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ery bzfer to do ill oar sole delight,
!! I see and rue the dire event,
Created hugest that swim th' ocean stream: ith fad overthrow and foul defeat 135 Him haply Tlumb'ring on the Norway foam ve never sit us Heav'n, and all this inighty host The pilot of some finall night-founder'd skiff without sable destruction laid thus low,
Deeming some iland, oft, as sea-men tell,
205 fed as Gods and heav'nly effences
With fixed anchor in his skaly rind consuma rich: for the mind and spi'rit remains Moors by his fide under the Ice, while night -prepar'tible , and vigor foon returns,
140 Invests the sea, and wished mora delays: er pris'n h all our glory' extinct, and happy state. So stretch'd out huge in length the Arch-Fiend lay ortion fe allow'd up in endless mifery.
Chain'd on the burning lake, nor ever thence 210 light of fat if he our conqu’ror (whom I now Had ris'n or heav'd his head, but that the will th' utmede believe almighty, since no less
And high permission of all-ruling Heaven whence tich could have o'er-pow'r'd such force as ours) Left him at large to his own dark designs, all, o'ereft us this our spi'rit and strength entire That with reiterated crimes he might f tempefully to suffer and support our pains,
Heap on himself damination, while he sought 215 ng by hs we may so suffice his vengeful ire,
Evil to others, and enrag'd might see nd next shim mightier service as his thralls
How all his malice serv'd but to bring forth e, and reht of war, whate'er his business bc, 150 Infinite goodness, grace and mercy (hown ch-Encn the heart of Hell to work in fire,
On Man by him seduc'd, but on himself tan, wc. this errands in the gloomy deep;
Treble confusion, wrath and vengeance pour'd. 220 as begu can it then avail, though yet we feel Forthwith upright he rears from off the pool fallin thundininith'a, or eternal being
His mighty stature; on each hand the fames realms cdergo eternal punishment?
155 Driv'n backward Mope their pointing (pires, and rollid htnes cuto with speedy words th’ Arch-Fiend reply'd. In billows, leave i' ta' midst a horrid vale. hom on Cherub, to be weak is miserable Then with expanded wings he itegrs his flight 225 equal le or fuffering: but of this be sure,
Aloft, incumbent on the dusky air ciprice ought good never will be our task,
That felt unusual weight, till on dry land
160 He lights, if it were land that ever burn'd nou foi ing the contrary to his high will
With folid, as the lake with liquid fire ; th tize it a we resilt. If then his providence
And such appear'd in hue, as when the force 230 henri Rour evil seek to bring forth good,
Of fubterranean wind transports a hill abor must be to pervert that end,
Torn from Pelorus, or the ihatter'd lide but of good still to find means of evil; - 165 of thund'ring Ætria, whose combustible
h oft-times may succeed, so as perhaps And fuel d entrails thence conceiving fire, Stre , i grieve him, if I fail not, and disturb Sublim'd with mineral fury, aid the winds, 235
hunost counsels from their destin'd aim. And leave a singed bottom all involv'd ce the angry victor hath recall'd
With stench and smoke: Such resting found the role ministers of vengeance and pursuit 170 Or unbleft feet. Him follow'd his next mate, I to the gates of Heav'n: the fulphurous hail Both glorying to have 'scap'd the Stygian flood after us in storn, o'erblown hath laid As Gods, and by their own recover'd strength, 240 kery surge, that from the precipice
Not by the sufferance of fupernal Power. leav'n receiv'd us falling: and the thunder, Is this the region, this the soil, the cline,
sd with red lightning and impetuous rage, 175 Said then the lost Arch-Angel, this the leat
haps hath spent his shafts, and ceases now That we must change for Heav'n, this mournful gloom * * bellow through the vast and boundless deep. For that celestial light? Be' it to, since he 245
us not hip th' occasion, whether scorn, Who now is Sovran can dispose and bid satiate fury yield it from our foe.
