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WASHINGTON CROSSING THE DELAWARE, Frontispiece
From a painting by E. Lentze. BATLLE-GROUNDS AT TRENTON .
BATTLE OF PRINCETON-DEATH OF MERCER
From a painting by Col. J. Trumbull.
MAJOR-GENERAL JOHN SULLIVAN
BATTLE OF BENNINGTON
From a painting by A. Chappel.
COUNT KASIMIR PULASKI
Reproduced from a painting by Oleszkiewicz.
GENERAL, THE MARQUIS DE LAFAYETTE
From a French print, 1781.
BEMIS HEIGHTS AT THE TIME OF THE REVO-
Redrawn from an old wood-cut.
HOUSE AT KINGSTON, NEW YORK, IN WHICH
THE CONSTITUTION OF THE STATE WAS
Redrawn from Barber's "Historical Collection.''
LIFE OF WASHINGTON.
Treatment of the Hessian Prisoners—Their Interviews
with Washington—Their Reception by the People.
HE Hessian prisoners were conveyed
across the Delaware by Johnson's Ferry, into Pennsylvania ; the private soldiers
were marched off immediately to Newtown; the officers, twenty-three in number, remained in a small chamber in the Ferry House, where, according to their own account, they passed a dismal night; sore at heart that their recent triumphs at White Plains and Fort Washington should be so suddenly eclipsed.
On the following morning they were conducted to Newtown under the escort of Colonel Weedon. “His exterior," writes Lieutenant Piel," spoke but little in his favor, yet he won all our hearts by his kind and friendly conduct."
At Newtown the officers were quartered in inns and private houses, the soldiers in the church and jail. The officers paid a visit to Lord Stirling, whom some of them had known from his being captured at Long Island. He received them with great kindness. " Your general, Van Heister,” said he, "treated me like a brother when I was a prisoner, and so, gentlemen, will you be treated by me."
“We had scarce seated ourselves," continues Lieutenant Piel, “when a long, meagre, darklooking man, whom we took for the parson of the place, stepped forth and held a discourse in German, in which he endeavored to set forth the justice of the American side in this war. He told us he was a Hanoverian born ; called the King of England nothing but the Elector of Hanover, and spoke of him so contemptuously that his garrulity became intolerable. We answered that we had not come to America to inquire which party was in the right; but to fight for the king.
Lord Stirling, seeing how little we were edified by the preacher, relieved us from him by proposing to take us with him to visit General Washington. The latter received us very courteously, though we understood very little of what he said, as he spoke nothing but English, a language in which none of us at Interview witb Wasbington
that time were strong. In his aspect shines forth nothing of the great man that he is universally considered. His eyes have scarce any fire. There is, however, a smiling expression on his countenance when he speaks, that wins affection and respect. He invited four of our officers to dine with him ; the rest dined with Lord Stirling." One of those who dined with the commander-in-chief, was the satirical lieutenant whom we have so often quoted, and who was stationed at the picket on the morning of the attack. However disparagingly he may have thought of his unfortunate commander, he evidently had a very good opinion of himself.
“General Washington,” writes he in his journal, did me the honor to converse a good deal with me concerning the unfortunate affair. I told him freely my opinion that even our dispositions had been bad, otherwise we should not have fallen into his hands. He asked nie if I could have made better dispositions, and in what manner? I told him yes; stated all the faults of our arrangements, and showed him how I would have done ; and would have managed to come out of the affair with honor.”
We have no doubt, from the specimens furnished in the lieutenant's journal, that he went largely into his own merits and achievements,