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PREFACE.

MORE than twenty years ago the author of this work was in. vited to deliver, professionally, a Course of Lectures on Eng. lish Literature. The lectures then prepared, with such additions and corrections as successive years of investigation and study naturally suggested, have since been annually repeated. In preparing them for the press the author has availed himself of every assistance that other publications on kindred subjects afford. In investigating the literature of the Saxons he has derived much assistance from Wright's Anglo-Saxon Period of British Literature, and Thorp's Edition of Codmon; and in the period that immediately follows the Saxon, Ellis's Metrical Romances, and Wright's Lyric Poetry and Political Songs of the Reign of Edward I. have been of equal service. To Godwin's Life of Chaucer he also acknowledges himself particularly indebted.

After the age of Chaucer the exposition of English Literature is so full, and the expositors are so numerous, that in the selection of authorities, both judgment and discretion were required. The works to which the author is here most indebted, are Warton's History of English Poetry, Percy's Reliques of English Poetry, Hazlitt's Lectures on the Age of Elizabeth, the Lectures of Dr. Drake, Bale's Account of the Lives of Eminent Writers of Great Britain, Burnett's Specimens of English Prose Writers, Hallam's Literature of the Fifteenth, Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries, and Chambers' Cyclopædia of English Literature; from the last of which a number of the illustrations and minor criticisms were taken. He has also made liberal use of various articles in the Edinburgh and other Reviews, and has, as occasion required, freely consulted the Biographia Britannica,

Literaria. With aids so abundant, the author has still, in no instance, sacrificed his own judgment to the opinion of others; but has endeavored, in all cases, to present such views of the Literature and Literary Men of Great Britain and Ireland, as truth and justice seemed to require : aiming, throughout, to leave a correct impression of the moral influence which the life of each author, and each work noticed, is calculated to produce. He can not, however, withhold an expression of the deep solicitude with which he offers so important a production to the public; and in the language used by Burke under similar circumstances, he would desire one favor, that no part of this work may be judged of by itself, and independently of the rest; for he is sensible he has not disposed his materials to abide the test of a captious controversy, but of a sober and even forgiving examination; that they are not armed at all points for battle, but dressed to visit those who are willing to give a peaceful entrance to truth'

GLOBE HOTEL, BROOKLYN,

August, 1851.

AUTHORS' NAMES,

ALPHABETICALLY ARRANGED.

ALFRED THE GREAT...
ALFRIC.....
ANCROM, EARL OF....
AschaM, ROGER..
AYTON, SIR RORERT..

PAOB 414 534 129 521

33 239

Bacon, Roger.... BACON, SIR FRANCIS.. BAKER, SIR RICHARD. BALE, JOHN ... BARBOUR. John.. BARCLAY, ALEXANDER .. BARNFIELD, RICHARD... BEAUMONT, Sir John.... Beaumont, FRANCIS..... BEDE BELLENDEN, JOHN. BERNERS, LORD.... BEVERLY, JOHN OF ........ BLIND HARRY.... BOTEVILLE, FRANCIS.. BOURD, ANDREW........ BRETON, Nicholas........ BROME, RICHARD......... Baowne, William.... BROWNE, SIR THOMAS. BUCHANAN, GEORGE. BUCKINGHAM. DUKE OF BURLEIGH, LORD... BURTON, ROBERT BUTLER, SAMUEL.......

173 223 184 400 358 343 511 186 554

77 176 257 536 71

447 269 145 118

109 179 226 443 358 116 194 196 105 359 129

CEDMON CALDERWOOD, DAVID CANDEN, William.. Carew, Thomas. CARTWRIGHT, WILLIAM. CAVENDISH, GEORGE. Caxton, WILLIAM. CHALKHILL, JOHN... CHAMBERLAYNE, WILLIAM. Chaplain, JOHN THE.. CHAPMAN, GEORGE. Charcer, GEOFFREY CHEKE, Sir John. CHETTLE, HENRY. CHILLINGWORTH,

453

IN VOLUME THE FIRST,

PAGE

26 Cotton, Sir ROBERT....
29 COTTON, CHARLES.............
256 COVERDALE, Miles.....
139 Cowley, ABRAHAM..
255 CEUR DE LION, RICHARD.

CRASHAW, Richard..
34
385 DANIEL, SAMUEL ..
418 DAVENANT, SIR WILLIAM.
122 Davies, Sir John..

60 Davis, JOHN...
116 | DAY, JOHN.
157 | DEKKER, THOMAS..
193 DENHAM, SIR John.
328 DONNE, JOHN.........

25 DORSET, EARL OF.......
135 DOUGLAS, GAVIN.
134 DRAYTON, MICHAEL..
24 | DRUMMOND, WILLIAM.
64 DRYDEN, JOHN.....
395 DUNBAR, William.....

94
153 EARLE, JOHN.....
358 | EDWARDS, RICHARD....
203 ELIZABETH, QUEEN ....
462 ELYOT, SIR Thomas..
250
560 | FABUAN, Robert.
367 FAIRFAX, EDWARD..
429 Fanshawe, Sir RICHARD..
500 FELTHAM, OWEN..