What Thall be right: farthest from him is bort, A thou yon dreary plain, forlorn and wild, 180 Whom reas'on hath equal'd, forcc hath made fupreme seat of desolation, void of light,
Above his equals. Farewell happy fields, te what the glimmering of these livid flames Where joy for ever dwells: Hail horrors, hail 250 As pale and dreadful? Thither let us tend Infernal world, and thou profoundest Hell m off the tolling of these fiery waves,
Receive thy new poflellor; one who brings Jere reft, if any rest can harbour there, 185 A inind not to be chang'd by place or time. Id re-atrembliog our afflicted Powers,
The mind is its own place, and in itself nsult haw we may henceforth most offend Can make a Heav'n of Hell, a Heli of Heaven, 255 ir enemy, our owo loss how repair,
What matter where, if I be still the same, ow overcome this dire calamity,
And what I should be, all but less than he That reinforcement we may gain from hope, 190 Whom thunder hath made greater? Here at least = 'har what resolution from despair.
We shall be free; th’ Almighty hath not built * Thus Satan talking to his nearest mate
260 Vith head up-lift above the wave, and eyes
Here for his envy, will not drive us hence: that sparkling blaz'd, his other parts besides
Here we may reign secure, and in any choice
'To reign is worth'ambition though in Hell: 5 krone on the Rood, extended long and large lay fioting many a rood, in bulk as huge
195 Better to reign in Hell, than serve in Heav'n.
But wherefore let we then our faithful friends, As whom the fables name of monstrous size, Th'associates and copartners of our loss, 265 Titanian, or Earth-born, that warr'd on Jove, Briarens Or Typhon, whom the den
Lie thus astonish'd on th' oblivious pool, By ancient Tarsus held, or that sea-beast
And call them not to fhare with us their part Leviathan, which God of all his works
In this unhappy manfion, or once more
Regain'd in Heav'n, or what more loft in Hell? 270 Innumerable. As ween the potent rod
Of Amram's son, in Egypt's evil day,
Hovering on wing under the cope of Hell Their furest signal, they will soon resume "Twixt uppet, nether, and surrounding fires; New courage and revive, though not they lie Till, as a signal giv'n, th' up-lifted spear Groveling and proftrate on yon lake of fire, 280 Of their great Sultan waving to direct As we ere while, astounded and amaz’d,
Their course, in even balance down they light No wonder, fali'n such a pernicious highth, On the firm brimstone, and bili ail the plain; 360
He scarcé had ceas'd when the superior Fiend A multitude, like which the populous north Was moving toward the shore ; hispond'rous ihield, Pour'd never from her frozen loins, to pass Ethereal temper, mafiy, large and round, 285 Rhene or the Danaw, when her barbarous fons Behind him cart; the broad circumference Came like a deluge on the south, and ipread Hung on his Thoulders like the moon, whose orb Beneath Gibraltar to die Libyan lands. 355 Through optic glass the Tuscan artist view's Forthwith from every squaron and each band At evening from the top of Fesolé,
The heads and leaders thither haste where itood Or in Valdarno, to descry new lands, 290 Treir great commander ; Godlike shapes and forms Rivers or mountains in her spotty globe.
