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Here verdant vines o'erspread Vesuvia's sides;
The gen'rous grape here pour'd her purple tides.
This Bacchus lov'd beyond his native scene ;
Here dancing satyrs joy'd to trip the green.
Far more than Sparta this in Venus' grace ;
And great Alcides once renown'd the place :
Now flaming embers spread dire waste around,
And Gods regret that Gods can thus confound.-Martial.


Alia. Solemn games celebrated at Rhodes upon the twenty-fourth of the month Gorpiæa (Boëdromion), in honour of the 'sun,' a native.

The first day of the Egyptian Saturnalia, dedicated to · Osiris.'

BARTHOLOMEW. This Apostle (called Nathaniel) was flayed alive in Armenia, A.D. 71. The Hospital and Priory in Smithfield, which received his name, was founded by Rahere, ' Joculator Regis,' or Jester to Henry I. in 1123, seven years before our festival was instituted.

Bartlemy fair naturally followed the feast, but for honest purposesthe sale of English cloths. It has been transferred from this, the original period, ten days later.-See 30 September.

The first eruption on record of Vesuvius, which overturned the towns of Herculanium and Pompeii, and destroyed the martyr of nature, 79. The younger Pliny, the nephew of that greater man, has described the terrific catastrophe in two epistles, addressed to the immortal Tacitus.

The third siege and SACK OF Rome, by Alaric, the Goth, 410.
The comet of 1531 is in its perihelium, or nearest the sun.

Charles V. takes Duren on the Roer, by assault; all its inhabitants are put to the sword, and the place itself is reduced to ashes, 1543.

The Massacre of St. Bartholomew' will scarcely need a comment here, 1572. Sir Philip Sidney and Raleigh are supposed to have escaped under the protection of Walsingham, our Ambassador at Paris. The total number of the victims, at the minimum, is 70,000. Pope Gregory thanked God for this public breakfast of twelve days.

King James is stayed a prisoner, in Ruthven Castle, 1582.
Two thousand ministers deprived by the Act of Uniformity, 1662.

James, Duke of York, assigns by deed unto William Penn, that part
of the American land, called the Delaware State, and forming part of
Pennsylvania' before the Revolution, 1683.
Bishop Atterbury is seized and committed to the Tower, 1722.

Ay, marry, now unmuzzle your wisdom.-As you Like It.

His eyes dance rapture, and his bosom glows !
Friend to the friendless, to the sick man health,
With generous joy he views the ideal wealth ;
He hears the widow's heaven-breath'd prayer of praise;
He marks the shelter'd orphan's tearful gaze;
Or, where the sorrow-shriveld captive lay,
Pours the bright blaze of Freedom's noon-tide ray:
And now, indignant, 'grasps the patriot steel,'
And her own iron rod he makes Oppression feel. ---Monody.




VI. Charles Stephen Lewis Camus, Gratianus (Emperor), 383. asCal. 25. 1699, Cressy in Brie.

sassinated, Lyons.
Sir Henry Bate Dudley, 1745, Louis IX. of France, 1270. d.
Fenny Compton.

Louis (of Bavaria), 1756.] Bishop (Thomas) Cantilupe,

1282. d. Florence.
Henry VII. (Emperor), 1313.

d. Sienna, One may represent true wit Margaret (of England), 1482. by the description which Aris- Angers Cathedral. tænetus makes of a fine woman ; Father Joseph Cazalana, 1648. when she is dressed she is beau- Thomas Chatterton, 1770. Shoe tiful ; when she is undressed, Lane, London. she is beautiful; or as Merce- Bishop (Thomas) Manningham,

rus has translated it more em- 1722. St. Andrew's. phatically, Induitur, formosa David Hume, 1776. Edinburgh. est : eauiter, ipsa Forma est.' John Baptist Louvet de Couvray,

Addison. 1797. d. Paris.

Elizabeth Montague, 1800.

William Henry, Duke of GlouObits of the Latin Church.

cester, 1805. St. Ebba (or St. Tabbs), Vir- James Watt, 1819. d. Heath

John Stephen Portalis, 1807. gin, Abbess of Ebchester, 683.

field. (Handsworth.)
St. Gregory, Administrator of Sir Wm. Herschel, 1822. died,
the Diocess of Utrecht, d. 776.

Slough. (Upton.)
St. Lewis, King of France, d.


But soon upon thy poor unsbelter'd head
Did Penury her sickly mildew shed. ---Chatterton.

- 574 .................

Knavery is mere dissonance and disproportion; and though villains may have strong tones, and natural capacities of actions, it is impossible that true judgment and ingenuity should reside where harmony and honesty have no being. Thus the sense of inward numbers, the knowledge and practice of social virtues, and the familiarity and favour of the moral graces, are essential to the character of a deserving artist, and just favourite of the Muses. Thus are the arts and virtues mutually friends ; and the science of Virtuosos, and that of virtue itself, become in a manner one and the same.-Shaftesbury's Characteristics.


The feast of Ops Consiva, the wife of Saturn in the Roman Capitol.

The Nicene council terminates, A. D. 325.-See 13th July.

Gratian was a powerful Christian Emperor, 383. He dissolved the ancient fabric of Roman superstition. The statue of Victory, decorated with the Egyptian spoils of Augustus, was by his zeal banished for ever from the Senate House. This shrine was a majestic female, standing on a globe, with flowing garments, expanded wings, and a crown of laurel in her outstretched hand. A beautiful image he considered was a dangerous thing for grave men to swear by.

