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done ? I have found no cause to the place which is called of death in him: I will there- Calvary,* there they crucified fore chastise him, and release him; and the malefactors; one him.” 23 But they were urgent, on his right hand, and the other with loud voices, requesting on his left. 34 Then said Jesus, that he might be crucified : and "Father, forgive them: for they the voices of them and of the know not what they do.” And chief.priests prevailed. 24 So they parted among them his Pilate adjudged that their re- garments, and cast lots. quest should be granted : 25 and 35 And the people stood bereleased him, who for insurrec. holding. And the rulers also, tion and murder had been cast (together with them] scoffed at into prison, whom they had re-him, saying, “ He saved others; quested; but surrendered Jesus let him save himself, if he be the to their will.
Christ, the chosen of God.” 36 26 And as they led him away, And the soldiers also derided they laid hold on one Simon, a him, coming to him, and offerCyrenian, coming out of the ing him vinegar, 37 and saying, country; and on him they laid “ If thou be the king of the the cross, that he might carry it Jews, save thyself.” 38 And after Jesus. 27 And there follow there was also an inscription ed him a great multitude of the over him, written in Greek, and people, and of women who [also] Latin, and Hebrew, THIS IS THE lamented and bewailed him. KING OF THE JEWS. 28 But Jesus turning to them, 39 Then one of the malefac. said, “ Daughters of Jerusalem, tors that were crucified, reviled weep not for me, but weep for him, saying, “If thou be the yourselves, and for your chil- Christ, save thyself and us.” dren. 29 For, behold, the days 10 But the other answering, are coming, in which it will be rebuked him, saying, “Dost said, Happy are the barren, not thou fear God, since thou and the wombs that never bare, art in the same condemnation ? and the breasts which never 41 and we indeed justly; for gave suck.' 30 Then they will we receive the due reward of begin to say to the mountains, our deeds : but this man hath • Fall on us;' and to the hills, i done nothing amiss." 42 Then Cover us.' 31 For if these he said to Jesus, “ Lord rememthings be done to the green tree, ber me when thou comest into what will be done to the dry ?" thy kingdom.” 43 And Jesus 32 And two others also, who were said to him, “ Verily I tell thee, malefactors, were led with him To-day thou shalt be with me in to be put to death.
paradise.” + 33 And when they were come 44 And it was about the sixth * Gr. K pavion, called in Hebrew Golgotha, i. e. a place of sculls. + In the state of the virtuous dead; who, though in their graves, are alive to God. See Luke “ This verse was wanting in the copies of Marcion and other reputed heretics ; and in some
XX. 38, and the note there.
hour, and there was darkness ( held the tomb, and how his over the whole land, until the body was laid. 56 And they reninth hour: 45 and the sun was turned, and prepared spices darkened; and the veil of the and ointments; and rested on temple was rent in the midst. the sabbath, according to the 46 And Jesus crying out with commandment. a loud voice, said, “ Father, into Ch. XXIV. 1 But on the first thy hands I commit my spirit."'* day of the week, very early in and having said thus, he ex- the morning, they came to the pired.
tomb, bringing the spices which 47 Now the centurion ob- they had prepared, (and some serving what had happened, other women with them.] glorified God, saying, “Cer 2 And they found the stone tainly this was a righteous rolled away from the tomb : 3 man."
48 And all the multi- and having entered, they found tudes who came together to not the body of the Lord Jesus. that sight, seeing the things 4 And it came to pass that as which were done, smote [their] they were much perplexed at breasts, and returned. 49 And this circumstance, behold, two all his acquaintance, and the men stood by them in shining women that had followed him garments. 5 And as they were from Galilee, stood at a dis- afraid, and bowed down their tance, beholding these things. faces to the earth, the men said
50 AND, lo, there was a man to them, “Why seek ye him named Joseph, a senator ; a that is living, among those that good and righteous man: 51 are dead? 6 He is not here, (this man had not consented to but is risen. Remember how he their counsel and deed: he was spake to you, when he was yet of Arimathea, a city of the Jews; in Galilee ; 7 saying, ' The Son and himself also looked for the of nian must be delivered up reign of God:) 52 this man into the hands of sinners, and went to Pilate, and asked the be crucified, and the third day body of Jesus. 53 And he took arise from the dead.'» it down and wrapped it in linen, 8 And they remembered his and laid it in a tomb hewn in words ; 9 and returned from the stone, in which no one had ever, tomb, and reported all these yet been laid. 54 And that day things to the eleven, and to all was the preparation-day; [and] the rest. 10 Now it was Mary the sabbath approached. Magdalene, and Joanna, and
55 AND the women [also] Mary the mother of James, and who had come with him from the other women that were with Galilee, followed after, and be them, who told these things to
of the older copies in the time of Origen: nor is it cited either by Justin, Irenæus, or Tertullian; though the two former have quoted almost every text in Luke which relates to the crucifixion 3 and Tertullian wrote concerning the intermediate state See Evanson's Diss. p. 28." la Ver. note.
