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situated on a slope 1,450 feet above sea level. Blessed with an abundance of beautiful scenery, pure, revivifying atmosphere, the salubrious qualities of which prove a sure-cure treatment for sufferers from hay fever, it favors this particular class of health seekers; but combining with its healthful climate a full quota of pleasure essentials, Bethlehem rightfully
exacts honor as_the mountains' "ideal summer resort. From Bethlehem's golf links one survey
the imposing Presidential Range, and the long line of the Franconias; while from its magnificent "street," the town of Littleton, and fading in the distance, the Green Mountains greet the view. The drives are numerous and attractive ;-it is but eighteen miles to the base of Mt. Washington; seventeen Crawford's; twelve to Fabyans; fifieen to Jefferson; ten to Profile; seven to Sugar Hill and five to Littleton-and the roads are suitable for driving and automobiles. Mt. Aggasiz is within easy walking distance of the center of the town. The golf links are a nine hole course. Tennis is a popular pastime among the guests and Bethlehem's baseball team of college amateurs is the pride of the resorters. A mile east of the center of the town is Maplewood. Maplewood's fame as summer resort is justly due to its grand location on an extensive plateau, in the very heart of the White Mountains. The Maplewood Hotel is a high grade house, favored with a generous and most desirable patronage. It accommodates about five hundred guests and is supplied with all the modern accessories of a strictly first class summer hotel. It has admirable facilities for the care and repair of automobiles. The golf course, unlike many courses abounds in natural bunkers and is more like Scottish links in its upkeep. The links have a range of forty-six hundred yards and is an eighteen hole course.
Using Wing Road as a central point, and follwing the railroad route north, we pass through Whitefield Junction, Scott and Dalton, all delightful little mountain villages, on the way to Lancaster Lancaster is protected by high mountains on the east and borders on Israel's River. The Lancaster House is the principal hotel and the view from the veranda is perfect. Lunenburg Heights, a picturesque hill section lies just beyond the Connecticut in Vermont, but a few miles' drive from Lancaster. West from Whitefield Junction are Whitefield, Jefferson, Cherry Mountain, Gorham and Berlin. Whitefield is a farming village with a hilly surface and excellent opportunities for enjoyment. Seven hotels and boarding houses afford accommodations at rates of $1.25 a day and upwards. The largest hotel is the Mountain View House, fourteen dollars
per week, and accommodates three hundred. Jefferson is a mountain village laid out on a beautiful spur of Mt. Starr King over the valley of Israel's River. Its elevation has made it the rival of Bethlehem and Jefferson disputes the claim of superiority of altitude with that village. It is certain however, that Jefferson possesses the same medicinal qualities prescribed and compounded for hay fever sufferers at Bethlehem, and nowhere does the entire White Mountain Range present such a striking and imposing scene as in the view observed from Jefferson. Jefferson Highlands, another popular summer center is nearby and the drives include those to Lancaster, Stage Hollow, Randolph, a neighboring town patronized by vacationists and the top of Mt. Prospect and the base of Cherry Mountain. Jefferson has a dozen smaller hotels and boarding places and the palatial Waumbek and cottages, which can easily accommodate five hundred guests. Next is Cherry Mountain and following is Gorham, at the entrance to the famous Glen. The trip to the summit of Mt. Washington via the Glen route is through the most beautiful and romantic scenery imaginable, for sixteen and a half miles. Gorham has two hotels and several large boarding houses. Berlin is the busy city of the mountains, yet her scenic adornments are even superior to Gorham, for here the Androcoggin and the foaming Berlin Falls add their decorations to the glory of the mountains. Some people maintain that the finest view from the base of Mt. Washington is the Fabyan House in the town of Fabyan. The Fabyan House is one of the best of the mountain hotels run by the popular O. W. Barron and can easily care for five hundred. It is situated at an elevation of 1571 feet and within plain view are all the peaks of the Presidential Range, the prospect is complete. At Bretton Woods, the works of rature and the arts of man have combined and through their unison have produced one of the most gorgeous scenic effects in the mountains. Anderson and Price are the hosts and the beautiful Mt. Pleasant and the sumptuous Mt. Washington, the most magnificent summer hotel in the world, offer every inducement of comfort and luxury to the thousands who annually assemble here. Beautiful drives and walks, spacious golf courses and baseball parks, surround the hotel. The near view of the mountains is grand, the summit of Mt. Washington, when not enveloped in clouds, is clearly seen, and but a short distance across is the the base, where the mountain train is preparing for its "climb to the clouds."
