Imágenes de páginas
PDF
EPUB

a progressive people, whose rapid advance in social growth is only to be compared with their obstinate conservatism in adhering to institutions that date from the days of Abraham. The author believes that he has had better opportunities than any previous writer for arriving at a just appre, ciation of Mormonism in its civil, political, and religious aspects, and especially in reference to its system of polygamy.

Starting from St. Louis on the 7th of August, 1860, he crossed the Missouri river, and journeyed by the Emigration Road through Kansas, and through the Little Blue River Valley, into the Indian territory. Much information is given respecting the ethnology and history, as well as the present condition and habits of the several Indian tribes; the hunting of the buffalo, &c.; together with an accurate description of every stage in the route across the Platte to the Rocky Mountains, and an account of the Indian language by signs, through which tribes ignorant of each other's dialect may hold easy communication; while the religion of the Indian tribes generally has been placed, it is hoped, in its true light.

After his arrival in the Mormon states, the author endeavoured to examine all that came before him with perfect impartiality, avoiding the capital error, especially in treating of things American, of looking at them from the fancied vantage ground of an English point of view. Living in intimate acquaintance with the Prophet Brigham Young, as well as with other chief men in Utah, he had good opportunities for observing many things hitherto unnoticed or imperfectly understood; and his sojourn of six weeks gave him ample time to form a judgment on the climate and physical resources of the country, as well as on the civil and material condi. tion and prospects of the Mormons. Tables are given, exhibiting the yearly immigration and the population of Utah. The question of polygamy is fully treated in the ninth chapter. A minute account is given of the theology and theological literature of the Mormons, and many popular misconceptions on the subject are refuted. The twelfth and thirteenth chapters contain an account of the journey by Ruby Valley and Carson Valley to San Francisco in California, where he spent ten days. Leaving it on the 15th of November, he landed in December at Panama.

The APPENDICES contain a careful itinerary of the route from St. Joseph, Missouri, to Great Salt Lake City, a description of the Mormon temple, with an account of the “Martyrdom of Joseph Smith,” and a chronological abstract of Mormon history.

Sketches of the Natural History of Ceylon :

with Narratives and Anecdotes illustrative of the Habits and Instincts of the Mammalia, Birds, Reptiles, Fishes, Insects, $c., including a Monograph of the Elephant, and a Description of the Modes of Capturing and Taming it. By Sir J. EMERSON TENNENT, K.C.S., LL.D., &c. Pp. 524; with 82 Illustrations engraved on

Wood from Original Drawings. Post 8vo. 12s.6d. cloth.

[November 7, 1861. THE introduction to this

volume intimates that formed the zoological section of the Author's more comprehensive Account of Ceylon, first published in the autumn of 1859, and now in its fifth edition. But the present publication, so far from being a mere reprint of a section of the larger one above referred to, may be more correctly described as a new work. Almost every paragraph brought forward from the former book has been rewritten ; and by far the larger proportion is entirely new.

In one very important aspect, indeed, this volume of sketches may be regarded as an original work.. Every geographer or traveller who had previously described the Island has been contented, by a glance at its outline and a reference to its position on the map, to assume that Ceylon is a fragment, rent at a very remote age from the adjacent mainland by some convulsion of nature. Hence it has hitherto been taken for granted that the vegetation which covers and the races of animals which inhabit it, must be identical with those of Hindustan; to which Ceylon is usually alleged to bear the same relation as Sieiły presents to the peninsula of Italy. Sir J. Emerson Tennent was the first to question the soundness of this dictum ; and, from a closer examination of its geological conformation as well as of its botanical and zoological characteristics, he came to the conclusion that not only is there an absence of sameness between the formations of the two localities, but that plants and animals, mammals, birds, reptiles, and insects exist in Ceylon which are not to be found in the flora and fauna of the Dekkan, — nay, which present a striking affinity, and occasionally an actual identity, with those of the Malayan countries and some of the islands of the Eastern Archipelago. For example, Ceylon possesses deer and some minor quadrupeds, shrews and squirrels, unknown in the fauna of India; whilst India has the tiger, the hyena, the wolf, the antelope, and other creatures never seen in the adjacent island. The same dissimilarity in the birds, likewise first observed by Sir J. Emerson Tennent, is pointed out in great detail in these sketches, as well as among the reptiles and insects. But the most remarkable of all is the recent discovery that the huge elepbant of Ceylon is not, as invariably assumed by naturalists, identical with the elephant of India, but belongs to an entirely distinct species found only in Sumatra and Ceylon, and lately described by Prof. SCHLEGEL of Leyden.

