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the herb he will pass away. 1 JAMES, a servant of God 11 For the sun is no sooner risand of the Lord Jesus Christ, en with a burning heat, than it to the twelve tribes which are withereth the herb, and its flowscattered abroad, greeting. er falleth, and the beauty of its

2 My brethren, count it all appearance perisheth : so also joy when ye fall into various the rich man will be blasted trials ; 3 knowing that the proof in his pursuits. of your faith worketh patience. 12 Happy is the man who 4 And let patience have its per- endureth trial : for, when he fect work : that ye may be per- hath been proved, he will refect and entire, wanting no- ceive the crown of life, which thing.

(the Lord] hath promised to 5 Now if any of you want those Tove him. 13 Let no wisdom, let him ask of God, one say, when he is tempted, who giveth to all liberally, and “ I am tempted of God :" for upbraideth not; and it shall be God cannot be tempted by evils, given him. 6 But let him ask nor doth he tempt any one. 14 in faith, nothing doubting : for But every one is tempted, when he that doubteth is like a wave he is ensnared and allured by of the sea, moved by the wind his own, evil desire: 15 but and tossed about. 7 Let not there when desire hath conceived, it fore that man think he will re-beareth sin : and sin, when it ceive any thing from the Lord: is finished, bringeth forth death. 8 he is a man of a divided mind, 16 Do not err, my beloved unsteady in all his ways.

brethren. 17 Every good gift, 9 Now let the brother of low and every perfect benefit, is degree boast in his exaltation ; from above, and cometh down 10 but the rich, in his de from the Father of lights, with pression : for as the flower of whom there is no variableness,


your souls.

nor shadow of turning. 18 Of his not the faith of our Lord Jesus own will he regenerated us by Christ, the Lord of glory, with the word of truth, that we might respect of persons. 2 For if be a kind of first-fruits of his there come into your assembly creatures.

a man with a gold ring in gor19 Wherefore, my beloved geous apparel, and there come brethren, let every man be swift in also a poor man in vile apto hear, slow to speak, slow to parel; 3 and ye regard him who anger : 20 for the


of weareth the gorgeous apparel, worketh not the righteousness and say, “ Sit thou there in a of God.

good place ;” and say to the 21 Wherefore lay aside all poor man,

“ Stand thou there," defilement, and abundance of or,“ Sit (here] under my footwickedness, and receive with stool ;" 4 do ye not [thus make meekness the word implanted distinctions among yourselves, in you, which is able to save and form your judgments from

evil reasonings ? 22 But be ye doers of the 5 Hearken, my beloved brethword; and not hearers only, ren : hath not God chosen the deceiving your own-selves. 23 poor of the world to be rich in For if any one be a hearer of faith, and heirs of the kingdom the word, and not a doer, he is which he hath promised to like a man beholding his patu- those who love him? 6 But ye ral face in a mirror : 24 for he have dishonoured the poor man. beholdeth himself, and goeth Do not the rich oppress you, away, and immediately forget and draw you before the judg. eth what manner of man he ment-seats ? 7 Do not they blas

pheine that honourable name 25 But whoever looketh into by which ye are called ? the perfect law of liberty and 8 Now if ye fulfil the royal continueth in it, [he,] being not law according to the scripture, a forgetful hearer, but a doer “ Thou shalt love thy neighof the work commanded, will be bour as thyself,” ye do well : 9 happy in his deed.

but if ye have respect of per26 If any one seemeth to be sons, ye commit sin, and are religious, and bridleth not his convicted by the law as transtongue, but deceiveth his own gressors. 10 For whosoever heart, this man's religion is shall keep the whole law, and vain. 27 The religion which is yet offend in one point, he is pure and undefiled before our guilty of showing disrespect to all. God and Father, is this; to take 11 For he who said, “ Do not care of orphans and widows in commit adultery," said also, their affliction, and to keep “ Do commit murder." one's-self unspotted from the Now if thou commit no adulworld.

