Imágenes de páginas

put forth in the well-known “Essays and Reviews." The most prominent subjects which it has been thought advisable to consider separately, are - Bunsen's Biblical Researches, both in respect to the duration of man upon earth, as well as the correctness of Scripture Chronology in general, in opposition to his theory; the Evidences of Christianity, both as regards Miracles

, Prophecy, and Science in general, and likewise with special reference to Darwin's “Origin of Species," as determined by Scripture, in particular; and the Mosaic Cosmogony, as being in perfect harmony with what science has recently brought to light on the matter of geological research. The Author has selected the three " Essays” bearing those titles for separate and careful examination.

Further, as the four remaining “Essays and Reviews" contain a variety of subjects which require much consideration, the Author has attempted to examine these under the distinctive heads of — 1. Holy Scripture, in its integrity, inspiration, and interpretation. 2. Judaism, with reference to the present position of the Jews and their future prospects. 3. The Roman Church, in its antagonism to real religion. 4. Catholicism, in its true and unvarying sense, as adhered to by the Church of England. 5. Buddhism, as having no claim to being termed the “Gospel of India.” And lastly Rationalism, in its negative aspect, as compared to the true theology which Scripture alone teaches.

The work contains a very full account of the hieroglyphic proof of the existence of the Israelites in Egypt in accordance with the statements of Scripture on that subject, together with incidental references to the Cuneiform and Phænician inscriptions in support of the harmony between sacred and profane history; and is accompanied by a full Index as a guide to the many authorities referred to in the course of the work.

point of importance being examined. The Answers appeared originally in supplements to the “ London Review," and are now revised and published in a volume, with a preface by the late Chancellor of Ireland.

In the first Answer the author considers Dr. Temple's theory of the education of the world. He points out that the fundamental fallacy which pervades it is, that the Church and the world are confounded. The idea of the Hebrews, Romans, Greeks, and Asiatics being the great educators of the human race is shown to be borrowed, and wholly inapplicable to the theory the writer desires to establish. The gods of Greece and Rome, the worship of Egypt,

far from being means, in the economy of Providence, of educating the human family, bear witness to the fearful idolatry and pollution of the heathen world. Dr. Temple's view, that man is put under the guidance of his own conscience as the supreme interpreter, is shown to be inconsistent with the truth, that man's moral nature has been affected by the Fall.

II. In the second Answer, the Review by Dr. Rowland Williams of Bunsen's Biblical Researches is minutely examined. This involves a consideration of the chronology, prophecy, and doctrine of Scripture, all of which are questioned by Bunsen and his reviewer. Manetho's tables are shown to be a very insufficient foundation on which to build the fabulous antiquity of Egypt, many of the dynasties being proved to have been cotemporary. The author then enters upon the subject of prophecy, and shows how opposed to the claims of Scripture itself is the denial of literal prognostication. Dr. Williams is shown to have misrepresented Paley, Butler, and Bishop Ridder, these authors asserting the very opposite view from that attributed to them. The genuineness of the Book of Daniel is vindicated. Mr. Griffin proves that the book was written before Antiochus was born, of whose reign it is said to have been but the history, while the objections brought against it have been borrowed from Collins, who himself was but a copyist of Porphyry. The Messianic interpretation of Isaiah liii. is then established, it being that held universally by the Jews up to the 9th century, their targums and ancient expositors knowing no other application. Lastly, the doctrines of Scripture are defended from the perversion that represents justification to be peace

of mind; the resurrection, a spiritual quickening; propitiation, the recovery of peace ; the atonement, a commercial transfer; the incarnation, purely spiritual; and the Divine essence but a col ection of attributes.

III. The third Answer is mainly directed to the question of miracles, and the objections brought against them in Mr. Powel's Essay are

Seven Answers to the Seven Essays and Reviews. By John Nash GRIFFIN, M.A. Trin. Coll

. Dublin ; formerly Senior Moderator and University Gold Medallist in Mathematics and Physics; and Moderator and Medallist in Ethics and Logics; Incumbent of St. Mary's, Spring Grove: with an Introduction by the Right Hon. JOSEPH Napier, late Lord Chancellor of Ireland. 8vo. pp. 336, price 88. 6d. cloth.

