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Descending soft, the cool refreshing show'r, “ Fair as the rainbow in the summer In glittering drops, hung pendant on show'r, the spray ;
Young Beauty glows in youth's adA sweeter fragrance breath'd from herb miring eye ; and flow'r,
As fleeting too he sees the transient flow'r And every blossom blush'd in tints By age destroy'd, or all untimely die : more gay.
" Love lulls him in a fond delirious dream The rich refulgence now was fading fast ; Of visionary bliss, ne'er felt below ;
I to the crowded city bent my way ; The fair proves faithless as the rainBeneath a captive's casement slowly
bow's gleam, pass'd,
Or coy, with heart as cold as Lapland And heard him frame this melancholy
lay : “ Illusive picture, mock not thus my eye ;
" Or should she smile, and love for love
return, Why wilt thou fade, while I delighted
He fondly hopes to clasp an angel's
charms; Why must I o'er thy vanish'd glory sigh ?
Connubial life has cares, and he will A little while in pristine lustre blaze !
To find the fair but woman in his “ It may not be I see thy form decay, Like morning mists before the ra
diant sun; In viewless air I mark thee melt away,
“ Or should love's sky in cloudless lustre
shine, Thy race of transitory glory run.
His myrtles flourish and his roses
bloom; “ I saw thee glowing in celestial light, The hills thy footstool, azure skies thy
The happy husband soon must sorrowing
twine But, fainter still, thou fadest from my
The mournful cypress wreath around
the tomb. sightEv'n while I gaze, thou art for ever
66 And Friendship is a flower of specious
That smiles while Fortune's sun shines * And such our morning dreams of bliss
warm and bright; below;
But shrinks beneath the welkin's gatherSuch is the sun of sublunary joy;
ing glooin, Vain meteor lights, that for a moment
And shuts its bosom at approaching glow
night. A cloud can make them, and a breeze destroy !
“ 'Tis oft a feeble, faithless, broken reed,
And he who leans will find himself be. “ A time there was, before life's cares
tray'd ; began,
'Twill pierce his heart, and make his bo. When 1, enamour'd of thy gaudy
som bleed, charms,
When low and fall'n, or groping in the In breathless haste across the meadow
shade. ran, And hop'd to clasp thee in my tiny " Or should some constant heart the
As verdant ivy clasps the withering " How did my heart in disappointment
Yet Time's rude hand will rend the tenWhile gazing on thy form so full and
der tie, fair,
And Ruin triumph in the structure's To find thee still far in the distance fly,
fall. Or see thee melt in unsubstantial air !
« Who trusts in wealth must learn to fix “ And man, alas! mistaken as the child,
the hues Will follow shadows, airy phantoms Of yon bright arch, which lately spann'd chace ;
the heav'n ; By meteors lur'd, by fleeting bliss be It melts like hoar-frost, fades like mornguil'd,
ing dews, Or grasps a shade, or distanced in the And shrinks like Ocean's foam by
“ Fame's lofty temple stands on fairy. Must scorn its brightest, most illusive land,
toys, Magnificently tow'rs the magic pile ; And fix his hopes on bliss beyond the And, like the rainbow, ever seems at hand,
skies." While sunbright halos round its tur
When this recital was finished, all rets smile.
of us saw, with regret, that our friend “ But, distant far, it stands upon a steep, had not yet forgotten those injuries And thronging crowds are jostling on which had blighted his early hopes. the road;
We now proposed naming him The Some ride, some run,
some votaries Bard of the Leasowes ; but he inslowly creep,
sisted on being known among us by All fondly gazing on the blest abode.
the appellation of The Misanthrope, “ Ambition climbs, and, toiling, pants for
and we reluctantly complied with
his wish. breath;
The characters of the other memHis icy path is foul with human gore ; He scatters round him famine, fire, and
bers admitted, along with these now
mentioned, and the pieces recited by And, on the journey, falls to rise no
them, will form a subsequent com. munication to you, when our Secre.
