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SOUTH AFRICAN FLOWERING

PLANTS

ELEMENTARY BOTANY FOR

SOUTH AFRICA
THEORETICAL AND PRACTICAL

By HENRY EDMONDS, B.Sc. (Lond.), and

RUDOLF MARLOTH, Ph.D., M.A.

NEW EDITION thoroughly revised by J. BRETLAND FARMER, D.Sc., F.R.S. Professor of Botany in the Royal College of Science, London

With 282 Illustrations. Crown 8vo, 4s. 6d.

LONGMANS, GREEN, AND CO.

LONDON. NEW YORK, AND BOMBAY

PLANTS

FOR THE USE OF BEGINNERS, STUDENTS

AND TEACHERS

BY

REV. PROFESSOR G. HENSLOW, M.A.

F.L.S., F.G.S., ETC.

AUTHOR OF
"BOTANY FOR BEGINNERS,” “HOW TO STUDY WILD FLOWERS," "FLORAL
DISSECTIONS,” “THE MAKING OF FLOWERS,” “POISONOUS
PLANTS OF FIELD AND GARDEN,” “PLANTS

OF THE BIBLE,” ETC., ETC.

LONGMANS, GREEN, AND CO.
39 PATERNOSTER ROW, LONDON

NEW YORK AND BOMBAY
· 1903

All rights reserved

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INTRODUCTION

The objects of the present book are (1) to enable Beginners in Botany to take some interest in the wild plants of Cape Colony and elsewhere, and to show them how they are to be studied. The number of plants in South Africa is so great that all that can be done is to understand the structure of a certain number only, and the phenomena of their plant life.?

But to be merely able to distinguish plants by the structure of their flowers, or to know their names, is by no means enough. We require to know, if possible, why their leaves, as well as their flowers, are so different from each other. This leads to the study of their habits in association with their surrounding conditions; and we find that the structures of roots, stems, leaves, etc., are just what is best for the plant, whether it be living in a dry country like South Africa, or in a humid one as England, or entirely in water.

i The plants that I selected have been approved of by Dr. Schonland, who kindly suggested a few more which I have incorporated; and I take this opportunity of thanking Professor MacOwan for numerous suggestions which I have embodied.

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