Mt. Washington is the monarch of the White Hills; 6, 293 feet high, the loftiest peak east of the Rockies and north of the
Carolinas; exactly 4.722 feet higher than Fabyan. The summit of Mt. Washington is reached by bridle or footpaths, the Crawford Trail, leading from the Crawford House, requiring a whole day to make the ascent. From the old Glen House, a carriage road leads up the east side and a pathway from Fabyan; but the popular route is via the Cogwheel Railway. The trip occupies about an hour and the panorama is truly wonderful. On the summit is a comfortable hotel, for visitors invariably remain over night to experience the exquisite enjoyment of a mountain sunrise. On a clear day, from the summit one can gaze over a circle of perhaps a thousand miles in circumference; east to the Atlantic Ocean; west to the shores of Champlain; south beyond the borders of Winnipesaukee and north to the Province of Quebec. The temperature rarely exceeds forty and snow may be encountered on the summit the year round. Within walking distance of the summit is the famouse “Lake of the Clouds” and many other points of interest. From Bretton Woods our exit from the White Mountains will be via the wonderful Crawford Notch, which by many is preferred as
entrance to the White Mountains. Below Bretton Woods on the Maine Central Railroad is Crawfords, the site of the Crawford House. This splendid hotel, now meets every want of the army of tourists who visit here during the summer, and where years ago the sturdy pioneers of the mountains, Abel and Ethan Allen Crawford extended their hospitality in the first hotel established in the region. About three miles from the Crawford House, a little before reaching the Willey House, the Notch proper begins, extending to the gate or entrance at Bartlett, a distance of three miles. The railroad winds along the terraces several hundred feet high and from the car windows, the splendor of the Notch can be viewed much better than from the road. This pass is between Mt. Willard and Mt. Willey on the west, and Webster and Jackson on the east. In 1826, the Willey family, fearful of a tremendous slide from Mt. Willey, fled from the house, but ere they found shelter. were caught in the terrible crash, and all perished while the house which they feared would be demolished first, escaped destruction. Barstow in his history of New Hampshire thus describes the Crawford Notch: “Descending the river, the mountains in some places seem to close before you and meet together. In other places, their bare sides, scarred with avalanches, rise perpendicularly at first, then receding, swell into rugged pinnacles, with projecting craggs on either side, which nod over the bleak ridges underneath, threatening to burst from the gi
gantic mounds and crush the lower falls that surround them. The Saco has now swelled to a maddening torrent, and thunders down the chasm with a deep roar and a wild echo. After struggling through the mountains, the river issues with a calm flow upon the plain below and scarcely can the country furnish a more pleasant vale than that which borders the slow winding current of the Saco in the towns of Conway and Fryeburg." The general term, as applied to Crawford Notch, embraces as far as North Conway, which is looked upon as the entrance. Bartlett has two hotels and plenty of summer boarding places. Jackson, reached from Glen and Jackson Station on the Maine Central Railroad claims the famous Wildcat River, a handsome mountain stream which bisects the town. Jackson Falls, Ellis River, Glen Ellis Falls, Goodrich Falls, Iron Mountain, Double Head and Mt. Bartlett are all within easy driving and tramping distance. North Conway and Intervale are the “East Side" resorts of the mountains. They are situated in the choicest intervales of the mountains, watered by the pure Saco and guarded on east and west by the White Horse Ridge and Rattlesnake Range. Nearby is Mt. Kearsarge and across the river is Moat Mountain. At Intervale the view of the green valley with the giant peaks of the mountain range in the distance and nearer the verdant tops of the three “Thorns" is one of the loveliest combinations of pastoral and mountain vistas in the country. From the veranda of the Intervale House, one gets the entire sweep and at North Conway, likewise one surveys landscape pictures on all sides. Artist's Falls, Diana's Baths, Cathedral Woods. Humphrey's Ledge, Mt. Surprise, Goodrish Falls, Bartlett Boulder, Conway Corner, Jackson Falls, Pitman's Arch, Hurricane Mountain, Ridge Ride, Potter's Farm, Carter's Notch, Buttermilk Hollow. Fryeburg and Lovewell's Highland Park, Glen Ellis Falls, Swift River and Chicoma Lake are points of interest easily reached. Bath, Intervale and North Conway, have each a dozen first class summer hotels and boarding houses, with varying prices and accommodations to suit. South of North Conway are Madison and Ossipee, ideal summer sorts, blessed with fine mountain air; an abundance of trout brooks and lakes and nearby cosy walks and drives. Mt. Chocorua, one of the most interesting peaks of the Sandwich Range is easily reached from these towns and is a favorite climb with mountain trampers.