tary resumes his functions. Mean“ Philosophy and Science still are seen, while, we are enjoying, by anticipaTheir matins early, or their vigils late ;
tion, his surprise, when he sees his For both are votaries of the airy queen, own picture in your Miscellany ; as And patiently press forward to the gate.
we have all agreed, that not a wbis. « The moon-struck minstrel views the
per shall transpire concerning this glittering fane,
paper, which, should you find less And wields the pen, or strikes the
worthy than some of the preceding, trembling strings;
I would just beg leave to remind you, And hopes, with day-dreams floating o'er
that the rich parterre contains the his brain,
humble daisy beside the blushing To reach its portals on Parnassian
rose ; that the twitter of the wren, wings.
blending with the mellow song of the
blackbird, adds to the harmony of “ On buoyant wing he leaves the world the woods ; and that Jupiter and behind,
Aldebaran shine with brighter lus. Aloft he soars in Fancy's dizzying tre in the sky, when contrasted with flight,
the dim radiance of the milky-way. Till, lost in clouds, he wakes, and grieves
With respect to my share in the to find
foregoing, I shall only remark, that The fairy temple vanish from his sight. Dryden, in the office of Poet-Lau. “ Thus hallow'd Love, and Friendship's reáte, was succeeded by Shadwell ; sacred flame,
and that the fool Johnny Ferguson, Like the gay rainbow, shines but to
for once, filled the chair of the sadecay ;
pient King James. And those who, panting, trace the path to
I am, very respectfully,
Your most obedient servant,
for MARTINUS SCRIBLERUS, " Whoe'er aspires to pure perennial joys,
DEMOCRITUS. Must teach his heart above the world Ilarum-Scarum Hall, 1
to rise ;
new to us.
LITERATURE, like other sublu funds for the purpose of having this nary things, is subject to constant mass of inanuscripts investigated, and changes, nay even to extreme revolu the resultcommunicated to the world? tions; and what in one age is consi Generally speaking, more real interest dered as the acme of perfection, is of seems to exist on this subject on the ten disregarded in the next, and, in a continent than in England, which subsequent one again, held up as a is so intimately connected with the model for imitation : in its present East. But even nearer home, a large state, it perhaps offers as striking a field remains to be explored, some contrast to that of any preceding pe parts of which are almost equally riod, as the fluctuations of any age or time can present.
Since the accession of the house of Till the latter end of the 17th Hanover, German literature, though century, the researches of the liter comparatively modern, has asserted ati were, with very few exceptions, its rights to consideration with much confined to the classic lore of Greece success ; and Wieland, Klopstock, and Rome, and the sources offered Schiller, and Goethe, have added the by Western Europe : regardless of suffrages of the British public to the mines of Eastern Europe, and the laurels gained in their own Asiatic literature, that quietly await- country. Much, however, still reed the exploring hand destined to mains to be done, to place the two remove the veil that covered them, countries on a par, since English liand the mist that enveloped them, terature is much more thoroughly the learned world pursued the beaten and correctly known in Germany track; and if, with the Latin and than that of the latter country is in Greek authors, a Spanish romance, England. Among the countries unan Italian love-sonnet, or a Trouba- meritedly slighted, Poland has perdour's ballad, engaged their attention, haps most reason to complain, since, in addition to what the regular thea- though the lower classes were destitrical supply required, it was the ut- tute of both freedom and cultivation, most stretch to which they extended the higher ones at no time neglected their regards. The eighteenth cen- literature ; in proof of which, may tury made rapid strides towards dif- be adduced their numerous old works fusing a more comprehensive spirit; in the Latin and Polish languages, but the ninteenth bids fair to outstrip still extant. Their philosophical all preceding ones in the race after writers, such as Krasicke, Naruszeknowledge. How have the exertions wicz, Niemcewitz, &c, are held in of a Belzoni and a Burckhardt en- great estimation by all the learned lightened us on Egyptian and Afri- who have accquired a knowledge of can subjects! What treasures may their works; and Sniadecki, whose not be hoped for, what historical work against Kant's system obtainlights not expected, from the various ed so much celebrity even in the literary stores of Asia, if the spirit of country of the latter, deserves to be research, now on the alert, be but known in all. properly directed and perseveringly
