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1265

And manners; can pronounce a saint 1235 'Tis true they all have teeth and nails;
Idolatrous er ignorant,

But prove that Synov-men liave tails; 1300 When supercilioully he fifts

Or that a rugged thaggy fur Through coaríeft boulter others' gifts :

Grous o'er the hide of Presbyter; For all men live and judge amiis,

Or that his fnot and spacious cars Whose talents jump pot juit with his ; 1240 Do hold proporcion with a B62 's. He 'll lay on Gifts with hands, and place

A Bear 's a fuva' e heait, of all

1305 On dulleít noddle Light and Grace,

Most ugly and unnatural; The manufacture of the Kirk.

Whep'd without form, until the dam Thore pastors are but th' handy work

Has lickt it in a shape and frame: Of his mechanic paws, inftilling

1245 But all thy light can ne'er evitt, Divinity in them by feeling:

That ever Synod-man was kickt,

1310 From whence they ítart up Chosen Verrels, Or brought to any other fashion Made by contact, as men get measles.

Tha: his owo will and inclination. So Cardinals, they say, do grope.

But thou dost furt'er yct in this At th’ other end the new-made Pope. 1250 Orpuga thyself and sense ; tiiat is, Hold, hold, quoth Hudibras, soft tire,

Thou would it have P: efbyters to go 1375
They say, does make sweet malt. Good Squire, For Bears and Dogs, and Bear-wards too ;
Feftina lente, not too fait,

A strange chimæra of leafts and men,
For haste (the proverb says) makes wake. Made up of pieces heterogene;
The quirks and cavils thou dost make

1255

Such as in Nature never met Are false, and built upon mistake:

In cod:pi subjetio yct.

1320 And I shall bring you with your pack

Thy other arguments are all Of fallacies, t' Elenchi back;

Supposures hypothetical, And put your arguments in mood

That do hut beg; and we may chufe And figure to be underst od.

1260 Either to grant them, or refuse. I'll force you, by right ratiocination,

Much thou hast said, which I know when 325 To leave your vitilitigation,

And where thou stolift from other men, And make you keep to th' question close, (Whereby 'tis plain thy Light and Gifts And argue diale&ticws.

Are all but plagiary shifts) The question then, to state it first,

And is the same that Raster said, Is, Which is better or which worst,

Who, arguing with me, broke my head, 1330 Synods or Bears? Bears I avow

And tore a handful of my beard; To be the worft, and Synods thou;

The self-fame cavils then I leard, But, to make good th' a1sertion,

When, being in hot dispute about Tlou say'st they 're really all one.

1270 This controversy, we fell out; If so, not worse ; for if they 're idem,

And what thou know'lt I answer'd then, 1335 Why then tantundem dat rantidem,

Will serve to answer thee again. For if they are the same, by course

Quoth Ralpho, Nothing but th' abuse Neither is better, neither worse.

Of human learning you produce;

1 But I deny they are the same,

1275 Learning, the cobweb of the brain, More than a maggot and I am.

Profane, erroneous, and vain;

1340 That both are animalia I grant, but not rationalia: For though they do agree in kind,

Ver. 1329.] The Ranters were a vile sect that Specific difference we find;

1280

sprung up in those times. Alexander Rots ol' And can no more make Bears of these,

serves, That they held that God, devil, angels, Than prove my horse is Socrates.

“ heaven, and hell, &c. were fictions and fubles : That Synods .ire Bear-gardens, too,

" that Moses, Jolan Baptist, and Christ, wery Thou doft affirm ; but I lay No:

“ impostors; and what Christ and the Apostles And thus I prove it, in a word ;

1285

“ acquainted the world with, as to matter of re. Whatsoever Assembly's not impower'l

“ ligion, periined with them: that preaching To Censure, Curse, Absolve, and Ordain,

" and praying are useless, and that preaching is Can be no Synod : but Bcar-garden

“ but public lying: that there is an end of all Has no such power ; ergo, `tis none,

“ ministry and administrations, and people iure And so thy fophiftry's o'erthrown.

