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formidable force entered the fortress ment in order to draw the Greeks of Napoli di Romania, where it loi.. into an ambuscade, which, however, tered three days doing nothing but failed, and ended in his own defeat, consuming the scanty stock of forage - the writer proceeds : and provisions. The Greeks were in the meantime extremely active. They the following day.

A still more bloody affair took place on

Determined to restrengthened their position among the

gain the position they had abandoned, mountains at Lerna; and, by the con

the Turkish troops were headed by Håd. tinual influx of recruits, their force ji Ali, second in command to Machmout;, soon amounted to 8000. Here they this officer, one of the bravest of the Oto watched the favourable moment toman army, was killed while encourawhich they foresaw would arrive, ging his men. In the above desperate when the Turks, pressed with famine, effort, the enemy lost nearly two thousand (the Greeks having driven every thing men, together with a large quantity of out of their reach,) would be forced to baggage, and several hundred horses. attempt a retreat under the most dis

The Greeks had not the means of advantageous circumstances. This long-looked-for signal was at last give prosecuting this victory so effectually en, and we have the following account,

sults were nevertheless of great imfrom Mr Blaquiere, of the interesting operations which followed :

portance, as it gave so decisive a blow

to the Ottoman power, while it inThe whole camp was instantly on the

spired the Greeks with a correspond alert, and no sooner were the camels la. ing degree of confidence. It led also den with the baggage, than the infidel to the surrender of the fortresses of army set forward in great disorder. Mi. Napoli di Romania, and Patras, and nutely informed of what was passing on gave an establishment and a solidity the plain, by their out-posts, the chiefs at to the Greek cause, which it never Lerna had already sent off detaclıments had before. In Western Greece, by a mountain path-way, so as to over, namely in Epirus, there were also take the enemy's columns as they entered the defiles between Corinth and Mycene. not of equal importance with those

some interesting operations, though Colocotroni himself advanced with the main body the moment he perceived that

Here the Greek

already noticed. the Turks were in motion ; while a part

cause was endangered by the trea. of the troops employed before Napoli chery of Gogo, who had a command advanced on their right flank. These

in the army. By the suggestions of movements were so well contrived and

this Turkish emissary, the troops executed, that the enemy, whose rear were led into a most unequal encounguard had suffered severely on the first ter with the enemy, and in the midst day's march, was attacked with such im. of the battle, when the infidels had petuosity on the second, that not less than been repulsed, he basely deserted a five thousand were destroyed in the course village where he was posted, and of a few hours. And had it not been that thus laid bare the position of the many of the Greek soldiery paid more Greeks, who, after a desperate conattention to the loaded camels than to flict, were overwhelmed by supethe fugitives, the loss of the Turks would

rior numbers. Prodigies of valour have been much greater. The fate of

were, however, performed, and many the advanced guard was little better than that of their companions. On reaching of their devotion to the cause of free

brave officers here gave the last proof the defiles near Corinth they were met

dom. by the Mainotes, dispatched from Lerna,

Prince Mavrocordato, who under Nikitas, and attacked so furiously

was advancing when he heard of this that above twelve hundred of them pe

disaster, now turned his whole attenrished in the first onset. Many more were

tion to collect the scattered troops ; killed in trying to force the passes. A

and it was owing merely to the inacgreat quantity of baggage, and a number tivity of the enemy, that the whole of horses, fell into the hands of the Greeks, of Western Greece was not overrun, 'These memorable successes occurred be.

The situation of the Greeks was now, tween the 4th and 7th of August. however, sufficiently critical; and

their difficulties were aggravated by After mentioning that on the 18th the desertion of another leader of great the Pasha, having collected the re wealth and influence in the country. mains of his force, made a move But the Greek leaders seemed to

4 Y


kindle into greater energy with each they had no alternative between victory fresh emergency, and Prince Mavro- and extermination. cordato was still the great bulwark The Greeks have thus, by their of their cause.