It was, however, reserved for the pursued! Strange to say, the immense present century to introduce a foquantity of manuscripts, &c.collected reign literature, not only new to us, at the East India-House, still remains but also of very recent origin in itherinetically sealed to the world, as self, no portion of it having been in far as regards the only useful pur- existence before the eighteenth cenpose of amassing them, that of com- tury. Both the antiquary and the municating their contents. Would historian would doubtless find their it not be worth while, instead of labours richly rewarded, were they maintaining an institution for the in- to explore all that belongs to their struction of a few youths in Indian department in the immense Russian languages, who have often shown Empire, and ascend, in their rethat they will not be colleged into searches, to theremotest periods; but, knowledge, to appropriate sufficient in literature, no one need travel far
ther back than Peter the Great, though Bulgarin, may be productive of great its present activity, combined with advantage, by exciting a general inthe rich materials afforded it by its terest in favour of researches in those geographical and historical character, departments. bids fair to make ample amends for Recent as Russian poetry is in the lateness of the period from whence date, it has already made a most it dates its commencement.
rapid progress. Mr Bowring's inePeriodical publications have, of ritorious work has lately introduced course, formed a prominent means it into England, in a dress well calof communicating a literary spirit in culated to insure it a favourable rethis empire; hitherto, however, most ception; and the French are likewise of them have been edited in French about to have their literature enor German, a circumstance in itself riched by the chief productions in unfavourable to the cause these Jour- the dramatic line, since the eighth nals are intended to promote *. But livraison of the Collection of Foreign now a disposition seems manifesting Theatrical Pieces, now publishing at itself for productions of this kind in Paris, under the title of “ Théâtre the Russian language. The year 1823 de l'Étranger I,” will contain the presented the Russians with the first master-pieces of the Russian stage, Almanack in their language, under translated by Count Alexis de St. the title of “The Northern Polar Priest, being the first_trar ons Star," on the plan of those so nu into French from the Russian lanmerous in Germany, which Mr Ac- guage. kermann has also introduced to the The most considerable recent proBritish public in a similar attempt, duction in poetry is a Romantic-Epic under the title of “ Forget me not to Poem, in two Cantos, entitled, “ The This Almanack is edited by two Captive of Mount Caucasus,” from well-known Russian writers, (Rue. the pen of a young poet named leew and Bestuschew,) and is to be Puschkin, whose first work of the supported by the principal talent of same kind ( Ruslan and Lindmilla) the country, as is pompously stated had already given promise of talents, in an account of it in a German that, when fully matured, will place Journal, which announces, that“Ar. him high in the ranks of Russian liticles from the pens of the most es terature. As it may be interesting teemed Russian writers, such as a to observe the subjects chosen by Schukowsky, Wäsemsky, Gnieditch, native talent for the exercise of its Glinka, Wojeikow, the famous fabulist powers, I shall here give a short Krülvw, and the celebrated poets As- sketch of the argument of the one tolopow and Panaew, will find a place above-mentioned : in it.” A Journal, that enjoys great A young Russian, having been favour, has lately appeared, under taken prisoner by one of the warlike the title of “ The Northern Are tribes that inhabited the Caucasus, chives ;” it is devoted to historical is kept in fetters, and set to tend and geographical subjects, and, bein their flocks, in which situation he very ably conducted by a Pole named engages the affections of a young
Not so much so, however, in Russia, as would be the case in most other countries, the majority of the well-educated Russians being masters of several languages, and of these two more particularly.
+ I have not yet seen this publication, but I can hardly wish Mr Ackermann success in his undertaking, since he must well know, that the literature of his native country is far from being benefited by them ; the greater part containing little else but tales of so trivial a nature, as neither to improve the heart nor instruct the mind. Some honourable exceptions there certainly are, but, generally speaking, they only serve to engross the reading public, to the exclusion of the more important productions of genius.
