Imágenes de páginas

became impracticable, without endangering the administrations. The present Governor, howcanoes ; and the loss of these would have involved ever, has not only discovered for himself the the loss of life to the whole Expedition. The value of these records, but bas in every way Author with his companions then descended the encouraged and facilitated the Author's researches streams, to the Fishing Station in the Moisie Bay. with a view to the present work. A full account of the fisheries of the Gulf is fol. In this volume will be found everything of lowed by a narrative of the history and present importance that can throw light upon the growth state of the Roman Catholic Missions in the coun- of the summer fishing-station into a thriving try, which illustrates the condition of the Indians colony. It discloses the machinations of interested on the coast as contrasted with their state in the English merchants, who for centuries laboured to interior, and serves to show the extent of their prevent their rights of adventure from passing capability for receiving Christianity and European into the hands of a settled population,-a selfish civilisation generally. From the Bay of Seven design which, in the opinion of the Author, acIslands the Author went to the Mingan Islands, corded with the policy of the Home Government, at the north-eastern extremity of the Gulf of who, until late years, regarded the fisheries mainly St. Lawrence, of which a minute report is given as a nursery for the Royal Navy. While the both as regards its fisheries and the general cha- Author has endeavoured to relate impartially the racter of its navigation. Especial care has been long struggle between vested interests and what devoted to the description of the Island of Anti- may be called the natural law of settlements, costi ; and the concluding chapters of the work the peculiar nature of the sources from which enter largely into the history and geography of Newfoundland derives wealth and importance, is the Labrador Peninsula, the missions of the Church shown to have given rise to international rivalry of England and other religious bodies on the Gulf and exciting disputes, not yet by any means and coasts, and the political and commercial im- settled. The volume is completed by several portance of the various fisheries of the Gulf of

APPENDICES, embodying antiquarian details and St. Lawrence, Labrador, and Newfoundland. The the most recent commercial and social statistics distances on the coast are throughout carefully and of the Island of Newfoundland. minutely stated, with all essential details which may be of service to those who are disposed on their

Letters of Felix MENDELSSOHN BARTHOLDY, own account to explore the Labrador Peninsula.

from 1833 to 1847. Edited by PAUL

MENDELSSOHN BARTHOLDY, of Berlin; and by The Iristory of Newfoundland from the Earliest Dr. Carl MENDELSSOHN BARTHOLDY, of HeiTimes to the year 1860. By the Rev. CHARLES

delberg : with a Catalogue of all his Musical PEDLEY, of St. John's, Newfoundland. Pp. Compositions compiled by Dr. Julius Kietz. 552, with a large Map of Newfoundland. Translated from the German by LADY 8vo. price 158. cloth. [Sept. 19, 1863. WALLACE. Pp. 476; with Portrait. Post

8vo. price 108. 6d. cloth. [December 7, 1863. A good history of the oldest British settlement

bas long been inquired for by general THIS is a second series of MENDELSSOHN's historical students. The want was especially where the former volume left off and terminating felt in Newfoundland itself; though even there with bis death. It includes two visits to England, it was scarcely expressed with sufficient urgency the period of his residence at Dusseldorf, the until the visit of the Prince of Wales was in production of the oratorios of St. Paul and Elijah, contemplation, when the Duke of NewCASTLE and of the tragedies of Antigone and Edipus, applied to Sir ALEXANDER BANNERMAN, the and the establishment of the Conservatorium at Governor, for any works relating to the colony Leipsic. The Letters are pervaded by the same which might interest His Royal Highness on his charm, both of spirit and expression, to which outward voyage. The works of Chief Justice the immediate popularity of the collection from REEVES, ot' ANSPACH, Sir R. Bonnycastle, and Italy and Switzerland was due; but the present some others less known, are interesting and, in selection includes many of greater interest to the some respects, copious sketches of the history general and non-technical reader, while there are of the great fisheries; but without access to several which appeal to the professional musician. the colonial records a methodical history was The letters describing MENDELSSOHN's visits to impracticable, and it would appear that Sir England, his triumphs at Birmingham and Exeter ALEXANDER's predecessors were either ignorant Hall, the details of his interviews with the QUEEN of the existence of such annals, or desirous of and Prince CoNsORT, are full of interest to the concealing from the world the misdeeds of earlier English reader, and will be read with especial

pleasure by all who can recollect the composer when he was yet among us. Of an entirely different description the correspondence on the subject of MENDELSsour's connexion with the Court of Berlin, which places the dignified integrity of his personal character, and his unselfish devotion to the musical art, in the strongest and most pleasing light. The omission of the more technical letters so prominent in the first volume is here supplied by a catalogue of Mendelssohn's works published and unpublished, drawn up by Dr. Julius Rietz, forming a material addition to the value of the book, and furnishing many a curious proof of the fastidious delicacy which characterised MENDELSSOHN, and led him to suppress the publication of many of his most important compositions.

