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Although by woful proof we find

Call fire, and sword, and defolation, They always leave a scar behind.

A godly, thorough Reformation, He knew the seat of Paradise,

Which always must be carry'd on, Could tell in what degree it lies,

And Itill be doing, never done ; And, as he was dispos'd, could prove it 175 As if Religion were intended

203 Below the moon, or else above it;

For nothing else but to be mended : What Adam dreamt of, when his bride

A sect whose chief devotion lies Came from her closet in his side;

In odd perver se antipathies ; Whether the devil tempted her

In falling out with that or this, By a High-Dutch interpreter ;

180 And finding somewhat still amiss ; If either of them had a navel ;

More peevith, cross, and {plenetick, Who first made music malleable ;

Thait dog distract, or mor key fick; Whether the Serpent, at the Fall,

That with more care kept holy-day Had cloven feet, or none at all :

The wrong, than others the right way ; All this, without a gloss or comment, 185 Compound for fins they are inclin'd to, aj He would unriddle in a moment,

By damning those they have no mind to : In proper terms, such as mon smatter

Still lo perverse and opposite, When ihey throw out and miss the matter. As if they worship'd God for spite: For his religion, it was fit

The self-sanie thing they willabhor To match his learning and his wit:

190 One way, and long another for: 'Twas Presbyterian true blue ;

Free-will they one way disavow, For he was of that stubborn crew

Another, nothing else allow: Of errant saints, whom all men grant

All piety consists therein To be the true Church Militant ;

In thcm, in other men all sin: Such as do build their faith upon

195

Rather than fail, they will defy The holy text of pike and gun;

That which they love most tenderly ; Decide all controversies by

Quarrel with minc'd pies, and disparage Infallible artillery ;

Their best and dearett friend, plum-porridge ; And prove their doctrine orthodox,

Fat pig and goose itself oppose,
By apostolic blows and knocks;

And blaspheme custard through the nose.
Th’apostles of this fierce religion,

Like Mahomet's, were als and widgeon, Ver. 181.) Several of the Ancients have sup- Towhom our Knight, by fast instinct posed that Adam and Eve had no navels. and, of wit and temper, was to linkt, among the Moderns, the late learned Bishop Cum As if hypocrisy and nonsense berland was of this opinion.

Had got th' advowson of his conscience.

Thus was he gifted and accouter'd, Ver. 189.) Mr. Butler is very exact in delineating his hero's religion; it was necessary that he

We mean on th' inside, not the outward: Mould be so, that the reader might judge whether he was a proper perion to set up for a Reformer, and whether the religion he professed was more Ver, 207, 208.] The religion of the Presbyte. eligible than that he endeavoured to demolish. rians of those times confifted principally in an Whether the Poet has been just in the pourtrait opposition to the Church of England, and in quasmuit be left to every reader's observation. reiling with the most innocent customs then in

Ver. 193, 194.) Where preshytery has been use, as the eating Christmas-pies and pluni-posestablished, it has been usually effected by force ridge at Christmas, which they reputed finful. of arms, like the religion of Mahonet : thus it Ver. 213, 214.) They were so remarkably ebwas established at Geneva in Switzerland, Hol stinate in this respect, that they kept a fast upon land, Scotlanı, &c. In France, for some time, Christmas-day. by that means, it obtained a toleration: niuch

Ver. 215, 216.] Added in 1674. lond was thed to get it established in England ; d once, during that Grand Rehellion, it ieem: Ver. 235, 236.) Dr. Bruno Ryves gives a revery near gaining an eitablishment here. markable instance of a fanatical conscience in 3 26.195, 196.1 Upon these Cornet Jovce built captain who was invited by a soldier to eat part of Bith, when he carried away the King, by

a goose with him ; but refused, because he laid, a from Hollenby : for when his Majenty

it was stolen: but being to march away, he who foium for a light of his instructions, Joyce away upon a stolen mare; for, plundering Mrs.

would eat no tolen goole, made no scruple to nide ing: thould see them presently; and to draw.

Bartlett of her mare, this hypocritical captan o Sis troop in the inward court, “ There,

gave sufficient teftimony to the world, that the Veid the Cornet) are my instructions.”.

old Pharisee and new Puritan have consciences are gin, 200.) Many instances of that kind the self-fame temper, “ To strain at a gaat, and episcopal" Dr. Walker, in his Sufferings of ibe swallow a camel.".