* i. e. my breath or life. See Luke viji. 55.
the apostles. 11 And their deem Israel; and besides all words seemed to them as idle this, to-day is the third day tales; and they believed them since these things were done. not.
22 Moreover, some women also 12 But Peter arose, and ran of our company, who were earto the tomb; and when he had ly at the tomb, have astonished stooped down, he beheld only us; 23 for not finding his body, the linen bands, lying by them- they returned, saying that they selves, and went home wonder- had even seen a vision of aning at what had happened. gels, who said that he is alive.
13 And, behold, two of them 24 And some of those who went on that day to a village were with us went to the tomb, called Emmaus; which is dis- and found it thus, even exactly tant from Jerusalem about sixty as the women had said: but furlongs. 14 And they convers- him they saw not.” ed together about all these 25 Then he said to them, “O events. 15 And it came to pass inconsiderate, and slow of heart that, as they were convers- to believe all which the proing and reasoning, even Jesus phets have spoken ! 26 Ought himself approached, and went not the Christ to have suffered along with them. 16 But their these things, and to enter into eyes were so affected, that they his glory ? did not know him.
27 Then beginning from Mo17 And he said to them, ses, and through all the pro“What subjects are these con- phets, he explained to them in cerning which ye confer toge- all the scriptures, the things ther as ye walk? and why are ye concerning himself. dejected ?" 18 And one of them, 28 And they drew near to the whose name was Cleopas, an- village whither they were going; swering, said to him, “ Art thou and he appeared as though he alone such a stranger in Jeru. was going further. 29 But they salem, as to be unacquainted prevented him; saying, “Abide with the things which have hap- with us : for it is toward evenpened there so lately?" ing, and the day is far spent."
19 And he said to them, And he went in to abide with " What things ?"
them. And they said to him,“ Those 30 And it came to pass, that concerning Jesus of Nazareth, as he was at meat with them, who was a prophet, mighty in taking the loaf, he blessed God, deed and word before God and and breaking it, he gave to all the people : 20 and how the them. 31 And their eyes were chief-priests and our rulers de opened, and they knew him : livered him up to be condemn- and he disappeared from them. ed to death, and have crucified 32 Then they said one to him. 21 But we trusted that it another, “Did not our heart was he who was about to re- burn within us, while he talk
ed with us onthe way, and while 44 And he said to them, he explained to us the scrip-“ These are the words which I tures pis
spake to you, while I was yet 33 Immediately they arose, with you; That all things must and returned to Jerusalem, and be fulfilled which were written found the eleven, and those in the law of Moses, and in the with them, assembled, 34 saying, prophets, and in the psalms, “ The Lord is risen indeed, and concerning me.” hath appeared to Simon.” 35 45 Then he opened their And they told what had happen- minds, that they might undered on the road; and how he was stand the scriptures; 46 and made known to them in the said to them, “ Thus it is writbreaking of the loaf.
ten, (and thus ought] the Christ 36 And while they were thus to suffer, and to rise again from speaking, he stood in the midst the dead the third day : 47 and, of them, and said to them, that reformation, and the re“ Peace be unto you.” 37 But mission of sins ought to be they were terrified and affright- preached in his name among all ed, and supposed that they be the nations, having begun from held a spirit. 38 And he said Jerusalem. to them, “Why are ye trou 48 And ye are witnesses of bled ? and why do doubts arise these things. 49 And, behold, I in your hearts ? 39
see my will send upon you, that which hands and my feet, that it is my Father promised : but stay I myself: handle me, and be ye in the city of Jerusalem, until convinced : for a spirit hath not ye be endued with power from flesh and bones, as ye perceive on high.". that I have."
