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Gates Ordered to Ticonderoga


in their power, were pronounced, " to say the least, ill-advised and highly indecent." *

While Schuyler was thus in partial eclipse, the House proceeded to appoint a general officer for the Northern department, of which he had stated it to be in need.

On the 25th of March, Gates received the following note from President Hancock : "I have it in charge to direct that you repair to Ticonderoga immediately, and take command of the army stationed in that department.”

Gates obeyed with alacrity. Again the vision of an independent command floated before his mind, and he was on his way to Albany, at the time that Schuyler, ignorant of this new arrangement, was journeying to Philadelphia. Gates was accompanied by Brigadier-General Fermois, a French officer, recently commissioned in the continental army. A rumor of his approach preceded him. “What are the terms on which Gates is coming on?” was asked in Albany. “ Has Schuyler been superseded, or is he to be so, or has he resigned?” For a time all was rumor and conjecture. A report reached his family that he was to be divested of all titles and rank other than that of Philip Schuyler, Esquire. They heard it with joy, knowing the carking cares and annoyances that had beset him in his command. His military friends deprecated it as a great loss to the service.*

* Journals of Congress.


When Gates arrived in Albany, Colonel Varick, Schuyler's secretary, waited on him with a message from Mrs. Schuyler, inviting him to take up his quarters at the general's house, which was in the vicinity. He declined, as the despatch of affairs required him to be continually in town; but took his breakfast with Mrs. Schuyler the next morning. He remained in Albany, unwilling to depart for Ticonderoga until there should be sufficient troops there to support him.

Schuyler arrived in Philadelphia in the second week in April, and found himself superseded in effect by General Gates in the Northern department. He inclosed to the committee of Albany the recent resolutions of Congress, passed before his arrival. “By these," writes he, you will readily perceive that I shall not return a general. Under what influence it has been brought about, I am not at liberty now to mention. On my return to Albany, I shall give the committee the fullest information.” †

Taking his seat in Congress as a delegate * Letter of Colonel Richard Varick, Schuyler's Letter Book.

† Schuyler's Letter Book.

و حتی خود کردم امریکایی در ترزا

Scbuyler at pbiladelpbia


It was


from New York, he demanded the promised investigation of his conduct during the time he had held a command in the army. his intention, when the scrutiny had taken place, to resign his commission, and retire from the service. On the 18th, a committee of inquiry was appointed, as at his request, composed of a member from each State.

In the meantime, as second major-general of the United States (Lee being the first), he held active command at Philadelphia, forming a camp on the western side of the Delaware, completing the works on Fort Island, throwing up works on Red Bank, and accelerating the despatch of troops and provisions to the commander-in-chief. During his sojourn at Philadelphia, also, he contributed essentially to reorganize the commissary department ; digesting rules for its regulation, which were mainly adopted by Congress.

Chapter 1111.

Foreign Officers Candidates for Situations in the Army

-Difficulties iu Adjusting Questions of RankDucoudray — Conway, Kosciuszko-Washington's Guards-Arnold Omitted in the Army Promotions -Washington Takes his Part-British Expeditions against Danbury-Destruction of American Stores -Connecticut Yeomanry in Arms-Skirmish at Ridgefield — Death of General Wooster-Gallant Services of Arnold-Rewarded by Congress-Exploit of Colonel Meigs at Sag Harbor.


HE fame of the American struggle for

independence was bringing foreign officers as candidates for admission

into the patriot army, and causing great embarrassment to the commander-inchief. They seldom," writes Washington, “bring more than a commission and a passport; which we know may belong to a bad as well as a good officer. Their ignorance of our language, and their inability to recruit men, are insurmountable obstacles to their being

Foreign Officers


a loss

engrafted in our continental battalions ; for our officers, who have raised their men, and have served through the war upon pay that has not hitherto borne their expenses, would be disgusted if foreigners were put over their heads; and I assure you, few or none of these gentlemen look lower than field officers' commissions.

Some general mode of disposing of them must be adopted, for it is ungenerous to keep them in suspense, and a great charge to themselves; but I am

know how to point out this mode."

Congress determined that no foreign officers should receive commissions who were not well acquainted with the English language, and did not bring strong testimonials of their abilities. Still there was embarrassment. Some came with brevet commissions from the French government, and had been assured by Mr. Deane, American commissioner at Paris, that they would have the same rank in the American army. This would put them above American officers of merit and hard service, whose commissions were of more recent date. One Monsieur Ducoudray, on the strength of an agreement with Mr. Deane, expected to have the rank of major-general, and to be put at the head of the artillery. Washington deprecated the idea of intrusting a department on which

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