1290 to be taught immediately from God," @r. But yet we are beside the quest'on Which thou didst raise the first contest on;

Ver. 1339.] Ralpho was as great an enemy tu For that was, Wliether Bears are better

human learning as Jack Cade and his fellow reThan Synod-iren? I say, Negatur.

bels. Cade's words to Lord Say, before he of. That Bears are beasts, and Synods men, 1295

dered his head to be cut off: “ I am the heero.. I held by all: they 're better then;

" that must sweep the Court clean of such filtha, For Bears and Dogs on four legs go,

“ thou art: thou hast most traiterously corrupt. As beasts; but Synod-men on two.

" ed the youth of thc realın, in erecting a gran.

1360

A trade of knowledge, as replete

Two things l' averse, they never get 1375 As others are with fraud and cheat;

But in thy rambling fancy met. An art l'incumber Gifts and wit,

But I thall take a fit occasion And render both for nothing fit;

T' evince thee by' ratiocination, Makes Light unactive, dull, and troubled, 1345 Some other time, in place more proper Like little David in Saul's doublet :

Than this we 're in ; therefore let's hop here, A cheat that scholars put upon

And rest our weary'd bones a while, (1386 Other men's reason and their own;

Already tir’d with other toil.
A fort of error to ensconce
Absurdity and ignorance,

1350
That renders all the avenues
To truth impervious and abstruse;
By making plain things, in debate,
By art perplext and intricate :
For nothing goes for Sense or Light, 1356
That will not with old rules jump right;

H U DIBRA S.
As if rules were not in the fehools
Deriv'd from truth, but truth from rules.
This Pagan, Heathcnish invention

PART II. CANTO 1.
Is good for nothing but contention :
For as, in sword-and-buckler fight,
All blows do on the target light;
So when men argue, the great'st part

THE ARGUMENT.
O'th' conteft falls on terms of art,
Until the fuftian stuff be spent,

1365 The Knight, by damnable Magician, And then they fall to th' argument.

Being cas illegally in prison,
Quoth Hudibras, Friend Ralph, thou haft
Out-run the constable at lait :

Love brings bis adion on the case,
For thou art fallen on a new

And lays it upon Hudibras. Dispute, as senseless as untrue;

1370

How be receives the Lady's visit, But to the former opposite,

And cunningly solicits his fuit,
And contrary as black to white ;

Which the defers ; yet on parole,
Mere disparata ; that concerning
Presbytery, this human learning;

Redeems him from th’inchanted bole.

UT now, t'observe Romantique method, " mer school: and whereas before our forefathers Let bloody steel a while be theathed; " had no other books but the Score and the Tally, And all those harsh and rugged sounds " thou haft caused Printing to be used; and, con Of baftinadoes, cuts, and wounds, " trary to the King, his crown and dignity, thou “ haft built a Paper-mill. It will be proved to " thy face, that thou hast men about thee that

Arg. Ver. 1, 2.) Thus altered, 1674, “ usually talk of a noun and a verb, and such abo“ minable words, as no Christian ear can endure The Knight being clapp'd by th' hecls in prisos, “ to hear."

The last unhappy expedition. It was the opinion of those tinkers, tailors, &c. that governed Chelmsford at the beginning of the Restored, 1704. Rebellion, “ That learning had always been an “ enemy to the Gospel, and that it were a happy revi's, &c. In the two first editions of 1663.

Arg. Ver. 5.) How be receives, &c. Hoz be “ thing if there were no universities, and that “ all books were burnt except the Bible."

Ver. 1.] The beginning of this Second Part may “ I tell you (says a writer in those times) wick. I do not know that it was written on purpose ir

perhaps seem strange and abrupt to those who “ ed books do as much wound us as the swords of imitation of Virgil, who begins the Fourth Book « our adverfaries; for this manner of learning is of his Æneids in the very same manner, At regne “ superfluous and coftly : many tongues and lan-groni, &c. And this is enough to fatisfy the air o understanding, ar.d scholarship, are the main riosity of those who believe that invention and cs means that oppose us, and hinder our cause ; | fancy ought to be measured, like cases in law, " therefore, if ever we have the fortune to get by precedents, or clse they are in the power of

the critic. “ the upper hand, we will down with all law and “ learning, and have no other rule but the Care Ver. 2.] Le bloody feel, &c. Altered to le rafty “ penter's, nor any writing or reading but the feel, 1674, 1684, &c. To trusty fteci, 1900. Re“ Score and the Tally."

storcd 1784.