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That next of all we shall discuss ;

Cut supplemental noses, which Then liften, Sirs, it follows thus.

240 Would last as long as parent breech, His tawny beard was th' equal grace

But when the date of Nock was out, 285 Both of his wisdom and his face ;

Off dropt the sympathetic (nout. In cut and dye so like a tile,

His back, or rather burthen, show'd
A sudden view it would beguile ;

As if it stoop'd with its own load :
The upper part whereof was whey, 245 ) For as Æneas bore his fire
The nether orange, mix'd with grey.

Upon his shoulders through the fire, 290 The hairy meteor did denounce

Our Knight did bear no less a pack The fall of iceptres and of crowns ;

Of his own buttocks on his back ; ed With grilly type did represent

Which now had almost got the upperDeclining age of government,

250 Hand of his head; for want of crupper: And tell, with hieroglyphic ípade,

To poise this equally, he bore

295 Iis own grave and the State's were made :

A paunch of the same bulk before, Like Samson's heart-breakers, it grew

Which still he had a special care In time to make a nation rue;

To keep well cramm'd with thrifty fare ; Though it contributed its own fall, 255 | As white-pot, butter-milk, and curds, 2: To wait upon the public downfall;

Such as a country housc affords;

300 It was monaftic, and did grow

With other victual, which anon In holy orders by strict vow;

We farther shall dilate upon, Of rule as fullen and severe,

When of his hose we conie to treat,

G As that of rigid Cordeliere:

260 The cupboard where he kept his meat, 'Twas bound to suffer persecution,

His doublet was of sturdy buff,

305 And martyrdom, with resolution,

And though not sword, yet cudgel-proof, T' oppuse itself against the hate

Whereby 'twas fitter for his use, And vengeance of th' incensed state,

Who fear'd no blows but such as bruise. In whose defiance it was worn,

265

His breeches were of rugged woollen, Still ready to be pulld and torn,

And had been at the siege of Bullen;

310 With red hot irons to be tortur'd,

To old King Harry so well known, Revil'd, and spit upon, and martyr'd ;

Some writers held they were his own: Maugre all which 'twas to stand fast

Through they were lind with many a piece As long as Monarchy should last;

270 Of ammunition bread and cheese, But when the Itate fiould hap to reel,

And fat black puddings, proper food 315 Twas to submit to fatal Itecl,

For warriors that delight in blood: And fall, as it was consecrate,

For, as we said, he always chose
A facrifice to fall of state,

To carry vittie in his hose,
Whose thread of life che Fatal Sisters 275 That often tempted rats and mice
Did twist together with its whiskers,

The ammunition to surprise ;

320 And twine so close, that Time should never, And when he put a hand but in In life or death, their fortunes fever,

The one or t’ other magazine, But with his rusty fickle mow

They stoutly in defence on 't stood, Both down together at a blow.

280 And from the wounded foe drew blood, So learned Taliacotius, from

And till th' were storm'd and beaten out, 325 The brawny part of porter's bum,

Ne'er left the fortify'd redoubt:
And though knights-errant, as some think,
Of old did neither eat nor drink,

Because when thorough defarts vast,
Ver. 241.) Mr. Butler, in his description of And regions desolate, they past,
Hudibras's beard, seems to have had an eye to Ja-Where belly-timber above ground,
ques's description of the Country Justice, in

Or under, was not to be found, Shakespeare's play, As you like it. It may be asked, Unless they graz'd, there 's not one word why the Poct is to particular upon the Knight's of their provision on record : beard, and gives it the preference to all his other accoutrements? The answer seems to be plain; the Knight had made a yow not to cut it till the Parlianent had subdued the King; hence it be- its hand. He wrote a treatise in Latin called came necessary to have it fully described,

Chirurgia Nora, in which he teaches the art of inVer. 257. It was monastic.] Altered to Canonic, sraiting noses, ears, lips, &c. with the proper 1674. Reitored, 1704.

instruments and bandages. This book has pasied

through two editions, Ver. 281.] Gasper Taliacotius was born at BoDonia, A. D. 1553, and was Professor of Physic Ver. 319.] This and the seven following lines and Surgery there.

He died 1599.

His flatue are not in the two first editions of 1663, and added Hands in tbe Anatoiny Theatre, holding a note in in that of 1674.

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Which made some confidently write, 335 They were upon hard duty ftill,
They had no stomachs but to fight.