Strongbow, under King Dermot, carries Dublin by storm, 1170.

The Council of the Barons assemble at St. Paul's, convened by Archbishop Langton, where he secretly read to them the charter of King Henry Beauclerk, and bound them by an oath to assert those liberties, of which they had been deprived, 1213.–See 19th June.

An eruption of Etna, which consumed all the olive-yards round Catania, 1381.-The memorable council at Nottingham of the Judges, 1387.

The Protestant massacre is renewed this day at Meaux, 1572.
Pleurs, near Chavennes, is overwhelmed, 1618.-See Burnet's Travels.

Endorsement of Secretary Nicholas : “ 25 August, 1645. The King [his letter] to me from Huntingdon, containing his resolution never to quit the church government, his friends, or to diminish the crown of that military or ecclesiastical power which was left him by his predecessors.”

Laud's Diary, 1643 : “Two robin redbreasts flew together through the door into my study, as if one pursued the other. That sudden motion almost startled me. I was then preparing a Sermon on Ephesians, iv. 30. and studying.”—The blockade of Cadis is abandoned, 1812.

A thanksgiving for the glorious victory at the Texel.-See 31st July. Three women suffered death for witchcraft, near Exeter, 1682.

Ay and po too was no good divinity.---King Lear.

no 575

Is one to be blinded ? I am the wind :
Chok'd, strangled ? I can do't and save a halter :
Will you sit down to supper? I'm your guest,
Your very Fly to enter without bidding :
I'm for all work, and though the job were stabbing,
Betraying, false accusing, only say
Do this, and it is done! I stick at nothing;
They call me Thunder-bolt for my despatch.---Antiphanes.



. Deaths.

VII. Michael Ernest Ettmuller, 1673, Ottocar (of Bohemia), 1278.

killed, March Field. (Prague.) 26.

Sir Robert Walpole (Earl of John (of Bohemia), 1346. killed,
Orford), 1676, Houghton. Creci. (Luxemburg.)

Abp. Thos. Bredewardin, 1349.

Sir James Hamilton, 1540. There are certain letters which executed, Edinburgh. an echo can hardly express : an Lopez Felix de la Vega, 1635. S, for instance. Thus, when I Madrid. went to hear the echo at Pont- Peter Barriere, 1693. broken, Charenton, there was an old! Melun. Parisian, who took it to be the Edward Villiers, Earl of Jersey, work of good spirits ; for, said he, 1711. call out Satan, and the echo will | Bishop (Edward) Fowler, not deliver back the devil's! 1714. Hendon. name ; but cries va tén, which Anthony van Leuwenhoeck, in French is begone.-Sylra. I 1723. d. Delft.

Colonel Thos. Winslow, 1766,

| aged 146. Obits of the Latin Church. James Burgh, 1775. d. Islington,

Germain Francis de St, Foix, St. Zephyrinus, Pope, Martyr, 1776. d. Paris. 219.

Francis Fawkes, 1777.d. Hayes.
St. Genesius, a Comedian, 286. Lord George Sackville, 1785.
St. Gelasinus, a Comedian at Christopher Christian Sturm,

Heliopolis, in Phænicia, 297. 1786. d. Naumburg.
St. Genesius, of Arles, Martyr,

C. 4th Century.

I have ever held it as a maxim, never to do that through another, which it was { possible for me to execute myself.


Ich Dien.--I serve.- Motto of the Prince of Wales.


The PYTHIA are memorable from the intimate connexion of their period with Grecian events. It is established that these quinquennial games were held at Delphi in every third' Olympic year about the present day; and that the first • Pythiad' was computed from their second celebration, B. C. 582. Eusebius accurately notes : Olymp. 49. 3. Pythia primum acta :-when the first crown was given, according to Pausanias. Hesiod having no skill upon the harp was repulsed from the theatre. The great song of five parts, recording the Pythican feat, was performed by dancers.

ARBELA. This celebrated victory at Arbela, the modern Irbil, on the Lycus, sealed the fate of Darius. See 21st July. It was the 26th day of Boëdromion, B.C.331, when that sanguinary field with all Persia was won. The appearance of Alexander may be noted. He wore a short Sicilian coat close about him, covered with a linen breastplate strongly quilted, and a belt of the most splendid workmanship. His helmet was of burnished iron, with a gorget attached set with precious stones; and thus equipped, bearing a light and well-tempered sword, he led the charge upon · Bucephalus.'-See 2d October.

Julius CÆSAR lands eight miles north of Dover, upon British ground, B.C. 55. The harvest, with the exception of one field, was gathered.

CRECY. This immortal day commenced at three o'clock (the time that Cæsar touched the Kentish coast), A. D. 1346. “My dear son,” -thus Edward saluted the Black Prince, grasping the boy to his bosom in an ecstasy of joy,--"You have this day evinced yourself worthy of the knighthood which you lately received, and of the crown for which you have so bravely fought; persevere in your honourable course."

Gray's Correspondence, 1766 : “Buffon's first collection of monkies is come out, something, but not much to my edification ; for he is pretty well acquainted with their persons, but not with their manners.”

The third of the Saturnalia was the birth-day of Typho,' or Vulcan. It was inauspicious and a day of privation. Aroueris' led the second.

I will not steal a victory. - Alexander.

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