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II.-DISCUSSION OF THE GENERAL QUESTION-

Of State control

Results of public inquiry

Recent action of States.

In Missouri..

In Virginia

In the Kentucky and Tennessee legislatures.

Minnesota has retraced her steps..

Recent action in Foreign countries-

In Great Britain.

In Germany

In Austria..

In other Foreign countries.

The action of railroad managers affords encouragement

Railway company associations..

Southern Railway and Steamship Association

Union of German Railroad Managements..

Associations of engineers, master-mechanics, car-builders and

others

Individual experts and investigators

Final result of all these investigations

Result of further investigation by the commission.

Cost is a basis in all cases..

Cost varies with climate..

Cost varies with the season

Cost also varies with the times

Relative cost varies with the productiveness of the year

Also, with the length of haul...

Also, as there may or may not be loads both ways.

Cost varies with uniformity of freights in kind, and with termi-

nal facilities..

The cost of the road must vary the chargeable rate.

Where several roads are involved, difficulty of determining proper

rates, etc

Difference in necessary cost of roads

Next after cost of roads, comes cost of doing the business .

Maintenance of roadway, bridges, etc., and the force of men

necessary thereto

Station repairs...

Movement expenses:
Cost of transportation not the only basis for the construction of a just

tariff ...

The worth of the service to the shipper an element..

The element of competition....

Lake and canal rates during October, 1875.

A fixed specific tariff excludes this element of discrimination:.

The equal mileage theory is a fallacy

The present law in part, misunderstood as to rates..

The method set forth by the commissioners...

Limited powers of the commissioners, to require repairs of roads.

Publicity of rates of fare and freight.....

Greater stability of rates and time tables.

Timely notice of changes of rates, and of time cards.

Greater uniformity and completeness of accounts

Want of logical system

Railwav reports

Publicity, the sheet anchor of public security.

It is the policy of the State to legislate broadly

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CONTENTS OF OFFICIAL PAPERS, STATISTICS AND CORRESPOND-

ENCE.

Page.

CLASSIFICATION OF ROADS AND RATES OF FARE AND FREIGHT.

1-5

Classification of roads..

1

Classification of freight..

General classes

Special classes.

Rates of fare and freight

Limitation of charges for fares.

Limitation of charges for freights on railroads classed A and B.

Freight tariff-special classes...

Request addressed to all railroad companies for prompt returns.

Blank form for use of railroad companies in reporting..

7

FULL TEXT OF REPORTS OF COMPANIES..

20-168

Report of Chicago, Milwaukee and St. Paul Co.

20-60

Report of Chicago and Northwestern Co.....

67-89

Report of Galena and Southern Wisconsin Co...

128-138

Report of Green Bay and Minnesota Co....

103-115

Report of Madison and Portage Co....

61-66

Report of Mineral Point Co....

121-127

Report of Prairie du Chien and McGregor Co..

116-120

Report of Sheboygan and Fond du Lac Co....

160-168

Report of West Wisconsin Co.....

81-90

Report of Western Union Co.,

91-102

Report of Wisconsin Central Co..

139-147

Report of Wisconsin Valley Co.

148-159

TABULATED STATISTICS, COMPILED FROM RAILROAD RETURNS OF 1874

AND 1874-5....

169-222

Table I.-Showing population, area and miles of railroad of the sev.

eral States..

170-171

Table II.- Mileage, cost, business done, earnings and profits, in 1874,

of the railroads of the Uniled States.

172-173

Table III.—Showing per cent. of receipts to total capital and debt, to

one mile of road and one inhabitant. Also, operating expen-

ses, net earnings, etc., of railroads of the several states... 174-175

Table IV.- Railroad lines, etc., in Wisconsin, with classification,

length of track, mileage, etc.....

176-177

Tables V and VI-Abstract of reports of roads in Wisconsin, in the
year 1874, made to Secretary of State .

178-9

Tables VII and VIII-Abstract from report of Secretary of State, con-

tinued

180-1

Tables IX and X-Abstracts from report of Secretary of State continued. 182-3

Tables XI and XII-Abstracts from report of Secretary of State, con-

tinued .....

184-5

Tables XIII and XIV-Analysis of reports of railroads operated in Wis-
consin, during the year ending June 30, 1875..

