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Mafur'd this transient world, the race of time, That ye may live, which will be many days,
Till time stand fix'd? beyond is all abyss, 555 Both in one faith unanimous, though sad
Eternity, whose end no eye can reach.

With cause for evils past, yet much more chear'd Grearly instructed I shall hence depart,

With meditation on the happy end.

605 Greatly in peace of thought, and have my fill He ended, and they both defcend the hill; of knowledge, what this veflel can contain; Descended, Adam to the bow'r where Eve Beyond which was my folly to aspire.

Lay sleeping ran before, but found her wak'd; Henceforth I learn, that to obey is best,

And thus with words not fad she him receiv'd. And love with fear the only God, to walk

Whence thou return's, and whither went'lt, As in his presence, ever to observe

I know ;

610 His providence, and on him fole depend,

For God is alfo' in secp, and dreams advise, Merciful over all his works, with good


Which he hath sent propitious, some great good Still overcoming evil, and by small

Presaging, fince with sorrow' and heart's distress Accomplishing great things, by things deen’d Wearied I fell asleep: but now lead on, weak

In me is no delay; with thee to go,
Subverting worldly strong, and worldly wise Is to stay here; without thee here to stay,
By simply meek; that suffering for truth's fake Is to go hence unwilling; thou to me
Is fortitude to highest victory,

570 Art all things under Heav'n, all places thou, And to the faithful death the gate of life;

Who for my wilful crinie art banish'd hence. Taught this hy his example whom I now

This further confolation yet secure

620 Acknowledge my Redeemer ever blest.

I carry hence; though all by me is lost, To whom thus also th' Angel last reply'd. Such favor I unworthy am vouchsaf'd, This having learn'd, thou hatt attain'd the fum 575 By me the promis'd Seed shall all restore. Of wisdom; hope po high'er, though all the stars So fpake our mother Eve, and Adam heard 624 Thou knew'st by name, and all th' ethereal Well pleas'd, but answer'd not; for now too nigh pow'rs,

Th’Arch-Angel stood, and from the other hill All secrets of the deep, all Nature's works, To their fix'd Itation, all in bright array Or works of God in Heav'n, air, earth, or sca, The Cherubim descended; on the ground And all the riches of this world enjoy'dit, 580 Gliding meteorous, as evening mist And all the rule, one empire; only add

Ris'n from a river o'er the marish glides, 630 Deeds to thy knowledge answerable, add faith, And gathers ground fast at the lab'rer’s heel Add virtue, patience, temperance, add love, Home ward returning. High in front advanc'd By name to come call'd charity, the soul

The branduh'd sword of God before them blaz'd Of all the rest : then wilt thou not be loath 585 Fierce as a comet; which with torrid heat, To leave this Paradise, but falt poffess

And vapor as the Libyan air adult, A Paradise within thee, happier far.

Began to parch that temp’rate clime; whereat Let us descend now therefore from this top In either hand the haft’ning Angel caught Of speculation ; for the hour precise

Our ling’ring parents, and to the eastern gate Exađs our parting hence; and see the guards, Led them direct, and down the cliff as fast By me incamp'd on yonder hill, expect 591 To the subjected plain; then dilappear’d. 640 Their motion, at whose front a flaming sword, They looking back, all th'eastern fide beheld In signal of remove, waves fiercely round; of Paradise, so late their happy feat, We may no longer stay: go, waken Eve;

Wav'd over by that flaning brand, the gate Her also I with gentle dreams have calm’d 595

With dreadful faces throng'd and fiery arms: Portending good, and all her fpi'rits compos'd Some natural tears they dropt, but wip'd them To mcek submission : chou at season fit

645 Let her with thee partake what thou hast heard, The world was all before them, where to choose Chiefly what may concern her faith to know, Their place of reit, and Providence their guide : The great deliverance by her feed to come 600 They hand in hand, with wand'ring steps and slow, (For by the Woman's feed) on all mankind: Through Eden took their solitary way.







WHO ere while the happy garden fung, To council fummons all his mighty peers,

By one man's disobedience loit, now fing Within thick clouds and dark ten-fold involu'd, Recover'd Paradise to all mankind,

A gloomy conlistory; and th-m amidst By one man's firm obedience fully try'd

With looks aghalt and fad he thus bespake. Through all temptation, and the tempter foil'd s O ancient Pow'rs of air and this wide world, In all his wilcs, defeated and repuls'd,

For much more willingly I mention air, And Eden rais'd in the waite wilderness.