Excelling hurran, princely Dignities, His spear, to equal which the tallest pine
And Pou 'rs that erit in Heaven tat on thrones; što Hewn on Norwegian hills, to be the mast
Though of their names in heav'nly records now Of some great ammiral, were but a wand, Le no meir.orial, blotted out and rased He wak'd with to support uneasy steps 295 By their rebellion froni the books of life. Over the burning marle, not like those steps Nor had they yet among the sons of Eve On Heaven's azure, and the torrid clime
Got thein new names, till wand'ring o'er the earth, Smote on him fore besides, vaulted with fire: Through God's high sufferance for the trial of mka, Nathless he so indur'd, till on the beach
By falfities ard lies the greatest part Of that inflam'd sea he stood, and callid 300 Of mankind they corrupted to forsake His legions, Angel forms, who lay entranc'd God their Creator, and th' invisible Thick as autumnal leaves that itrow the brooks Glory of him that inade them to transform In Vallombrosa, where th' Etrurian thades. Oit to the image of a brute, adornd High over-arch'd imbow'r; or scatter'd jedge With gay religions full of pomp and gold, Afiote, when with fierce winds Orion armd 305 And Devils to adore for Deities: Hath vex'd the Red-Seacoast, whose waves o’erthrew Then were they known to men by various names, · Buftris and his Memphian chivalry,
And various idols through the Heathen worid *** While with perfidious hatred they pursued Say,Muse, their names theokrown,who first, wbois The sojourners of Gothen, who beheld
Rous'd from the fiuniber, on that fiery couch, From the safe shore their floting carcales 310 At their great emp’ror's call, as next in worth And broken chariot wheels: so thick beltrown Came lingly where he stood on the bare ftrand, "Abject and loft lay these, covering the flood, While the promiscuous crowd foot yet aloor. 369 Under amazement of their hideous change. The chief were those wlia from the pit of Hell He call'a so loud, that all the hollow deep
Roaring to seek their prey on earth, durit fix Of Hell resounded. Princes, Potentates, 315 | Their seats long after neat the seat of God, Warriors, the flow'r of Heav'n, once your's, now lost, Their altars by bis altar, God, ador’d If fuch astonishment as this can feife
Among the nations round, and durft abide
Between the Cherubim; yea, olten placu
His holy rites and solemn fealts profand, T'adore the conqueror? who noty beholds And with their darkness durft attront bis ligte Cherub and Seraph rolling in the flood
First Moloch, horrid king, besmear'd with blood With featter'd arms and enligns, till anon 325 of human facrifice, and parents tears, l'is swift purluers from Heav'n gates diicern Though for the noise of diums and timbrek load *? h' advantage, and descending tread us down Their childrens cries unheard, that pats 'd thought Thus drooping or with linked thunderbolts To his grim idol. Him the Ammonite 1.ansfix us to the bottom of this gulf.
Worshipt in Rabba and her watery plain, wake, arise, or be for ever fallin.
330 In Argob and in Bafan, to the streann They heard, and were abafh’d, and up they sprung Of utmost Arnon. Nor content with such trop the wing, as when men wont to watch Audacious neighbourhood, the wisest heart CI. cuty, feeping found by whom they dread, Of Solonion he led by fraud to build Pr' and beftir themselves ere well awake. His temple right against the temple' of God
they not perceive the evii plight 335 On that opprobrious hill, and made his grove ! viich they were, or the fierce pains not feel; The pleasant valley' of Hinnoin, Tophet inence Let to their general's voice they foon obey'd And black Gehenna call'd, the type of Heil.
ext Chemos, ch' obscene dread of Moab's sons, For one of Syrian mode, whereon to burn Com Aroar to Nebo, and the wild
His odious offerings, and adore the Gods 475 Oslouchmost Abarim; in Helebon
Whom he had vanquish'd. After these appear'd And Horona; m, Seon's realm, beyond
A crew who under names of old renown, The flowery dale of Sibma clad with yines, 410 Ofiris, lírs, Orus, and their train, und Eleülé to the Alphaltic pool.
With monstrous ihapes and forceries abus'd For his other name, when he entic'd
Fanatic Egypt and her priests, to seek rael in Sittim on their march from Nile
Their wand'ring Gods disguis'd in brutish forms o do him wanton'rites, which cost them woe. Rather than human. Nor did Israel 'scape ut thence his lustful orgies he enlarg'd 415 Th’infection, when their borrow'd gold compos'd 'n to that hill of scandal, by the grove
The calf in Oreb; and the rebel king í Moloch homicide, luft hard by hate ;
Doubled that fin in Bethel and in Dan, 485 ill gond Josiah drove them thence to Hell
. Likening his Maker to the grazed, 1x, ich there came they, who from the bord'ring food Jehovah, who in one night when he pass'd fold Euphrates to the brook that parts 420 From Egypt marching, equal'd with one stroke
zyrt froin Syrian ground, had general names Both her first-born and all her bleating Gods. Di Balim and Ashtaroth, those male,
Belial came last, than whom a Spi'ritmore lewd 490. hefe feminine. For Spirits when they please Fell not from Heaven, or more gross to love C an either sex allume, or both; fo loft
Vice for itself: to him 10 temple stood ad uncompounded is their cflence pure, 425 Or altar (mok’d; yet who more oft than he : otty'd or manacled with joint or limb,
In temples and at altars, when the priest or founded on the brittle strength of bones, Turns atheist, as did Eli's fons, who fillid 495 Like cumbrous fiern ; but in what thape they choose With lust and violence the house of God? Dlated or condens'u, bright or obscure,
