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But pray'r against his abfolute decree

However chaft'ning, to the evil turo
No more avails than breath against the wind, My obvious breast, arming to overcome
Blown ftifling back on him that breathes it forth: By suffering, and earn ref from labor won,
Therefore to his great bidding I submit.

If so I may attain. So both ascend
This most afflicts me, that departing hence, 315 In the visions of God: It was a hill
As from his face 1 fhall be hid, deprivid

Of Paradise the highest, from whose top His blessed count'nance; here I could frequent The hemisphere of earth in clearest ken With worship place by place where he vouchsaf'd Stretch'd out to the amplest reach of prospect Presence divine, and to my fons relate,

lay.

380 On this mount he appear’d, under this tree 320

Not high'er that hill nor wider looking round, Stood visible, among these pines his voice

Whereon for different cause the Tempter fet I heard, here with him at this fountain talk'd: Our focond Adam in the wilderness, So many grateful altars I would rear

To fhew him all earth's kingstenis and their glory, Of graffy turf, and pile up every stone

His

eye might there command wherever stood Of luftre from the brook, in memory,

City of old or modern fame, the feat

386 Or monument to ages, and thereon

Of mightiest empire, from the destin'd walls Offer sweet-smelling gums and fruits and lowers : Of Cambalu, seat of Cathaian Can, In yonder nether world where shall I feek

And Samarchand hy Oxus, Temir's throne, His bright appearances, or foot-step trace? To Paquin of Sinzan kings, and thence

390 For though i filed him angry, yet, fecallid 330 To Agra and Lahor of Great Mogul To life prolong'd and promis'd race, I now Down to the golden Chersonese, or where Gladly behold though but his utmost skirts The Persian in Ecbatan fat, or fince Of glory, and far off his steps adore.

In Hispahan, or where the Rullian Klar To whom thus Michael with regard benign. In Mosco, or the Sultan in Bizance,

395 Adam, thou know'ft Heav'n his, and all the Turchestan-born; nor could his eye not ken Earth,

335

Th'empire of Negus to his utmost port
Not this rock only'; his omnipresence fills Ercoco, and the less maritim kings
Land, sea, and air, and every kind that lives, Mombaza, and Quiloa, and Melind,
Fomented by his virtual power and warm’d: And Sofala thought Ophir, to the realm

400 All th' earth he gave thee to possess and rule, Of Congo, and Angola farthest south; No despicable gift; surmise not then

240 Or thence írcm Niger flood to Atlas monnt His presence to these narrow bounds confin'd The kingdoms of Almansor, Fez and Suz, of Paradise or Eden : this had been

Marocco and Algiers, and Tremisen; Perhaps thy capital seat, from whence had spread On Europe thence, and where Rome was to sway All generations, and had hither come

The world : in spi'rit perhaps he also saw

406 From all the ends of th' earth, to celebrate 345

Rich Mexico the seat of Montezume,
And reverence thee their great progenitor. And Cusco in Peru, the richer feat
But this præeminence thou' halt loft, brought Of Atabalipa, and yet urspoil'd
down
Guiana, whose great city Geryon's sons

410 To dwell on even ground now with thy sons : Call El Dorado; but to nobler fights Yet doubt not but in valley and in plain

Michael froni Adam's eyes the film remov'd, God is as here, and will be found alike

350

Which that false fruit tha: promis'd clearer i ght Present, and of his presence many a sign

Had bred; then purg'd with euphrafy and rue Still following thee, still compassing thee round The visual nerve, for he had much to ice;

415 With goodness and paternal love, his face And from the well of life three drops inítillid. Frpress, and of his steps the track divine. So deep the power of these ingredients piercd, Which that thou may'st believe, and be con E’en to the inmost seat of mental fight, firm'd

355

That Adam now enforc'd co clofe ki cyes, Ere thou from hence depart, know I am sent Sunk down, and all his spirits becanic intranc'd ; To how thee what shall come in future days Put him the gentle Angel by the land