This our old conquest, than remember Hell, Thou Spi'rit who ledit this glorious eremite Our hated habitation; well ye know Into the desert, his victorious field,

How many ages, as the years of men, Against the spiritual foe, and brought'st bim This universe

we have possess'd, and rul'd thence

In manner at our will th' affairs of earth, By proof th' undoubted Son of God, inspire, Since Adam and his facil confort Eve As thou art wont, my prompted long elle mute, Loft Paradise deceiv'd by me, though since And bear through highth or depth of nature's With dread attending when that fatal wound bounds

Shall be inflicted by the seed of Eve With profp'rous wing full summ’d, to tell of deeds Upon my head : long the decrces of Heaven 55 Above heroic, though in secret done,

15 Delay, for longest time to him is short; And unrecorded left through many an age, And now too soon for us the circling hours Worthy t' have not remain’d so long unfung. This dreaded time have compass'd, wherein we

Now had the great Proclamer, with a voice Mult bide the stroke of that long threaten'd More awful than the sound of trumpet, cry'd

wound, Repentance, and Heav'n's kingdom nigh at hand At least if so we can, and by th-head 60 To all baptis'd: to his great baptism flock'd Broken be not intended all our power With awe the regions round, and with them came To be infring'd, our freedom and our being, From Nazareth the son of Joseph deem'd

In this fair empire won of earth and air; To the flood Jordan, came as then obscure, For this ill news l bring, the woman's feed Unmark’d, unknown; but him the Baptist foon Destin'd to this, is late of woman born. Defcry'd, divinely warn'd, and witness bore 26 His birth to our just fear gave no small cause, As to his worthier, and would have resign'd But his growth now to youth's full flow'r, dilTo him his heav’nly office, nor was long

playing His witness unconfirm'd : on him baptis'd All virtue, grace, and wisdom to achieve Heav'n open'd, and in likeness of a dove 30 Things highest, greatest, multiplies my fear. The Spi'rit descended, while the Father's voice Before him a great prophet, to proclame 70 From Heav'n pronounced him his beloved Son. His coming, is sent harbinger, who all 'That heard the Adversary, who, roving till Invites, and in the consecrated stream About the world, at that assembly fam’d

Pretends to wash off fin, and fit them so Would not be last, and with the voice divine 35 Purified to receive him pure, or rather Nigh thunder-itruck, th' exalted man, to whom To do him honor as their king; all come, Such high attest was giv’n, a while survey'd And he himself among them was baptis'd, With wonder, then with envy fraught and rage Not thence to be more pure, but to receive Flies to his place, nor rests, but in mid air The testimony' of Heav'n, that who he is





Thenceforth the nations may not doubt ; I saw And high prediction, henceforth I expose
The prophet do him reverence, on him rising 80 To Satan ; let him tempt and now affay
Out of the water, Heav'n above the clouds His utmost subtlety, because he boafts
Unfold her crystal doors, thence on his head And vaunts of his great cunning to the throng
A perfect dove descend, whate'er it meant, Of his apoftasy; he might have learnt
And out of Heav'n the sov'ran voice I heard, Lefs overweening, fince he fail'd in Job,
This is my Son belov'd, in him am pleas’d. 85 Whuse constant perseverance overcame
His mother then is mortal, bat his fire

Whate'er his cruel malice could invent.
He who obtains the monarchy of Heaven, He now shall know I can produce a man 150
And what will he not do to' advance his Son? Of female feed, far abler to relist
His first-begot we know, and sore have felt, All his solicitations, and at length
When his fierce thunder drove us to the deep; 90 All his valt force, and drive him back to Hell,
Who this is we must learn, for man he seems Winning by conqueft what the first man loft
In all his lineaments, though in his face

By fallacy surpris'd. But first I mean ISS The glimpses of his Father's glory shine.

To exercise him in the wilderness, Ye see our danger on the utmost edge

There he shall first lay down the rudiments Of hazard, which admits no long debate, Of his great warfare, ere I send him forth But must with something sudden be oppos'd, To conquer Sin and Death, the two grand foes, Not force, but well-couch'd fraud, well-woven By humiliation and strong sufferance : 160 snares,

His weakness shall o'ercome Satanic strength, Ere in the head of nations he appear

And all the world, and mass of finful flesh;
Their king, their leader, and supremc on earth. That all the Angels and ethereal Powers,
I, when no other durft, sole undertook

They now, and men hereafter may discern,
The dismal expedition to find out

From what consummate virtue I have chose 165 And ruin Adam, and th' exploit perform'd This perfect man, by merit call'd my Son, Successfully; a calmer voyage now

To earn falvation for the sons of men. Will wast me; and the way found prosp'rous once So spake th' eternal Father; and all Heaven Induces best to hope of like success.

