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dezvous of the first division, headed nesses among the mountains, driving by the King in person, was to be at the cattle from the plains, and deShrewsbury; that of the second, un troying every means by which the der the joint command of the Earls enemy could procure food for themof Stafford and Warwick, and the selves, or forage for their horses. Barons Abergavenny, Audley, and The English, willing to conceal Berkeley, at Hereford ; and that of their shame, attributed the cause of the third, under the direction of their disgrace to the incantations of Prince Henry, at Chester: the forces the British Chieftain, who, as Holin. were to be assembled at each place shed expresses it, “through art maby the 27th of August.

gick, (as was thought,) caused such Owain beheld these formidable foul weather, of winds, tempest, preparations without dismay, and raine, snows, and hail, to be raised continued to devastate the country, for the annoyance of the King's army, destroying the principal towns in that the like had not been heard of." Glamorganshire, the inhabitants of Perhaps Glyndwr, as well to inthat district having refused to em fuse terror into his foes, as to give brace his cause, and receiving from his own people a more exalted notion all other parts of Wales fresh suc of his powers, might politically incours and supplies.

sinuate his skill in spells and charms. At the time appointed, Henry and This species of credulity was in full his generals advanced towards the vigour at that time, and it is not imPrincipality; and Glyndwr, too pru- probable that Glyndwr might have dent to hazard an engagement with endeavoured to influence his followers, a force so superior, in every respect, by pretending to a proficiency in the to his own, again retired to the fast- mystic arts of sorcery and divination.

(To be continued.)

Give me a bumper of ruby wine,

Give me a glance of thy laughing eye,
And I would not my place at this table resign

For Jove's, who sits tippling all day in the sky.
Ganymede stands with his nectar before him,

Juno, the blue-eyed, sits smiling beside him;
The gods lying round, all in silence adore him—

Woe to the tongue that would venture to chide him !
Let them gulp down etherial nectar for ever,

Such spiritless liquor shall never be mine,
And Ganymede, Bacchus, or Jove would be clever,

Could they prove that it equall’d the juice of the vine.
And who, in his senses, would ever compare

Proud Juno the vixen, dear Jessy ! to thee?
Were Jove to come down through the regions of air,

He would gaze on thy face, and would fall on his knee ;
And then my dear Jessy would frown in disdain,

And tell the poor god to get up and be gone,-
For you would not desert your terrestrial swain,

As long as he left you a will of your own.
Jove would look sheepish, and slowly depart,

And, sighing, return to his soft bed of roses,
Where, venting the anger that lurk’d in his heart,

He would cudgel the gods, or perhaps pull their noses :
And then you and I would fill bumpers of wine,

And crown them with flowerets of loveliest hue,
And still as we saw the lov'd beverage decline,

We would smile on each other, and fill them anew

ONPARALLELED INSTANCE OF SUICIDE BY VOLUNTARY STARVATION. (The following narrative appeared some time ago in a public Journal, where it seems

to have attracted little notice, notwithstanding the extraordinary, or rather unparalleled, circumstance it relates. We have subjoined a translation of the lines written by Viterbi, on the 16th day that he had abstained from food.]

WHOEVER reflects upon the sad and say whether you do not think it weakness of human nature-on the equal to any thing in the history of fatuity of man, when he suffers his the first Romans. mind to be subdued by the assaults Towards the end of November, of pain, and yields to the depression Viterbi (knowing his condemnaof his physical powers will hardly tion, and being confined in the pricredit the prolonged tenacity of Vi son of Bastia, where he was guard. terbi,-his invincible resolution to ed in the same manner as are all die inflexibly persevered in, un those who are sentenced to death) inoved by the pangs of hunger, which resolved to die. To effect this puris the cause of the commission of so pose, he abstained from food during many crimes. An extacy of enthu- three days, and then ate voraciously, siasm sufficed to impel Cato to stab and to a forced excess, in the hope himself, and with his last sigh Ro- that, after fasting so long, he should man liberty expired. It was also the thereby put an end to his existence. enthusiasm of liberty which rendered Nature deceived him, and, on the Mutius Scævola insensible to the fire 2d of December, he determined to in which he thrust his hand, when starve himself to death. From that he found that he had mistaken his day, nothing could subdue this tervictim. Socrates, on drinking the rible resolve; although Viterbi, who poisoned draught, conversed with his had already sustained two dangerous friends, and his dying hour was con attacks of illness, did not expire until soled by the conviction of the im- the night of the 21st of that month. mortality of his soul, and that of his Let us now venture to lift the veil wisdom; the poison freed him from of this endurance of progressive aearth, and opened to him the gates of gony,--follow its phases during an inheaven! Men have been seen, espe- credible interval of eighteen days,cially amongst the martyrs, to en and, above all, bear in mind, that the dure, with a constancy almost divine, death to which he was doomed was the necessity of a horrible death; the punishment of Tantalus. The but, again I repeat it, no exercise of jailor was careful to supply him will ever bore a parallel to the per- daily with meat and drink. severance of Luc Antoine Viterbi. During the three first days, Vin

