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The itch of picture in the front,
With bays and wicked rhyme upon 't,
All that is leito' th’ Forked hill
To make men scrabhle without kill;

Canit make a Poet spite of Fate, mu And teach all people to tianflate,

Though out of 1 nguages in which

Ther understand no part of speech; # Aliit nie but this once, I niploie,

And I thall trouble thee no more.

In western crime there is a town,
3. To thote that duell therein well known,

Therefore there nces no more be said hcre,
We unto them icfer our reader;
For brevity is very good,
When w'

are, or are not u derstood.
To this tow a people did repair
On days of market or of fair,
And to crack 'd fiddle and hoarse tabor,
lo merriment did drudge and labour:
But now a sport more fornudable
Had rak'd together village rabble;
Twas an old way of recreating,
Which learned butchers call Bear-baiting;
A hold adventurous exercise,
With ancient herres in high prize ;
For authors do affirm it came
from Isthmian or Nemzan g..me;
Others derive it from the Bear
Thae 's fix'd in northern hemisphere,
And round about the pole does make
A circle, like a bear at stake,
That 20 the chain's end wheels about,
And overturns the rabble-rout:
for afer folemn proclamation
h the bear's nanie (as is the fashion

655 | According to the law of arms,

To keep men from inglorious harms)
That none pefunies to come io near
As forty tout of itake of hear,
If any yet be for fool-hardy,

695 660 T. ex ole themielves to vain jeopardy,

If they come wounded off, and lame,
No honour'sgt by such a maim,
Although he bear gain mucha' being bound,
In honour to make good his ground

700
When he's engag'd, and takes no notice,
It any press upon him, who 'tis,
But lets then know, at their own cost,
That he intends to keep his post.
This to prevent, anu o her harms,

705 670

Which always wait on feats of arms
(For in the hurry of a fray
I is hard to keep out of harm's way);
Tother the Knight his course did iteer,
To keep the peace 'rwist Dog and Bear, 710
As he believ'd h'was bound to do
In conscience and con million too;
And therefore thus bespoke the Squire :

We that are witely mounted higher
Than contables in curule wit,

715 680 When un tribunal bench we fit,

Like fpecislators should furcsee,
Fron. Pharos of authority,
Portendeu mischiefs farther han
Low Picletarian tything-rien:

720 685 And therefore being inforin'd by bruit

That Dog and Bear are to dispute,
For to oi late men fighting name,
Because they often prove the same;

(For where the first does hap to be,
690 The last does coincilere)

675

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lere:

Ver. 665.] Brentford, which is eight miles near him by forty foot, any way to hinder the rest from London is here probably meant, as “ mistres, but to attend his or their own fafety,

hay he gathered from Part II. Cant. iii. Ver. 995, every one at his peril." See Dr. Plot's Stafford246where he tells the Knight what befel hin Shire.

Ver. 714.] This speech is set down, as it was And though you overcame the Bear, del.vered by the Kniglit in his own words: but The dogs beat you at Brentford fair,

fince it is below the gravity of Hervical poetry to Where sturdy butchers broke your noudle. admit of humour, but all men are obliged to ipeak

wisely alike, and 100 much of fo extravagant a Ver. 678.] This game is ushered into the Poemfolly would become tedious and impertinent, the ith more folemnity than chofe celebrated ones rest of his harangues havc only his ierile exprered Homer and Virgil. As the Poem is only adorn in otiier words, unlets in some few places, where with this game, and the Riding Skimming.o., his own words could not be so well avoidei. it was incumbent on the Post to he very parti. ilar and full in the description : and may we not

Ver. 713.) Had that remarkable motion in the inture to aitirni, they are exactly suitable to

No ise of Commons tiken place, the Contavles e nature of these adventures, and, confequenit might have vied with Sir Hildibras for an ga ality to a Briton, preferable to those in Homer or

at least; “ That it was neceis ry for the liqu e of irgil?

“ Commons to have a high Constable of their

that will make no serraple of laying his Ver. 689, 690.1 Alluding to the bull-running " Majesty by the heels ;” but they proceeded not : Tutbury in Staffordshire; where folemn pro- fo far as to naine any body; because Harry Maramation was made by the Steward before the tyn (out of tenderness of conscience in this partiull was turned loose ; . That all manner of per- cular) immediaiely quaihed the motion, by laya fons give way to the bull, none being to come ing, the power was fou great for any man.

