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Columbus, Christopher—Continued. nificent manner by the courtiers, i. 361 ; and the sovereigns, i. 362; his vow in respect to the Holy Sepulchre, i. 365; the manner in which his discoveries were received throughout Europe, i. 367; a coat-of-arms given to him, i. 370 ; the manner in which he received the honors paid to him, i. 371 ; preparations for a second voyage, ii. 7 ; agreement made with the sovereigns, ii. 13 ; powers with which he is invested, ii. 15; takes leave of the sovereigns at Barcelona, ii. 16; arrives at Seville, ii. 25; prepares for the voyage, ió.; ideas of Columbus and the people relative to the New World, ii. 26; insolence of Juan de Soria, ii. 31 ; conduct of Fonseca, ii. 31 ; departure on his second voyage, ii. 33; anchors at Gomera, ii. 41 ; gives sealed instructions to the commander of each vessel, ii. 42 ; sees a swallow, ii. 43; encounters a storm, ib., sees the lights of St. Elmo, ib., discovers the Caribbee Islands, ii. 44; takes possession of them, ii. 47 ; discovers Guadaloupe, ib., transactions there, ii. 48; cruises among the Caribbees, ii. 56; arrives at Hispaniola, ii. 65 ; at the Gulf of Samana, ii. 66; anchors at Monte Christo, ii. 67 ; arrives at La Navidad, ii. 6S ; is visited by a cousin of the Cacique, ii. 69 ; learns of a disaster which had occurred at the fortress, ib., visits Guacanagari, ii. SI ; abandons La Navidad, ii. 9o; founds the city of Isabella at Monte Christo, ii. 93; falls sick, ii. 96; sends Alonso de Ojeda to explore the interior of the island, ii. 98; despatches twelve ships to Spain, ii. IoI ; requests fresh supplies, ii. 102 : recommends Pedro Margarite and Juan Aguado to the patronage of the government, ii. 103; recommends a curious plan in Columbus, Christopher—Continned.

respect to an exchange of Caribs for live stock, ii. IoA; recommendation of Columbus in respect to the Caribs, ib., his conduct in respect to Diaz's mutiny, ii. Io9; consequences, ii. III; sets out on an expedition to the mountains of Cibao, ii. 115; erects a fortress of wood among the mountains, ii. 125; returns to Isabella, ii. 149; receives unpleasant intelligence from Pedro Margarite, ii. 15o; sickness in the colony, ii. 151 ; puts his people on short allowance, ii. 153; offends the Hidalgos, by making them share the common labors of the colony, ii. 153; distributes his forces in the interior, ii. 158; gives the command of them to Pedro Margarite, ii. 159; his instructions to that officer, ii. 159; instructs Margarite to surprise and secure Caonabo, ii. 161 ; his conduct in respect to Haytien thieves, ib., sails for Cuba, ii. 169; visits La Navidad, ib., arrives at St. Nicholas, ii. 17o; lands at Guantanamo, ib., anchors at St. Jago, ii. 174; sails in search of Babeque, ib.; discovers Jamaica, ii. 177; received in a hostile manner, ib., takes possession of the island, ii. 178; amicable intercourse with the natives, ii. 179; returns to Cuba, ii. 183; lands at Cabo de la Cruz, ib., encounters a storm, ii. 184; becomes engaged in a most difficult navigation, ib., discovers an archipelago, to which he gives the name of the Queen's Gardens, ii. 185; hears of a province called Mangon, which greatly excites his attention, ii. 190; coasts along the southern side of Cuba, ii. 191; encounters a dangerous navigation in a white sea, ii. 193; sends parties to explore the interior of the country, ii. 195; deceives himself in respect to