The volume is furnished with a copious Index; and is embellished by a Portrait of MENDELSSOHN engraved by H. Adlard from a photograph taken after the decease of MENDELSSOHN, and representing him in the calm repose of death.

circumstance not slightly in his favour. Being closely associated with bim both in public and private till 1849, the year of Father Mathew's visit to America, the Author became acquainted with every phase in the career and character of the Apostle of the Temperance movement. He has, therefore, written this memoir, not in any spirit of fattery or exaggeration, but to exhibit fully and impartially the character of one who devoted himself to lessening the amount of human guilt and wretchedness without reference to any barriers of sect or party. Hence, while he was writing the life of a man who was a most zealous Catholic priest, he felt that he was writing for those who loved the man and appreciated his work-in other words, for all and not for a few.

The interest of Father Mathew's life centres, therefore, in his desire to promote the welfare of his countrymen; and the subject will bring before the reader, not only his efforts in the cause of temperance and abstinence, and the devotion with which he sought to alleviate the miseries of the years of famine, from 1846 to 1848, but also many remarkable phases of Irish life and character. With these convictions as to the nature and value of his labours, the Author has carefully avoided the introduction of any topic which would clash with the prevailing tone and temper of one who

may be truly said to belong to mankind rather than to party or to sect.

Father Mathew : a Biography. By John

FRANCIS MAGUIRE, M.P. Author of 'Rome, its Ruler and its Institutions. Pp. 574; with Portrait from a Picture by E. J. Harding, and a Vignette of the Statue of Father Mathew, executed by J. H. Foley, R.A. for the city of Cork. Post 8vo. price 128. 6d. cloth. [November 7, 1863. HE interest which belongs to the life of any subjects of directly political or religious controversy. Apart from all considerations of sects or schools, English readers in general will feel that the life and actions of a man who exercised no ordinary influence on his age, and whose single motive was to promote the highest welfare of his fellow men as such, ought not to be forgotten or carelessly dismissed. On the philosophy of his method there may be differences of opinion ; there can be none as to the purity of bis intentions and the earnest sincerity of his efforts. During his life these efforts were crowned with marvellous success; if, since his death, the soundness of the practice which be advocated has been more widely questioned, the result of his work for good has not perhaps on this account been less real or less permanent. It would be a reproach to the country which he served were such a man allowed to pass away without a record of his life. But the task of furnishing this record was not undertaken by the Author until it became evident that no one else purposed to write the life of Father MATHEW. He felt, however, that the personal intimacy which he enjoyed with the subject of this memoir was a

From Matter to Spirit : the Result of Ten

Years' Experience in Spirit Manifestations.
Intended as a Guide to Inquirers. By C.D.
With a PREFACE by A. B. Post 8vo. pp. 436,
price 8s. 6d. cloth. [Nov. 13, 1863.

, ences and the conclusions thence deduced, is intended as a guide to persons wishing to investigate the nature of the phenomena known as Spiritual Manifestations. It contains directions for forming circles and trying experiments in Rapping, Table-moving, Spirit-writing, &c. with suggestions as to the causes of success and failure, and the conditions favourable for such experiments. The writer, from observation of Mesmeric and other kindred processes, has been led to the conclusion that those processes, as well as the spiritual manifestations, involve spiritual action in different degrees, and that they all afford means for investigating the nature of spirit, its action on and through matter, its work in the body on earth, and its gradual development in the next state. Also that a solution of some of the most important problems in religion and mental knowledge may be found by a careful study of these mysterious phenomena, and the conclusions to which they naturally lead. The vagueness of thought which is not uncommon at this time, as to the real existence and operation of spirit, and the belief held by some persons that mind and force are the result of material combination, are combated by an attempt to show that spirit is the essential element of all life, and the originating and sustaining cause of all organic and inorganic matter. In offering some thoughts on influx and inspiration, the writer has tried to trace the progress of Divine instruction in individuals and in the race, and to show that all the spiritual knowledge gained from the phenomena of modern times is in perfect harmony with Scripture history, and the teaching and miracles of our Lord, Himself the perfect manifestation of the highest spirit. Some explanation is attempted of the nature of dreams and apparitions of different kinds, and the place they hold in spiritual knowledge.

