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house of convention; and to negative such acts proposed by the other house, as they may disapprove; provided they are not adhered to by four-fifths of the other house."

After some debate, the resolution, with the proviso annexed, was agreed upon, and the third article was accordingly modified in the manner following, viz.

Art. 3d. The bishops of this Church, when there shall be three or more, shall, whenever General Conventions are held, form a separate house, with a right to originate and propose acts for the concurrence of the House of Deputies, composed of clergy and laity; and when any proposed act shall have passed the House of Deputies, the same shall be transmitted to the House of Bishops, who shall have a negative thereupon, unless adhered to by four-fifths of the other house; and all acts of the convention shall be authenticated by both houses. And, in all cases, the House of Bishops shall signify to the convention their approbation or disapprobation, the latter, with their reasons in writing, within three days after the proposed act shall have been reported to them for Boncurrence: and in failure thereof, it shall have the operation of a law. But until there shall be three or more bishops as aforesaid, any bishop attending a General Convention shall be a member, ex officio, and shall vote with the clerical deputies of the state to which he belongs; and a bishop shall then preside.

Acceptance by Bishop Seabury, and the Presbyters from Neu


October 2, 1789. We do hereby agree to the Constitution of the Church, as modified this day in convention.

SAMUEL SEABURY, D. D. Bishop of the Episcopal Church in Connecticut.

ABRAHAM JARVIS, A. M. Rector of Christ Church, Middletown, Connecticut.

BELA HUBBARD, A. M. Rector of Trinity Church, New Haven, Connecticut.

SAMUEL PARKER, D.D. Rector of Trinity Church, Boston, and Clerical Deputy for

Massachusetts and New-Ilampshire.

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Lellers of Consecration of Bishop Seabury.

IN DEI NOMINE. Amen. Omnibus ubique Catholicis per Presentes palcat, Nos, Robertum Kilgour, miseratione divina, Episcopum Aberdonien-Arthurum Petrie, Episcopum Rossen et Moravien-et Joannem Skinner, Episcopum Coadjutorem; Mysteria, Sacra Domini nostri Jesu Christi in Oratorio supradicti Joannis Skinner apud Aberdoniam celebrantes, Divini Numinis Præsidio fretos (presentibus tam e Clero, quam e Populo testibus idoneis) Samuelem Seabury, Doctorem Divinitatis, sacro Presbyteratus ordine jam decoratum, ac nobis præ Vitæ integritate, Morum probitate et Orthodoxia, commendatum, et ad docendum et regendum aptum et idoneum, ad sacrum et sublimem Episcopatus Ordinem promovisse, et rite ac canonice, secundum Morem et Ritus Ecclesiæ Scoticanæ, consecrasse, Die Novembris decimo quarto, Anno Æræ Christianæ Millesimo Septingentesimo Octagesimo Quarto.In cujus Rei Testimonium, Instrumento huic (chirographis

nostris prius, munito) Sigilla nostra apponi mandavimus. ROBERTUS KILGOUR, Episcopus, et Primus. (L. S.) ARTHURUS PETRIE, Episcopus.

(L. S.) JOANNES SKINNER, Episcopus.

(L. S.)

No. 21. Page 170.

A Leller from the Rev. Dr. Coke, and the Answer.

Right Rev. Sir,

Permit me to intrude a little on your time upon a subject of great importance.

You, I believe, are conscious that I was brought up in the Church of England, and have been ordained a presbyter of that Church.

For many years I was prejudiced, even I think to bigotry, in favour of it; but through a variety of causes or incidents, to mention which would be tedious and useless, my mind was exceedingly biassed on the other side of the question. In consequence of this, I am not sure but

I went further in the separation of our Church in America, than Mr. Wesley, from whom I had received my commission, did intend. He did indeed solemnly invest me, as far as he had a riglit so tu do, with Episcopal authority, but did not intend, I think, that an entire separation should take place. He, being pressed by our friends on this side of the water for ministers to administer the sacraments to them, (there being very few of the clergy of the Church of England then in the states,) went further, I am sure, than he would have gone, if he bad foreseen some events which followed. And this I am certain of-that he is now sorry for the separation.

But what can be done for a re-union, which I much wish for; and to accomplish which, Mr. Wesley, I have no doubt, would rise his influence to the utmost ? The affection of a very considerable number of the preachers and most of the people, is very strong towards him, notwithstanding the excessive ill usage he received from a few. My interest also is not small; and both his and mine would readily, and to the utmost, be used to accomplish that (to us) very desirable object; if a readiness were shown by the bishops of the Protestant Episcopal Church to re-unite.

