with black ais
With this corporeal clod; then in the grave, Accompanied, with damps and dreadful gloom,
Or in some other dismal place, who knows Which to his evil conscience represented
But I shall die a living death? O thought All things with double terror: on the ground 850
Horrid, if true! yet why? it was but breath Outstretch'd he lay, on the cold ground, and oft
Of life that finn'd; what dies but what had life Curs'd his creation, death as oft accus'd
And fin? the body properly hath neither. 791 Of tardy exccution, fince denounc'd
All of me then shall die : let this appease

The day of his offense. Why comes not death, The doubt, lince human reach no further knows. Said he, with one thrice acceptable stroke

855 For though the Lord of all be infinite,

To end me? fall truth fail co keep her word, Is his wrath also ? be it, Man is not so, 795 Justice divine not haften to be just? Bat mortal doom'd. How can he exercise But death comes not at call, justice divine Wrath without end on Man whom death must Mends not her flowest pace for prayers or cries. end?

O woods, O fountains, hillocs, dales and bowers, Can he make deathless death? that were to make With other echo late I taught your fhades 861 Strange contradiction, which to God himself To answer, and resound fat other song. Impossible is held, as argument

800 Whom thus affliated when fad Eve bcheld, D E weakness, not of pow'r. Will he draw out, Defolate where the fac, approaching nigh, For anger's sake, finite to infinite

Soft words to his fierce pallion she allay'd:

865 la punith's Man, to satisfy his rigor

But her with stern regard he thus repellid. Sa tisfy'd never that were to extend

Out of my light, thou Serpent; that name best His sentence beyond dust and nature's iaw, 805 Befits thee with him leagu'd, thyself as false By which all causes else according still

And hatesul; nothing wants, but that thy shape, To the reception of their matter act,

Like his, and color ferpentine, may show 870 Not to th' extent of their own sphere. But say Thy inward (raud, to warn all crcatures from thce That death be not one stroke, as I suppos’d,

Henceforth ; left that con heav'nly form, proBercaving sense, but endless misery

810

tended From this day onward, which I feel begun

To helifa faishcod, snare thenı. But forthce Both in me, and without, and so last

I had persisted happy', had not thy pride To perpetuity; Ay me, that fear

And wand'ring vanity, when least was fase, 875 Comes thund'ring back with dreadful revolution Rejceted my forewarning, and disdain d

my defenseless head; both Death and I 815 Not to be trusted, longing to be seen Are found eternal, and incorporate both,

Though by the Dev'il hinícil, him overweening I on my part single, in me ail

To over-reach, but with the serpent meeting erity stands-curs'd: Fair patrimony

Fool'd and beguild, by him thou, I by thee, 88, tl must leave ye, Sons; O were 1 able To trust thee from my side, imagin’d wife walte it all myself, and leave ye none ! 820 Constant, mature, proof againít all aliaulis, ZiGnherited how would you bless

And understood not all was but a show now your curse! Ah, why should all mankind Rather than solid virtue', all but a rib:

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