The volume is introduced by a preface from the pen of another writer, A. B. who knows the truth of some of the facts stated in the work, believes others on evidence; and who, without adopting or denying the conclusions of C. D., is satisfied that the phenomena deserve serious inquiry on any hypothesis as to their origin; and also that the procedure of the 'philosophical world, in reference to these phenomena and others, offers a fairer mark for satire than that of the 'spiritualists.'

fieldsothers in the care of the meadows or in that of the flocks. The eldest of the brothers and his wife, who was also the eldest of the sisters, were like the father and mother of the whole 'family.'

Part II. Page 122. The first volume opens with a description of the patriarchal life and manners of this singular household, and gives some information relative to the Waldensian Church, which, it is frequently maintained, has never undergone a reformation, but bas subsisted as it is at present from the time of the Apostles; and it closes with the Order of Gastaldo, issued in January 1655, commanding all who were outside certain recognised limits to quit their homes within three days under penalty of confiscation and death unless they became Roman Catholics.

The second volume embodies information drawn from authentic historical sources, respecting the Consilium de Propaganda Fide et Extirpandis Hæreticis, and the manœuvres by which the Marquis of PIANESSE made himself master of the Valley of Lucerna.

The third volume opens with an account of the Massacre of Easter Eve, April 1665. It contains some account of Joshua JANAVEL's heroic combats and almost incredible victories; and, in conclusion, reference is made to the exertions of CROMWELL, Milton, and MORLAND on behalf of this persecuted people. Milton wrote at CromWELL's suggestion a Protest to the Duke of Savoy, as well as to most of the other Courts of Europe ; and his well-known sonnet, commencing

Avenge, O Lord, Thy slaughtered saints, commemorates this cruel act of Papal tyranny. MORLAND, who was deputed to Turin by CRONWELL, as his Commissioner Extraordinary, left a history of the period and many original documents in its illustration, most of which he deposited in the Cambridge University Library, where they still exist. These materials have been freely used in the composition of the present narrative, but an APPENDIX to each volume refers to the various other authorities consulted.

The ILLUSTRATIONS, fourteen in number, comprise the most dramatic incidents related in the romance, with some striking views of Alpine scenery, worked apart on tinted paper; besides a small Map and a FACSIMILE of part of an original manuscript, printed in the text. Sunshine and Shadows; or, Sketches of Thought,

Philosophic and Religious. By W. BENTON Clulow. Post 8vo. pp. 392, price 8s. 6d. cloth.

[November 25, 1863. THE inquiries and discussions embodied in this speculative moment at the present time. Having

The Six Sisters of the Valleys : an Historical

Romance. By the Rev. W. BRAMLEY-MOORE, M.A. Incumbent of Gerrard's Cross, Bucks. Pp. 1,172; with Map, Facsimile, and 14 Engravings on Wood. 3 vols. post 8vo.

price 31s. 6d. cloth. [December 21, 1863. THE object

of this work is the exposure of a barbarous persecution instigated and sanctioned by the Church of Rome, exceeding in savage detail the Massacre of St. Bartholomew. Adhering closely to the main outlines of history, it is in form only, not in substance, a work of fiction; the period of the action being the first half of 1655, called by some religious historians the year of massacres,' when the WALDENSES suffered from the second of their great persecutions. The narrative is based upon the following passage of a contemporary chronicler of the epoch named Léger :