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Quantum in nobis, have thought good

Unless by providential wit, To save th' expence of Christian blood,

Or force, we averruncate it. And try if we bv mediation

For what design, what interest, Of treaty and accommodation,

730 Can beast have to encounter healt? Can end the quarrel, and compose

They fight for uo espoused Cause, The bloody duel without blows.

Frail Privilege, fundamental Laws, Are not our liberties, our lives,

Nor for a thorough Reformation, The lau's, religion, and our wives,

Nor Covenant nor Protestation,

als Enough at once to lie at stake

735 | Nor liberty of Consciences, For Covenant and the Cause's fake?

Nor Lords and Commons' Ordinances ; or'] But in that quarrel Dogs and Bears,

Nor for the Church, nor for Church-lands, As well as we, muít venture theirs?

To get them in their own no hands; This feud, by Jesuits invented ;

Nor evil Counsellors to bring By evil counsel is fomented ;

740 To justice, that reduce the King; There is a Machiavilian plot,

Nor for the worship of us men, (Though every nare olfact it not)

Though we have done as much for them. And deep design in 't to divide

Tl.' Egyptians worship'd dogs, and for The well-affected that confide,

Their faith made internecine war. By setting brother against brother,

745 Others ador'd a rat, and some To claw and curry one another.

For that church suffer'd martyrdom. Have we not enemies plus fatis,

The Indians fought for the truth That cane & angue fejus hate us

Of th' elephant and monkey's tooth : And fhall we turn our fangs and claws

And many, to defend that faith, Upon our own selv. s without cause?

750 Fought it out mordicus to death; Tltat fore occult design doch lie

But no beast ever was fo fight, In blooly Cynarctomachiy,

For man, as for his God, to flight.

34 Is plain enough to him that knows

They have more wit, alas! and know 250 How Saints lead Brothers by the nose.

Themselves and us better than so: I wish my self a p'eudo-prophet,

755 But we, who only do infuse But sure some miichier will come of it,

The rage in them like boute-feus,
'Tis our example that infils

In them th' infection of our ills.
Ver. 736.] This was the Solemn League and

For, as some late philosophers

Have well observ'd, beasts that converse Covenant, which was first franied and taken by the Scottish Parliament, and by them sent to the

With man take after him, as hows Parliament of England, in order to unite the

Get pigs all th' year, and bitches dogs. two nations more closely in religion. It was re

Just so, by our example, cattle ceived and taken by both Houses, and by the

Learn to give one another battle. City of London ; and ordered to be read in all

We read in Nero's time the Heathen, the churches throughout the kingdom ; and every

When they destroy'd the Christian brethrea, person was bound to give his content, by holding They lewd them in the skins of bears, up his hand, at the reading of it.

And then set dogs about their ears; Ibid.--and Cause's fake ] Sir William Dugdale in

From whence, no doubt, th' invention came forms us that Mr. Bond, preaching at the Savoy,

of this lawd antichriftian game. told his auditors from the pulpit, “ That they

To this, quoth Ralpho, Verily “ o'ght to contribute and pray, and do all they

The point seems very plain to me; “ were able, to bring in their brethren of Scot“ land for settling of God's cause: I lay (quoth “ he) this is God's caufe ; and is our God hath

Ver. 765.) Nor for free Liberty of Concert “ any cause, this is it; and if this is not God's

Thus the two first editions read: the word “ caule, then God is no god for me ; but the

was left out in 1674, and all the subsequent “ Devil is got up into heaven.' Mr. Calamy, in tions; and Mr. Warburton thinks for the en his speech at Guildhall

, 1643, savs," I may truly free liber:y being a most beautiful and satirica! “ sav, as the Martyr did, that if I had as many “ lives as hairs on my head, I would be willing | Author here intended to give us.

phrasis for licentiousness, which is the idea " to sacrifice all these lives in this cause;"

Ver. 766.) The King heing driven from Which pluck'd down the King, the Church, and

Parliament, no legal acts of Parliament com the ass,

made; therefore when the Lords and Core To set up ån Idol, then nick-nam’d The Cause, had agreed upon any bill, they published *, Like Belland Dragon to gorge their own maw's; required obedience to it, under the title ct

Ordinance of Lords and Commons, and ico as it is expreiled in “ The Rump Carbonaded.” times, An Ordinance of Parliament.