This new feature in the Natural History of Ceylon imparts, it is believed, an unusual interest to Sir J. Emerson Tennent's volume. The body of the work abounds with anecdotes and narratives of the various animals, drawn from the actual observation and experience of the Author; embracing both the scientific description of every species and a popular account of the habits and instincts of each. The Chapter on Fishes abounds in well-authenticated particulars of the most surprising kind, chiefly relative to those species which wander overland during the droughts, and occasionally climb the palmtrees in search of water. To the SNAKES, SERPENTS, SPIDERs, and other REPTILES which infest Ceylon an equally wonderful chapter is assigned. Finally, an entire section of the volume is devoted to a full biography of the ELEPIANT. This monograph, as it originally stood in the larger work, was pronounced by Professor Owen "the most complete and correct history on record of " that stupendous animal."

The ILLUSTRATIONS, nearly one hundred in number, are engraved on wood in the best manner, from original drawings by WOLF, Forde, and other artists who have made such subjects their exclusive study. Narrative of the China War of 1860: To

which is added the Account of a short Residence with the Tai-Ping Rebels at Nankin; and a short Voyage from thence to Hankow. By Lieutenant-Colonel G. J. WOLSELEY, 90th Light Infantry; D. A.Quartermaster-General to the Expeditionary Force. Pp. 432; with a Portrait of Lieutenant-General Sir J. HOPE GRANT, G.C.B., Commander-in-Chief of the Expeditionary Army. 8vo. price 10s. 6d. cloth.

[Nov. 8, 1861. THE campaign of last year in China has opened

a large extent of country previously little known to Europeans. The visits to Pekin made by Lords Macartney and Amherst furnished a certain amount of statistical and other intelligence relating to the Celestial Empire; but on both those occasions the gentlemen accompanying the British ambassadors were unable to see more of the country than was permitted

by the Chinese authorities, and their power of acquiring information was extremely limited, owing to the scarcity of interpreters and the difficulty of obtaining trustworthy statements from Chinese officials. The author of the present Narrative enjoyed peculiar advantages for satisfying public curiosity in this respect. Belonging to the head-quarter staff of the Expeditionary Force, he had opportunities of seeing and hearing which were denied even to regimental officers belonging to the China Army. Besides this, the large mass of interesting papers found in the Emperor's private rooms furnished him with materials accessible to no previous writer on China. Hitherto most of our information relating to the Imperial policy has been collected from the Mandarins themselves, who always speak with studied ambiguity and reserve; but at last the curtain has been partially torn away, and European diplomatists have obtained at least some insight into the mystery of Chinese policy. Colonel Wolseley has availed himself of the contents of the captured documents, and freely uses throughout this work the information which they yield.

The Narrative commences with the formation of the Expeditionary Army at Hong Kong and Kowloon, glancing generally at the numerous difficulties attendant upon such an arrangement so far from England, and under the peculiarity of the circumstances. Active operations commence by a descent upon the island of Chusan, the lovely scenery of which is described. Leaving Tinghai, the capital, the author visited Poo-too, another island of the Chusan Archipelago, deemed sacred by all Chinese Buddhists, and to which a large number of pilgrims annually resort : an account is given of its topography and ecclesiastical buildings. The Army having been duly organised, the fleet of transports sailed from HongKong for the Gulf of Pechili

, the head-quarter ship putting into Shanghai, and enabling the author to add some particulars concerning that flourishing place. Wei-hei-wei, Chefoo, and Talienwan Bay, in the Gulf of Pechili, are next described. At Talienwan the British Army was disembarked, whilst awaiting the completion of the French arrangements; which gave the author leisure for examining the country. By the end of July the French were ready, and the Allied Forces effected a landing at Peh-tang, when operations commenced which resulted in the capture of the Takoo Forts. All these events, and the country in which they occurred, are fully described. The armies then advanced upon Tientsin, where negotiations were entered into with the Chinese Commissioners; but as these proved to be merely a stratagem to gain time, the British force marched towards Tungchow, and