105 Admiring stood a space, then into hymns He ended, and his words impression left

Burst forth, and in celellial measures mov'd, 170 of much amazement to th' infernal crew, Circling the throne and singing, while the hand Distracted and surpris'd with deep dismay

Sung with the voice, and this the argument. At these sad tidings; but no time was then

Victory and triumph to the Son of God For long indulgence to their fears or grief :

Now entring his great duel, not of arrus, Unanimous they all commit the care

But to vanquish by wisdom hellish wiles, And management of this main enterprize

The Father knows the Son; therefore secure To him their great dictator, whose attempt

Ventures his filial virtue, though untry'd, At first againsi mankind so well had thriv’d Against whate'er may tcmpt, whate'er seduce, In Adam's overthrow, and led their march IIS Allure, or rerrify, or undermine. From Hell's deep-vaulted den to dwell in light, Be fruftrate all ye stratagems of Hell, Regents and potentates, and kings, yea Gods And devilish machinations come to nought. Oí many a pleasant realm and province wide. So they in Heav'n their odus and vigils tun'd: So to the coast of Jordan he directs

Mean while the Son of God, who yet fome days His easy steps, girded with snaky wiles,

Lody'd in Be: habara where John bapriz'd, Where he might likeliest find chis new-declar'd, Mufing and much revolving in bis breat, 185 This man of men, attested Son of God,

How best che mighty work he might begin Temptation and all guile on him to try;

Of Saviour in mankind, and which way first So to fuhvert whom he suspected rais'd

Publish his God-like office now mature, To end his reign on earth so long enjoy'd : 125 One day walı'd forth alone, the Spirit leading, Bat contrary unweeting he fulhli'd

And his deep thoughts, the better to converte 190 The purpos'd counsel pre-ordain'd and fix'd With solitude, til far froin track of men, Of the most High, who in full frequence brigne Thought following thought, and step by step led on, Of Angels, thus to Gabriel smiling Ipake.

He enter'd now the bord'ring defert wild, Gabriel, this day by proof thou shalt behold, And with dark shades and rocks environ'd round, Thou and all Angels conversant on earth 131 His holy meditations thus pursu'd.

195 With mar or mens affairs, how I begin

O what a multitude of thoughts at once To verify that folemn mesage late,

Awaken'd in me fwarm, while I consider On which I sent thee to the Virgin pure

What from within 1 feel myself, and hear In Galilee, that the should bear a son 135

What from without comes often to my ears, Great in renowa, and call'd the Son of God; Ill sorting with my present state compar'd! 200 Then toldî her doubting how these things could be When I was yet a child, no childish play To her a virgin, that on her should come To me was pleasing; all my mind was fet The Holy Ghost, and the pow'r of the Highest Serions to learn and know, and thence to do O'er-shadow her: this man born and now up What might be public good; myself I thought

140 Born to chat end, born to promote all truth, 205 To show him worthy of his birth divine

All rightcous things: therefore above my years,

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The law of God I read, and found it sweet,

Before Messiah and his way prepare. Made it my whole delight, and in it grew l as all others to his baptism came, To fuch perfection, that ere yet my age

Which I believ'd was from above; but he Had measurid twice fix years, at our great seast Strait knew me, and with loudest voice proclam'd I went into the temple, there to hear

Me him (for it was shown him so from Heaven) The teachers of our law, and to propose

Me him whose harbinger he was; and first
What might improve my knowledge, or their own; Refus’d on me his baptism to conser,
And was admir'd by all : yet this not all

As much his greater, and was hardly won :
To which my spi'rit aspir’d; victorious deeds 215 But as I rose out of die laving stream, 280
Flam'd in my heart, heroic acts, one while Heav'n open'd her cternal doors, from whence
'To rescue Israel from the Romau yoke,

The Spi'rit descended on me like a dove, Then to subdue and quell o'er all the carth And last, the sum of all, my Father's voice, Brute violence and proud tyrannic power, Audibly heard from Heav'n, pronounc'd me his

, Till truth were freed, and equity restor'd :

Me his beloved Son, in whom alone Yet held it more humane, niore heav'nly first He was well pleas'd; by which I knew the time By winning words to conquer willing hearts, Now full, that I no more should live obscure, And make persuasion do the work of fear; But openly begin, as best becomes As least to try, and teach the erring soul

Th' authority which I deriv'd from Heaven. Not wilfully mis-doing, but unware 225 And now by some strong motion I am led 290 Mified; the stubborn only to subdu.

