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not stagnant, being constantly fed by the stream running through this valley; and as we walked about the gardens we saw the water discharging itself by a gentle cascade, which I presume never ceases, since it is fully supplied at this driest of all seasons, The interior of the château offers little to describe, , We saw the state apartments alone, including the chapel; for, as is usual in all ancient noble establish. ments, the Duc de Luynes keeps his family priest, and has mass said daily. There are few pictures of mark, and none of any pretension to merit as works of art, in the rooms we passed through; though I am inclined to believe there are pictures in the Duke's possession worth looking at, as he is reputed to be not only fond of the arts, but given to encourage artists, The only object of interest in the way of modern art was a statue of Penelope fallen asleep over her spindle; very creditably executed, by a French sculptor. In a kind of crypt, enclosed within iron-bound doors, we | were shown a silver statue of Louis the Thirteenth, so i ! in light armour, hat and feather; life size, taken at | the age of fifteen or sixteen perhaps. This work, which is cleverly designed, was intended as a mark of grateful homage on the part of a Duc de Luynes towards the founder of his fortunes; the first Duc de Luynes having risen to greatness from the condition of a poor Italian gentleman, named Alberti, through the favour of that monarch. He married into the Montbazon family, refusing an alliance with the niece of the King, Mademoiselle de Vendôme; and his family may be considered as ranking among the most honourable of the nation. The present head of the family has the reputation of possessing all those

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qualities which grace high birth and station. Aiming
at no great political importance, he employs his
ample fortune in cultivating the arts, (he has the
finest private collection of medals perhaps in the
kingdom,) in promoting philanthropic undertakings,
and in rendering useful services to those who need
his generous assistance; a high-bred personal bearing
conferring the last charm upon a character otherwise
entitled to respect and love, in short, a French
I have no more room, so will close my sheet.
Accept this sketch for what it is worth.

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Beaconsfield, 26th November, 1855.

SIR-In Sir Arthur Elton's letter which he addressed to you last week, he asks “Where do the advocates of war propose to stop?” It seems to me nowise difficult to answer this query. The “advocates' doubtless propose to “stop” nowhere short of their avowed end; which, as all English people know, or may know, consists in putting a check upon the power of the Czar in the South of Europe. Whether this be accomplished by driving Russia out of the Crimea, or by destroying her Baltic fortresses, or by gradually exhausting her resources, is not material. We shall assault and batter her in every way in which our armies and fleets can be employed to cripple and injure an enemy, with the view to compel her to accept such conditions of peace as the Western Powers deem available to the declared purpose— namely, the prevention of aggressive acts towards Turkey, as well in Asia as on the Continent of Europe.

Thus much for the avowed aims and ends of this gigantic war. Now, then, I would beg to inquire who are the parties most interested in keeping Russia 9ut of Turkey? Is it not the Turks themselves, who have in fact shown that they are able and willing to

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repel Russian invaders? They repulsed the Russians
on the Danube, forcing them to retire, after a series
of defeats, beyond the Pruth: and has not Omar
Pasha beaten them at Ingour; and has not the army
of General Mouravieff received a complete discom-
fiture by Turkish troops before Kars? If I am told
that the repulse of the Russians may prove merely a
temporary advantage, and that, without foreign
assistance, Turkey will after no long interval succumb
to renewed attacks, I rejoin, that it is not competent
for a nation to go to war simply because she regards
some other nation as likely to grow too formidable.
If Russia has designs upon Constantinople, it would
be easy for the Western Powers to watch her, and
to furnish Turkey with means and appliances
calculated to defeat such designs. That is, supposing
it of vital importance that Turkey should be upheld
in her integrity; a point which I will concede, if
only for the sake of following out the views of the
War party and canvassing their merits.
Now, having conceded this, I will pursue the
inquiry as to what European peoples, apart from the
Turkish, are interested in preserving the dominions
of the Sultan intact. Is it the Jewish or Christian
subjects of the Sultan? I doubt it. The majority
of the subjects of Turkey in Europe feel no attach-
ment to the Porte, by whose officials they are
oppressed and insulted, and treated as inferior beings.
Surely the example of Russian rule, as exhibited
under the mild, just, and prosperous government of
Prince Woronzow over South Russia, for the last
nine years, up to 1854, must have had its effect in
disposing those various races—over whom the Sultan


reigns equally with Turks proper—to regard the advent of the Russians as anything but a misfortune, And, to say the truth, all impartial lookers-on must confess that the administration of which Odessa is the head-quarters offers a pleasing contrast to that of the Mahometan prince. Lord Stanley, with much frank. ness, recently exclaimed, “God forbid we should be fighting for Mahometanism!”. Taken on its own merits, no humane Englishman ought to do so. But neither would I have him fight to eaterminate Mussulmen, as such. The Mahometan creed is there, with all its attributes, and its civil disabilities as enforced against such of the subjects of the Porte as profess Christianity,+a dismal spectacle enough for an European, certainly, but one which is conveniently lost sight of when we talk of “fighting for the inde. pendence and civilization of nations,” as is now commonly done at our public dinners and meetings in England. In calling the attention of a warlike friend to these 1. inconsistencies on our parts, he replied, “Yes, I allow | that to uphold the actual régime in Turkey would , , not, properly speaking, appear to be promoting the civilization and independence we talk so much about: but, you see, we intend to press humane and equitable changes upon that Government; changes calculated to strengthen its hold upon the various fractions of its subjects, and to improve its internal position.” Now to the force of this plea I demur, on two | grounds. Firstly, because I conceive that the real power of the Sultan would not be reinforced, but | rather the contrary, by letting in the Christian element, thereby arousing violent jealousy in the |

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