sustained an attack en route near Chang-chia-wan, they are maintained and rendered practicable in where a battle was fought. On the same day a the winter ; the forests of pines and chesnut (some number of English and French officers and civi- of them of primeval antiquity), and the means by lians were treacherously taken prisoners, authentic which their timber is transported to the low particulars of whose sad fate are related for the country; the geological character of the moun. first time. Another battle was fought at Pa-le- tain district, and the vast catastrophes which cheaou, shortly after which the Allies advanced sometimes occur from landslips or storms; together upon Pekin, when the Summer palaces of Yuen- with many other striking elements of the scenery, ming-yuen were looted by the French, and sub. are described under various aspects, and a good sequently burnt by the English. These Imperial deal of information is given concerning them, residences and the country in their vicinity are From these we proceed to the wilder and loftier minutely described, as also the magnificent Lhama regions. The avalanches and the often terrible temples near them. Pekin having surrendered, inundations are described and accounted for, and Lord Elgin entered the city in triumph, and ac- a lively picture is drawn of the glaciers and evercomplished the ratification of the Tien-tsin treaty. lasting snow-fields, and of the chief mountain The various points bearing upon the subject of

peaks and ridges. This part of the work is illusour negotiations are succinctly stated. The far- trated by accounts of many adventures incurred in famed Tartar Capital being now in our power, climbing these, till lately, untrodden wildernesses the Author was enabled to explore its streets, (especially those of the early Swiss explorers, who &c., of which the British public has hitherto preceded the present race of English travellers), known nothing, save from the romantic tales and will be found to be a useful supplementary of one or two adventurous travellers. When chapter to " Peaks, Passes, and Glaciers.” Many the peace had been signed and the Allied Forces of those stories of the deaths and dangers of celewithdrawn from Pekin, Colonel Wolseley made a

brated chamois hunters, which are traditionally voyage up the Yang-tse-kiang, stopping for a week preserved in the Swiss valleys, are also given; at Nankin with one of the Rebel Kings. During although the reader is referred to Von Tschudi's his stay the Author was enabled to estimate the work for a fuller account of the animals in the rebel cause, investigate the Taiping religion and Alps, and of the methods by which they are purform of government, on which subjects much light sued. The concluding portion of the work is is thrown by his Narrative. On quitting Nankin devoted to an account of the various ways of life, the Author ascended the Great River as far as but little known beyond the Alps, and often not Hankow, and during the voyage he had ample much observed by the passing traveller. Such, opportunities of judging the effects produced for example, are the trades of the wild hay-cutter, upon the country by the Rebellion, and drawing and of the woodman, pursued under difficulties a comparison between the districts now held by and dangers unknown elsewhere. The summer the Taipings and those which are still under the nomadic life on the solitary Alp, and the winter's Imperial Government. The work concludes with seclusion in the remote recesses of the valleys, an account of a residence at Hankow, and a almost cut off from civilised life, with some of the description of that populous and flourishing city. characteristic national customs which still linger

among them, are described in the last chapters; The Alps ; or, Sketches of Life and Nature in

completing a series of vivid “ sketches of life and the Mountains. By Baron H. Von BERLEPSCH.

“nature in the mountains,” under aspects in Translated by the Rev. LESLIE STEPHEN,

which they can rarely be seen by any but a native M.A., Fellow and Tutor of Trinity Hall,

of the mountains, although, it is hoped, interest

ing to more transitory visitors. Cambridge. Pp. 414; with 17 Tinted Illustrations, engraved on Wood from the Forest Creatures. By CHARLES BONER, Author O iginal Drawings by Emil RITTMEYER. of “ Chamois Hunting in the Mountains of

8vo. price 158. cloth. [October 26, 1861. Bavaria,” &c. Pp. 258; with 6 IllustraTHE THE object of Baron Von Berlepsch's work is tions in Lithography and 12 on Wood.

to present such a picture of nature in the Post 8vo. 108. 6d. cloth. [Oct. 24, 1861. Alps, and of the mode of life of the inhabitants of as THE

THE contents of this work consist of a series of

chapters on the Wild Boar, the Roe, the telligent traveller. The first part of the work is

Red Deer, the Fallow Deer, the CAPERCAILE occupied with a description of the scenery, natural and artificial, of the lowest Alpine region. The

or Cock of the Wood, the Black Cock, and the

GOLDEN EAGLE,—all denizens of the forests of great military roads and the passes used for com- Germany. A sketch from nature is attempted mercial purposes, with the appliances by which of the habits and instincts of each of these animals.