Condemned to death as an accom terbi, as was the case when he made plice in the assassination of Frediani, the first attempt, felt himself proa crime which he denied to the last gressively tormented by hunger, and moment, Viterbi appealed against a did not endure these early sufferings sentence passed upon him by a Court with less courage than he had shewn composed of his personal enemies. I on the former occasion. Under these shall abstain from investigating this circumstances, a report was made to point, and merely state the facts, that the public Minister, who ordered the sentence was confirmed--that the bread, water, wine, and soup, to be Court of Cassation, not having found taken daily to his cell, and placed any informality in the application of conspicuously in view. This order the law, was bound to pronounce its was punctually executed until the validity; and, finally, that the peti- day of his death ; but Viterbi always tion of the friends of Viterbi, to ob- caused the provisions of the preced. tain his pardon, was ineffectual. ing day to be distributed amongst

Indulgence, and even respect, is his fellow-prisoners, without ever due to honest error ; but the strength tasting the fresh supply. No debiof mind displayed by Viterbi is not lity was manifest during these three less almirable. Read what follows, days; no irregular muscular move

ment was remarked ; his ideas con pangs of thirst were more acute than tinued sound, and he wrote with his ever. On the 13th, the unhappy usual facility.

man, thinking himself at the point From the 5th to the 6th, to famish- of death, again seized the jug of ment insensibly succeeded the much water, and drank twice, after which more grievous suffering of thirst, the cold became more severe ; and which became so acute, that, on the congratulating himself that death was 6th, (and he had not, as yet, under- nigh, Viterbi stretched himself on gone a fourth part of the terrible the bed, and said to the Gendarmes, agonies which were to end in death,) who were guarding him, “ Look how without ever deviating from his re well I have laid myself out.” At solution, he began to moisten his lips the expiration of a quarter of an and mouth occasionally, and to gar- hour, he asked for some brandy; the gle with a few drops of water, to re- keeper not having any, he called for lieve the burning pain in his throat; some wine, of which he took four but he let nothing pass the organs of spoonfuls. When he had swallowed deglutition, being desirous not to as these, the cold suddenly ceased, heat suage the most insupportable crav returned, and Viterbi enjoyed a sleep ings, but to mitigate a pain which of four hours. might have shaken his resolution. On awaking (on the morning of On the 6th, his physical powers were the 13th) and finding his powers rea little weakened; his voice was, ne- stored, he fell into a rage with the vertheless, still sonorous, pulsation keeper, protesting that they had deregular, and a natural heat equally ceived him, and then began beating extended over his whole frame. From his head violently against the wall the 3d to the 6th he had continued of the prison, and would inevitably to write ; at night, several hours of have killed himself, had he not been tranquil sleep seemed to suspend the prevented by the Gendarmes. progress of his sufferings; no change During the two following days, he was observable in his mental facul resisted his inclination to drink, but ties, and he complained of no local continued to gargle occasionally with pain.