Into this wilderness, to what intent
These growing thoughts my mothersoon perceiving I learn not yet, perhaps I need not know;
By words at tinies cast forth iniy rejoic'd,

For what concerns my knowledge God reveals

. Add said to me apart, High are thy thoughts So spake our Morning star then in his rise, O Son, but nourish them and let them foar

230 And looking round on every fide beheld 295 To what highth sacred virtue and true worth A pathless defert, dusk with horrid shades; Can raise them, though above example high; The way he came not having mark’d, return By matchless deeds express thy niatchless Sire. Was difficult, by human steps untrod; För know, thou art no son of mortal man; And he still on was led, but with such thoughts Though men efteem thee low of parentage, 235 Accompanied of things past and to come 300 Thy father is th' eternal King who rules

Lodg'd in his brcait, as well might recommend All Heav'n and Earth, Angeis and Sons of mon; Such folitudc before choices society. A messenger from God forctold thy birth

Full forty days he pas’d, whether on hill
Conceiv'd in me a virgin, hc feretold

Sometimes, anon in Ahady vale, cach night
Thou fhouldit be great, and hit on David's throne, Under the covert of some ancient oak,
And of thy kingdom there should be no end. 241 Or cedar, to defend him from the dew,
At thy nativity a glorinus quire

Or harbour'd in lone cave, is not reveal'd;
Of Angels in the fields of Bethleheri sung Nor rafted human food, nor hunger felt
To thepherds watching at their olds by oight, Till those days ended, hunger'd then at lat
And told them the Mofiah now was born

Among wild beasts: they at his light grew mild,
Where they might see him, and to thee they came, Nor sleeping him nor waking hurm'd, his walk 311
Directed to the manger where thou lay'it, The fiery ferpent fied, and noxious worm,
For in the inn was left no better room :

The lion and fierce tiger glar'd aloof. A star, not seen before, in Heav'n appearing But anw an aged man in rural weeds, Guided the wise men thither from the east, 250 Following, as feem'd, the quest of some Aray To hooor thee with incense, myrrh, and gold,

315 By whole bright course led on they found the place, Or wither'd sticks to gather, which might serre Affirming it thy star new grav'n in Heaven, Againit a winter's day when winds bluw keen, By which they knew the king of Israel born. To warm him wet return'd from field at eve, Jult Simeon and prophetic Anna, warn'd 255 He saw approach, who first with curious eye 119 By vision, found thee in the temple', and spake Perus’d him, then with words thus utter'd spake. Before the altar and the vested priest,

Sir, what ill chance hath brought thce to this Like things of thee to all that present stood,

place This having heard, ftrait I again revolv'd

So far from path or road of men, who pass The law and prophets, searching what was writ In troop or caravan? for fingle none Concerning the Melliah, to our scribes 261

Durst ever, who return'd, and dropt not here Known partly, and soon found of when they fpake His carcass, pin'd with hunger and with drostb I am; this chiefly, that my way must lie

I ask the rather, and the more admire, Through many a hard assay ev'n to the death, For that to me thou feem'ft the man, whom late Ere I the promis'd kingdom can attain, 265 Our new baptizing Prophet at the ford Or work redemption for mankind, whose fins

Of Jordan honor'd so, and call’d thee Son Full weight must be transferr'd upon my head. Of God; I saw and heard, for we fomictimes 330 Yet neither thus dishearten'd or dismay'd, Who dwell this wild, constrain'd by want, come The time prefix'd I waited, when behold

forth The Baptist (of whose birth I oft had heard, 270 To town or village nigh (nighest is far) Not knew by light) now comc, who was to come Where ought we hear, and curious are to hear,




What happens new; fame also finds us out. Whereby they may direct their future life, To who.n the Son of God. Who brought me Envy they fay excites me, thus to gain hither,

335 Companions of my misery and woe. Will bring me hence; no other guide I seek. At first it may be; but long since with woc By miracle he may, reply'd the swain,

Nearer acquainted, now I feel by proof, 400 What other way I see not, for we here

That fellowship in pain divides not smart, Live on tough roots and stubs, tu thirst inur'd Nor lightens ought each man's peculiar load. More than the camel, and to drink go far, 340

Small consolation then, were man adjoin'd: Men ta much misery and hardship born;

This wounds me moft (what can it lcss?) that But if thou be the Son of God, command

man, That out of these hard stones be made thee bread, Man fall’n shall be restor'd, I never mofc.

