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titled “The First Plymouth Marriage" by Ralph Shaw. A social hour with light refreshments followed.

It may be of help to Colonies who are planning their year's work to suggest that

they confer with the Washington Colony, Mrs. C. David White, 1459 Girard street, (President, Colony Four, National Society of New England Women), regarding their study on early New England history.

Editor's Table


that way.

A year ago the editor, who had heard every undertaking has a beginning, a much of the “vision of New Clairvaux" middle and an end. and had read many accounts of the work I went out in the world to seek my being done there, went to Montague to fortune as they say when I was some see for himself the things of which he months over ten years old. I got a thorhad read. He went full of kindly interest ough discipline at several kinds of farmin, indeed enthusiasm for, the ideals set ing; and prepared for college while the forth and hoping to see evidence of what hired men slept. I did not do this of my the many accounts gave as actually being own sheer will-a vision led me on. done there. He spent a day in seeing all Between the ages of nineteen and there was to see and in interviewing such twenty-five I was getting training in busipeople as he could find connected with the ness and working my way through Harwork, including its founder and chief ex- vard University, working myself in two ponent, Mr. Pressey. On his return he shifts of eight and nine hours each. I set forth in what he believed to be a kindly do not recollect my college days with any spirit, the results as he saw them. This pleasure, but with some satisfaction bewas embodied in an article on "Country cause the path of the vision led through College Settlements” which appeared in the New England for January, 1906. The At twenty-five I entered the Unitarian article excited considerable interest and

ministry. I had to do with founding a was duly commented on by the newspapers new church in Connecticut which has since of the region, including the Springfield flourished. I settled and preached for Republican. These comments upheld his four years in a hill parish and married a view of the matter, so far as he saw them. girl whose father had followed a vision He still believes that his criticisms, so far similar to my own for thirty-five years. as he criticised, were deserved. With the And she shared the vision. vision he has no quarrel, nor indeed with The union of two visions by slow dethe intent of those who have sought to grees led me to the most laborious period carry it out. He thought then and he of my life. About this time while I was thinks now that a vision is one thing and plodding through the routine of parish its fulfilment another and to set forth the duties I wrote out in the form of a vision vision in such terms that it seems to the certain things which had been gathering casual reader actual fulfilment, and been burning at my heart since I seemed to be done in some of the articles was nine years old, to be read as a mere on “New Clairvaux" which he had read

literary entertainment, sort of midwas not fair to the faithful who believe

summer night's dream, under the chestin visions and hope earnestly for their nut trees by an old New England house fulfilment. In his article he took care to set on a hill. It was taken seriously by set forth the condition and not the theory. some, though I do not know why. I afterMr. Pressey in the following communica- wards myself took it seriously. I called tion criticises the critic and in the inter- it the "Vision of New Clairvaux. It ests of fair play his statement is given in was reprinted nearly in full in the Janufull. The editor assumes to be neither

ary New England. judge nor jury. He gave his testimony in The connection between this vision and the January number of the New England what we are doing at Montague is of and, referring his readers to it, is will- course one of poetry and suggestion and ing they should draw their own conclu- not literal. Nevertheless it must be said, sions.

the vision itself was an evolution of a

dreamer's fancy of a model town, through Mr. Pressey writes follows: - If nearly twenty-five years of dreaming and judgment is to be passed. I wish it could knocking up practically against a material be upon what I proposed in starting out, world eight or more hours a day through and upon the understanding that after that it all.







Now I will not repeat the vision which has been so many times reprinted; but will state in plain terms what we proposed to do here. First of all we did not propose to go and join something or get anybody else to come and join something. As minister and wife we felt under certain simple obligations to society which we have modestly striven to fulfill. The Arts and Crafts Society grew out of an earnest and modest desire to help our “Ladies' Aiil Society” to nobler usefulness. It became popular on its own apparent merits, not by our promotion, and soon outgrew the church and attracted one or two trained helpers who constituted the nucleus of what we began to call "The Settlement," adopting the phraseology of the college settlements and not to indicate an organization. It is not, however, the settlement idea that we have at any time been interested in promoting. The settlement came providentially to assist in organizing a work that had already outgrown two willing pairs of hands.