During the two nights, he Until the 10th, the burning an suffered a little from exhaustion, but guish of thirst had become more and in the morning found himself rather inore insupportable ; Viterbi merely relieved. It was then that he penned continued to gargle, without once the annexed stanzas. swallowing a single drop of water ; On the 16th, at five o'clock in the but in the course of the day of the morning, his powers were almost an10th, overcome by excess of pain, he nihilated : pulsation could liardly be seized the jug of water, which was felt, and his voice was almost wholly near him, and drank immoderately. inaudible ; his body was benumbed During the last three days, debility with cold ; and it was thought that had made sensible progress; his voice he was on the point of expiring. At became feeble, pulsation had declined, ten o'clock he began to feel better, and the extremities were cold. Vi- pulsation was more sensible, his voice terbi, however, continued to write; strengthened, and, finally, heat again and sleep, each night, still afforded extended over his frame, and in this him several hours ease.

state he continued during the whole From the 10th to the 12th, the of the 17th. From the latter day, symptoms made a slight progress. until the 20th, Viterbi only became The constancy of Viterbi never yield- more inexorable in his resolution to ed an instant; he dictated his jour- die; he inflexibly refused all offers nal, and afterwards approved and of aliment, and even resisted the torsigned what had thus been written turing pangs of thirst; not a drop of agreeably to his dictation. During water did he swallow, although he the night of the 12th, the symptoms still, from time to time, moistened assumed a more decided character; his parched lips, and sometimes his debility

extreme, pulsation burning eyelids, from which he found scarcely sensible, his voice extraor some relief to his agony. dinarily feeble ; the cold had extend During the 19th, the pangs of ed itself all over his body, and the hunger and thirst appeared more



grievous than ever ; so insufferable, Le mie sventure sono tali e tante indeed, were they, that, for the first Da spaventare un'Ercole, un Sansone: time, Viterbi let a few tears escape Io non tremo; il coraggio e la ragione him. But his invincible mind in- Per resister' mi dan forza bastante. stantly spurned this human tribute. For a moment he seemed to have re Anima fiera, imperturbabil cuore sumed his wonted energy, and said, Mi concesse la provida natura ; in presence of his guards and the

Ho di piu, netta la coscienza, e pura,

Dell'innocenza il nobile candore. jailor, “I will persist, whatever may be the consequence; my mind shall I miei nemici m 'hanno tolto un figllo, be stronger than my body; my Figlio infelice profugo sbandito; strength of mind does not vary, that Dall' insidie de Lupi egli è fuggito, of my body daily become weaker.” E si è dannato ad un 'eterno esiglio.

A little after this energetic expression, which showed the powerful in. Il mio oaro fratel buon Pietro è morio, fluence of his moral faculties over his Dalle sventure vinto e non dagl' anni; physical necessities, an icy coldness Egli solo poteva in tanti affanni again assailed his body, the shiver. Di sollievo servirmi e di comforto. ings were frequent and dreadful, and his loins, in particular, were seized Un consiglio d' iniqui intenti al male, with a stone-like coldness, which ex

Divorati da ingorda orrida brama tended itself down his thighs.

Di togliermi la vita e la mia fama,

Pervennero a compir' l'opra fatale. During the 19th, a slight pain at intervals affected his heart, and, for

Il falso, l'impostura, il tradimento, the first time, he felt a ringing sen Di potente nemico orride trame, sation in his ears. At noon, on this servir di base alla sentenza infame day, his head became heavy; his Dell' ingiustizia eterno monumento. sight, however, was perfect, and he conversed almost as usual, making A tante iniquità l'Altitonante some signs with his hands.

Non si risveglia ancor ? ne le tremende On the 20th, Viterbi declared to Saette sue vendicatrici accende ? the jailor and physician, that he Già le prepara ed è vicin l'istante. would not again moisten his mouth, and feeling the approach of death, he Mi trove chiuso in fetido recinto stretched himself on the bed, and

Ove luce del sol mai non penetra; asked the Gendarmes, as he had Ne pietà qui ne compassion' s'impetra done on a former day, whether he E son di ferri avvilupato e cinto. was well laid out? and added, “I am prepared to leave this world.” lo di notturno Lume ai chiaror fioco Death did not this time betray the Veglio le notti intiere e veglio il giorno hopes of a man who, perhaps, since Ne perchè notte faccia a me ritorno the creation, invoked it with the Non modo io cambio mai ne cambio loco. greatest fervour, and to whom it

Inveterato mal fermo e costante seemed to deny its cheerless tran

Lentamente mi sdrugge e de' miei guai quillity.