[Jan. 4, 1862. THIS volume contains the author's Answers to

the Essays and Reviews. Each Essay is taken up in succession and answered in detail, every

The most important subject here discussed is that of Inspiration. While the human element in the Bible is freely admitted by the author, its plenary inspiration is maintained'; an inspiration which preserves it from error in matters of fact as well as statements of doctrine. The distinction between revelation and inspiration is shown to be of importance in the discussion of the question; and the testimony of Scripture itself on the subject is considered.

discussed under the following heads :-1. That miracles are incredible ; 2. Incapable of proof; 3. Improbable; 4. Useless; 5. Impossible. It is shown that nothing is incredible that is not unreasonable ; a miracle may be above reason, but it does not contradict it. Again, admitting the existence of God and the reality of bis moral government, the probability of miracles may be asserted. The statement that miracles are impossible is shown to land us practically in atheism, for it makes nature wholly independent of God. In opposition to this, the true theory of physical causation, as taught by some of our most eminent philosophers, is maintained. The questions of spontaneous generation and transmutation of species are then considered, and shown to have no foundation in nature.

IV. In the fourth Answer, Mr. Wilson's Essay on the National Church is reviewed, and the author is led to consider the important subjects of doctrinal limitations, subscription, and the principle of ideology. Mr. Wilson's claim, that clergymen should have perfect liberty to believe and teach what they please, is shown to be utterly incompatible with the very existence of a Church. His methods for evading the most solemn obligations imposed by subscription are examined and proved to be most disingenuous, while the principle of ideology, if applied to Biblical interpretation, must entirely destroy the objective truth of Christianity:

V. The object of the fifth Answer is to prove that the is no opposition between science and revelation, especially between Genesis and geology. Even though it may be impossible to trace a perfect agreement between the Mosaic account of creation and the testimony of the rocks, no palpable contradiction can be shown to exist. The examples adduced, namely, the al. leged creation of the sun on the fourth day, and the description of the firmament as a solid vault, are proved to be purely imaginary. The author then enters upon a minute examination of the Mosaic Cosmogony, and points out a very remarkable agreement between it and the facts disclosed the science of

On the Received Text of Shakespeare's Dra

matic Writings, and its Improvement. By SAMUEL BAILEY, Author of “ Letters on the Philosophy of the Human Mind.” 8vo. pp. 274, price 88. 6d. cloth. [Feb. 17, 1862. UE

fessedly corrupt state of SHAKESPEARE's text, enters into a consideration of the criteria by which the spuriousness of a passage may be determined, and afterwards enumerates the conditions to be fulfilled before any proposed emendation can be admitted ; touching, at the conclusion of the introductory section, on the manuscript corrections in what has been named the Perkins Folio, published by Mr. Collier, and showing that those corrections, whether old or new, must be subjected to the same tests as are applied to emendations from an avowedly modern pen.

The author next proceeds to exemplify the principles he has laid down by numerous instances of spuriousness in the received text, and by sugo gestions how to correct them.

In doing this he deals with some passages remarkable both for their excellences and for their defects, including amongst others the well-known soliloquy of Hamlet and the celebrated expostulation of Lady Macbeth addressed to her lord. The defects in these masterly compositions, he attempts to show, did not originate with the poet, but sprang from the perversion of the genuine text, and, for the most part, may be removed by a careful and patient attention to natural successions of thought and customary modes of ex. pression. work is divided, one is devoted to the consideration of Indeterminate Readings — a class which, after all, will probably continue to be numerous ; and another, to that of Verbal Repetitions, which are so frequent with our great dramatist.

The concluding chapter attempts to obviate some objections which may possibly be urged against the principles laid down and applied by the author ; and an Appendix is chiefly occupied in instituting a cursory comparison between the faults in SHAKESPEARE's text and modern errors

oved by helsische Answer

contains a reply to Mr. Press the other chapters or sections into which the

Pattison's Essay on the Tendencies of Religious Thought in England, 1688—1750. In this the author is led to consider the relative importance of the external and internal evidences of Christianity, and to assign to each its respective office. The value of the labours of the historical writers of the last century is maintained, and their candour and honesty vindicated from unmerited aspersions. The Answer closes with a brief summary of the grounds on which religious belief rests.

VII. In the last Answer, Dr. Temple's Essay on the Interpretation of Soripture is considered.

of the press.


Dreamland. With other Poems.