tery, and yet commit murder, CH. II. 1 My brethren, hold thou becomest a transgressor of



the law. 12 So speak ye, and, and it was counted to him for so act ye, who are about to be righteousness :” and he was caljudged by the law of liberty. 13 led the Friend of God ? 24 Do For he shall have judgment ye see that a man is justified without mercy, who hath shown from works, and not from faith no mercy : but-mercy will exult only? 25 In like manner was over judgment, to those who have not Rahab the harlot also justifishown mercy.

ed from works, when she receiv14 What doth it profit, my ed the messengers, and sent brethren, if any one say that he them out another way ? 26 For hath faith, and have not works? as the body without breath is can faith save him? 15 [Now] dead, so faith without works is if a brother or sister be naked, also dead. or destitute of daily food; 16 CH. III. 1 My brethren, be and one of you should say to not many teachers; knowing them ;

“ Depart in peace, be that we shall receive a greater ye warmed, and be ye filled ;" condemnation. 2 For in many but ye give them not those things we all offend : if any ofthings which are necessary for fend not in word, he is a perfect the body; what doth it profit? man, and able to bridle also 17 Thus faith also, if it have the whole body. 3 Behold, we not works, is of itself dead. 18 put bits in the mouths of horYea, any one may say, “ Thou ses, that they may obey us: and hast faith, and I have works : we turn about their whole body. show me thy faith without [thy] 4 Behold ships also, which works, and I will show thee are so great, and are driven by [my] faith by my works.” fierce winds, yet are turned

19 Thou believest that God about by a very small helm, is one : thou dost well : the de- whithersoever the pilot choosmons* also believe, and trem- eth. 5 Thus the tongue also is ble. 20 But art thou willing to a little member, and boasteth know, O vain man, that faith great things. Behold, how great without works is dead ? 21

a pile doth a little fire kindle ! Was not our father Abraham 6 And the tongue is a fire, a justified from works, when he world of iniquity : [80] is the offered up his son Isaac on the tongue among our members, altar? 22 Dost thou see that it defileth the whole body, and faith wrought jointly with his setteth on fire the wheels of works ? and chai faith was made nature ; and is itself set on fire perfect from works ? 23 and that from gehenna. the scripture was fulfilled which 7 For every kind of beasts, saith, “ Abraham believed God, and of birds, and of creeping

* human ghosts :-"Mr. Farmer supposes an allusion to Job. xxvi. 5, which he renders, " the giants, or the ghosts of the dead, tremble under the waters together with their host.” He adds, that St. James doth not appear to be delivering any new doctrine concerning demons, but rather to be arguing with the persons to whom he writes it, on their own principles. Farmer on demoniacs, p. 211-216. 1st edition.” Im. Ver. note.

things, and of things in the sea, your members ? 2 Ye desire, are subdued, and hath been sub- and have not : ye kill, and earndued, by mankind. 8 But the estly covet, and cannot obtain : tongue no one can subdue: it ye fight and contend; yet ye is an evil not to be restrained, have not, because ye ask not. 3 full of deadly poison. 9 There- Ye ask, and receive not; bewith we bless our God and Fa- cause ye ask amiss, that ye may ther; and therewith we curse consume it on your pleasures. men, who are made after the 4 Ye adulterers and adultereslikeness of God. 10 Out of the ses, know ye not that the friendsame mouth proceed blessing ship of the world is enmity and cursing. My brethren, these with God? Whosoever therefore things ought not so to be. 11 would be a friend to the world, Doth a spring send forth out of is an enemy of God. the same place sweet and bitter 5 Do ye think that the scripwater ? 12 Can a fig-tree, my ture speaketh in vain ? Doth brethren, bear olives? or a vine, the spirit which dwelleth in us figs?

[So] neither can that stir up to envy? 6 Nay, it bespring which is salt yield sweet stoweth more abundant favour. water.

