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Balsas, river of, v. 21 ; sudden rise of, v. 22; bridge of logs made by the Indians, ib. Barbas, Las, islands of, discovered, iii. 365 Barrantes, Garcia de, sails for Spain, iii. 143 Barros, Joam de, his account of Columbus' proposition to John II., King of Portugal, i. 7o Basil, St., his description of Paradise, v. 368 Bastides, Rodrigo, of Seville, explores the coast of Terra Firma, iii. 231 ; arrives at Hispaniola, where he is imprisoned by Bobadilla, iii. 232, iv. 198; voyage of, iv. 196; loses his ships, iv. 197; sent to Spain for trial, iv. 197; rewarded by the Crown, iv. 199 Baza, surrender of, i. 117 Beata, island of, iii. 12 Becerra, Francisco, his expedition to Zenu, v. 15; 180 of his men lost, ib. Behecio, assists Caonabo, and kills one of the wives of Guacanagari, ii. 259; the only cacique who does not sue for peace, ii. 288; receives a visit from Bartholomew Columbus, iii. 33; his reception of him, iii. 34; consents to pay tribute, iii. 41 ; invites the Adelantado to come and receive it, iii. 55; his astonishment at visiting a Spanish ship, iii. 59 Behem, Martin, his planisphere, i. 165; an account of, v. 21o; the assertion relative to his having discovered the western world, previous to Columbus, considered, v. 213 Belen, river of, discovered, iii. 324; abounds in fish, iii. 334; Columbus commences a settlement on its banks, iii. 333 Bell of Isabella, the superstitious ideas of the Haytiens in respect to it, ii. 265 Belvis Pablo, sent to Hayti in the place of Fermin Cedo, ii. 306

vol. v.-26

Bentez, Francisco, opposes the authority of Mescua, iv. 315; receives one hundred lashes, ió. Berahoma, condemned to death for having violated the wife of the Cacique of the Vega, iii. 64; is pardoned, i5. Berezillo, a famous dog-warrior of the Spaniards, v. 82; sagacity of, ió., and note. Bernaldez, Andres, a short account of his life and writings, v. 346 Bernardo of Valentia, his conspiracy at Jamaica, iv. II Bimini, rejuvenating fountain of, v. S9 ; expedition of Juan Ponce to bathe in the waters, v. 91 ; Island of, discovered by Perez, v. 94; account of, ib. Biru, massacre at the village of a cacique named, v. 9; seven hundred of his people killed by the Spaniards, ib., Peru supposed to be named after this cacique, v. Io; Indian prisoners slain by Morales, v. 12 Bloodhounds, first use of, in the New World, ii. 178; employed by Columbus in his wars with the Haytiens, ii. 2S1, 285, terror of Indians at, iv. 354; made by the Spaniards instruments of great cruelty, iv. 359 Bobadilla, Don Francisco de, charged with a commission to Hispaniola to inquire into the conduct of Columbus, iii. IS3 ; his character, ib., instructions with which he is charged, ib., sails, iii. 1S6 ; arrives at San Domingo, iii. ISS; his judgment formed before he leaves his ship, iii. 190; assumes power on landing, iii. 192 ; storms the fortress of San Domingo, iii. 195; assumes the government before he investigates the conduct of Columbus, iii. 196; seizes his arms, gold, secret papers, etc., iii. 196; summons Columbus to appear before him, iii. 202; his baseness in collecting evidence, iii. 202; puts Don Bobadilla—Continued. Diego in chains, iii. 204; also Columbus, ib., his fears in respect to the Adelantado, iii. 206; puts him in irons, iii. 207; his maladministration, iii. 24o; a saying of his, iii. 242 ; superseded in his government by Ovando, iii. 250; sails for Spain and is lost, with all his crew, in a violent hurricane, iii. 280, iv. 198; imprisons Bastides, iv. 198 Boca del Sierpe, ii. 383 Borgonon, Juan, labors to convert the Haytiens, iii. 45 Boriquen, see Porto Rico, v. 65 Boyle, Bernardo, friar, appointed apostolical vicar for the New World, ii. 13; his advice to Columbus in respect to Guacanagari, ii. 86; confirms the accounts sent home by Columbus, ii. 105; consecrates the first church at Isabella, ii. IoS ; his character and conduct, ii. 153; his hatred of Columbus, ii. 248; encourages the misconduct of Margarite, ib., forms the plan of seizing Bartholomew Columbus' ships and returning to Spain, ii. 249; sets sail, ib., his accusations of Columbus at the court of Madrid, ii. 299 Brandan, St., imaginary island of, v. 3oo Brayoan, cacique of Porto Rico, his stratagem to test the immortality of the Spaniards, v. 74; conspiracy of the natives, v. 75 Brazils, the, discovered by Vicente Pinzon, iii. 229; a part discovered and taken possession of for the Portuguese crown by Cabral, iii. 233 Breviesca, Ximeno de, a worthless hireling, ii. 361; his conduct and punishment, ib. Bridge of logs, made by the Indians, v. 22 Bucklers, used by the natives of Trinidad, ii. 38o