'I cannot refrain from remarking here, that there were six brothers of these Prinses, and that 'they had married six sisters, and all of them had

numbers of children, and that they lived together without having ever made any division of their

property, and without theslightest discord having • ever been observed in that family. It was com'posed of more than forty persons, each of whom

had his own department of labour; some in the ' work of the vineyards and cultivation of the

treated of the structure and development of man, are perfect facsimiles of the originals. The exand of mind in its physical relations, the Author planatory account of the discovery of these two next discusses the faculties of brutes and the papyri describes in detail the tomb in which they question of their immortality. An essay on the were deposited; which was opened intact, and philosophy of thought, forms the introduction to evidently formed the private vault of a family of à series of chapters on the mind, its faculties, high rank in ancient Thebes. In addition to these limitations, and modes of action. In a chapter on papyri several other Egyptian objects are comTheological Petrifaction, it is contended that the prised in the ILLUSTRATIONS, viz. the gold crown of mighty problems which present themselves in the a mummy, a shrine, a vase, an amulet, and some wide field of spiritual inquiry, are not to be other articles of coeval antiquity found in the adsettled by the com

mmonplaces of persons whose jacent tomb. The text is interspersed with hiero. undoubting confidence, when it has other parent- glyphics printed from the first moveable Egyptian age than unthinking ignorance, is not seldom the types cast in England, forming part of a fount offspring of principles that neutralise all thought from matrices produced by order of Messrs. by perverting its efforts, or dictating the conclu- Longman and Co. for the forthcoming volume of sions at which it shall arrive. In the essay on Chevalier Bunsen's work on Egypt's place in atheism, the Author shows that the greater portion

universal history. of mankind, by holding degrading and incongruous ideas of the Divine nature, are chargeable with a The Gladiators : a Tale of Rome and Judæi. species of negative atheism. The discussion of By G. J. WHYTE MELVILLE, Author of 'Digby this subject is followed by essays on theories Grand,'• The Interpreter,' 'Holmby House,' of human nature; colours and rules of belief; • The Queen's Maries,' 'Good-for-Nothing,' on cause and effect, or the law of retribution ; and on Scripture criticism. A copious Index of

&c. 3 vols. post 8vo. pp. 934, price 31s. 6d.

cloth. the contents furnishes a clear idea of the varied

[November 18, 1863. character of the work.

THE action of this novel is.confined to the single

year which witnessed the fall of VITELLIUS,

the election of VESPASIAN as Emperor, and the Facsimiles of Two Papyri found in a Tomb at

taking of Jerusalem by Titus. While the tale Thebes, With a Translation by S. Birch,

presents full illustrations of ordinary Roman life, LL.D. F.S.A. Corresponding Member of the with its luxury, pleasures, and intrigues, the Institute of France, Academies of Berlin, elegance and dissipation of the capital, and the Herculaneum, &c. and an Account of their gorgeous tragedies of the amphitheatre, it also Discovery by A. H. Rund, F.S.A. Pp. 30; exhibits the working of the new force introduced with 12 Facsimile Plates and other Illus- into the world by Christianity, and the heroic trations in Chromolithography. Oblong

constancy of those who preached or adopted the

new faith. The plot of the tale turns on the love folio, price 42s. cloth. [Sept. 21, 1863.

of a Jewish maiden for a Christian convert; and

the closing scenes bring before the reader the fall OF been printed, and the stones on which the

of the city and the destruction of the Temple of ILLUSTRATIONs were lithographed have been de

Jerusalem. stroyed. The papyri here presented in fac-simile, found in a perfect state of preservation by the

The Siege of Jerusalem by Titus : with the late Mr. RHIND, in an excavation made by bim at Journal of a Recent Visit to the Holy City; Thebes, are both of the age of Augustus and and a General Sketch of the Topography of CLEOPATRA, in the first century before Christ. Jerusalem from the Earliest Times down to Their contents, as developed in the accompanying the Siege. By Thomas LEWIN, M.A. of translation, throw much light on the curious reli

Trin. Coll. Oxon. Esq. F.S.A. Author of gious doctrines held by the ancient Egyptians on

• Cæsar's Invasion of Britain,' &c. Pp. 516 ; the immortality of the soul and the future state. Being written in two different kinds of Egyptian

with 17 Plans, Maps, and other Illustrations. characters, the Hieratic or sacred and the Demo

8vo. price 158. cloth. [October 28, 1863. tic or popular, these venerable manuscripts claim THE object of the present work is to illustrate additional interest from their bilingual nature, the Bible and the writings of Josephus by besides affording an appreciable accession to our the aid of modern discovery; and especially to still scanty knowledge of Demotic writing, the realise to the English reader the topography of language namely used in almost all the later Ancient Jerusalem, as ascertained by the reEgyptian literature. The coloured plates were searches of recent travellers and confirmed by the executed by the late Mr. NETHERCLIFT, and personal investigation of the Author.