Early in the work we set up a printing press in the parsonage kitchen. This too was simply the end of a growth and not an attempt to promote something beyond in the air. It came out of our Sunday school work. We had collected all the children of liberal parents and those left out from the other Sunday school and in our anxiety to have them do well had originated a new series of lessons and had risen from a cheap hectograph to a real printing press in getting them out. Then the Arts and Crafts development so lively amongst us suggested a broader scope of usefulness for the press which was really a fine machine. A neighbor helped us rig up our first water power, a bed-cord belting stretched a hundred feet through the back yards to our woodshed, and kept tucking in suggestions for a shop further down the canal where was a better power.

The printing business grew. We hired some help and took in a little home school of apprentices besides the Sunday school children.

Then we found we had to have a farm. In fact it had been a dream of mine for some time to get back to the land, where I originated; and quit preaching for hire, and help out the Arts and Crafts by building a model village handicraft shop. This dream has been realized. We have the farm half paid for, stock, such as it is, i? pretty good horse, some machines and tools and have had our entire living from this in connection with caring for boys for the last three years.

We have the shell of the shop, (only a small mortgage on it), which is thought by some to be an ornament to the village . When completed it will be deeded in sections to citizens

who are free teachers of their own crafts

a reasonable extent, all previous attempts to incorporate the shop having fallen through on account of the neglect of associates to do their duty promptly. The Arts and Crafts Society has be

a modest financial success and its roots deepen from year to year. Much of my time has been spent in developing a market for the products of the society. The first attempts in this direction made four years ago resulted in practically no sales when we had transported considerable quantities of the goods a great distance. Now it is common when we open the trunks to sell $50 worth and up to a hundred dollars. This done frequently enough in the year, keeps a considerable group of home workers interested and developing their skill and knowledge for the greater work that is ahead for the Arts and Crafts Societies. This is success. The Arts and Crafts movement is doubtless coming to be recognized as the greatest and wisest system of popular education that has ever come into existence. And our Montague group past and present has been a much quoted part of the whole American movement which now permeates every state in the Union.

We estimate now that in three years more we shall have completed the beginning of our work which as we understand it includes the permanent establishment of an Arts and Crafts Society, the completion and equipment of the village shop, the establishment of our own home. That was to be the program of seven years from the beginning of a penniless family with a vision. The larger and harder half of it is already accomplished fact.

It is not lawful for me to speak at this time of the end of our work. But I will suggest a few things we are already planning for the middle. That should be a period of production, of doing things, of making country life interesting, of organizing our firesides and workshops, of es; tablishing our ideals. As our first period has been devoted wholly to getting a simple foot-hold upon the earth, so our middle period will be devoted to getting a

environment for the child of tomorrow, by simply working the plants now in process of development, planned exclusively for carrying out the vision.

The scores of comments and “writeups” on movement that have been brought to our attention have been remarkably free from harsh criticism. In fact Mr. Packard's article in the January New England is one of only three of its kind that I have seen. This like the others is due partly to a temperament that finds its own fulfilment in things nearly as they are and upon finding in the idealist



it had gone.

a halt, though but an imaginary one, often some good. And it is not less to-day but from the mouth of a jealous enemy who more, and promises still greater things. easily pursuades himself of the truth of rumor of damaging circumstances and of

(Signed) EDWARD P. PRESSEY. it makes seed for more of its kind, our writer cannot resist the temptation to report, conscious as he is of sympathy from Wireless telegraphy is a wonderful inthe “I-told-you-so's," a large percentage vention but it has troubles of its own. of his readers. This temperament also finds Recently a lad at Newport, Rhode Island full verification of its rumorings in the rigged up a toy apparatus with which he poor material showing the idealist often seriously interfered with the established can render. Five cents worth of discolored stations, and produced a general mix-up canvas to one man is another man's $10,000 until his enterprise was discovered. Tappainting. I do not think this writer was ping of wires to secure information illicitly an expert sociologist or idealist from the

is a recognized crime, but who has a irreverent language he uses in speaking of monopoly of the circumambient air? Bethe fundamental conceptions of those sci- sides, there is a suspicion that the "wireences. Those of us who gradually con- less" has joined the labor unions. It received of New Clairvaux and in five years fuses to work overtime. Every day, at have made it possible to remain the rest about sunrise and sunset the apparatus of our lives here to work out the rest

goes on a strike and much trouble results. think that much has been accomplished, It is also determined that damp and foggy none of which Mr. Packard either re

weather is best for the perfect operation ported or looked into. He seems to have of the apparatus.