Bull of Partition, issued by Pope Martin V., ii. 4; relative to the New World, issued by Pope Alexander VI., ii. 7

— of Demarcation, ii. 7

Burgos, the court held at, ii. 348

Butios, the priests of the Haytiens, ii. 134

Butterflies, clouds of, seen on the southern coast of Cuba, ii. 202

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CABor, Sebastian, discovers Labrador, supposed to be the first that visited the mainland of the New World, v. 198 Cabral, Peter Alvarez de, discovers part of the Brazils, and takes possession of it in the name of the king of Portugal, iii. 233 Cabron, Cape, or Capo del Enamorado, i. 31.4 Cacao, first known to the Spaniards, iii. 286 Caciques, seizure of fourteen, in the night, by Bartholomew Columbus and his officers, iii. 51 ; prayer of, iv. 390; eighteen of them put in chains by order of Morales and Pizarro, v. 9; torn to pieces by bloodhounds, ió. Canaries, an optical delusion seen by the people of the, i. 4o ; arrival of Columbus at, in his first voyage, i. 167 Canaveral, Cape of, doubled by Ponce, v. 92 Canoes, capable of containing one hundred and fifty persons, seen at Puerto Santo, i. 256; large size of those of Jamaica, ii. 179 Caonabo, character and conduct of, ii. 77; takes the fortress of La Navidad, ii. 78; and massacres the Spaniards, ib., assembles his warriors, ii. 150 ; CoCaonabo—Continued. lumbus leaves directions with Margarite to surprise, ii. 161; besieges Ojeda, ii. 255; gives up the siege and retires, ii. 257; forms a plan of exterminating the Spaniards, ib., invades the territories of Guacanagari, ii. 259; character of, ii. 264; is visited by Ojeda, with a design to entrap him, ib., agrees to wait upon Columbus, and sets forward, ib., is taken by stratagem, ii. 267; is chained, ii. 268; his conduct when in the presence of Columbus, ii. 27o; embarks for Spain, ii. 328; a Guadaloupe woman falls in love with him, ii. 333; dies on the voyage, ii. 335 Caracol, island of, iii. 7 Caravajal, Don Garcia Lopez de, his embassy to Portugal, ii. 22 Careta, Cacique of Coyba, hospitality of, to the Spaniards, iv. 325; is visited by Nuñez, and made captive; his address makes the humanity of Nuñez yield to him, iv. 327; daughter of, marries Nuñez, iv. 327; returns to his territories, iv. 328 Cariari, transactions at, iii. 296 Caribbee Islands, discovered, ii. 44, 46 Caribs, character of the, ii. 5o; origin of, ii. 63; cruelty to, v. 97 Carillo, Luis, associated with Nuñez on the expedition to Dobayba, iv. 422 ; is killed, iv. 423 Carracks, description of, ii. 39; see note Carthagena, expedition to, iv. 224; natives of, iv. 226; destroyed by the Spaniards in revenge of Cosa's death, iv. 237; magnanimous conduct of the natives, iv. 292 Carvajal, Alonzo Sanchez, de, commander of one of Columbus' ships on. third voyage, ii. 371 ; arrives at Hispaniola, iii. 104; volunteers to endeavor to

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