By W.

instance the peculiarities of the poet's genius, CHARLES Kent, Barrister-at-Law. Fcp. 8vo. often the panorama of his life, as in Spenser, the Pp. 262, 58. cloth.

writer has here endeavoured to delineate. Aletheia ; or, the Doom of Mythology. With

Aletheia, by the same author, now reissued in a other Poems. By the same Author. New

new edition and as a companion volume to Dream

land, indicates its purpose with sufficient disEdition. Fcp. 8vo. pp. 326, price 58. cloth. tinctness by its second title, “The Doom of

[Feb. 4, 1862.

Mythology," That design, however, is more disauthor's design in writing Dreamland is

tinctly shadowed forth in Aletheia by the argument THE explained, in the first sentence of his preface,

prefixed to it. The writer embraces within the to have been simply the production of a series of

scope of this design a more or less elaborated Poems delineating the great Masters of English

celebration and description of the whole of Song, each in the locality most generally associated

the pagan deities of antiquity. Appended to with his fame. These portraitures, twenty in

this volume, as in the original edition, there is a number, are arranged as follows:

copious Mythological Glossary. And, apart from

Dreamland and Aletheia as the principal poems, the Shak-pere at hottery | Shenstone at Leasowes Chaucer at Woodstock Falconer at Sea

two volumes comprise within them between Surrey at Windsor Johnson at Streatham

seventy and eighty minor poems of almost every Spenser at Kilcolman Goldsmith at Edgware

kind ; including among them a ballad, an elegy, Milton at Cripplegate Burns at Mossgiel

a rondeau, a bacchanalian, a serenade, an epithaButler at Earlscroomb Cowper at Olney

lamium, a monody, a madrigal, an ode, an idyll, Dryden at Soho Byron at Newstead

a canzonet, a hymn, a parable, a war song, a song Pope at Twickenham Shelley at Marlow

of peace, songs of dancers and of skaters, love Young at Welwyn Scott at Abbotsford songs, epigrams, sonnets, lyrics, and translations.

Thomson at Richmond | Wordsworth at Rydal Regarding the series so many pictured glimpses of dreamland, each piece depicts its sub

The Iliad of IIOMER, in English lIexameter ject or hero, in most instances, as the solitary

Verse. Part I. — Books I. to XII. By figure upon the canvas — his home or baunt J. HENRY Dart, M.A. of Exeter College, forming the background. The poems are arranged Oxford ; Author of “The Exile of St. chronologically, with the exception of the one

Helena, Newdigate, 1838." Square crown relating to Shakspere, who, moreover, is the only poet of the series introduced with a companion

8vo. pp. 276, price 10s. 6d. cloth.

[Jan. 11, 1862. - he being represented while wooing * Anne Hathaway in her cottage-garden at Shottery. Another passing suggestion of a love scene there

PUBLIC ATTENTION has for some time past

been pointedly directed to the Homeric is, where Burns is described looking in the track poems, and to the question as to which metre is taken by his “ bonnie Jean," while he stands, best adapted for their reproduction in the English sickle in hand, in the half-reaped cornfield. The language. The great weight of modern authority Earl of Surrey is seen peering through his seems to be in favour of adhering to the original dungeon bars in Windsor Castle. Falconer muses metre in any new translation of the Iliad. The alone at sunset in the bows of a man-of-war, far present volume comprises, in that metre, the out at sea. Scott is seated in his writing-room first twelve of the twenty-four books of the poem, at Abbotsford. Shelley lies dreaming in a boat and contains about 8,000 lines. The especial upon the Thames. Most of the others are in object of the translator has been to reproduce, heir world-famous gardens - Young at night, especially in the battle-scenes and more remarkin a thunderstorm ; Chaucer in a wilderness of able speeches, the spirit and animation of the flowers at midsummer; Thomson luxuriating Greek, at the same time adhering as nearly as over a peach ; Cowper with his leverets sporting possible to its structure. To the accomplishment round 'him on the greensward.