In his preface the Author disclaims all pretension to scientific research ; his object being to present in a condensed form, for the reader's entertainment, the results of twenty years' observation of nature, rather as authentic materials for natural history than as a strictly systematic zoological description. In the chapters on the Wild Boar and the Stag the charm which the deer forest has ever exercised on the followers of the chase is dwelt upon at some length, and illustrated by a few passages from early hunting records, summaries of forest laws and royal enactments, and authentic anecdotes of wild animal life confirmed by personal observation. The second part of the chapter on the Roe, entitled a "New Wonder in Natural History," settles, on the authority of Professor L, W. BiscHOFF, of Munich, the period of gestation of the Doe of that species, a disputed point hitherto involved in much obscurity. In the chapter on the Red Deer is given an account, it is believed for the first time in this country, of certain peculiarities which distinguish the trail of the male and female animal froin each other. An essay entitled “Homer a Sportsman" follows, reviewing certain passages of the Iliad and Odyssey in which allusion is made to the chase of wild animals. The volume concludes with a few Hints for the use of those who carry a Rifle in the Forest, embodying the Author's own experience.

The graphic ILLUSTRATIONS, eighteen in number, are drawn from nature by GUIDO HAMMER, an

artist of repute resident at Dresden. They comprise full-page vignettes of the Eagle, the Wild Boar, the Roe, Slots of the Stag (6 Plates carefully executed in lithography), the Fallow Deer, the Capercaile, and the Black Cock; interspersed with the following subjects printed in the text :- Skull and Jaws of a Wild Boar; Head of a Wild Boar ; a Stag freeing his Antler from its velvet covering; a Stag's Antler; a Stag's Antler of peculiar growth; and Slots

to his acts and character, and entered upon a thorough investigation of the subject, the results of which are embraced in this volume. He has sought to show, and, he thinks, successfully, not only that we are indebted to John Rogers alone for the First Authorised Version of the English Bible—the basis of all subsequent ones—but also that, in no less than three several instances, the chief-perhaps the entire-responsibility of the movement of the Reformation, in the time of Queen Mary, was cast upon him-a responsibility which he nobly met, and as nobly sustained. It is shown that he was regarded by the Papists as the ablest and most dangerous man among the Protestant leaders; which is proved by the unusual severities to which he was subjected, and by the fact that they carefully destroyed every line written by hirn during his imprisonment, which they could discover, while no such course was pursued in reference to his associates. Hitherto he has been regarded as a great and good man among many others, and as only accidentally the first martyr in those days; but it is now shown that it required something

more than a great and good man to become the First Martyr, and that Rogers, from conscientious motives, voluntarily accepted his terrible fate, when he might have avoided it without personally abandoning his religious faith, or making any concessions to his enemies.

Incidentally, various historical inaccuracies respecting himself, his colleagues, and the scenes in which they were actors, are corrected, and the memory of the Proto-Martyr is made to receive the credit that has hitherto been awarded to others. The Author was fortunate enough to discover the original MS., as written by the Martyr himself, from which Foxe professedly made up his account of Rogers--the only record, indeed, that we have of his later bistory-and, in presenting it to the world in connection with Foxe's version, adds a positive proof to the growing presumption that little reliance can be placed upon “ the Historian of the Reformation.”

All that can be ascertained concerning the ancestors and descendants of the Martyr finds a place in the volume, and several important genealogical errors are corrected. Biographical sketches are given of the more noted among his probable descendants. The Appendix also embraces Rogers' contributions to the Matthew Bible, and his Translation of Melancthon's Weighing of the Interim-being all that has come down to us of his once evidently voluminous publications-besides various other interesting and valuable papers connected with his history. The volume contains an admirable portrait of the Martyr, which has been carefully engraved from the original in the Heroologia, and five illustrations of important portions of the subject.

of the Stag.

John Rogers : the Compiler of the First Autho

rised English Bible; the Pioneer of the English Reformation ; and its First Martyr. Embracing a Genealogical Account of his Family, Biographical Sketches of some of his Principal Descendants, his own Writings, &c. By JosEPH LEMUEL CHESTER. Pp. 452; with a Portrait on Steel, and 5 Illustrations on Wood. 8vo. 14s. cloth. [Dec. 5, 1861. THE Author, while pursuing genealogical re

searches respecting the family of the Marian Proto-Martyr, became impressed with the conviction that historical justice had never been done

THE

written those pages of his Introductory Account of Mrs. Piozzi's Life and Writings which relate to this memorable literary quarrel.

course.