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Exchang'd to love's more gentle style, s Upon her shoulders wings the wears
To let our reader breathe a while:

Like hanging Neeves, lin’d through with ears, so In which, that we may be as brief as

And eyes, and tongues, as poets lift, Is possible, by way of preface,

Made good by deep mythologift: Is 't not enough to make one strange,

With these the through the welkin flies, That some men's fancies should ne'er change, 10 And sometimes carries truth, oft lies ; But make all people do and say

With letters hung, like eastern pigeons, S5 The same things still the self-fame way?

And Mercuries of furthest regions;
Some writers make all ladies purloin'd,

Diurnals writ for regulation
And knights pursuing like the whirlwind : Of lying, lo inform the nation,
Others make all their knights, in fits 15 And by their public use to bring down
Of jealousy, to lose their wits;

The rate of whetstones in the kingdom. 60
Tilí, drawing blood o' th' dames, like witches, About her neck a pacquet-mail,
They 're forthwith cur'd of their capriches. Fraught with advice, some fresh, some ftale,
Some always thrive in their a.mours,

Of men that walk'd when they were dead, È By pulling plasters off their fores ;

20

And cows of monsters brought to bed ; As cripples do to get an alms,

Of hailstones big as pullets' eggs, Just to do they, and win their dames.

And puppies whelp'd with twice two legs ; Some force whole regions, in despite

A blazing-star seen in the west, O' geography, to change their fire ;

By fix or seven men at least, Make former times thake hands with latter, 25

Two trumpets she does found at once, And that which was before come after.

But both of clean contrary tones ;

70 But those that write in rhyme ftill make

But whether both with the fanie wind, The one verse for the other's fake ;

Or ane before, and one behind, For one for sense, and one for rhyme,

We know not, only this can tell, I think, 's fufficiont at one time.

30 The one sounds vilely, th' other well, But we forget in what fad plight

And therefore vulgar authors name

75 We whilom left the captive Knight

Th' one Good, th'other Evil Fame. And pensive Squire, both bruis'd in body,

This tattling goftip knew too well
And nonjur'd into safe custody.

What mischief Hudibras befel,
Tir'd with dispute, and speaking Latin, 35 And straight the spiteful tidings bears
As well as bafting and Bear baiting,

Of all, to th' unkind Widow's ears.
And desperate of any course,

Democritus ne'er laugh'd fo loud, To free himself by wit or force,

To see bawds carted through the crowd, His only solace was, that now

Or funera's, with stately pomp, His dog-bolt fortune was so low,

49 March flowly on in folenyi dumpa That either it must quickly end,

As she laugh'd out, until her back,

85 Or tarn about again, and mend,

As well as fides, was like to crack. In which he found th' event, no less

She vow'd she would go see the figlie, Than other times, beside his guess.

And visit the distreffed Knight; There is a tall long-sided dame,

To do the office of a neighbourg (But wondrous light) ycleped Fame,

And be a goffip at his labour, That like a thin camelion boards

And from his wooden jail the stocks,
Herself on air, and eats her words i

To set, large his fetter-locks;
And by exchange, parole, or ransom,

To free him from th' inchanted mansion.
Ver. 5.) And the three following lines, stood This being resolv'd, the call’d for hood

98 in the two first editions of 1663, as follow : And ulher, implements abroad

Which ladies wear, beside a Nender And unto love turn we our style,

Young waiting-damsel to attend her, To let our readers breathe a while,

All which appearing on the went By this time tir'd with the horrid sounds To find the Knight, in limba pent :

100 of blows, and cuts, and blood, and wounds.

Ver. so.] That some men's fancies, &c. That a Ver. 77.] This tattling golfp, &c. Twattling man's fancy, in the twu firit editions of 1664. golfp, in the two first editions of 1663. Altered, Ver. 30.) Wbilem. Formerly, or, some time

as it ftands here, 1674. ago. Alcered to lately, 1674. Restored 1704.

Ver. 91.) And from bis wooden jail

, &c. This Ver. 43.) The beauty of this consists in the and the following line stand in the iwo editions double meaning ; the first alludes to Fame's liv of 1664 thus, ing on Report. The second is an insinuation, that if a report is narrowly enquired into, and That is to see him deliver'd lafe irxed up to the original author, it is made to or's wooden burden, and Squire Ralph. contradict itself.