In courts and palaces he also reigas Can execute their aery purposes,
430 And in luxurious cities, where the noise And works of love or emity fulfil.
Of ri’ot ascends above their loftiest towers, For those the race of Israel oft forfook
And injury and outrage: and when night 500 Their living strength, and unfrequented left Darkens the streets, then wander forth the fons His righteous altar, Þowing lowly down
Of Belial, flown with infolence and wine. To bestial Gods; for which their beads as low 435 Witness the streets of Sodom, and that night. Bow'd down in battel, funk before the spear in Gibeah, when the hospitable door of despicable foes . With these in troop Expos'd a matron to avoid worfe rape.
505 Came Aftoreth, whom the Phænicians calld These were the prime in order and in might; Astarte, queen of Heav'n, with crescent þorns ; The rest were long to tell, though far renown'd: To whose bright image nightly by the moon 440 | Th' Ionian Gods, of Javan's issue held Sidonian virgins paid their vows and songs, Gods, yet confess'd later than Heav'n and Earth, In Sion also not unfung, where stood
Their boasted parents: Titan Heav'n's first-bom, sio Her temple on th' offensive mountain, built With his enormous brood, and birthright seisid By that uxorious king, whose heart though large, By younger Saturn; he from mightier Jove Beguild by fair idolatreffes, fell
445 His own and Rhea's son like measure found; To idols foul. Thammuz came next behind, So Jove usurping reignid: these first in Crete Whole annual wound in Lebanon allur'd
And Ida known, thence on the snowy top SIS The Syrian damsels to lament his fate
Of cold Olympus rul'd the middle air, In amorous ditties all a summer's day,"
Their highest Heav'n ; or on the Delphian cliff, While smooth Adonis from his native rock 450 Or in Dodona, and through all the bounds Ran purple to the sea, suppos'd with blood Of Doric land; or who with Saturn old of Thammuz yearly wounded : the love-tale Fled over Adria to th' Hesperian fields,
520 Infected Sion's daughters with like heat,
And o'er the Celtic roam'd the utmost iles. Whose wanton paffions in the sacred porch
All these and more came flocking; but with looks Ezekiel faw, when by the vision led 455 Down cast and damp, yet such whe ein appear'd His eye survey'd the dark idolatries
Obscure some glimpfe of joy, to' have found their chief Of alienated Judah. Next came one
Not in despair, to have found themselves not lost 525 Who mourn'đ in earnest, when the captive ark In loss itself; which on his count'nance cast Maim'd his brute image, head and hands lopt off Like doubtíol hue: but he his wonted pride In his own temple, on the grunsel edge, 460 Soon recollecting, with high words, chat bora Where he fell Aat, and than'd his worshippers: Semblance of worth not substance, gently rais:d Dagon his name, sea monster, upward man Their fainting courage, and difpelld their feart. 530 And downward fith : yet had his temple high Then straight commands that at the warlike found Rear'd-in Azotus, dreaded through the coast Of trumpets loud and clarions be upregrid Of Palestine, in Gath and Ascalon,
4.65 His mighty standard: that proud donor slam'd And Accaron and Gaza's frontier bounds.
Azazel as his right, a Cherub tall; Him follow'd Rimmon, whose delightful seat Who forth with from the glittering staffunfurl'd 535 Was fair Damascus on the fertile banks
Th'imperial enlign, which full high advanc'd Of Abbana and Pharphar, lucid streams.