Autobiography, Letters, and Literary Remains

of Mrs. Piozzi (Thrale). Edited, with Notes, and some Account of her Life and Writings, by A. HAYWARD, Esq., Q.C. New Edition, revised, with Additions ; pp. 876, with Portrait and Plate. 2 vols. post 8vo. price 24s. cloth.

[Nov. 8, 1861. IN :

the Preface to the present edition it is of this kind is almost necessarily imperfect, since the Editor is commonly dependent for much of the required information upon sources the existence of which is unknown to him till reminiscences are revived, and communications invited, by the announcement or publication of the book. Much valuable material reached the Editor too late to be properly placed or effectively worked up; some, too late to be included at all. The arrangement in the Second edition will therefore, he trusts, be found less faulty than in the first, whilst the additions are large and valuable. They principally consist of fresh extracts from Mrs. Piozzi's private diary (Thraliana), amounting to more than fifty pages; of additional marginal notes on books, and of copious extracts from letters hitherto unpublished.

Amongst the effects of her friend Conway, the actor, after his untimely death in America, were a copy of Mrs. Prozzi's Travel Book and a copy of Johnson's Lives of the Poets, each enriched by marginal notes in her handwriting. Such of the notes in the Travel Book as were thought worth printing appeared in June last in an American magazine, from which the Editor has taken the liberty of copying the best. The Lives of the Poets is now the property of Mr. W. A. Smith, of New York, who was so kind as to have the wbole of the marginal notes transcribed at his own expense for the purpose of the present edition.

Animated by thesame liberal wish to promote the interest of literature and the cause of truth, Mr. J. E. Gray, son of Dr. Robert Gray, late Bishop of Bristol, placed at the Editor's disposal a series of letters from Mrs. Piozzi to his father, extending over nearly twenty-five years (from 1797 to the year of her death) and exceeding a hundred in number. These have been of the greatest service in enabling Mr. Hayward to complete and verify the summary of that period of her life. Many new anecdotes of Johnson and his set have been added, as well as several epigrams and vers de société hitherto unpublished; amongst others, a copy of verses addressed by C. J. Fox to Lady CREWE.

So much light is thrown by all this new matter, especially by the extracts from Thraliana, on the alleged rupture between Johnson and Mrs. Piozzi, that the Editor has entirely re-cast or re

The Romance of a Dull Life. By the Author

of Morning Clouds and the Afternoon of Life. Post 8vo. pp. 426, price 9s. 6d. cloth.

[Oct. 24, 1861. THE THE writer of this story has endeavoured to

interest her readers in the simplest workings of human nature without the aid of an exciting plot. Taking for her subject the details of a very prosaic kind of existence, she has tried to show how much feeling, and imagination, and Christian fortitude may be exercised in its monotonous

As lovers of natural history delight in watching the inhabitants of the smallest vivarium, so certainly will those who study human nature find an ever-growing interest in tracing its principles among the commonest events of every. day life.

The interest of the story is not supposed to lie in the events described, but in the characters with which the heroine comes in contact ; and in her own, as it passes through the common ordeal of being misunderstood by the one person whose influence over her was supreme. Owing to the excitement and variety to which young people

now accustomed, and the demonstrative manners of the present day, so diffident a character may be rarely met with; but as it is drawn from life, the representation here given is trustworthy, and will afford, it is hoped, to the student of human nature, some amusement, and perhaps some new glimpses of truth.

are

Wild Dayrell: a Biography of a Gentleman

Exile. By JOHN KEMP, Esq. Author of “ Shooting and Fishing in Brittany," “ Sketches in the South of France," &c. With 2 Illustrations on Wood. Post 8vo.

Pp. 426, price 78. 63. cloth. [Oct. 30, 1861. AN

that there are sixty-six thousand British residents in France, and two hundred thousand scattered in colonies through the whole of Europe, of which large number the greater proportion belong to the higher classes of society.

Concerning these (so to term them) Exiles, comparatively little has hitherto been published ; and on these grounds the Author hopes that the Biography of Wild Dayrell will be acceptable to the reading public. Čhance leads the Gentleman Exile to many centres of resort of English residents on the Continent.

Amongst other places he visits DIEPPE, PARIS, Ems, a noble

« AnteriorContinuar »