# This is a very praiseworthy undertaking, and promises much towards banishing the rigid adherence to the unities from its strong-hold on the French nation. The first deliveries were devoted to Shakespeare, Schiller, &c., the seventh contained Müllner's “ Guill," and Werner's “ Martin Lüther," and “ 24th Februury." I am not aware that we have any work on so comprehensive a plan in English.
female of the tribe, who does her ut- witsch (Peter's son) Schakowskoi," most to alleviate the hardships of his written by himself, and containing condition, without, however, suc most valuable materials towards the ceeding in inspiring him with simi. history of his own times, but more lar sentiments towards her; his heart particularly throwing a great light being previously engaged, and his on the intrigues and systems pursued mind occupied in contemplating the at the Russian Court under the Emmajestic scenes around him, and in presses Anna and Elizabeth. The reflecting on the
people among whom style of these memoirs is such as to he has fallen. In perfect purity and impress the reader with instantaneinnocence of heart, she discloses her ous conviction of their truth; and the passion to him, and solicits a return, author's active life and personal share promising to procure him his free in the scenes and intrigues that acdom, and to get him adopted by her companied each change of rulers in tribe. This induces him to reveal Russia, render this work an interestto her the state of his heart; after ing addition to our knowledge of which, she observes a greater distance that country, as the following sketch towards him, till one day, when the will show: men are all absent on some expedi Prince Schakowskoi was born in tion, she contrives to free him from 1705, and, under the auspices of his his fetters, and conducts him to the uncle, a Lieutenant-Colonel in the banks of the Kuban, on his way Horse Guards, soon obtained a comhome. He swims over the river; mission in that corps. In 1735 he but on turning round at the oppo was placed by his uncle in attensite bank to take a last farewell of dance on Duke Biron of Courland, his preserver, he sees the waters close and thus became an eye-witness of over her, she having plunged into the then Court intrigues. After the river, and thus ended a life of no serving, with credit, in two or three value to her unless shared with him. campaigns, he stood high in favour,
This poem was written in the both with Duke Biron and his adó Crimea, while the author was in versary Volynskoi, notwithstanding banishment there, and bears the which, he could obtain no higher stamp of the feelings such a situation post than that of Third Counsellor may be supposed to excite. The of Police. After Volynskoi's execuverse is lambic, of four feet, and tion, and when Biron became Regent, the language both harmonious and Schakowskoi was placed at the head powerful, interspersed with very of the Police, and when the Duke pleasing images and spirited descrip- fell, he would probably have felt the tions. The characters are rather resentment of the new Regent, (the wanting in prominent features, and, mother of the Emperor Iwan,) as one to use a technical phrase, not always of the Duke's party, had he not in the best keeping, with the excep- found a powerful advocate and pation of the heroine, who is a perfect tron in the Minister Count Golow. ideal of female tenderness and love- kin, who was related to the Regent liness. With a little more practice by marriage, and by whose influence in the theoretical part of Epic poetry, he was soon advanced to be a memand more matured judgment in the ber of the Senate; a dignity, however, delineation and keeping of his cha- which he held but a very short time, racters, this truly-gifted poet cannot since, on the accession of Peter the fail to produce something, which, Great's daughter, Elizabeth, (1741,) uniting the gems with which his his name was struck out of the list first essays are studded, with a more of Senators. He did not remain many solid ground-work, will insure him a weeks unemployed, but was appointhigh and permanent station among ed Chief Procurator to the Holy the sons of Parnassus.
Directorial Synod, and had the disa The historical department has late tressing task assigned him, of send. ly produced two very important ing off to Siberia his patron, Count works, the one a voluminous “ His- Golowkin, Counts Munnich and Os. tory of Russia,” by Karamsin, said termann, and some others, whose sen. to be a master-piece, the other the tences of death had been commuted “ Memoirs of Prince Jacob Petro into banishment. After continuing