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889

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b antichristian game,

For what can fynods have at all,
Hul both in thing and name.

With Bear that 's analogical ? eft,

for the name; the word Bear-baiting 805 Or what religion has dehating thez?? hal , and of man's creating;

Of Church affairs with Bear-bcating? Cohen Ertainly there 's no such word

A just comparison till is !Ls3, the Scripture on record;

Of things ejusdem generis : mitan, fore unlawful, and a sin;

And then what genus rightly doth Fiat, bis (secondly) The thing : 810 Include and comprehend them both?

860 e assembly 'tis, that can

If animal, both of us may Ording we gore be prov'd by Scripture, than

As justly pass for bears as they; =: Cizincial, Claific, National,

For we are animals no less; hanss; buman creature-cobwebs all.

Although of different specieses. ly, it is idolatrous;

815 | But Ralpho, this is not fit place, King; shen men run a-whoring thus

Nor time, to argue out the case: their inventions, whatioe'er

For now the field is not far off, much fastbing be, whether Dog or Bear,

Where we must give the world a proof di ass holatrous and Pagan,

Of deeds, not words, and such as suit €92. nis than worshiping of Dagon.

820 Another manner of difpute : poth Hudibras, I smell a rat;

A controversy that affords ordet ho, thou dost prevaricate :

Actions for arguments, not words; Erat though the thesis which thou lay'st

Which we must manage at a rate stod fue ad amusim, as thou sav'st;

Of prowess and conduct adequate faith that bear-baiting should appear

825

To what our place and fame doth promise, 875 devine lawfuller

And all the godly expect from us.
Synods are, thou dost deny

Nor shall they be deceiv’d, unless
e urbis, fo do I)

We're Nuri'd and outed by success; and but there 's a fallacy in this;

Succe's, the mark no mortal wit, Cache: i by fly bomaofis,

30 Or jureit hand, can always hit: pro crepitu, an art

For whatsoe'er we perpetrate, ler a cough to nuraf-t,

We do but row, w' are steer'd by Fate,
wouldît sophistically imply

Which in success oft disinherits,
I are unlawful, I deny.

For sparious causes, noblett mcrits.
Ad I, quoth Ralpho, do not doubt

Great actions are not always true fons Bear-baiting may be made out,

Of great and mighty resolutions; pipel-times, as lawful as is

Nor do the bold'st attempts bring forth Fincial or Parochial Claifis;

Events Itill equal to their worth; Ithat both are fo near a kin,

But sometimes fail, and in their stead like in all, as well as sin, 840 Fortune and cowardice succeedo

890 put them in a bag, and shake them, Yet we have no great cause to doubt, arielf o'th' ludden would mistake them,

Our actions still have borne us out; d not know which is which, unless

Which though they 're known to be lo ample, I measurc by their wickedness;

We need not copy from example; P'tis not hard t'imagine whether

We're not the only person darīt the two is worit, though I name neither. At-empt this province, nor the first. quoth Hudibras, Thou offer'st much,

In no thern cline a valourous knight lart not able to keep touch.

Did whilom kill his Bear in fight, ra de lente, as 'tis i’ th' adage,

And wound 2 Fiddler: we hav: both *, to make a leek a cabbage;

Of these the objects of our wroth, ou wilt at best but fuck a bull,

And equal fame and glory from fhear swine, all cry, and no wool ;

Th' attempt, or victory to come.
'Tis sung there is a valiant Mamaluke,
In foreign land yclep'd

;
Ver. 831, 832.) These two lines left out in the
tions 1674, 1684, 1639, 1700, and reftored

Ver. 860. Include, &c.] In the two first editions Ver. 851.) This and the following line thus al- of 1063,

Comprehend them inclufive both.
Thou canst at best but overstrain

Ver. 862.) As likely, in the two fi :st editions.
A paridox, and thy own brain.

Ver.904.] The writers of the Gomiral iliinisal Has they continued in the editions 1684, 1639, Dictionary, vol. vi, p. 291, imagire. 6 hatte 70. Reforcd in 1704, in the following blun

" chal, here is to be filled with the Ivord: Sim

- Samuci Luke, because the line before it is often Thou 'l be at best but such a bull, &c.