Cresce la massa e rassomiglio omai On the 21st, Viterbi was no more.

Ad un vero cadavere parlante. Until the day of his death, this inconceivable man had regularly kept Avea de' beni; or consumato è il tutto ; his journal. The delivery of it to Lascio sette figliuole e la consorte his family was refused.

Affitte ed abattute dalla sorte The following is an accurate copy E per retaggio mio le lascio il lutto. of the lines written by this extraora dinary sufferer, in the midst of his Piangan' le figlie mie del caso mio self-inflicted agonies :

Piangano l'innocente condannato,

Piangano sul fratello syenturato ;
A un Amico.

E sulla tomba dell' estinto zio.
Amico, sul mio capo empio destino Da tanti strali trapassato il core,
Versò tutto il suo sdegno, il suo livore Col sen ripieno di feral cordoglio
Gia mi tolse ogni fisico vigore

Pianger non debbo e piangere non voglio E al confin della morte io m'avvicino. Ma unisco al pianto loro il mio dolore.



Quest' è l'ultima scena, ogui speranza No! swiftly comes his own appointed Ogni lusinga è dal mio sen fuggita

timeMa serbò e serberò fin ch'aviò vita

The arm is rais'd alost the hour is De' miei beni il miglior la mia costanza.

nigh! lo raccomando a te la mia famiglia

Within the dampness of a dungeon gloom, Tu solo e vero del mio cuore amico

Whose darkness knows no change of Tu la difendi dal furor nemico

sun and shade, Tu la console, reggila, e consiglia.

Where Pity and Compassion cannot come,
Beneath a load of chains behold me

To a Friend.

With sleepless eye, the moon's departing

lightOn me, my friend, on me relentless Fate

With sleepless eye, the dawning day I The deadliest vial of her wrath hath

see ;

Night follows day, and day succeeds to I feel the strength of every limb abate,

night, And tread the very confines of the dead. But changing seasons bring no change

to me. Beneath the weight and number of my

Worn with those inward pangs that waste The strength of Hercules might strive

my strength, in vain ;

I heave with painful toil my panting I stand undaunted; for the mind bestows

breath ; Power to resist, or patience to sustain. I wither slowly, till I seem at length

A speaking skeleton, a living death. A lofty soul, a spirit to endure,

To me did Nature in her care dispense ; Once Fortune's gifts were mine, but they Mine is the calmness of a conscience

are gone ; pure,

Seven hapless daughters, and a consort The whiteness of unsullied innocence.


I leave oppress'd, abandon'd, and alone, A son my foes have sever'd from my side, With nought but sorrow for a portion An exile and an outcast doom'd to

here. roam ; Far from the wolf's insidious snare he My children may with pious tears lament hied,

My fate unmerited, my guiltless doom, And sought, on other shores, another Weep o'er their exil'd brother's banish. home.


And weep above their hapless uncle's The brother of my soul is dead and gone,

tomb. Old in a life of woes, though young in years ;

My heart though pangs of mortal anPietro, he whose gentle voice alone

guish rend, Could bid my griefs depart, and dry my

My bosom though the poison'd arrow tears.


I may not, and I will not weep, but With unrelenting and enduring hate,

blend Still have the council of the wicked The settled stillness of my grief with sought,

theirs. With loss of life and fame, to seal my fate,

This is the last-the closing scene; each And surely hath their fatal malice

vain wrought.

And flattering hope has vanish'd from

my breast; Falschood, deceit, my foes' insidious

But constancy remains, and shall remain

The last of all my blessings, (and the These were the deadly base on which

best. they built My sentence of injustice and despair, To thee, my true, my only friend, to thee

Their everlasting monument of guilt. My hapless wife and children I comAnd sleeps th' Almighty in the midst of Their shield against the world's injustice crime ?

be, And slumbers thus his thunder in the Their hope, their guide, their father, sky ?

and their friend !


mend ;

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