On the Maine Central Railroad, west of North Conway, is Fryeburg, Maine, a town filled with Indian traditions and historical landmarks, enjoying all the benefits of the mountains in the shape of scenery, fresh air and good
view points. Lovewell's Pond in Fryeburg, is an excellent resort for campers and fishermen. Away up in northern New Hampshire is Dixville Notch, not exactly a White Mountain resort, but near enough to be classed thus. It is neighborly to the Rangeley and Connecticut Lakes and its brooks and ponds are favorite resorts for the fishermen. The Notch is a deep ravine among high hills and is one of the most imposing scenes of rock and mountain views in America. Colebrook is the prominent summer center in this vicinity and also a departing point for the Connecticut Lakes on the Canadian border. In northern Vermont the Lake Memphremagog and Lake Willoughby regions, surrounded by high hills, are the nearest counterparts of Swiss Lakes to be found in the country and may be properly styled "mountain mirrors.” But ten miles of Memphremagog starting at Newport, lie within the territory of Vermont, the rest is in Canada. A steamer, “The Lady of the Lake" sails from Newport, past the towering peak of Bear Mountain and the Majestic Owl's Head. Willoughby is reached from West Burke, Vermont, an eight mile stage ride. The lake is six miles long and about one and a half miles wide and lies between two mountains, Pisgah and Hor. Indeed, the hills of northern Vermont which lie scattered between the White Mountains on the east and the Green Mountains on the west, have every right to be classed in the mountain district. Their scenery is both rugged and pastoral, grand and sublime, valley foilows mountain and meadow succeeds highland.
But Vermont looks for mountains not towards her scattered hills, but to the range of Green giants which have given her her name. The Green Mountains have two New England portals, one via the Central Vermont Railroad and the other via the Rutland Railroad at Bellows Falls. Entering the Central Vermont Portal at White River, the train reaches Bethel, before we
are aware of our proximity to the mountains. Six miles more and at Randolph we come within sight of the higher summits. Beyond is Braintree, huddled midst a heap of rising hills and at Roxbury, the next station, the Dog River rises one thousand feet above the sea level. At Roxbury, the train crosses the summit pass of the Green Mountains. Next is Northfield, sheltered by two
ranges of hills, one on each side of the river. From Montpelier Junction, a spur track runs to Montpelier, but a short distance. Montpelier, the capital city of the state, is in the Winooski Valley, guarded by high, round-topped hills and craggy mountain peaks which enhance the vista of broad, green fields and rich meadows. A city
with a reputation free from hay fever and warranted to dispel all germs with beautiful drives and parks and one of the best hotels in the state, Montpelier has all the appurtenances of a New England summer resort. At Middlesex, the river plunges into Middlesex Narrows, a canyon about a quarter of a mile in length and thirty feet deep and at Waterbury, eight miles from Montpelier, Camel's Hump and Mt. Mansfield meet our gaze.
These two loftiest peaks of the Green Mountains are within easy riding distance of
Waterbury. Waterbury has two hotels and boarding houses. North Duxbury, Richniond and Williston lie in an agricultural district and are favored with the excellent valley and river pictures of this region. At Stowe, which is 227 miles from Boston, Mansfield's summit looms up, but nine niles distant, easily reached. The view from the summit of Mount Mansheld is surpassed only by that from Mt. Washington. The Summit House is situated at the foot of what is known as the Nose and is a modern hotel; first class in every respect. Lake Mansfield, a beautiful sheet of water, covering an area of about one hundred acres, is four miles south of the summit. Between Stowe and Waterbury, the Mt. Mansfield electric railway makes five trips daily, connecting with all passenger trains.
Six miles southeast of Montpelier is Barre, the Granite center and Williamstown, the site of the healthful Williamstown Springs, a celebrated summer resort, is connected by train witli Barre. The Gulf House is the popular rendezvous for resorters. Northfield, ten miles south of Montpelier, is in the very heart of the Green Mountains, and has a wealth of picturesque scenery. Camels' Hump is reached from Stowe by a sixteen mile drive and a five mile walk, but at Barre her high hills and wild mountains vista is shown to best advantage. The summit of Camel's Hump is but three miles distant. There is a first class hotel here and several smaller board. ing houses. Next follows Richmond, a noted dairy section, and then Williston, a farming town with. a summer hotel admir. ably located on a high hill, overlooking Lake Champlain. Here the Winooski Valley ends, at the gates of Burlington.