And every night stood centinel, 'Tis false ; for Arthur wore in hall

To guard the magazine i' tn' hose Round table like a farthinga!,

From two-leggd and from four-legs'd foes. On which, with Thirt pull d out behind,

Thuis clad and fortify'd, Sir Kright, Andeke before, his good knights din'd; 340 From peaceful home, set forth to fight. Though 'twas no table some ius pofe,

But first with nimble active force

405 But a huge pair of round trunk hore,

He got on th' outside of his horse : In which he carry'd as much meat

For having but one stirrupty'd As he and all the knights could eat,

T'his saddle on the further side, When laying by their 1:ords and truncheons, 345 It was so ihort, h' had much ado They took their breakfasts, or their nuncheons. To reach it with his desperate toe; But let that pass at present, left

But after many strains and heaves, We should forget where we digrest,

He got up to the saddle-eaves. As learned author's uie, to whom

From whence he vaulted into th' seat We leave it, and to tli' purpose come. 350 With so much vigour, strength, and heat, His puissant fuord unto his side,

That he had almost tumbled over Near his undaunted beart, was tyd,

With his own weight, but did recover, Withi basket-hilt that would hold broth,

By !aying hold on tail and main, And serve for fight and dinner both;

Which oft he us'd instead of rein. In it he melted lead for bullets

355 But now we talk of mounting steed, To shoot at foes, and sometimes pullets,

Before we further do proceed, Toubom he bore so fell a grutch,

It doth behove us to say soniething He ne'er gave quarter to any such.

Of that which bore our valiant bumkin. The trenchant blade, Toledo trusty,

The heart was sturdy, large and tail, For want of fighting was grown rusty, 360 With mouth of meal, and eves of wall; ! And ate into itself, for lack

I would say eye, for h' had but one, Of iomebody to hew and hack :

As most agree, though some say none. 'I he peaceful fcabbard, where it dwelt,

He was well stay'd, and in his gait The rancout of its edge had felt;

Preserv’da gravé, majestic state; For of the lower end two handful

365 At spur or fritch no more he ikipt, li had devoured, 'twas so manful,

Or mendeći pace, than Spaniard whipt'; And so much scorn'd to lurk in case,

And yet so fiery, he would bound As if it durft not shew its face.

As if he griev'd to touch the ground ; In many desperate attempts

That Cæsar's horse, who, as fame goes, Of warrants, exigents, contempts,

370 Had corns upon his feet and toes, It had appear d with courage holder

Was not by balf so tender-hooft, Than Serjeant Bum invading Moulder :

Nor trod upon the ground so soft ; Oft had it ta'en posledion,

And as that beast would kneel and stoop And prisoners too, or made them run.

(Some write) to take his rider up; This sword a dagger had, his page, 375

So Hudibras's ('tis well known) That was but little for his age,

Would often do to set him down. And therefore waited on hiin so,

We Thall not need to say what lack Ás dwarfs upon knights-errant do:

Of leather was upon his back;
It was a serviceable dungeon,

For that was hidden under pad,
Either for fighting or for drudging: 380 And breech of Knight gall d full as bad:
When it had stabb’d, or broke a head,

His frutting ribs on both sides show'd
It would scrape trenchers, or chip bread,

Like furrows he himself had plow'd; Toast cheese or bacon; though it were

For underneath the skirt of pannel, To bait a mouse-trap, 'would not care:

'Twixt every two there was a channel: "Twould make clean hoes, and in the earth 385 His draggling tail hung in the dirt, Set leeks and onions, and so forth:

Which on his rider he would furt, It had been 'preutice to a brewer,

Still as his tender side he prickt, Where tis and more it did endure,

With arm'd heel, or with unarmid, kickt; But left tie trade, as many more

For Hudibras wore but one fpur, Have lately done on the fame fcore. 390 As wisely knowing could he itir In th: holsters, at his faddle-bow,

To active trot one Gde of 's horse, Two aged pistols he did itow,

The other would not hang an arse. Among the surplus of luch meat

A Squire he had whose name was Ralph, As in his hore he could not get :

That in th' adventure went his half, These would inveig!erats with th' scent,

395 To forage when the cocks were bent, And sometimes catch them with a snap,

Ver. 457.) Sir Roger L'Estrange (Ky te As cleverly as th' ableit trap:

bras) says, This famous Squire was one i.