A corps of 13,000 own unaided efforts, amid every difmen was rapidly advancing, and this ficulty and privation, achieved their gallant leader resolved, with what independence. There is now little troops he could collect, to make a

probability that the Turkish bordes last stand for the independence of will succeed in any new attempt on Greece in the town of Messolunghi. their independence. Two or three The wretched fortifications of this armies have been already sent to peplace were accordingly put into some rish amid the mountains of this difsort of repair ; the few cannon were ficult country; the resources of the rendered serviceable; and here a barbarians are exhausted, those of brave handful of Greeks held out Greece, on the other hand, are on against 14,000 Turks. They at last the increase ; while the most invalu. received reinforcements, made seve able of all resources, namely, confiral successful sorties, and finally re dence, discipline, and experience, pulsed the Turks with great slaugh. have been acquired in the late conter, in a general assault, after which, tests. The volume concludes with they were assailed on all sides by the remarks on the character of the armed peasantry, and by fresh bands Greeks, and the resources of the of Greeks, so that of the force which country, which are great, and have bientered Acarnania, scarcely one half therto been in the hands of the Turks. were enabled to make a safe retreat. About nineteen-twentieths of the

No way discouraged by their for- soil belonged to Turkish proprietors; mer ill success, the Turks commenced and the Greeks were banished into the campaign of 1823 with new and the mountains, to make way, in the well-appointed armies. This fresh fruitful vallies, for their barbarian invasion, however, experienced the lords. With an industrious and imsame fate as all their former attempts, proving population, we may easily Numbers on one side were opposed see how rich a country Greece is desby courage and skill on the other. tined to become—what an aequisition The Greeks excelled in turning to it will be to the civilized worldaccount the natural defences of the what a large addition its improved country, which gave infinite scope to

resources will throw into the circle of the tactics of irregular war. In Wes commercial exchange—what a lustre tern Greece, a large body of Turks will be cast on modern times, by the was defeated in a night' attack, con resurrection of Greece, after its deathducted with singular talent and cou like sleep of ages, into the light of rage, and resorted to as the only re- knowledge and freedom! How gratisource against overwhelming odds. fying to the lover of liberty, to the The campaign concluded with the enthusiast of learning, to see this clascapture of Corinth, and the repulse sical country again become the depoof the Turks from Anatolica. Our sitory of arts, literature, and science; author concludes his narrative of and how perverted must the minds of these interesting events, with the those be, who could for a moment following summary:

dream of interrupting the long era of

prosperity which is just dawning on Such was the end of the third cam. this fine country! We are at a loss to paign, and such the fate of the formida. conceive what feeling could possibly ble armies collected by the Pashas of be gratified by the success of the Scutari and Thessaly. Each of the four barbarous hordes of Turks, in desodivisions which entered Livadia and Epi- lating the country, in massacring the rus was defeated and dispersed, in little inhabitants, or in selling them for more than four months after it took the slaves. The enlightened Greeks have field, by a few detached corps : and unaided Greece was once more saved from

been too long the sport of these infithe horrors to which she would

have been del tyrants ; and to see them again exposed had the enemy triumphed. For it brought under their accursed yoke, is well known, that the Turkish leaders would, we should suppose, only eshad orders to carry fire and sword before cite throughout Christendom one them, so that the Greeks were fully aware common and deep feeling of degradthat in this, as in every former campaign, ation and sorrow.

Solomon and the Queen of Sheba,


Art lives on Nature's alms, is weak and poor;
Nature herself has unexhausted store;
Wallows in wealth, and runs a turning maze,
That no vulgar eye can trace.-Cowley.

WHEN David's son ascended Israel's Of fragrant spices, from her sunny vales, throne,

Diffusing odours on the evening gales; In matchless plenitude of pomp he shone ; While distant far, these sweets on ether Supreme in pow'r, the trumpet tongue of

borne, fame

Reach'd Salem, wafted on the breeze of To distant regions bore the Monarch's

morn, name:

Till Israel's sons and daughters throng'd To him wealth floated on the stormy

to share wave,

The perfume floating on the ambient air, And mighty kings rich gifts and homage Rich as the fragrance of the Phænix' nest, gave;

And thought themselves in Araby the Ophir and Tyre their treasur'd gold sup

Blest. plied,

She came, and dazzled every gazer's eyeAnd Egypt's fruitful plains a youthful Was by the King receiv'd with triumph bride.

high ; But his were gifts which crowns could Her treasur'd gold and aromatics sweet, ne'er impart,

With due respect, were scatter'd at his For Heaven bestow'd an understanding

feet : heart,

Nor gold nor spices met the Monarch's Still more for wisdom than for pow'r re

view, nown'd,

For Sheba's Queen his whole attention A mighty monarch and a sage profound.

