A Great Russia: Russia and the Triple Entente, 1905-1914
Praeger, 2002 - 190 páginas
The Triple Entente of Great Britain, Russia, and France was the foreign policy prong of the Russian imperial government's reaction to the disastrous events of 1905, including the revolution and the near defeat in the Russo-Japanese War. This alignment with the two western, liberal powers was almost universally perceived within official Russian governing circles as a necessary, if ideologically distasteful, diplomatic relationship to offset the growing German threat on the continent. Maintaining the entente would help Russia retain its great power status. For the first time, Tomaszewski tells the official Russian side of the story, long inaccessible due to restrictions imposed by the relevant Russian archives during the Soviet era. In doing so, she sheds new light on the international scene as the crisis of World War One approached.
The Triple Entente went hand in hand with two policies of Stolypin, the Chairman of the Council of Ministers: draconian repression of the revolutionaries and sweeping domestic reforms. Acutely aware that serious failures in foreign policy would threaten the regime's existence, the imperial government designed both its foreign and its domestic policies to consolidate the autocracy for the twentieth century. Nicholas II gambled on the Triple Entente and its diplomatic alignment with the other two status-quo powers as the best means of preserving the peace in Europe and thereby preserving the imperial system as well.
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Chapter 4 The Vanguard of the Entente Policy: Foreign Ministry Attitudes toward
Britain and France As foreign ministers, A.P. Izvolsky and S.D. Sazonov followed
a foreign policy significantly different from those of their predecessors.
The foreign minister considered public opinion as an important factor and wanted
to work with the newly constituted ... vocal in their criticisms of the ministry and
pressed Izvolsky to undertake reforms, which he did try to implement.17 Ironically
A new era in Russian diplomacy had begun with Izvolsky's appointment as
foreign minister in 1906. ... Frustrations and resentments were often felt within the
ministry of foreign affairs, but overwhelmingly it was believed that the benefits of
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Nicholas II and
Russian Officialdom and
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