what he wishes, ii. 196; fancies he has arrived on vol. v.-27

Columbus, Christopher—Continued. that part of Asia which is beyond the boundaries of the Old World, laid down by Ptolemy, ii. 203; anticipates returning to Spain, by the Aurea Chersonesus, Taprobana, the Straits of Babelmandeb, and the Red Sea, or the coast of Africa, ió.; returns along the southern coast of Cuba, in the assurance that Cuba was the extremity of the Asiatic continent, ii. 205; discovers the island of Evangelista, ii. 208; his ship runs aground, ii. 2 Io; sails along the province of Ornosay, ib., erects crosses in conspicuous situations to denote his discoveries, ii. 212 ; is addressed by an Indian, ii. 213 ; takes an Indian with him, ii. 216 ; his ship leaks, ii. 217; reaches Santa Cruz, ib., coasts along the south side of Jamaica, ii. 217 ; his ship visited by a cacique and his whole family, ii. 219; who offer to accompany him to Spain to do homage to the King and Queen, ii. 221 ; he evades this offer, ib., coasts along the south side of Hispaniola, ii. 223; makes an error in reckoning, ii. 226; arrives at Mona, ii. 227; is suddenly deprived of all his faculties, ii. 228; arrives at Isabella, ii. 229; is joined by his brother Bartholomew, ii. 233; invests him with the title and authority of Adelantado, ii. 240 ; is visited by Guacanagari, who informs him of a league formed against him by the Haytien caciques, ii. 260 ; his measures to restore the quiet of the island, ii. 261 ; wins over Guarionex, and prevails upon him to give his daughter in marriage to Diego Colon, ii. 263; builds I'ort Conception, in the territories of Guarionex, ið., Caonabo is delivered into his hands by Ojeda, ii. 269; he puts him in chains, ii. 27o; his interview with him, ib., his anxiety relieved by the arrival of Columbus, Christopher—Continued. Antonio de Torres, ii. 273; sends home specimens of gold, plants, etc., and five hundred Indian prisoners to be sold as slaves, ii. 276; undertakes an expedition against the Indians of the Vega, ii. 279; a battle ensues, ii. 283; the Indians defeated, ii. 285; makes a military tour through various parts of the island, and reduces it to obedience, ii. 287 ; imposes a tribute, ii. 289; refuses the offer of Guarionex to cultivate grain instead of paying in gold, ii. 290; erects forts, ii. 291; the natives having destroyed the crops, are hunted and compelled to return to their labors, ii. 294; account of the intrigues against Columbus in the court of Spain, ii. 299; charges brought against him, ib., his popularity declines in consequence, ii. 3oo; measures taken in Spain, ii. 301 ; Aguado arrives at Isabella to collect information relative to the state of the colony, ii. 309; his dignified conduct at his first interview with Aguado, ii. 313; the caciques prefer complaints against him, ii. 314; he resolves on returning to Spain, ii. 315; a violent hurricane occurs previous to his departure, which sinks six caravels, ii. 316; pleased with the discovery of the gold mines of Hayna, ii. 318; orders a fort to be erected, ii. 323; invests his brother with the command, ii. 327; sails for Spain, ib., arrives at Guadaloupe, ii. 329; his politic conduct there, ib., leaves Guadaloupe, ii. 333; a famine on board the ships, ib., his magnanimous conduct, ii. 334; arrives in Spain, ii. 338; his representation of things, ib., writes instructions for the conduct of Bartholomew, ii. 339; invited to court, ii. 34o ; favorably received, ii. 342; proposes a third voyage of discovery, ii. 343; the King promColumbus, Christopher—Continued. ises him ships, ib., delays and their causes, ib.; 345; refuses the title of duke or marquess, and a grant of lands in Hispaniola, ii. 349; terms on which he was to sail, ii. 350; honors bestowed upon him, ib., his respect and love for Genoa, ii. 351 ; makes his will, ib., odium thrown upon his enterprises, ii. 256; plan to which he was compelled to resort to procure men for his third voyage, ii. 356; in consequence of delays, he almost resolves to give up all further enterprise, ii. 360 ; chastises a minion of Fonseca, ii. 361 ; consequences of this chastisement, ii. 362; sets sail, ii. 367 ; his opinion in respect to a continent in the Southern ocean, ii. 368; arrives at Gomera, ii. 370 ; retakes a Spanish ship, ii. 37o; is seized with a fit of the gout, ii. 372; arrives among the Cape Verde Islands, ib., sees the island of Del Fuego, ii. 373; arrives under the line, ib., the heat becomes intolerable, and he alters his course, ii. 374; discovers Trinidad, ii. 377 ; discovers Terra Firma, ii. 379 ; steers along the coast of Trinidad, ii. 3So; difficulty in respect to a rapid current, ii. 384; enters the Gulf of Paria, ii. 385; suffers from a complaint of the eyes, iii. 6; discovers the islands of Margarita and Cubagua, iii. 9; exchanges plates, etc., for pearls, iii. Io; his complaint in the eyes increases, ib., arrives at Hispaniola, iii. 11; his brother sails to meet him, iii. 13 ; his constitution seems to give way, ib., his speculations relative to the coast of Paria, iii. 15 ; polar star augmentation, iii. 18; doubts the received theory of the earth, iii. 19 ; accounts for variations of the needle, iii.20; difference of climate, etc., iii. 21 ; arrives at San Domingo, iii. 1or ; state of his health on arriving at Hispaniola, ib.:

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