While these of this object any mere technical rules of prosotwenty poems are written in almost every variety diacal versification have been regarded as subof metre, they are penned for the most part in servient. The principle has been throughout the particular strain or stanza characteristic of adhered to of treating the English language each poet in succession — Milton in blank verse; as accentual and not quantitative. The transButler in Hudibrastic rhymes; Dryden in the lator bas in particular been careful to avoid the beroic measure, with an occasional triplet or an monotonous and unpleasing effect produced by odd Alexandrine. A single incident in the poet's throwing forced accents upon the penultimate life

, as in Pope and Byron, has sometimes been syllables of the lines; a peculiarity generally to selected as the theme of description. In every be found in the English imitations of Longfellow. With very few exceptions, the translation is line the handwriting of the time, and with the appafor line with the Greek. It is accompanied ratus of interpretation. by notes intended for the benefit of the general There are six pages concerning S. Swithun, and reader.

six concerning S. Maria Ægyptiaca. The text of both these subjects is equally elucidated by

translations opposite, and notes appended. But Gloucester Fragments. I. Facsimile of some the bulk of the volume is occupied with the

Leaves in Saxon Handwriting on Saint national Saint, viz. Swithun, whose name is assoSwithun, copied by Photozincography at the

ciated with the Fifteenth of July. An attempt Ordnance Survey Office, Southampton, and

is made to throw together in an Essay all that is published with Elucidations and an Essay

known or surmised of him, together with what by John Earle, M.A., Rector of Swanswick;

has been attributed to him, — his relations to

Ecgbert, Æthelwulf, Alfred — his “ Translation" late Fellow of Oriel College, and Professor

by Dunstan and Æthelwold -- his connection of Anglosaxon in the University of Oxford.

with Winchester, both in life and in posthumous II. Leaves from an Anglosaxon Translation

celebrity-his policy in the donation of Æthelof the Life of S. Maria Ægyptiaca, with wulf, and his consequent claim to rank as quasiTranslation and Notes, and a Photozinco- founder of our parochial system - and lastly, the graphic Facsimile. By the same. Impe- origin of his association with the forty rainy rial 4to. pp. 132, price 21s. boards.

days. To this are appended several “ Illustrative [Dec. 24, 1861.

Pieces concerning Saint Swithun,” drawn from

various sources, some in print, others in manuA

small portfolio of six parchment leaves, con- script, but all more or less beyond ordinary reach,

taining fragmentary portions of two Saxon and never collected before. A beautiful manuIlomilies or Lives of Saints, is preserved in the

script of the close of the tenth century, in the Chapter Library, Gloucester. These relics of the British Museum, worthy to be published entire, tenth century were made the subject of a has been largely drawn upon, and furnishes the Memoir before the Archæological Institute at its

matter in No. ii. of the Illustrative Pieces. Gloucester Meeting in 1860. Out of that cir- The Second Part, on S. Maria Ægyptiaca, is cumstance the present publication has sprung,

added to make the work complete as an edition under the influence, however, of a powerful stimu- of the “ Gloucester Fragments"; but the leadlant. Opportunity was afforded for reproducing ing idea of the Editor has been to produce a the Saxon pages by the aid of Photozincography volume which might serve as a specimen of Saxon at the Ordnance Survey Office, Southampton ; prose literature, and also present the entire case and this has imparted to the volume a size and of S. Swithun, the only saint of Saxon times whose an importance which it would not otherwise have name still lives in popular remembrance. attained. Of the twelve pages which are extant, seven have been thus reproduced. The remaining five were not in sufficiently good preservation for

Some Points of the Education Question Practhe process; and even of those which have been tically considered with reference to the facsimiled, two pages had to be reproduced from Report of the Commissioners and the New tracings. The eye of the connoisseur will appre- Minute : with a Brief Outline of the Rise ciate the distinction, and will at the same time be pleased with verifying the exceedingly near

and Progress of Popular Education in Eng

land. approach which has been made to the pristine

By ARTHUR GARFIT, M.A., Curate forms of the letters. The sheets in which the

of Richmond, Surrey. Post 8vo. pp. 200, pen has intervened between the originals and the

price 4s. cloth.