Wherefore it is said, “ God 13 Who is wise and knowing resisteth the proud, but beamong you? Let him show by stoweth favour on the humble.” his works a good behaviour, 7 Submit yourselves therefore in meekness of wisdom. 14 to God: resist the impostor, But if ye have bitter envy and and he will fee from you : 8 strife in your hearts, boast not draw near to God, and he will yourselves, and speak not falsé- draw near to you. Cleanse your ly concerning the truth. 15 This hands, ye sinners; and purify wisdom cometh not down from your hearts ye men of divided above; but is earthly, sensual, minds: 9 be afflicted, and inspired by demons. 16 For mourn, and weep: let your where envy and strife are, there laughter be turned to mournis disturbance, and every evilling, and your joy to heaviness: work. 17 But the wisdom which 10 humble yourselves in the is from above, is first pure, sight of [the] Lord, and he will then peaceable, gentle, easy to exalt you. be entreated, full of mercy and 11 Brethren, speak not evil of good fruits, without partiali- one of another. He who speakty, [and] without hypocrisy. 18 eth evil of his brother, and conAnd the fruit of righteousness demneth his brother, speaketh is sown in peace by those who evil of the law, and condemneth make peace.

the law : but if thou judge the Ch. IV.1 WHENCE come wars law, thou art not a doer of the and fightings among you ? come law, but a judge of it. 12 There they not hence, from your de- is one law-giver and judge, sires of pleasure which war in who is able to save and to des

troy. Who art thou that judg 7 Be patient therefore, brethest another?

ren, until the appearance of the 13 COMć now, ye who say, Lord. Behold, the husbandman To-day or to-morrow let us waiteth for the precious fruit go into such a city, and conti- of the earth, and is patient for it, nue there a year, and traffic, until it receive the early and the and acquire gain :" 14 ye who latter rain. 8 Be ye also patient; know not what will be on the establish your hearts; for the morrow. (For what is your life? appearance of the Lord draweth It is even a vapour, which ap- near. 9 Murmur not against peareth for a little time, and each other, brethren, lest ye

be then vanisheth away.) 15 Where- condemned: behold, the judge as ye ought to say, " If the standeth before the door. Lord will, and we live, then

10 My

brethren, take the let us do this, or that.” 16 But prophets, who have spoken in now ye glory in your boasting the name of the Lord, for an words: all such glorying is evil. example of suffering affliction, 17 To him therefore it is sin, and of patience. 11 Behold, we who kn th how to do what is pronounce those happy who enright, and doth it not.

dure patiently. Ye have heard CH. V. 1 COME now, ye rich of the patience of Job, and have men, weep and lament for your seen the end of the Lord ; for miseries which are coming up- [the Lord] is of tender mercy, on you. 2 Your store is cor- and full of compassion. rupted, and your garments are 12 But above all things, my moth-eaten. 3 Your gold and brethren, swear not, neither by silver is rusted; and the rust the heaven, nor by the earth, of them will be for a testimony nor by any other oath : but let against you, and will eat your your yes be yes ; and your no, flesh like fire : ye have heaped no; lest ye fall under condemup treasure in the last days. nation.

4 Behold, the hire of the 13 DOTH any among you labourers who have reaped suffer affliction? Let him pray. your fields, which is unjustly Is any cheerful ? Let him sing kept back by you, crieth against praise to God. 14 Is any sick you: and the cries of the among you ? Let him call to reapers have entered into the him the elders of the church; ears of the Lord of hosts. and, when they have anointed

5 Ye have lived delicately on him with oil, let them pray over the earth, and have rioted in him in the name of the Lord : pleasure ; ye have nourished 15 and the prayer of faith will your hearts, as it were in the preserve the sick person, and day of slaughter. 6 Ye have the Lord will raise him up; condemned, ye have killed the and although he have commitRighteous One, who did not ted sins, they will be forgiven


resist you.

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