421 To thee and to thy offspring; good with bad Soon rais'd, and his attention thus recall'd. Expe& to hcar, supernal grace contending

Adam, now ope thine cyes, and first behold With finfulness of men ; thereby learn 360 Th'effects which thy original crime hath wrought True parience, and to temper joy with fear In some to spring from thee, who never touch'd And pious forrow, equally inur'd

Th'excepted tree, nor with the snake confpiru, By moderation either state to bear,

Nor finn'd thy fin, yet from that sin derive Prosperous or adverse : so shalt thou Icad

Corruption to bring forth more violent dads. Safest thy life, and best prepar'd indure 365 His eyes he open'd, and Icheld a field, Thy mortal passage when it comes. Ascend Part arable and tilth, whereon were flčaves 430 This hill; let Eve (for I have drench'd her eyes) Now reap'd, the other part sheep-walks and folds; Here fleep below, while thou to foresight wak'st; l'th' midf an altar as the lind-mark iłood, As once thou slept'st, while she to life was form'd. Rustic, cf grassy ford; thirher anon To whom thus Adam gratefully reply'd. 370 A swcaty reaper from his tillage brought

434 Ascend, I follow thee, fafe Guide, the path First fruits, the green ear, and the yellow cai, Thou lead'f me', ard to the hand of Heav'n sub- Uncull’d, as came to band; a shepherd next

More meek came with the firalings of his flock Better end here unborn. Why is life giver Choice it and beft; then facrificing, laid

To be thus wrested from us? rather why The inwards and their fat, with incense strow'd, Obtruded on us thus? who if we knew On the cleft wood, and all duc rites perform'd. What we receive, would either not accept 505 His offering fvon propitious fire from Heaven 441 Life ofer'd, or soon beg :o lay it down, Confum'd with nimble glance, and grateful steam; Glad to be so dismiss'd in peace. Can thus The other's not, for his was not incere;

Th' image of God in man created once Whereat he inly nag'd, and as they taik'd, So goodly and erect, though faulty fmce, Smote him into the midriff with a stone 445 To fuch unsightly sufferings be debas'd 510 That beat cut life; he fell, and deadly pale Under inhuman pains? Why should not man,. Groan'd out his soul with guihinr blood effus'd. Retaining still divine fimilitude Much at that light was Adam in bis heart

In part, from such deformities be free, Dismay'd, and thus in hatte to th' Angel cry'd. And for his Maker's image sake exempt?

Teacher, somegreat mischief hain befallin Their Maker's image, answer'd Michael, then To that meck man, who we'l had facrific'd; 451 Forsook them, when then selves they vility'd 515 Is piety thus and pure devotion paid?

To serve ungovern'd appetite, and touk T' whom Michael thus, he also mov'd, reply'd. His image whom they fervod, a brutish vice, These two are brethren, Adam, and to come Inductive mainly to the fin of Eve. Out of thy loins; ti’unjust the juft hath flain, 455 Therefore so abject is their punishment, $20 For envy that his brother's offering found

Disfiguring not God's likeness, but their own, From: Heav'n acceptance; but the bloody fact Or if his likeness, by themselves defac'd, Will be aveng'l, and th' other's faith approv'd While they pervert pure nature's healthful rules Lose no reward, though here thou fie hin dic, To loathsome sickness, worthily, since they Rolling in duit and gore. To which our fire. 460 God's image did not reverence in themícives. 525 Alas, both for the decd and for the cause!