[Jan. 18, 1862 facsimile are those signed “1” and “z”-not, as unfortunately printed in the preface, pagesait and The main object of this work is to defend

the principle and most of the details of the 3. The penmanship of the tenth century was new Minute lately issued by the Committee of rounder and bolder than that of later times, and Privy Council on Education. The author first this favourable circumstance exhibits Photozinco- traces the progress of the education of the poor graphy to its greatest advantage.

in England from its origin, giving an account The Saxon matter is printed entire, page for of the early efforts of the Christian Knowledge page and line for line with the originals. Oppo- Society, of Dr. Bell and Joseph Lancaster, the site the printed Saxon a literal translation is National Society, and the British and Foreign given, ranging with the Saxon page for page and School Society, of Lord Brougham and the Useful line for line. The book presents accordingly a Knowledge Society. He then investigates the complete specimen of Saxon of a good date, in action of the Committee of Privy Council on

Education in England from 1839 to the present time; refers to the Report of the Royal Commission on Education in 1861, and the works of Mr. Senior and Mr. Chadwick. A chapter is next devoted to the subject of teaching to read, another to general intelligence in children; and some of the evidence of Her Majesty's Inspectors on these points is examined and controverted. The latter half of the volume enters into a detailed examination of the New Minute, and the causes that led to its promulgation. Many of the objections urged against the Minute are examined and answered, and it is argued that its effect on both schools and teachers is likely to be beneficial. The case of the Village Schools is discussed, and a plan proposed for giving increased aid to them. Lastly, the religious basis of our teaching is shown not to be endangered by the changes proposed.

look as well as the sound of the words has been well imprinted on the mind. They should then be read aloud by the teacher; and, if the whole of the exercise is considered too long for dictation, the words printed in italics should be written down as they occur, the faults corrected, and the exercise repeated again and again till it is perfect. This process may appear tedious; but it certainly cannot be as much so as the old system of column spelling. The few rules which are all that can be given in aid of English spelling, ought, in like manner, to be carefully explained, and the pupil should be made to see how they apply to the words introduced into the exercise. When once they are fixed in the memory, many of the difficulties which perplex young people in their first attempts at orthography will be found to be over


The Second Book of Milton's Paradise Lost : The Church Catechism; with Explanations and With a Prose Translation or Paraphrase, Scripture Proofs: to which is added a Chro

the Parsing of the more Difficult Words, nological History of the Christian Church

Specimens of Analysis, and numerous Illusand of the English Prayer-Book. Adapted

trative Notes. By the Rev. John HUNTER, for the use of Pupil-Teachers, Advanced

M.A. formerly Vice-Principal of the NaClasses, and Candidates for Confirmation.

tional Society's Training College, Battersea. By HENRY WORTHINGTON, late Master of West Cowes School. 12mo. pp. 50, price 1s.

Specially designed to prepare Junior Candi

dates for the Oxford Middle-Class Examicloth. [Feb. 24, 1862.

nation in 1862, and Candidates for the THE object of this work is to provide, for the First B.A. Examination of the London

use of teachers, a manual of explanations and University in 1862. 12mo. pp. 102, price Scripture proofs of the Church Catechism, which,

1s. 6d. cloth. it is believed, does not exist.

[Jan. 25, 1862. The best authors on the Catechism have been diligently searched ; | THIS annotated edition, which is accompanied and nothing has been put forward at which any

by a paraphrase of the text, is intended to Churchman can cavil. Pupil-teachers, students

afford not only the help needed for candidates in training colleges, and candidates for confirma

for Middle-Class Examinations, but also that which tion, will, it is hoped, find a want supplied by

seems adapted for schools in general, and which, this little book. The interrogative form has

by removing many general difficulties, may render been adopted throughout as best suited to the

the young reader capable of appreciating the other subject. 'A CHRONOLOGICAL APPENDIX is added parts of the great poem of Milton. It may be of the Christian Church and the English Prayer

used advantageously as a Reading-Book both in Book, compiled chiefly from “Nichol's Help" and

Poetry and Prose. " Berens' Prayer-Book."

By the same Editor, Book the First, as above, price 1s. 6d.


Exercises. By ELIZABETH M. SEWELL, author of " Amy Herbert," “ The Wilkins's Greek Delectus literally translated ; Child's First History of Rome," "A First forming a Key. By the Author, the Rev. History of Greece," " History of the Early HENRY MUSGRAVE WILKINS, M.A. Fellow of Church," &c. 18mo. pp. 78, price 18. cloth. Merton College, Oxford. New Edition, [Jan. 13, 1862.

revised and corrected. 12mo. pp. 60, price THE Exercises in this work are founded on the

[Feb. 10, 1862. principle, now generally acknowledged, that MR. WILKINSS Progressive Greek Delectus, rather than the ear. The Exercises should first in its fourth edition. The plan of the book, which be given to the pupil to read and study, till the was suggested by the Rev. Dr. TEMPLE, Ilead

23. 6d. cloth.

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