< f;jlables, and the measure of the vera geres ad the blunder continued in all the editions till

" rally used in this poem is of eigit.”

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895

845

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red 1674,

ering manner,

H. Gray's.

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To whom we have been oft compar'd 905 They never care how many others
For person, parts, address, and beard;

They kill, without regard of molbers, both equally reputed Itout,

Or wives, or children, so they can And in the same cause both have fought;

Make up some fierce, dead-doing man, Ile oti in such attempts as these

Compos'd of many ingredient valours, Came off with glory and success.

910) it like the manhood of nine tailors; Nor will we fail in th' execution ;

Šo a wild Tartar, when he spies For want of equal resolution,

A man that's handsome, valiant, wise, Honour is like a widow, won

If he can kill him, thmks tinderit

15 With brisk attempt and putting on ;

His wit, his beauty, and his spirit: Wiih entering manfully, and uiging;

913

As if juft so much he enjoy'd, Not flow approaches, like a virgin.

As in another is destroy'd: This faid, as erft the Phiygian knight,

For when a giant 's nain in fight, So our's, with rusty teei did imite

And mow'd o'erthwait, or cleft downright, His Trojan horse, and just as much

It is a heavy case, no doubt, lie mended pace upon the touch ;

920

A nian should have his brains beat out, But from his empty stomach groan'd

Becanse he 's tall, and has large bones Just as that hollow beait did sound,

As men kill beavers for their stones. And 2015 ry answer'd from behind,

But as for our part, we shall tell With blandith'd tail and blaft of wind.

The naked truth of what befel, So llave I feen, with armed heel,

925

And as an equal friend to both A wight bestride a Common-weal,

The Knight and Bear, but more to Troth, While still, the more he kick'i and spurr'd,

With neither faction thall take part,
The less the fullen jade has stir'd.

But give to each his due defert,
And never coin a formal lye on it,
To make the knight o'ercome the giant.
This b’ing profeft, we've hopes enqugh,

And now go on where we left off.
H U DIBRA S.

They rode, but authors having not
Determin'd whether pace or trot,

(That is to say, whether tollutation,
PART I. CANTO II.

As they do term 't, or succussation)
We leave it, and go on, as now

Suppose they did, no matter how ;
THE ARGUMENT,

Yet lume, from subtle lunts, have got
Mysterious light it was a trot :

But let that pass; they now begun
The catalogue anıl character

To spur their living engines on : Of il' enemies bef? men of war,

For as whipp'd tops and bandy d balls, Whom, in a bold harangue, the Knight

The learned hold, are animals;

So horses they affirm to be
Defies, and challenges to fight :

Mere engines made by Geometry,
H' encounters Talgal, routs the Bear, And were invented fift from engines,
And takes the Fildler prisoner,

As Indian Britains were from Penguins.

So let them be, as I was saying, Conveys him to inchanted castle,

They their live engines ply'd, not staying There puts bim fajl in wooden Bajlile. Until they reach'd the fatal champain

Which th' enemy did thien encamp on ; HERE was an ancierit fago philosoplier The dire Pharfalian Plain, where battle That had read Alexander Koss over,

W3s to be wag'd 'tu ixt puissant cattie And swore the world, as he could prove,

And fierce auxiliary men, Was made of fighting and of love.

That came to aid their brethren; Jul! so Romances are, for what else

Who now began to take the field,

5 Is in them all but love and hatties?

As Knight from ridge of steed beheld. O'th'firit of thcse w' have no great matter

For as our modern wits behold, To treat of, but a world o' the latter,

Mounted a pick-back on the old, In which to do the injur'd right,

Much further off, much further he, We mean in what concerns just fight,

Rais'd on his aged least, could see; Ceries our authors are to blame,

Yet not fufficient to descry
For to make fome well-lounding-namę

All postures of the enemy :
A piltern fit for modern knights
To copy ont in frays and fights
(Like those that a whole ftreet do raze

Ver, 74. Rais'd on, &c.] From of, in the two Io build a palace in the place)

first editions of 1663.