As there is more of made up his mind what to look for and

sunshine than of cloud in this world, this. because he did not find that, he concluded

too, is a bar to the complete success of He conversed with one or two who had come and gone from us in

the new system. Much yet remains to be

learned. The lad who interfered with the the same error. That verified his con

established stations made good unexpectclusions.

edly, for his skill and interest in the busiI have written the main part of this

ness attracted attention and he has been statement as a guide to those who wish to know what to look for when they come to

appointed as a third class electrician in New Clairvaux-not manufacturing plant, that is not the idea of the village shop; not a communist settlement, only a work that attracted teachers and helpers,

Now we have it ! Mr. J. Riggs, a Jernecessarily temporary in most instances seyman who is a member of the Hygienic because they must needs sacrifice or get

Association of Zurich, Switzerland. is out down to such common practical labor as

with a proclamation that all diseases in farming A good number had not this men, animals and plants are due to malteaching spirit or anything to teach when

nutrition, and to correct this is to insure the truth came to be known and some- perpetual health. He says lava, or in fact times not practical sense to get along at

any igneous rock, contains all necessary common labor which they had professed.

food elements, and that just as air is Sometimes such have blamed us when adapted to respiration by its polaric curthey have failed, though in inviting co- rents, so the polaric nutrition obtainable operation we have offered in advance no from the stones of the field is adapted to compensation but loss. And in no in

the maintenance of life. He evidently asstance have we received any personal as- sumes that because plant life is promoted sistance or money from any co-worker at by disintegrated mineral substances, they Montague. We have strictly fulfilled all are equally useful in promoting animal life financial contracts with those engaged in and health. He ignores, however, nature's the public work. We have had our diffi- alchemy in adapting these elements. If culties and we have met them and are his plan should prove practicable the food meeting them. There is nothing to go to problem would be settled for all time, and pieces or vanish. We have not pinned "the

hearthstone" which has become our faith upon vanishing things. What is mainly a poet's dream, will again be, in a done is done and cannot be undone. material sense, the foundation as well as Amongst it all we know there has been the symbol of the home.

the navy.







It is to wonder, to laugh aloud, to be undertook the construction of a universal disgusted, to pity, when the work of a psychology of woman which penetrates to learned young German, Dr. Otto Wein- the nethermost depths, and is based not inger, entitled "Sex and Character comes only on a vast systematic mastery of sciinto the hands of a woman!

entific knowledge, but on what can only This extraordinary and sensational vol- be described as an appalling comprehension ume has already gone through six editions of the feminine soul in its most secret rein German, where the men naturally like cesses." it. One of his admirers says, “A great Yes, it may well be called appalling if philosophical, biological and social ques- it could be taken seriously, for the author tion is here treated by a gifted and learned allows woman no character, no mind, no author with perfect freedom and breadth, modesty, sympathy, brains, yet with a seriousness, a wealth of scientific thoughts, save very bad ones, "a woman knowledge, that would ensure the book a only thinks in ‘henids,' no soul, no power place in the front rank, even were the of loving. no

reverence, “a purely male style less excellent, vivacious, and indi- virtue.” “No real memory; only an animalvidual than it is."

like power of recollection." All women The German publisher, in a note to the are liars.”. Hysteria is woman's poor atlast edition seems to fully endorse the ab- tempts to imitate male virtue. “The meansolutely insane or idiotic statements of this ing of

is to be meaningless." mentally askew degenerate, who having, “However degraded a man may be, he is in his own estimation, upturned and re- immeasurably above the most superior modelled the whole system of woman's

"It is almost an insoluble riddle place, power, and progression, blew out his that woman, herself incapable of love, brains at the age of twenty-three. He should attract the love of man." says, “In the science of Characterology,


And SO

on and on, more and more here formulated for the first time, we have a strenuous scientific achievement of the And the more outrageous and preposterfirst importance. All former psychologies ous his assererations the more I laugh. have been the psychology of the male, Just listen to him! “Women have no ex written by men, and more or less applicable istence and no essence; they are not; they only to man, as distinguished from hu

are nothing." A female genius is a conmanity. Woman does not betray her tradiction in terms, for genius is intensisecret,' said Kant, and this has been true fied, perfectly developed, universally contill now. But now she has revealed it: by scious maleness." "A man may become a the voice of a man. The things women genius if he wishes to.” “Male liars are say about themselves have been suggested not common.” “No men who really think by men; they repeat the discoveries, more

deeply about women retain a high opinion or less real, which men have made about of them; men either despise women or them. Weininger, working out an original they have never thought seriously about system of characterology (psychological them.” “The prostitute, not as a person, typology) rich in prospective possibilities, but as a phenomenon, is much more esti


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mable, in my opinion, than the motherly woman."