It is even to your Church an object of great importance. We have now above sixty thousand adults in our society in these states, and about two bundred and fifty travelling ministers and preachers; besides a great number of local preachers, very far exceeding the number of travelling preachers; and some of those local preachers are men of very considerable abilities. But if we number the Methodists as most people number the members of their Church, viz. by the families which constantly attend the divine ordinances in their places of Worship, they will make a larger body than

a you probably conceive. The society, I believe, may be safely multiplied by five on an average to give us our stated congregations; which will then amount to three hundred thousand. And if the calculation which, I think, some eminent writers have made, be just, that three-fifths of mankind are un-adult, (if I may use the expression) at any given period, it will follow that all the families, the adults of which form our congregations in these states, amount to seven hundred and fifty thousand. About one fifth of these are blacks.

The work now extends in length from Boston to the south of Georgia; and in breath from the Atlantic to Lake Champlain, Vermont, Albany, Redstone, Holstein, Kentucky, Cumberland, &c.

But there are many hinderances in the way. Can they be removed?

1. Our ordained ministers will not, ought not, to give up their right of aulministering the sacraments. I do not think that the generality of them, perhaps none of them, would refuse to submit to a re-ordination, if other hinderances were removed out of the way. I must here observe, tbat between sixty and seventy only out of the two hundred and fitty have been ordained presbyters, and about sixty deacons (only). The presbyters are the choicest of the whole.

2. The other preachers would hardly submit to a re-union, if the possibility of their rising up to ordination depended on the present bishops in America. Because, though they are all, I think I may say, zealous, pious, and very useful men, yet they are not acquainted with the learned languages. Besides, they would argue,-If the present bishops would waive the article of the learned languages, yet their successors might not.

My desire of a re-union is so sincere and earnest, that these difficulties almost make me tremble; and yet something must be done before the death of Mr. Wesley, otherwise I shall despair of success : for though my influence among

the Methodists in these states as well as in Europe is, I doubt not, increasing, yet Mr. Asbury, whose influence is very capital, will not easily comply; nay, I know he will be exceedingly averse to it.

In Europe, where some steps had been taken, tending to a separation, all is at an end. Mr. Wesley is a determined enemy of it, and I have lately borne an open and successful testimony against it.

Shall I be favoured with a private interview with you in Philadelphia ? I shall be there, God willing, on Tuesday, the 17th of May. If this be agreeable, I will beg of you just to signify it in a note, directed to me, at Mr. Jacob Baker's, merchant, Market-street, Philadelphia ; or, if you please, by a few lines sent me by the return of the post, at Philip Rogers's, Esq. in Baltimore, from yourself or Dr. Magaw, and I will wait upon you with my friend Dr. Magaw. We can then enlarge on these subjects.

I am conscious of it, that secrecy is of great importance in the present state of the business, till the minds of you, your brother bishops, and Mr. Wesley, be circumstantially known. I must therefore beg that these things be confined to yourself and Dr. Magaw, till I have the honour of seeing you.

Thus, you sec, I have made a bold venture on your ho

pour and candour, and have opened my whole heart to you on the subject, as far as the extent of a small letter will allow me. If you put equal confulence in me, you will find me candid and faithful.

I have, notwithstanding, been guilty of inadvertencies.. Very lately I found myself obliged (for the pacifying of my conscience) to write a penitential letter to the Rev. Mr. Jarratt, which gave him great satisfaction: and for the same reason I must write another to the Rev. Mr. Pettigrew. When I was last in America, I prepared and corrected a great variety of things for our magazines, indeed, almost every thing that was printed, except some loose hints which I had taken of one of my journeys, and which I left in my burry with Mr. Asbury, without any correction, entreating that no part of them might be printed which would be improper or offensive. But through great inadvertency (I suppose) he suffered some reflections on the characters of the two above-mentioned gentlemen to be inserted in the magazine, for which I am very sorry: and probably shall not rest till I have made my acknowledgment more public; though Mr. Jarratt does not desire it.

I am not sure whether I have not also offended you, Sir, by accepting of one of the offers made me by you and Dr. Magaw, of the use of your churches, about six years ago, on my first visit to Philadelphia, without informing you of our plan of separation from the Church of England. If I did offend, (as I doubt I did, especially from what you said on the subject to Mr. Richard Dellam, of Abington,) I sincerely beg your's and Dr. Magaw's pardon. I will endeavour to amend. But, alas! I am a frail, weak creature.

I will intrude no longer at present. One thing only I will claim from your candour—that if you have no thoughts of improving this proposal, you will burn this letter, and lake no more notice of it (for it would be a pity to have us entirely alienated from each other, if we cannot unite in the manner my ardent wishes desire). But if you will further negotiate the business, I will explain my mind still more fully to you on the probabilities of success.

In the mean time permit me, with great respect, to subscribe myself,

Right Rev. Sir,
Your very humble servant in Christ,

Richmond, April 24, 1791.
The Right Rev. Father in God, Bishop White.

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