405 So fhalt thou save thyself and us relieve

To whom our Saviour sternly thus reply'd. With food, whereof we wretched seldom taste. 345 Deservedly thou griev'ft, compos'd of lies

He ended, and the Son of God reply'd. From the beginning, and in lies wilt end;
Think'it thou fuch force in bread ? is it not written Who boast'le relcafe from Hell, and leave to come
(For I discern thee other than thou sceni'lt) Into the Heav'n of Heav'ns : thou com'lt indeed,
Man lives not by bread only, but each word As a poor miserable captive thrall

411 Proceeding from the mouth of God, who fed 350 Comes to the place where he before had fat Our fathers here with Manna? in the mount Among the prime in fplendor, now depos'd, Moses was forty days, nor cat nor drank; Ejected, emptied, gaz'd, unpiticd, thunn'd, and forty days Elijah without food

A spectacle of ruin or of scorn

415 Wander'd this barren waste; the fame I now: To all the host of Heav'r. : the happy place Why dost thou then suggest to me diftruit, 355

Imparts to thee no happir.ess, no joy, Knowing who I am, as I know who thou art? Rather infiames thy torment, representing Whom thus answer'd ch' Arci-Fénd now un Lost bliss, to thee no more communicable, difgruis'd.

So never more in Hell than when in Heaven. 420 'Tis true, I am that Spirit unfortunate,

But thou art serviceable to Heav'n's King. Who leagu'd with millions more in rash revolt Wilt thou impute to' obedience what thy fear Kept not my happy station, but was driven 360 Extorts, or pleasure to do ill excites ? With them from bliss to the bottoniless deep, What but thy malice mov'd thee to misdeem Yet to that hideous place not to confin'd

Of righteous Job, then cruelly to afflict him 425 By rigor unconniving, but that oft

With all inflictions ? but his patience wan. Leaving my dolorvus prison I enjoy

The other service was thy chosen task, Large liberty to round this globe of earth, 365 | To be a liar in four hundred mouths; Or range in th' air, nor from the Heav'n of For lying is thy fuftenance, thy food. Heavens

Yet thou pretend'st to truth; all oracles Hath he excluded my resort sometimes.

By thee are giv'n, and what confess'd more true I came among the sons of God, when he Among the nations ? that hath been thy craft, Gave up into my hands Uzzean Job

By mixing somewhat true to vent more lies. To prove him, and illustrate his high worth; 370 But what have been thy answers, what but dark, And when to all his Angels he propos'd

Ambiguous, and with double sense deluding, 435 To draw the proud king Ahab into fraud Which they who ask'd have seldom understood, That he might fall in Ramoth, they demurring, And not well understood as good not known? I undertook that office, and the tongues

Who ever by consulting at thy shrine Of all his flattering prophets glibb’d with lies Return'd the wiser, or the more instruct To his destruction, as I had in charge, 376 | To fly or follow what concern'd him most, 440 For what he bids 1 do: though I have lost And run not sconer to his fatal snare? Much lustre of my native brightness, loft For Cod hath justly giv’n the nations up To be belov'd of God, I have not lost

To thy delusions; justly, since they fell To love, at least contemplate and admire 380 Idolatrous; but when his purpose is What I see excellent in good, or fair,

Among them to declare his providence 445 Or virtuous, I should fo have loit all senso. To thee not known, whence hast thou then thy What can be then less in me than deare

truth, To see thee and approach thee, whom I know But from hini or his Angels president Declar'd the Son of God, to hear attent 385 In every province? who themselves disdaining Thy wisdom, and behold thy Godlike deeds ? T'approach thy temples, give thee in command Men generally think me much a foe

What to the smallest tittle thou shalt say 450 To all mankind : why should I ? they to me To thy adorers; thou with trembling fear, Never did wrong or violence : by them

Or like a fawnilig parafite, obey'st; I loft not what I lost, rather by them

390 Then to thyself afcrib'lt the truth foretold. gain'd what I have gain'd, and with them dwell But this thy glory shall be foon retrench'd;. Copartner in these regions of the world,

No more fhalt thou by oracling abuse

455 If not disposer ; lend them oft my aid,

The Gentiles; henceforth oracles are ceas'd, Oft my advice by presages and signs,

And thou no more with pomp and facrifice And answers, oracles, portepts, and dreams, 395 Shalt be inquir'd at Delphos or elsewhere,

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