Field, NATHANIEL.....
22 Fischer, John.
466 Fletcher, Phineas
410 FLETCHER, Giles
197 FortesCUE, Sir John.
233 FORD, JOHN....
133 Fox, John.....
106
219 GAUDEN, John..
515 Gildas.

85 GLAPTHORNE, HENRY..
841 GLOUCESTER, ROBERT OF...

44 GOWER, John..
136 GRAFTON, RICHARD..
282 GREENE, ROBERT.
450
235 HABINGTON, WILLIAM..

21 HAKLUYT, Richard.
154 HALES, JOHN.....
357 HALL, EDWARD.
190 | Hall, JOSEPH..

WILLIAM
CLEVELAND, John.
COLUMBANTS, ST..
COXSTABLE, HENRY
COOKE, GEORGE.
CORBET, RICHARD.

21 358 32 54 393 276

221 397 441 110 218

PAGE

267

17 434

272 533 566 561 399

HARRINGTON, JOHN....
HARRINGTON, SIR JOHN..
Harrison, William..
HAYWARD, Sir John.
HENRYSON, Robert..
HERBERT, GEORGE..
HERBERT, Sir THOMAS.
HERBERT, EDWARD.
HERRICK, ROBERT..
HEYLIN, PETER.
HEYWOOD, John.
HEYWOOD, THOMAS.
HOBBES, THOMAS..
HOLINSHED, RAPHAEL.
HOOKER, RICHARD....
HOOKER, JOHN.
HOWELL, JAMES
HUME, ALEXANDER.

206

151 992 557

42 551 356 267

147

JAMES The First..
JAMES THE Sixth ..
JOUnston, Doctor Arthur.
JONSON, BEN..

Kyp, THOMAS... KING, Henry. KNOLLES, RICHARD.. Knox, John..

L'ESTRANGE, Sir Roger..
LANGLAND, ROBERT..
LATIMER, Hugh..
LAYAMON....
LELAND, JOHN.
LESLEY, JOHN.
LITHGOW, William..
LODGE, THOMAS.
LOVELACE, RICHARD.
LYDGATE, JOHN..
LYLY, JOHN.....
LYNDSAY, Sır David..

401 245 556 435 289 363 150

86 171 412 413

81 157 467 530 256 267 393 229

87 568 155

455 366 357 93

125

MAITLAND, Sır Richard..
MANDEVILLE, Sir John..
Marlow, Christopher.
Marston, John.
MARVELL, ANDREW.
MASSINGER, Pailip..
MAY, THOMAS...
MELVIL, SIR JAMES.
MIDDLETON, THOMAS
MILTON, John..
Minot, LAWRENCE..
MONTGOMERY, ALEXANDER..
MORE, SIR THOMAS.
MUNDAY, ANTHONY

438

509

PAGE

146 ODELL RICHARD.............
181 OSSIAN.......
395 OVERBURY, Sir Thomas...
415

70 | PEELE, GEORGE.
209 Philips, KATHERINE.
409 POMFRET, John..
423 | Prior, MATTHEW..
212 PURCHAS, SAMUEL.
448
266 QUARLES, FRANCIS.
361
419 RALEIGH, SIR WALTER..
395 RANDOLPH, THOMAS.
378 ROCHESTER, Earl of..
395 ROLLE, Richard...
405 | RosCOMMON, EARL OF
249 ROWLEY, William..

RYCHARDES, THOMAS..
66
253 SACKVILLE, THOMAS...
261 SANDYS, GEORGE..
313 Scot, ALEXANDER.

SEDLEY, Sir CHARLES
274 SELDEN, JOHN..
205 SHAKSPEARE, WILLIAM.
416 SHIRLEY, James.
465 SIDNEY, Sir Philip.

SKELTON, John..
262 | SOUTHWELL, ROBERT.

43 SPEED, JOHN....
119 SPELMAN, Sir HENRY
32 SPENS, SIR PATRICK..
132 SPENSER, EDMUND..
466 SpotisWOOD, JOHN,
403 STANLEY, THOMAS.
279 STIRLING, EARL OF.
237 Still, John....

85 Srow, John..
271 SUCKLING, Sir John.
79 SURREY, EARL OF.....

Swift, JONATHAN.....
246 SYLVESTER, JOSHUA...

56
283 | Taylor, JEREMY....
351 TAYLOR, ROBERT...
517 | TOURNEUR, CYRIL...
352 TUSSER, THOMAS..
414 TYNDALE, WILLIAM..
466
318 | Usher, James...
469

42 VAUGHAN, HENRY.....
248
112 Wace, Maister.
282 WallER, EDMUND.

WEBSTER, John..
358 WICKLIFFE, JOHN..
275 | Wilson, THOMAS..

21 | WILSON, ARTHUR.
532 WITHER, GEORGE...
268 | WOTTON, Sir HENRY..

WYATT, Sir Thomas.
85 WYNTOUN, ANDREW ......

NABBES, THOMAS...
Nash, THOMAS.
NENNIUS.....
NEWCASTLE, DUCHESS OF..
Norton, THOMAS..

31 495 344

88 137 418 199 182 90 63

OCCLEVE, THOMAS...

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