1 yield it just, faid Adam, and submit. But have I now feen Death? Is this the way But is there yet no other way, besides I must return to native dust? O fight

These painful paflug .s, how we may come Of terror, foul and ugly tu behold,

To death, and mix with our connatural dust? Horrid to think, how horrible to feel! 465 There is, said Michael, it thou well observe 530

To whom thus Michacl. Death thou hast feen The rule of not too much, by teinp'rance taught, In his first fhape on man; but many shapes In what thou cat'st and drink'st, seeking from Of Death, and many are the ways that lead

thence 'To his grim cave, all dismal; yet to fine Due nourishment, not gluttonous delight, More tcrrible at th' entrance than within, 470 Till many years over ti.y head return : Some, as thou faw'se, by violent Itroke shall die, So may'lt thou live, till like ripe fruit thou drop By fire, food, finin, by intemp'rance more loto thy niother's lap, or be with cafe 535 D. meats and drinks, which on the earth thail bring Gather'd, not har fhly pluck’d, for death mature : Diseases dire, of which a monftreus crew This is old age; but then thou must outlıve Before thee shall appear; that thou mayst know Thy youth, thy strength, thy beauty, which will That mitery th' inabftinence of Eve

change Shall bring on wen. Immediately a place To wither'd, wcak, and gray; thy senses then 540 Before his cyes appear'd, sad, noilome, dark, Obruse, all taste of picasure must forgo, A lizar-house it icim'd, wherein wire laid To what thou hast; and for the air of youth, Nuniters of all diseas'd, all maladies 480 Hopeful and chcaríul, in thy blood will reign Of ghaftly frasm, or racking torture, qualms A melancholy damp of cold and dry Of heart-lick agery, all feverous kinds,

To weigh thy fpuriis down, and last consume 545 Convuifions, cpileplies, ficrie catarrlıs,

The balm of life. To whom our ancestor. Inteftin ftunsarii ulcer, colic pargs,

lienceforth I fly not death, nor would prolong Dim niac phrenzy, mcaping mudarcholy, 455 Life much, bent rather how I may be quit And noon-truck nadners, pining atrophy, Fairest and easiest of this cumbrous charge, Varzimus, ad w.de-wasting peliknee,

Which I muli kup till my appointed day 550 Dropfies, and afthmas, and joine-racking rheumis. Of rending up, and patiently attend Dire was the ting, deep the groans; Despair My diffolution. Michael reply'd. Terdid the fiuk burcit from couch to couch; 490 Nor love thy life, nor hate; but what thou liv'it dor over thedi triumphant Death his dart Live well, how long er mort permit to Heaven: shook, buz delay'd to fisike, the ugh oft invok'd And now prepare tice for another light. 555 Wish v.ws, as their chief good, and final hope. He look d, and low a spacious plan, whereon Sigit in deform what heart of rock could long Were tents of various lue; by fonie were herds Dry.ey'd beeld ? Adam could not, but wept, 495 Of cartel grazing; others, whence the found Tlouh not (í wenian born; computaron quel'd of instruments that made melodious chime 559 His Liit of man, and gave him up to tears Was heard, of harp and organ; and who mov'd Aloace, till frmer thoughts restrain's excess; Their stops and chords was suen; his volant touch And icarce recovering words his plaint renewid. Infrinet through all proportions low and high

O miferalle mankind, to what fall 500 Fled and pursu'd traniverse the resonant fugue. Degraded, to what wretcheu ftate referu'd ! In other part stood one who at the forge

476

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For in those days might only shall be’ admir'd, Sea without shore; and in their palaces

750 And valor and heroje virtue calid;

690 Where luxury late reigo'd, fea-monsters whelp'd To overcome in: battei, and subdue

And itabled; of mankind, so numerous late, Nations, and bring home spoils with infinite All left, in one small tottom swum imbark'd. Man Naughter, th.!!! be held the highest pitch How didit thou grieve then, Adam, to behold of human glory, and for glory done

The end of all thy offspring, end so fad, 755 Of triumph, to be dil'd great conquerors, 695 Depopulation! thee another food, Patron-of mankind, Gods, and fons of Gods, of tears and sorrow' a flood thee also drown'd, Destroyers rightiier callid and plagues of men. And sunk thee as thy fons; till gently rear's Thus lame shall be achiev'd, renown on earth, By th' Angel, on thy feet thou Itood'st at last, And what most merits famcin Glence hid.