50 And he led them out to 40 And saying this, he showed Bethany; and lifted up
his them his hands and his feet. 41 hands, and blessed them. 51 And while yet they believed not, And it came to pass that, while through joy and amazement, he he blessed them, he was parted said to them, “Have ye here from them, [and carried up into any food ?" 42 And they gave heaven.] 52 And these [doing him a piece of broiled fish, [and him obeisance,] returned to Jeof a honeycomb.] 43 And tak rusalem with great joy : 53 and ing them, he ate in their pre- were continually in the temple,
praising and blessing God.
THE GOSPEL ACCORDING TO JOHN.
God, whose name was John. 7 1 IN the beginning was the He came as a witness, to testify Word,* and the Word was concerning the Light; that with God, and the Word was through him all might believe. a God. 2 The same was in the 8 He was not himself the Light, beginning with God. 3 All but was sent to testify concernthings were done by him ;t and ing the Light. 9 That was the without him, was not any thing true Light, which, having come done that hath been done. 4 In into the world, is enlightening him was life; and the life was every man. the light of men. 5 And the 10 He was in the world, and light shone in darkness; and the world was enlightened by the darkness obscured it not. him, I and yet the world knew
6. There was a man sent from him not. 11 He came to his
The Word.] “Jesus is so called, because God revealed himself, or his word, by him.” New
The same title is given to Chrisi, Luke i. 2. For the same rerson he is called the Word of life, 1 John i. 1. which passage is so clear and useful a comment upon the proem to the gospel, that it may be proper to cite the whole of it. “That which was from the beginning, which we have heard, which we have seen with our eyes, wbich we have looked upon, and our hands have handled of the Word of life; for the Life was manifested, and we have seen it, and bear witness, and show to you, that aionian Life which was with the Father, and was manifesto ed to us ; that which we have seen and heard,
declare we to you." By a similar metonymy Christ is called the Life, the Light, the way, the Truth, and the Resurrection. See Cappe's Dissert. vol. i. p. 19.
+ All things were done by him. ] “ All things were made by him, and without him was not any thing made that was made.” Newcome : who explains it of the creation of the visible material world by Christ, as the agent and instrument of God. See his notes on ver. 3 and 10. But this is a sense which the word syEVETO will not admit. Tivomar occurs upwards of seven hundred times in the New Testament, but never in the sense of create. It signifies in this gospel, (where it occurs fifty-three times,) to be, to come, to become, to come to pass : also, to be done or transacted, chap. xv. 7; xix. 36. It has the latter sense, Matt. v. 18; vi. 8; xxi. 42; xxvi. 6. All things in the christian dispensation were done by Christ, i. e. by his authority, and according to his direction; and in the ministry committed to bis apostles, nothing has been done without his warrant. See John xv. 4, 5, “Without me ye can do nothing." Compare ver. 7, 10, 16; John xvii. 8 ; Col. i. 16, 17. Cappe's Dissert. vol. i. p. 19.
# and the world was enlightened by him.] é xoo nos si' aut' EYEVETO. The common version, adopted by Abp. Newcome, is, “the world was made by him,” meaning that “the visible material world was created by him.” But this, as was observed before in the note on verse 3, is inadmissible, as the word EYEVETO never bears that sense. In the present version πεφωτισμενοι, enlightened, is understood after EYEVET0, as best connecting with the preceding verse. So ver. 6, a man was sent from God, SYEVETO ATENTANMEVOg. And Matt. xxiii. 15, 71 poonautos is understood after YEVETAI. Mr. Cappe translates the words, “ the world was made for him;" understanding by the world, the Jewish dispensation, Gal. iv. 3; Col. ii. 8, 20, and taking sex with a genitive to express the final cause; of which he has produced several remarkable instances. Cappe, ibid. P. 50. The reader will judge which of these interpretations is to be preferred. See Improved Version, and the notes there