Shône like a meteor streaming to the wind, He also' against the house of God was bold: 470 With gems and golden lustre rich imblaz'd, A leper once he lost, and gain'd a king,
Seraphic arms and trophies; all the while Ahaz his fottish onga'ror, whom he drew Sonorous metal blowing martial sounds: God's altar to disparage and displace
Al wich the universal hoft up sent
PARADISE LOS T.
The consultation begun, Satan debates whether another battel be to be hazarded for
the recovery of Heaven: Some advise it, others diffuade: A third proposal is preferred, mention'd before by Satan, to search the truth of that prophecy or tradition in Heaven concerning another world, and another kind of creature equal or not much inferior to themselves, about this time to be created : Their doubt who fha!! be sent on this difficult search: Satan their chief undertakes alone the voyage, is honor'd and applauded. The council thus ended, the rest betake them several ways, and to several employments, as their inclinations lead them, to entertain the time till Satan return.
He passes on his journey to Hell gates, finds them shut, and who sate there to guard them, by whom at length they are open'd, and discover to him the great gulph between Hell and Heaven; with what difficulty he passes through directed by Chaos, the Power of that place, to the fight of this new world which ha fought.
Envy from each inferior ; but who here
Will envy whom the highest place expofes IGH on a throne of royal state, which far, Foremost to stand against the Thund'rer's aim
Outlhone the wealth of Ormus and of Ind, Your bulwark, and condemns to greatest Share Or where the gorgeous east with richest hand Of endless pain? where there is then no good : Show'rs on her kings barbaric pearl and gold,
For which to strive, no ftrife can grow up there Satan exalted fat, by merit rais'd
From faction; for none fure will clame in Hell To that bad eminence; and from despair
Precedence, none, whose portion is so fnall Thus high uplifted beyond hope, aspires
Of present pain, that with ambitious mind Beyond thus high, insatiate to pursue
Will cover more. With this advantage then
35 Vain war with Heav'n, and by fuccess untaught
To union, and firm faith, and firm accord, His proud imaginations thus display'd.
More than can be in Heav'n, we now return Pow'rs and Dominions, Deities of Heaven,
To clame our juft inheritance of old, For fince no deep within her gulph can hold
Surer to prosper than prosperity Immortal vigor, though oppress’d and fall'n,
Could have alfur'd us; and by what best way, 40 I give not Heav'n for loft. From this descent Whether of open war or covert guile, Celestial virtues rising, will appear
We now debate; who can advise, may speak. More glorious and more dread than from no fall, stood up, the strongest and the fierceft Spirit
He ceas'd, and next him Moloch, scepter d king, And trust themselves to fear no second fate. Me though just right, and the fix'd laws of Heav'n That fought in Heav'n, now fiercer by despair : 45 Did first create your leader, next free choice, His trust was with th' Eternal to be deemd With what befides, in council or in fight, 20 Equal in strength, and rather than be less Hath been atchiev'd of merit, yet this loss Car'd not to be at all; with that care lost Thus far at least recoverd, hath much more Went all his fear: of God, or Hell, or worfe Establish'd in a safe unenvied throne,
He reck’d'not, and these words thereafter fpake s Yielded with full consent. The happier state My sentence is for open war: of wiles, In Heav'n, which follows dignity, might draw 25 More unexpert, I boaft not: them let those
Contrive who need, or when they need, not now.
Calls us to penance? More destroy'd than thus
For while they fit contriving, shall the rest Main reason to perfuade immediate war,
Ominous conjecture on the whole fuccess:
Miftrustful, grounds his courage on despair By our delay: no, let us rather choose, 60 And utter diffolution, as the scope Arm'd with Hell fames and fury, all at once Of all his aim, after some dire revenge. O'er Heay'n's high tow'rs to force refiftless way, First, what revenge? the tow'rs of Heaven are fill'd Turning our tortures into horrid arms
With arm'd watch, that render all access 130 Against the torturer; when to meet the noise Impregnable; oft on the bord'ring deep Of his almighty engin he shall hear
65 Incamp their legions, or with obscure wing hifernal thunder, and for lightning see
Scout far and wide into the realm of night, Black fire and horror thot with equal rage Scorning surprise. Or could we break our way Among his Angels, and his throne itself
By force, and at our heels all Hell fhould rise 135 Mix'd with Tartarean sulphur, and strange fire, With blackest insurrection, to confound His own invented torments. But perhaps 70 Heav'n's purest light, yet our great enemy The way seems difficult and Iteep to scale
All incorruptible would on his throne With upright wing against a higher foe.