186-7
Tables XIV to XXXIV, inclusive, are continuations of analysis of rail-
road reports for the year 1875....

188-213
Table XXXVI-Comparative statistics of the principal railroads in Wis-

consin, showing financial condition etc., for year ending June 30,
1875.

214-15
Table XXXVII–Accidents, number and proportion of milege, business
done, force employed, etc

216–17
Table XXXIX—Comparative statement of passenger traffic, etc., for years
1873, 1874, 1875..

218-22
...300-302

lease....

SALE OF MILWAUKEE, LAKE SHORE AND WESTERN RAILROAD UNDER

FORECLOSURE..

Commissioners to Gen. C. S. Hamilton, and reply

Abstract of record.

302

303

CONDITION OF CHICAGO AND NORTHWESTERN RAILWAY COMPANY..

Conimissioners to President Keep, and reply......

.304-306

CONTENTS OF APPENDIX:

APPENDIX A.....

Railroad laws of 1874..

Chapter 273—"Potter-law'

Chapter 341-General law.

1-33

1-8

1-6

7-8

Page.

Railroad laws of 1875 :

Chapter 6—an act relating to Wisconsin Central Railroad Company... 9

Chapter 24—act to require railroad companies to provide for safety of

passengers ...

11

Chapter 25—act to amend section 50, general laws of 1872—an act in re-

lation to railroads and the organization of railroad companies

12

Chapter 39—act to amend chapter 273, laws of 1874-(the "Potter-law."') 12

Chapter 54—to appropriate certain monies to Railroad Commissioners,etc 13

Chapter 113—Act to amend chapter 273, laws of 1874-changing classi-

fication of railroads......

14

Chapter 117—act to encourage building narrow-guage railroads..

14

Chapter 119—act to prevent gambling in railroad cars...

16

Chapter 168—act to authorize municipal corporations to aid in the con-

struction of railroads....

17

Chapter 173—act to define liabilities of railroad companies in relation to

damages sustained by their employees.....

18

Chapter 191—act to amend chapter 446, laws of 1868– and act to incor-

porate the Wisconsin Railroad Farm Mortgage Land Company.. 18

Chapter 207—Relating to side-tracks to railroads in certain cases.

20

Chapter 208-act in relation to the Wisconsin Railroad Farm Mortgage

Land Company

20

Chapter 241-act to authorize the Governor to procure maps, plats, etc.,

of lands granted to State of Wisconsin to aid in construction of rail-

roads...

21

Chapter 248—act in relation to fencing railroads.

21

Chapter 280—act to restore sections 1, 2, 3, and 7, of chapter 79, of the

revised statutes of 1858..

22

Chapter 303—act to encourage the construction of railroads in and

through the State of Wisconsin...

23

Chapter 305—act to re-enact chapter 533, laws of 1875—an act to accept

the grant of land made to the State of Wisconsin by act of Congress,

approved June 25, 1864, to aid in the construction of a military road

from Wausau to Lake Superior......

23

Chapter 312—act to appropriaie a certain sun to Chicago, Milwaukee &

St. Paul Railway Company..

24

Chapter 328--act in relation to election of directors of Chicago, Milwau-

kee & St. Paul Railway Company .....

24

Chapter 334—act to amend chapter 273, laws of 1874-an act relating to

railroads, etc....

25

Pesolations and memorials of 1875 :

Concerning railways,memorial to Congress that line of land-grant road

between Portage City and Steven's Point be changed to most direct

and feasible route..

30

Joint-resolution to straighten line of railroad between Portage City and

Steven's Point....

31

Joint resolution, asking extension of time for construction of railroad from

Lake St. Croix to Superior and Bayfield..

31

APPENDIX B.........

1-53

LEGAL PROCEEDINGS IN SUPREME COURT OF WISCONSIN–

Attorney-General vs. West Wisconsin Railroad Company.

34-64

History of the case ..

34-39

Synopsis of argunient of H. L. Palmer, Esq., of counsel with

Attorney-General...

39-41

Synopsis of argument of L. S. Dixon, of counsel, with the At-

torney.General...

40-41

Synopsis of argument of Vilas & Bryant, for respondent.. 41-46

Synopsis of argument of John C. Spooner, for defendant. 46-63

Order of court in case

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