Frenchmen have for ages written about women, neglecting no variety of type: the fanatic, the devotee, coquette and cocotte, Queen of the demi-monde, Leader of the Salon; Madame Guyon and Ninon de L'enclos, the inciters of rebellion and riot; Michelet has devoted a volume to Woman as an Invalid. They gladly acknowledge that their wives by their economic wisdom helped pay off the national debt; they bow to their taste and artistic skill in matters of dress and home decoration; they own with Victor Hugo that woman is a conundrum but decide with him that they will never, never, give her up!

The German women have always been especially devoted to their husbands, and their home life; they are now thoroughly awake and are forming influential clubs, as advanced as our own; writing novels of great merit, lecturing on questions that concern the sex; travelling the world over, observing and thinking, yet never womanly nor rebellious but keenly aware of the unfairness of their position and longing for the abolition of the necessity for armies and greater opportunities for themselves.

An Austrian woman, the Baroness von Suttner, in her strong and convincing novel, “Ground Arms," emphasizes tlie necessity of better training for women, if the highest degree of civilization is to be attained by the world at large. Grave ministers of finance commend this powerful presentment of facts; its influence in Germany is as profound as “Uncle Tom's Cabin was here; it won the Nobel “Peace Prize” of $40,000, as its perusal helped to bring about the Hague Tribunal. The wisest men own that its philosophy is profound, its logic strong and unanswerable : she cynically exposes the egotism of man, in ascribing to the Christian God convenient sympathy with conditions which are relics of barbarism.

And a German youth of unusual ability, endeavored to erase woman, and incidentally the human race!

What a pitiful arrogance must have possessed this man to make him believe himself capable of writing an ultimate judg. ment, from which he admits of no appeal; condemning one-half of humanity.

His mother? what sort of woman was she? Possibly a consumptive, unmarried criminal, of dissolute ancestry: such combination occasionally produces perverted genius. What women could he have known and where did he, at so early an age gain all his pitiful half knowledge? Do you remember Heine's beautiful appeal to the Venus of Milo; she had no arms with which to lift him up; this unhappy boy could only have known those wrecked creatures who had no spiritual uplift, or

else he was essentially vile and soul blind.

He states that “Every man in his own life becomes intimate only with a group of women defined by his own constitution, so naturally he finds them much alike." Judging by his own dicta on women what must have been his make-up ?

He declares that "he who destroys himself, destroys at the same time the whole universe.” Living in the "universe” (whatever that means that his must have been) I don't wonder that he wanted to destroy it, even at his own expense.

But why give more attention to an erudite maniac? Yet one footnote I must give to make my opinion of his madness conclusive.

“A male criminal even feels guilty when he has not actually done wrong. He can always accept the reproaches of others as to deception, thieving, and so on, even if he has never committed such acts, because he knows he is capable of them. So also, he always feels himself 'caught when any other offender is arrested.”

Poor Otto! the victim of a false theory which in spite of his learning landed hini nowhere. His only solution of the terrible condition he worries over is celibacy: “that the human race should persist is of no in terest whatever.” He can allow nothing good to the Jew; hates the Anglo-Saxon, asserts that England has only produced two really great men and so he drivels on.

Pope, the crooked little invalid, embittered by his physical defects, spit and snapped in sparkling couplets at a woman, while Lady Mary Montagu's scornful laughter at his adoration still rang in his ear and rankled in his unsatisfied heart. And there is a modicum of truth in much of the wit expended on women.

Still most men realize with Dryden “As for the women, though we scorn

and flout 'em, We may live with, but cannot live

without 'em." And after such a nauseating exhibition of conceit and masculine egotism grown rank I love to turn to dear old Chaucer and copy his verdict, "Withoute women were al our joye

lore; Wherefore we ought alle women to

obeye In al goodnesse: I can no more saye.".

This erotic and erratic (rot and rat) volume is republished in London by Wi!liam_Heinmann, and in this country by G. P. Putnam's Sons. Some reviewers were amazed that such a firm should bring out this revolting illustration of mental morbidity: a pathological study. But to me who happen to know how they have always been most happily associated with the highest types of women; one of the Sons having sought and secured a former Dean of Barnard College for a second]

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