T

10

1 20

125

130

Wherefore he bids the Squire ride further, Instead of trumpet and of drum,
T'observe their numbers and their order,

That makes the warrior's stomach come,
That when their motions he had known,

White noise whets valvur fharp, like beer He might know how to fit his own. 80 By thunder turn'd to vinegar ;

110 Meanwhile he stopp'd his willing steed,

(For if a trumpet found, or drum beat, To fit himielf for martial deed:

Who has not a month's mind to combat ?) Bo'h kinds of metal he prepar'd,

A squeaking engine he apply'd Either to give blows or to ward ;

Unto his neck, on north-east side, Courage and steel, both of great force, 85 Jutt where the hangman does dispose, 115 Prepar'd for better or for worse.

To special friends, the knot of noole : His death-charg'd pistols he did fit well,

For 'tis great grace, when statesinen straight
Drawn out from life-preserving vitrie.

Dispatch a friend, let others wait.
Thele being prini'd, with force he labour'd His warpeil ear hung o'er the strings,
To free 's sword from retentive scabbard ; 90

Which was but foute to chitterlings :
And after many a painful pluck,

For guts, some write, ere they are sodden, From rusty durance he bail'd tuck:

re fit for music or for pudden; Then shook himself, to see that prowess

From whence men borrow every kind In ícabbard of his arms fat looie ;

Of winstrelly by string or wind. And, rais'd upon his desperate foot,

95

His grisly beard was long and thick, On itirrup-side he gaz'd about,

With which he string his fiddle-ítick ; Portending blood, like blazing star,

For he to horse tail scorn'd to one The beacon of approaching war.

For what on his own chin did grow, Ralpho rode on with no less speed

Chiron, the four-legg'd bard, had both Than Hugo in the foreft did;

100

A beard and tail of his own growth; But far more in returning made ;

And yet by authors 'tis averr'd, For now the foe he had survey'd,

He made use only of his beard. Rang'd, as to him they did appear,

In Staffordshire, where virtuous worth With van, main-battle, wings, and rear.

Does raise the minsiclíy, no birth, P'th' head of all this warlike rabble, 105

Where l ulls do chuse the boldest king 135 Crowdero march'u, expert and able,

And ruler o'er the men of string
(As once in Persia, 'tis fai!,
King's were proclaim'd by a horse that neigh'd),

He, bravely ventui ing at a crown,
Ver. 85, 86.] Thus altered, 1674,

By chance of war was beaten down,

149 And wounded forc: his leg then broke, Courage within, and steel without,

Had got a deputy of oak ;
To give and to receive a rout,

For when a ihin in fight is cropt,
The knee with ole of timber is propt,

Efteeni'd more honourable than the other, 145 Ver. 92.) Thus altered, 1674,

And takes place, thongli the younger brother: He clear'd at length the rugged tuck.

Next march'd brare Orfin, famous for

Wise conduct, and success in war; Ver. 99, 100.] Thus altered in the edition of Now Marshal to the champion Bear.

A skilful leader, stout, severe,

150 With truncheon tipp'd' ith iron head, The Squire advanc'd with greater speed

The warrior to the list lie led;
Than could b' expected from his Iteed.

With Blemn march, and stately pace,
But far more gave and fol mn face;
Grave as the Emperor of Pegu,

155 Ver. 101, 102.) But with a great deal more re

Or Spanish poentate, Don Diego.

This leader vas of knowledge great, urn'd-For now ibe foe be bad discern'd-In the Either for charge or for retreat :

1674,

Restor'd in 1704.

wo first editions of 1663.

Ver. 106.) So call’d, from croud, a fiddle. This was one Jackson, a milliner, who lived in the

serve in this place, that we have the exact characNew Exchange in the Strand. He had formerly

ters of the usual attendants at a bear-beating fully been in the service of the Roundheads, and had

drawn, and a catalogue of warriors, conformable lost a leg in it; this brought him to decay, so

to the practice of Epic poets. that he was obliged to scrape upon a fidile, from Ver. 147. Nexi ma ch'd brave Orsin.] Next fol. lente alehome to another, for his bread. Mr. But- ! low'd, in the two fiiit editions of 1663. Joshua er mery judiciously places hin at tive head of his i Gorning, who kept hears at Paris-garden in Southcatalogue : for country Jiversions are generally at

wark. However, says Sir Roger, he stood hard tended with a fiddler or bagpiper. I would ob

and fast for the Rump Parliament.

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