drew; Jerus'lem saw the splendid temple rise, While on her cheek a softer blush repos'd To Him whose throne is fix'd above the Than Pharaoh's daughter's face had e'er skies ;

disclos'd; And heard the pious founder's humble Her eye more brilliant than the brightest prayer,

gem That God would graciously inhabit there ; That graced the youthful Hebrew's diaAll whoin Salem Heaven's vicegerent saw,

dem. Stood in his presence with a sacred awe ; Blest, could they lend the fondly list'ning

The King regard and high respect ex

press'd, ear,

In fond attendance on his royal guest ; The words of wisdom from his lips to hear;

Led her around the sacred temple fair, Even infidels, who came but to admire,

Shew'd her the wonderful, the rich, and

rare ; In silent reverence, felt devotion's fire ;

Set in display his boundless treasurd And strangers came from many a distant

store clime,

Of worldly wealth, and philosophic lore; To gaze upon magnificence sublime.

Set fair before the royal stranger's view From the far distant south came All he possess'd, and told her all he knew: Sheba's Queen,

Talk'd of a First, an Universal Cause, In youthful beauty and majestic mien ; His works, and attributes, and Nature's From east to west none could with her

laws ; compare,

Of suns and stars, that run their constant No train so splendid, and no face so fair ;

race, The humblest menial in her rich array And circling spheres that roll in boundIn burnish'd gold and glowing purple

less space ; gay :

Of times and seasons, elemental storms, Her camels, conscious of their precious of Nature's works, in all their varied load,

forms; Rear'd high their lofty necks, and proudly of animals, that walk, or swim, or fly,

That scour the plain, or cleave the floods Some groan'd beneath a load of golden or sky, ore,

From the fierce lion, ranging for his prey, And others burden'd with a richer store To insects sporting in the summer ray ;




From huge leviathan that foams the What wond'rous wisdom, and what skill deep,

divine, To periwinkles on the shore that creep, Could bones and muscles, veins and nerves From the proud eagle to the twittering

combine; wren,

Some to accelerate, and some controul, All seem'd familiar to his piercing ken. Yet all unite in one harmonious whole, He next the vegetable world display'd, Best suited strength and motion to supWhat plants requir'd the sun, and what

ply, the shade;

While all agree, and none their aid deny ; What grew spontaneous in a sterile soil, What varied features mark the human And what were rear'd by constant care

face, and toil ;

What countless forms of dignity and Tree, plant, and flow'r, to him alike were

known, Their names, their natures, and their vir. While thus he spoke, the philosophic tues shewn;

sage How some were nutritive, delicious food, Had still preserved the gravity of age ; And some salubrious, purify the blood ; But now, his eyes were fix'd on Sheba's While others kill, inflicting mortal pain,

Queen, Lock up the sense, or stupify the brain: And softer feelings mark'd his youthful Of all, his penetrating skill could say,

mien; If in the root or flow'r the virtue lay : For though with more than mortal wis. From lofty Lebanon with cedars tall,

dom blest, To humble hyssop on the mould'ring Still human passions glow'd within his wall.


And female beauty strikes the dullest The Queen delighted, listen'd to the sage,

With some magnetic, secret influence ; While he with ease expounded Nature's

And when, with outward loveliness, we page ;

find Such graceful elegance adorn'd his tongue, That on her ears the sounds symphonious We feel an impulse which must be

The nobler graces of capacious mind, rung ;

obey'd, Nor less delighted was the King, to hear

And willing homage to the fair is paid. Her praises titillate his royal ear ; For true or false, the softly plausive strain

Such were the royal stranger's mind and

face, From beauty's lips is seldom pour'd in

Both ornamented with peculiar grace ; vain.