IIO

120

And 'twas not long before she found

Nor is it worn by fiend or elf, Him and his stout Squire in the pound;

But its proprietor himself. Both coupled in inch.20ted tether,

O heavens ! quoth the, can that be true? By further leg behind together;

I do begin to fear 'tis you ; For as he far upon his rump,

105 Not by your individual whiskers, His head, like one in dolerul dump,

But by your dialect and discourse' Between his knees his hands apply'd

Thai never spoke to men or beast Unto his ears on either side,

In notious vulgarly expreít: And hy bin, in another hole,

But what malignant ftar, alas ! Afficed Ralpho, cheek by jowl,

Has brought you both to this fad pafs?

167 She came upon him in his wooden

Quoth he. The fortune of the war, Magic an's circle, on the sudden,

Which I am less afflicted for, As spiries do t'a conjurer,

Than to be seen with beard and face When in their dreadful shapes th' appear. By you in such a homciy caie.

No jooner did the Knigli perceive her, 115 Quoth ihe, Thole need not be aMam'd But straight he fell into a rever,

For being honourably inaimid; Infianz'd all over with disgrace,

If he that is in battle conqner'd,
To be seen by' her in such a place :

Have any title to his own beard,
Which made him bang lis head and scoul, Though your's be sorely lugz'd and torn,
And wink and google like an oul;

It does your visage more adorn
He felt his brains begin to swim,

Than iflwere prun'd, and starch'd, and lander' Wlien thus the Dame accoited him.

And cut square by the Russian standard. This place (quoth the) they say 's inchanted, A torn beard 's like a tatter'd enfign, And wiih delinquent ipirits haunted,

That 's bravest which there are most rents in. That here are tyd in chains, and scourg'do 125 Thiat petticoat about your shoulders, Until their guilty crimes lic purgid:

Does not so well become a soidier's; Look, there are two of them appcar,

And I'm afraid they are worse handled, Like persons I have seen somewhere.

Although i'th' rear, your beard the van led; Some bave iniitaken blocks and posts

And those uneasy bruises make For spocres, apparitions, ghosts, 130 | My liedit for company to ake,

180 With faucer-c;es and horns; and some

To see so worshipful a friend Have heard the devil beat a dium;

l'th' pillory fel, at the wiong end. Bui if our eyes are not false glailes,

Quoth Hudibras, This thing callid Pain That give a wrong account of faces,

Is (as the learned Stoics maintain) That beard and litould be acquainted, 134 Not bad fimpliciter, nor good, Before 'ıvas conjur'd and inchanted;

But merely as 'uis understood. For thougı it be disfigur'd fromewhat,

Sonte is deceitful, and may feign Asif'r luad lately been in comhat,

As well in counterfeiting pain It did belong to a worthy Knight,

As other gross phænomenas Hou'c'er tliis goblin is come by 't. 140 In which it oft mistakes the case.

19 lühen Hudibras the Lady heard

But since th'immortal intellect Discour fing i'rus upon his beard,

(That's freç from orror and defect, Ani speak with fiich reipect and honour Whose objects still perfist the same) Both of the heard and the board's owner,

Is free from outward bruise or maim, He thought it beitto set as good

145 Which nought external can expose A face upon it as he cou’d;'

To gross material bangs or blows, And thus be ipoke: Lady, your briglie

It follows we can ne'er be sure Aod radiant eyes are in the right;

Whether we pain or not endure, The heard's th' identique beard you know, And just so far are fore and grievid The same nunierically true;

Ijo

As by the fancy is believ'd.
Some have been wounded with conceit,

And dy'd of mere opinion straight;
Ver. 11, 112.] There was never, certainly, a Others, though wounded føre in reason,
pleasanter scene imagined than this before us ; it Felt no conturion, nor discretion.
is the most diyertingincident is the whole Poem. A Saxon duke did grow so fat,

20 [lic unlucky and unexpected vifit of the Lady; That mice (as histories relate) the attitude and furprize of the Knight; the con- ! Ate grots and labyrinths to dwell in furion and blushes of the lover; and the latirical His portique parts, without his feeling; caillery of a mistress, are repreiented in lively Then how 's it poisible a kick . colours, and conspire to make this interview , Shou'd e'er reach that way to the quick? wonderfully pleasing.

Ver. 142.) Discoursirg tbus upon bis beard. Al iered, 1674. To lake kind notice of bis beard.

Ver. 164.) In such a bomely ease. Ir fub elence Restored 1704.

tique case, in the two first editions of 1664.

