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Who Jhall be our Judge, viz. The Man C HRIST j ES US.
III. 1' ET us now consider who shall be I J our Judge: That man whom he hath ordained, whereof ke hath given assurance unto all mcn3 in that he hath raised him from the dead; where there are two things to be considered: First, The Person who is to judge us. Secondly, What Assurance we have, that He /hall be our Judge.
First, The Person who is to judge us: That man whom he hath ordained; that is , the Man
CHRIST JESUS: for thus both Christ and his Apostles assure us3 that God hath appointed him to be the Judge of the World: The Father judgeth no man; but . hath committed all judgment to the Son , f John 22. The Son of man fliall come in the glory of his Father, with his Angels; and then shall he reward every man according'to his works, 16 Matthew, 27. Thus St. Peter assures Cornelius concerning Christ , He commanded us to preach unto the people, and to tefiifie that it is he which was ordain^ed by God to be the Judge of quick and dead, 10 Acts 42. But there is no need to multiply Texts in so plain a Case, it is of more concernment to inquire, why Christ, who is the Eternal Son of God, and a God Incarnate
state, when he is spoke of as Judge of the World, is most usually describ'd as a Man, or the Son of Man; thus , He is that man .whom God hath ordained; and the Son of man; nay, Christ himself tells US, For this reason God hath given him authority to execute judgment, because he is the Son of man, y John 27.
Now the reason why our Saviour is described as a Man, and the Son of Man, when he comes to Judgment, is, because he shall visibly appear in Humane Nature to judge the World and therefore will be3 and will appear as much a Man as he did when he dwelt on Earth, though he will appear also more like a God: Thus the Prophet Daniel describes it: He saw in the night visions, and behold, one like the Son of man, came with the clouds of heaven, and came to the Ancient of days, and they brought him near before him. And, there was given him Dominion and Glory, and a Kingdom, that all People, Nations, and Languages jhould serve him: his Dominion is an everlasting Dominion, which shall not pass away, and his Kingdom that which fiallnot be destroyed, 7 Dan. 13, 14. It is the Son of Man who has this Glory and Kingdom given him, and which he must administer as the Son of .Man.
And this seems the true reason why our Saviour so often calls himself the Son of Man*, not as some imagine with respect to the mean Circumstances of his Appearance in the World-, for this Phrase, The Son of Man , no where in Scripture relates to such an external Meannesi and Poverty as distinguishes one
Q 2 man 49?er. 28. Man from another; but it either1 signifies no 7o£<s more than a Man, or it respects the com8oP/«Ai7. mon Weaknesses of Humane Nature; and .itfpfaki when this Name is applied to any particular a Eiek. t Persons, it is never used of mean Men, but always of Princes or Prophets: But by this Title of the Son of Man , our Saviour gives us to understands that he is that Great and Extraordinary Person, known by the Name of The Son of Man .in Daniel's Visions, whom God hath ordained to be the Lord and Judge of the World. . .... ... .
But I mail not pass over this Argument thus, but 'shall more particularly consider the: great Wisdom of this - how necessary, congruous and fitting it is, that the Son of Man should judge the World; which will suggest a great many useful Meditations to us. Now I shall reduce what I have to fay to these two Heads: i. That it is very fitting and necessary, that the Saviour of Mankind should be their Judge also. 2. And therefore that the Man Christ Jesus, who is die Saviour of the World, should judge it.
I. That it is very fitting and necessary that the Saviour of Mankind should be their Judge also; and that upon two Accounts.
• Because the Authority to judge is essential to the Notion and Authority of a Saviffiur: To save Sinners, signifies to save them from their Sins; which is the true Interpretation of the Name Jesus, i Matth. 20. And to save them from their Sins, is to deliver them from who finally pardons, and bestows Heaven on us, is our Saviour: Christ might have been our Prophet, our Priest , and our Sacrifice, without being our Judge, but he could not have been our Saviour without it and therefore after Christ's Resurrection from the Dead, after he had preach'd the Gospel, and died upon the Cross to expiate our Sins, he tells his Disciples, All sower is given unto me both in heaven and in earth, 28 Matth. And St. Peter tells the Sanhedrim , Him hath God exalted with his right hand to he a Trince and a Saviour, to give repenfentance to Israel, and forgiveness. of fins, J Acts 21. So that he saves by Power, he is our Saviour and our Prince; and this Power is the Reward oT his Obedience and Sufferings: Therefore God hath highly exalted him , and given him a Name which is above every Name: That at the Name of Jesus every knee should bow, of things in , heaven, and things in earth , and things under the earth; and that every tongue should confess, that Jesus .Christ is Lord, to the Glory of God the Father , ' 2 PJiil. 9 ,• 10, 11. His Power to save is attributed to his Intercession, or Mediatory Kingdom: Wherefore he is able also to save them to the utter? mojt , that come unto God by him, seeing he ever livtth to make intercession for them, 7 Hebr. 2 s. And in like manner St. Paul attributes our Reconciliation to God, to the Death of Christ, but our Salvation to his Life that is, to that Power he was invested with at his Resurrection from the Dead: For if when we were Enemies, we were..reconciled unto God by the death of his Son: much more being reconciled,