Sit unpolluted, and th' ethereal mould Let such bethink them, if the deepy drench Incapable of stain would soon expel
140 Of chat forgetful lake benumn not still,
Her mischief, and purge off the baser fire That in our proper motion we afcend 75 Victorious. Thus repuls’d, our final hope Upto our native seat; descent and fall
Is flat despair : we must exasperate To us is adverse. Who bat felt of late,
Th’almighty victor to spend all his rage, When the fierce foe hurg on our broken rear And that must end us, that must be our cure, 145 lofulting, and pursu'd us through the deep, To be no more ; sad cure! for who would lose, With what compulsion and laborious flight 80 Though full of pain, this intellectual being, We funk thus low? Th’ascent is easy then; Those thoughts that wander through eternity, Th' event is fear'd; should we again provoke To perifh rather, swallow'd up and lost Our stronger, some worse way his wrath may find in the wide womb of uncreated night, To our destruction; if there be in Hell
Devoid of sense and motion and who knows, Fer to be worse destroy'd: what can be worse 85 Let this be good, whether our angry foe Than to dwell here, driv'n
out from bliss, condemnú Can give it, or will ever? how he can, In this abhorred deep to utter woe;
Is doubtful; that he never will, is fure. Where pain of unextinguishable fire
Will he, so wise, let loose at once his ire, 155 Muft exercise us without hope of end
Belike through impotence, or unaware, The vafsals of his anger, when the scourge 90 To give his enemies their wish, and end Inexorably, and the torturing hour,
Them in his anger, whom his anger faves
To punith endless? Wherefore cease we then? Elhould be quite abolith'd and expire.
Say they who counsel war, we are decreed, 160 What fear we then? what doubt we to incense Reserv'd, and deftin'd to eternal woe; dis utmost ire? which to the highth enrag'd, 95 Whatever doing, what can we suffer more, vill either quite consume us, and reduce
What can we suffer worfe? Is this then worst, o nothing this effential, happier far
Thus sitting, thus confulting, thus in arms? Clan miserable to have eternal being:
What when we fled amain, pursued and struck 165 rif our substance be indeed divine,
With Heav'n's amficting thunder, and besought and cannot cease to be, we are at worst 100 The deep to shelter us? this Hell then feem'd
this fude nothing; and by proof we feel A refuge from those wounds: or when we lay ur pow'r sufficient to disturb his Heaven, Chain'd on the burning lake? that sure was worse. 22nd with perpetual inroads to alarm,
What if the breath that kindled those grim fires, Ihough inaccessible, his fatal throne:
Awak'd should blow them into sev’nfold rage, Which, if not victory, is yet revenge.
105 | And plunge us in the flames? or from above He ended frowning, and his look denounc'd Should intermitted vengeance arm again Delp'rate revenge, and battel dangerous
His red right hand to plague us? what if all Le To less than Gods. On th' other side up rose
Her stores were open'd, and this firmament 175 Belial, in act more graceful and humane ;
of Hell should spout her cataracts of fire, A fairer person loft not Heav'n; he seem'd
110 Impendent horrors, threatning hideous fall For dignity compos'd and high exploit :
One day upon our heads; while we perhaps But all was false and hollow; though his tongue Designing or exhorting glorious war, Dropt Manna, and could make the worse appear Caught in a fiery tempeft fhall be hurl'd 180 The better reason, to perplex and dath
Each on his rock transfix'd, the sport and prey
Under yon boiling ocean, wrapt in chains ;
Unrespit'd, unpitied, unreprievod,
Ages of hopeless end ? this would be worse. VOL. II.
110 War therefore, open or conceal'd, alike