Thouglı writers, for hiore stately tone,

Whate'er men speak ly this New-lighe, Do call bini Ralpho, 'tis all one;

460 Still they are sure to be i' th' right, And when we can, with metre fafe,

'Tis a dark-lantern of the Spirit,

505 We'll call him fo ; if not, plain Ralph ;

Which none see by but those that bear it ; (For rhyme the rudder is of verles,

A light that falls down from on high,
With which, like thips, they steer their courses.) For spiritialtrades to cozen by;
An equal itock of wit and valour

465 An ignis fatuus, that bewitches, He had laid in, by birth a tailor.

And leads men into pouls and ditches,

510 The mighty Tyrian qucen, that gain'd

To make them dip themselves, and sound With subtle shreds a tract of land,

For Christendom in dirty pond ; Did leave it with a castle fair

To dive, like wild-fowl, for salvation, To his great ancestor, her heir;

470 And fish to catch regeneration From him descended cross-legg'd knights, This light inspires and plays upon

915 Fam'd for their faith and warlike fights

The nose of faint, like bag-pipe drone, Against the bloody Cannibal,

And spea'cs, through hollow empty foul, Whom they destroy'd both great and small. As through a trunk, or whispering-hole, This sturdy Squire he had, as well

475 Such language as no mortal car As the bold Trojan knight, seen hell,

But spirit'al eaves-droppers can hear :

$20 Not with a counterfeited pass

So Phoebus, or fome friendly Mufe, Of golden bough, but true gold-lace :

Into small poets iong infuse,
His knowledge was not far behind

Which they at second hand rehearse,
The Knight's, but of another kind, 480 | Through reed or bag-pipe, verse for verse.
And he another way came by't ;

Thus Ralph becanie infallible

525 Some call it Gifts, and fonie New-light; As three or four-legg'd oracle, A liberal art, that costs no pain.

The ancient cup, or modern chair; Di ftudy, industry, or brains.

Spoke truth point blank, though unaware. Flis wit was sent him for a token,

485 For mystic learning, wondrous able But in the carriage crack'd and broken;

In magic, talitman, and cabal,

530 Like commendation nine-pence crookt.

Whore primitive tradition reaches With-" To and from my love" - it lookt. As far as Adam's first green breeches ; de ne'er consider'd it, as loth

Deep-sighted in intelligences,
To look a gift-horse in the mouth, 490 Ideas, atoms, influences;
Ind very wisely would lay forth

And much of Terra Incognita,

535 No more upon it than 'twas worth;

Th' intelligible world, could say ; Boi, as he got it freely, so

A deep occult philosopher, de spent it frank and freely too :

As learn’d as the Wild Irim are, for faints themselves will fonetimes be, 495 Or Sir Agrippa, for profound Df gifts that cost them nothing, free.

And folid lying much renown'd:

540 By means of this, with hem and cougl,

He Aithropofophus, and Florid, rolongers to enlighten'd stuff,

And Jacob Behmen, underttood ; le could deep mysteries unridule,

Knew many an amulet and charm, is easily as thread' a'needle:

500 That would do neither good nor harm; 'or as of vagabonds we say,

In Rosicrucian lore as learned,

545 That they are ne'er beside their way, 7:

As he that Verè adeptus earned:
He understood the speech of birds

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As well as they themselves do words ;

Could tell what fubtleit parrots meall, {abinson, a zealous butcher in Moor-fiel is, who. That speak and think contrary clean ;

550 vas conceiving some new querpo cut in church

What member 'tis of wlion they talk pvernment: but, in a Key at the end of a burlesque poem of Mr. Butler's, 1706, in folio, p. 12.

When they cry Rope, and Walk, knave, walk.

He'd extract numbers out of matter, i is observed, “That Hudibras's Squire was one Pemble a tailor, and one of the Committee of

And keep them in a glass, like water,

Of lovereign power to make men wise; 558 Sequestrators,"

For, drept in blear thick-lighted eyes, Ver. 485.) His wits were fent bim, in all editions They 'd make them sie in darkest night, 0 1704 inclusive.

Like owls, though purblind in the light. Ver. 487, 488.) Until the year 1696, when all noney, not milled, was called in, a ninepenny viece of silver was as common as fixpence or thil Ver. 511.] Alluding to Ralpho's religion, who ings, and these ninepénces were ufually bent as was, probably, an Anabaptist or Dipper, ixpences commonly are now, which bending was alled, “ To my love, and From my love ;' and Ver. 546.] Aluding to the Philosopher's uch ninepences the ordinary fellows gave or fent Stone their Tweethearts as tokens of love.

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