Though comfortless, as when a father mourns 763 But he the sev’nth from thee, whom thou behcldst His children, all in view destroy'd at once; The only righteous in a world perverse, 701 And scarce to th' Angel utter'dit thus thy plaint. And therefore hared, therefore fo befet

O visions ill foreseen! better had I With foes for daring single to be jut,

Liv'd ignorant of future, so had borne And utter odious truth, that God would come My part of evil only, each day's lot 763 To judge them with his Saints : him the most High Enough to bear; those now, that were dispens'd Rapt in a balmy cloud with winged steeds 706 The burd’n of many ages, on me light Did, as thou saw'tt, receive, to walk with God

At once, by my foreknowledge gaining birth High in fulvation and the climes of bliss,

Abortive, to torment me ere their being, Exempt from death; to ihow thee what reward With thought that they must be. Let no man Awaits the good, the rest what punishment; 710

feck

770 Which now direct thine eyes and soon behold. Henceforth to be forctold what fall befall He look’d, and faw the face of things quite Him or his children ; evil he niay be sure, chang'd;

Which neither his foreknowing can prevent, The brazen throat of war had ceas'd to roar; And he the future evil shall no less All now was turn'd to jollity and game,

In apprehention than in substance feel

775 To luxury and riot, feast and dance,

715 Grievous to bear : but that care pow is part, Marrying or prostituting, as befel,

Man is not whom to warn : those few escap'd Rape or adultery, where pafing fair

Fanin and anguish will at last consume Allur them; thence froin cups to civil broils. Wand'ring that watry desert : I had hope Atligth a reverend fire among them came, When violence was ceas'd, and war on earth, 780 And of their doings great dislike declar'd 720 All would have then gone well, peace would have And testify'd agairft their ways; he oft

crown's Frequented their assemblies, wherefo met, With length of happy days the race of man; Triumphs or festivals, and to thum preach'd But I was far deceiv'd; for now I fee Conversion and repentance, as to fouls

Peace to corrupt no less than war to waste. In prison under judgments imminent : 725 How comes it thus ? unfold, celestial Guide, 785 But all in vain : which when he saw, he ceas'd And whether here the race of man will end. Contending, and remov'd his tents far off;

To whom thus Michael. Those whom lan Thun froni the mountain hewing timber tall,

thou saw 'lt Began to build a vessel of huge bulk,

In triumph and luxurious wealth, are they Measur'd by cubit, length, and breadth, and First seen in acts of prowess eminent highth,

730 And great exploits, hut of true virtue void ; 790 Snear'd round with pitch, and in the side a door Who having spilt much blood, and done much Contriv'd, and of provisions laid in large

waste, For man and beast : when lo a wonder strange! Subduing nations, and achiev'd thereby Of every beast, and bird, and infect small

Fanie in the world, high titles, and rich prey, Came le'v'ns, and pairs, and enter'd in, as taught Shall change their course to pleasure, cafe, and 'Their order : last the fire, and his three fons 736

floth, With their four wives; and God made fast the Surfeit, and lult, till wantonness and pride 795 door.

Raife out of friendship hostile deeds in peace. Meanwhile the south-wind rose, and with black The conquer'd also, and inslav'd by war, wings

Shall with their freedom tot all virtue lose Wide hovering, all the clouds together drove And fear of God, from whom their piety feign'd From under Heav'n; the hills to their supply 740 In sharp contest of battel found no aid 800 Vapor, and exhalation dusk and moist,

Against invaders : therefore cool'd in zeal Sent up amain; and now the thicken'd sky Thenceforth shall practice how to live secure, Like a dark cieling stood; down rush'd the rain Worldly or diffolute, on what their lords Impçcuous, and continued till the earth

Shall leave them to enjoy; for th' earth fall No more was seen; the floting vefsel swum 745

bear Uplifted, and secure with beaked priw

More than enough, that temp'rance may be Rode tilting o'er the waves; all dwellings else

try'd :

803 Hood overwhelm’d, and them with all their pomp So all shall turn degenerate, all deprar'd, Dorp vnder water rollid; fea cover'd sea, Justice and temp’raace, truth and faith forgot ;