Nor could the King a sister Queen behold Again the King his eloquence renew'd, In beauty's bloom, and still his heart be And Nature through her secret paths

cold : pursued :

In tones and accents suited to his theme, With fluent tongue he dwelt with fond His language flowing in a copious stream, delight,

From man, he talk'd of woman's softer On treasur'd stores, deep buried from the charms, sight;

The latent fire, that every bosom warms, On richest ores, that in earth's bosom lie, The potent lightning of a sparkling eye, Or precious stones, so pleasing to the eye ; Or magic influence of a heaving sigh, What mingling shades were in the agate And how the witchery of a dimpling seen,

smile The yellow topaz, and the emerald green; Can oft the bosom of its peace begaile : How rubies blaze and bright carbuncles “ Yet," cried the sage, “it these alone shine,

inspire, And diamonds ripen in the darksome The flame at best is but a transient fire;

But when the sweetness of a seraph face Of coral reefs, beneath the deep that Gives nameless charms to intellectual dwell,

grace, And precious pearls within a puny shell ; Resistless is the pow'r which these impart, How central fires earth's firm foundations To win the soul, and fix the roving heart; shake,

Man thinks not then of pageantry and Till rocks are shiver'd and the mountains pow'r ; quake;

Far richer pleasures wing the passing Through wide creation's ample field he

The hero's heart forgets its martial glow, Up to her noblest work and wonder The conqueror plucks the laurel from his






as I !”

Even kings, in crowns and sceptres find To dazzle, does not always give delight, no charms ;

For suns will scorch when too intensely Their heaven of bliss is Love and Woman's

bright; arms !”

The summer sky is loveliest to the

view, Thus spoke the King, expression in his

With light clouds floating o'er the ether eye

blue : Which seem'd to say, 66 You are as wise

Man is a being of imperfect sight,

Who cannot always see, or judge aright; The Queen, delighted, mark'd the Mo

And should one justly full perfection narch's glance,

claim, Her blushes thank'd him for his com.

He were a man in nothing but the name : plaisance :

Some weakness still we love, and wish to Though fattery often had fatigued her ear,

find, She deem'd the King in compliment sin

To speak the owner of congenial kind; cere ;

Perpetual wisdom will the wisest tire, And from the wisest of the sons of men

And they may envy what they must ad. She could have listen'd to the tale again ;

mire. For praise, when delicate, and well refin'd,

So thought and felt fair Sheba's beauteous Comes welcome to the high or humble

Queen, mind;

Her admiration changing to chagrin ; And Sheba's Qucen had yielded to its

All her desire, a stumbling-block to Aing, pow'r,

To check the triumph of this sapient Her rank forgot in that delightful hout ;

Whate'er the dignity that crowns impart,
She blush'd to feel the woman at her

By day she mused, at night she could heart;

not rest, With conscious modesty and rising pride, Deep plung'd in thought, a sleepless The latent feelings of that heart to hide,

couch she press'd. She turn'd the converse now, to those " This Solomon,” she said, “ profoundly whom fate

wise, Had placed as rulers o'er a mighty state.

Howe'er he may his self-esteem disguise, Here Salem's King again in wisdom Must think of Sheba's Queen with secret shone,

scorn, Taught how to serve the State, and guard

Himself unmatch'd by man of woman the throne;

born : The readiest way to climb to sovereign

Avails it aught, that he may deem me rule,

fair ? And who the fittest for a monarch's

Not Pharaoh's daughter may with me tool;

compare ; How best to sway

open, bold, and

Though I can see, that when I deign to brave,”

smile, And check or dupe the sly, ambitious He looks with wistful fondness all the knave;

while ; Talk'd of confederacies and friendly Were I a wanton, to employ my charms, leagues,

I might perhaps decoy him to my arms, Of diplomatic skill and court intrigues ; And he would treat me like some simple How best to cultivate the useful arts,

flower, And reign by love within the subjects' A toy, a gew-gaw, for an idle hour! hearts ;

At best, this were but outward beauty Diffuse content, and happiness increase,

priz'd, And give the State security and peace. Each mental charm neglected or despised,

Till Wisdom wak'd, when his first Such was the knowledge from the King she drew,

thought would be Each word an oracle, still wise and new,

To scorn himself for losing time with me! Day after day she listen'd and admir'd,

I would nonplus, and not seduce the

mind, Though still delighted, yet her pride was fir'd,

That, highly-gifted, soars above its kind ; And much she wish'd to make the mo.

I would convince the royal Hebrew's narch halt,

soul, And see his royal wisdom once at fault.

That knowledge, wit, and wisdom have

a goal ; The human heart is apt to mope and That something mocks his search, re. pine,

mains conceal'd, When others with superior lustre shine : That Nature yet has mysteries unreveald;

the "

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