The First Part describes the siege of Jeru- It will not be necessary to repeat what steam, salem by Titus, and every military movement can gas, and electric telegraphs bave effected both on now be distinctly followed, from the first escape sea and land in the same time; but it will be found of Titus himself down to the general conflagration. on enquiry that in mills, where these agencies are The prophecy of our Lord, that of the Temple employed, some of the elements exist to which we 'there should not be left one stone upon another are indebted for the numerous advantages which that should not be thrown down,' is shown to enter into the improved state of our social existhave been signally and literally fulfilled.

ence. In this volume, therefore, the Author has The Second Part is devoted to the journal of endeavoured to follow up more in detail the prina recent visit by the Author to the Holy City, ciples of construction and other serviceable data, undertaken for the express purpose of examining to which, it is hoped, the intelligent student may the antiquities and verifying the various discord- advantageously refer. ant theories upon the subject. His sojourn On prime movers as comprised in water-wheels, there was short, but he worked hard. Many facts turbines, steam-engines, &c. the reader is referred are here brought to light which will serve to settle to the first part of this work; the present volume the vexed questions as to the true site of the being chiefly directed to what is known by the Temple and The courses of the ancient walls. name of mill-gearing. In Section IV. CHAPTER I.

To the Third Part is assigned a topographical will be found an elaborate treatise on wheels, exdescription of Jerusalem from the earliest times bibiting the relations of diameter, pitch, width, down to the siege by Titus, in the course of which and formation of teeth, including formulæ for the views of ROBINSON, WILLIAMS, and FERGUS- calculating the strength, proportions, &c. to be son, are freely discussed. Amongst other topics observed in the construction of spur and bevel the genuineness of the Holy Sepulchre is vindi- gear, together with tables of the proportions of cated from the doubts recently cast upon it, and wheels, pullies, &c. computed from data founded in several remarkable particulars, now first dwelt upon experiments and tested in actual practice, upon, the site of the sepulchre is identified from

which in some respects it is believed are more the narrative of the entombment and Resurrection convenient and comprehensive than any hitherto given in the New Testament.

published. The same Section contains a chapter

on the strengths and proportions of shafts, includTreatise on Mills and Millwork, Vol. II. ing rules and tables for calculating their resistance

On Machinery of Transmission and the to strains produced by pressure, torsion, &c. and Construction and Arrangement of Mills, viz. these, with the proportions of journals, friction, Wheels, Shafts and Couplings ; Engaging

lubrication, and other conditions, constitute the

contents of CHAPTER II. and Disengaging Gear; Mili Architecture;

CHAPTER III. treats of the couplings of shafts, also Corn, Cotton, Flax, Silk, and Woollen Mills : with a Description of Oil, Paper,

engaging and disengaging gear, and those connec

tions by which motive power may be conveyed to and Powder Mills, including a Short Account a considerable distance from the prime mover, and of the Manufacture of Iron. By WILLIAM by which all the necessary changes of stopping FAIRBAIRN, C.E. LL.D.F.R.S. F.G.S. Corres- and starting machines may be effected at one part ponding Member of the National Institute of of the mill without detriment or interference with France, and of the Roval Academy of Turin; the machinery of any other part. Chevalier of the Legion of Honour, &c.

The first chapter of Section V. embraces a short Pp. 300; with 10 Plates and 146 Wood

treatise on mills and mill architecture. The

application of architecture to mills was unknown Engravings; and including an Index to the

or greatly neglected until late years, when a whole work. 8vo. price 16s. cloth.

few examples of architectural construction were [September 22, 1863. afforded by the introduction of slight cornices HE first part of this work gave a succinct and pilasters, showing that it was possible at a

small cost to relieve by light and shade the monoin the profession of a mill architect, millwright, tony of a large brick surface. This to some extent and mechanical engineer. The Author's profes- introduced a better style of building; and on this sional career commenced just at a time wten the subject a few examples bave been given for the manufacturing industry of the country was recov. guidance of the millwright and engineer. ering from the effects of a long and disastrous CHAPTER II. Section V. treats exclusively of war, and he was enabled, therefore, to grow up corn mills; and as these constructions are chiefly with and follow out consecutively nearly the whole in the bands of the millwright, the Author has of the discoveries, improvements, and changes carefully directed attention to the buildings as that have since taken place in mechanical science. well as the machinery. In this department will

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