865

875

830

ven

ne man except, the only son of light

Green tree or ground whereon his foot may light; In a dark age, against example good,

The second time returning, in his bill Against allurement, custom, and a world 810 An olive leaf he brings, pacific sign : 160 Offended; fearless of reproach and scorn,

Anon dry ground appears, and from his ark
Or violence, he of their wicked ways

The ancient fire descends with all his train;
Shall theni admonish, and before them fet Then with uplifted hands, and eyes devout,
The paths of righteousness, how much more safe, Grateful to Heav'n, over his head beholds
And full of peace, denouncing wrath to come 815 A dewy cloud, and in the cloud a bow
On their impenitence; and shall return

Conspicuous with three lifted colors gay,
Of them derided, but of God obferv'd

Betokening peace from God, and covenant new. The one juft man alive; by his command

Whereat the heart of Adam erst so sad Shall build a wondrous ark, as thou beheldi, Greatly rejoic’d, and thus his joy broke forth. To save himself and houshold from amidst 820 O thou who future things canst represent 870 A world devote to universal wrack.

As present, heav'nly Instructor, I revive No loaner he with them of man and heart

At this last fight, assur'd that man shall live Scled for life shall in the ark be lodg’d,

With all the creatures, and their feed preserve. And ihelter'd round, but all the cataracts

Far less I now lament for one whole world Of Heav'n set open on the earth shall pour 825 of wicked sons destroy'd, than I rejoice Rain day and night ; all fountains of the deep For one man found so perfect and so just, Broke up, fall heave the ocean to usurp

That God vouchsafes to raise another world Beyond all bounds, till inundation rise

From him, and all his anger to forget. above the highest hills: then shall this mount But say, what mean those color'd streaks in HeaOf Paradise by might of waves be mov'd Out of his place, puth'd by the horned food, Diftended as the brow of God appeas'd, 880 With all his verdure spoil'd, and trees adrift, Or serve they as a flow'ry verge to bind Down the great river to the op'ning gulf,

The fluid fkirts of that same watry cloud, And there take root an iland salt and bare,

Left it again dissolve and show'r the earth? The haunt of seals, and orcs, and sea-mews clang : To whom th' Arch-angel. Dextrously thou To teach chce that God attributes to place 836

aim it; No fanctity, if none be thither brought

So willingly doth God remit his ire,

885 By men who there frequent, or therein dwell. Though late repenting him of man deprav’d, And now what further shall ensue, behold. Griev'd at his heart, when looking down he saw

He look'd, and saw the ark hull on the food, The whole earth fill'd with violence, and all flesh Which now abated; for the clouds were fled, 841 Corrupting each their way; yet, those remov'd, Driv'n by a keen north-wind, that blowing dry Such grace shall one just man find in his light, 890 Wrinkled the face of deluge, as decay'd;

That he relents, not to blot out mankind, And the clear fun on his wide watry glass And makes a covenant never to destroy Gaz'd hot, and of the fresh wave largely drew, The carth again hy flood, por let the sea As after thirst, which made their flowing shrink Surpass his bounds, nor rain to drown the world From standing lake to tripping ebb, that stole With man therein or beaft; but when he brings With soft foot tow’ards the deep, who now had Over the earth a cloud, will therein set

896 ftopt

His triple.color'd bow, whereon to look, His fluces, as the Heav'n his windows shut. And call to mind his covenant : day and night, The ark no more now flotes, but seems on ground Seed time and harvest, heat and hoary frost Faft on the top of some high mountain fix’d. 851 Shall hold their course, till fire purge all things And now the tops of hills as rocks appear;

900 With clamor thence the rapid currents drive Both Heav'n and Earth wherein the just shall Tow'ards the retreating sea their furious tide.

dwell
Forth with from out the ark a raven flies,
And after him, the surer messenger,
A dove sent forth once and again to spy

new,

855

THK END OF THE ELEVENTU BOOK.

VOL. II,

2 [N]

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