From Bellows Falls, the route is via the Rutland Railroad and in the valley of the Black River at Ludlow enter the mountains. The train ascends heavy grades and just north of Ludlow the railroad is built, through a picturesque pass in the Green Mountains, continuing on to Headville and thence to Summit, over one thousand feet above sea level. Both Summit and Headville are favorite places for hunting and fishing. Mt. Holly, three miles beyond the summit, is a typical lit
tle Green Mountain hamlet and the forest covered tops of Mt. Hillington, Pico and Shrewsbury are nearby. East Wallingford, three miles further on, and Mott Haven, secluded in the mountains, are choice retreats. Cuttingville, also boasts of a hotel and is patronized by many during July and August. And easily reached from Cuttingville by stage Lake Shrewsbury, Shrewsbury, North Shrewsbury and Cold River. At North Clarendon is the Clarendon Gorge, where the Miller River rolls rumbling along and in a few minutes the city of Rutland comes into view. Rutland is situated at an elevation of five hundred and sixty-two feet and facing the city on the east are the commanding spires of the Green Mountains; Pico, Shrewsbury, East Mountain and Ball Mountain. There are magnificent drives in the vicinity of the city to Proctor's Falls, the mountains, Killington Peak, Lake Pico, Bridgewater, Lake St. Catherine and Lake Bomoseen. An electric railway runs throughout the city and to many of the neighboring points of interest. Proctor, a marble center, the home of U. S. Senator Proctor, and Pirtsford, located on a hill about three miles north of Proctor, are pleasant little mountain hamlets. Pittsford is admirably located on a hill overlooking the valley of the Otter and has pure sand springs in the near neighborhood and a wealth of historic landmarks and associations. It is gradually growing as a vacation center. From Brandon. the two lovely lakes, Dunmore and Silver are reached. Lake Dunmore is eight miles from the village. The lake is five miles in length and one and a quarter miles wide. Two modern summer hotels, accommodating three hundred guests, take care of the summer visitors. At Sudbury, eight miles west of Brandon, is Lake Hertonia, and one mile from the Lake is the famous Hyde Manor. Hyde Manor has accommodations for twɔ hundred and fifty guests; is ideally placed midst the richest of the Green Mountain scenery and is blessed with pure air and good piscatorial opportunities, for the anglers may try a cast for black bass and pickerel in Lake Hertonia and at Lake Hinkum a forty minutes' drive. Seven miles beyond Salisbury is Middlebury, and eleven miles east of Middlebury is the Bread Loaf Inn and Bread Loaf Mountain, four thousand feet high. The Inn stands upon a plateau at an altitude of sixteen hundred feet and is one of Vermont's best known summer resorts. Burnt Hill, Silent Cliff and Lake Pleiad are points of interest in the neighborhood. Bristol, the terminus of the Bristol Railroad, six miles in length, running from New Haven Junction, is a fertile little farming town, sheltered by Hog Back Mountain Hotels and
boarding houses are within easy walking distance of some of the best known places of interest in the mauntains. Devil's Windpipe, Money Diggers' Cave and Rattlesnake Den are among them. Leaving Bristol, the glory of the Green Mountains fades and a few miles beyond, we are outside the realms of the mountains. Let us now hie toward the hills of Massachusetts, to the inviting towns midst the Hoosac Range and the Berkshire Hills.
The famous Hoosac Tunnel bores the range through Hoosac Mountain for a distance of four and a half miles. The east portal is beyond Zoar and the west at North Adams. North Adams is situated in the very heart of the Hoosac Mountains, surrounded by hills ranging from a thousand to fifteen hundred feet in height. Although a busy city of commercial proclivities, North Adams has also a store of cherished gifts in the shape of scenery and pure air for the vacationist and many nearby features of interest, reached by driving or walking, one of the most popular of which is the wonderful Natural Bridge. The bridge is located on Hudson's Brook, the waters of which have worn a passage through the solid rock a distance of a mile and fifteen feet wide. Sadawga Springs and Stamford reached by stage from North Adams. Sadawga Springs is situated twenty-one hundred feet above the sea and possesses a beautiful lake and a famous floating island and is a delightful retreat for rest and health. Stamford is a lovely little town sheltered on one side by the Hoosac Mountains and on the other by the Green Mountains. Fifteen miles' drive front North Adams is Heartwellville, Vermont, a quiet little farming town with a summer colony. Williamstown, the handsome college town, is one of the most beautiful summer sections in New England. Henry Ward Beecher referred to it as situated "in a country of valleys, lakes and mountains that is yet to be as celebrated as the lake district of England or the hill country of Palestine.” At Williamstown is located Williams College and from here Greylock is easiest reached by carriage road. Sand Springs, whose curative powers are well known, is a favorite visiting place. Greylock is 2525 feet above the sea and an excellent panorama rewards the tourist who climbs to the summit. Looking eastward, the Hoosac Range meets the prospect, while toward the north, the long line of the Green Mountains greets the vision. One large hotel, the Greylock, besides several smaller ones and boarding houses, are well prepared to
serve the visitors to Williamstown. Following the winding of the mountains, the railroad leads us from Williamstown, across the State line to Pownal and North Pownal,