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oth me, I grant it is in vain

And cannons shoot the higher pitches, one that's basted to feel pain,

The lower we let down their breeches ; ause the pangs his bones endure

I'll make this low dejected fate

265 itribute nothing to the cure;

Advance me to a greater height. t honour hurt is wont to ragc

Quoth ihe, You 'ave almost made me' in love ith pain no medicine can assuage.

With that which did my pity move. Quoth he, That honour 's very fqueamish, Great wits and valours, like great states, that takes a basting for a blemish :

Do so netimes fink with theirown weights: 270 for what's more honourable than scars,

Th' extremes of glory and of thame, Dr skin to tatters rent in wars?

Like east and west, become the same. some have been bcaten till they knew

No Indian prince has to his palace What wood a cudgel 's of by th' blow :

More followers than a thief to the gallows. Some kick'd, until they can feel whether.

But if a beating se-m folrave,

275 A hoe be Spanish or neat's leather ;

What glories must a whipping have ?
And yet have met, after long running, 225 Such great atchievements casinot fail
With some whom they have taught that cunning. To cast falton a woman's tail:
The farthest way about, to o'ercome,

For if I thought your natural talent
In th' end does prove the nearest home.

Of pailive courage were to gallant,

280 By laws of learned duellifts,

As you strain hard to have it thought, They that are bruis'd with wood or fifts,

230

I could grow amorous, and doat. And think one beating may for once

When Hudibras this language heard, Suitice, are cowards and pultroons ;

He prick'd up 's ears, and stroik'd his beard. But if they dare engage ta second,

Thought he, this is the lucky hour,

283 They're stout and gallant fellows reckon'd. Wines work when vines are in the flower : Th' old Romans freedom did bestow, 235

This crits chen I'll set my rett on,

/ Oar princes worship, with a blow.

And put her boldly to the quest'on. King Pyrrhus cur'd his splenetick

Madam, what you would seem to doubt, And telty courtiers with a kick.

Shall be to all the world made out; 290 The Negus, when some inighty lord

How l've been drubb'd, and with what spirit D: Potentate 's to be restor'd,

240

And magnanimity I bear it ; And pardon'd for some great offence,

And if you doubt it to be true, With which he's willing to dispense,

l’li itake myself down against you ; First has him laid upon his belly,

And if I fail in love or troth, Then beaten back and fide ľa jelly;

Be you the winner, and take both. That done, he rises, humbly bows,

245

Quoth the, I've heard old cunning 1tagers And gives thanks for the princely blows; Say,

fools for arguments use wagers ; Departs not meanly proud, and boasting

And though I prais'd your valour, yet Of his magnificent rib-roasting.

I did not mean to baulk your wit; The beaten soldier proves most manful,

Which if you have, you must needs know That, like his sword, endures the anvil, 250

What I have told you before now, And justly 's held more formidable,

And you b' experiment have prov'd, The more his valour's malleable:

I can:10: love where I'm beloy'd. But he that fears a bastinado,

Quoth Hudibras, 'Tis a caprich

305 Will run away from his own lhadow:

Beyond th' infiction of a witch; And though I'm now in durance fast,

255

So cheats to play with those still aim, By our own party base y cast,

That do not understand the game. Ransom, exchange, parole, refus'd,

Love in your heart as idly buriis Add worse than by th' enemy usod;

As tire in antique Roman urns

310 In close carafta shut, past hope

To warn the dead, and vainly light Oi witor valour to elope ;

260 Those only that see nothing by ’t. As beards, the nearer that they tend

Have you not power to entertain,
To th' earth, ftill grow more reverend;

And render love for love again;
As noman can draw in his breath

315

Ai once, and force out air bencath? Ver. 232.] Pultrooms. So in all editions to 1716,

Or do you love yourself so much,

To bear all rivals else a grutch? inclusive. Altered, afterwards, to polarcons.

What fate can lay a greater curse Ver. 239-) A King of Æthiopia.

Than you upon yourself would force? 320 Ver. 241.) And pardon'd for some great offence. For wedlock without love, some say, This and ihe following line, in the two editions Is but a lick without a key. of 1664, stand thus;

It is a kind of rape to marry
To his good grace, for some offence

One that neglects, or cares not for ye :
Forfeit before, and pardon'd fince.
VOL. II.

295

300

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