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Let us talk this hour out : on this hour eternity may depend. - Bernard.
The world was created, according to the Septuagint, followed by Julius Africanus (a chronologer, A. D. 220), upon the first of September, 0. S. 5508 years, three months, and twenty-five days (B. C.) before the birth of Christ; and this · Era' which dates its institution from the Syrian dynasty of Alexander's captain Seleucus the Victorious, first of Gorpiæus, B. C. 311, has been used (popularly) by the Greeks and Oriental Christians from A. D. 681; and even by the Russians until the age of the Great Peter. Of the 7337 years which are thus supposed to elapse since the creation, we shall find 3000 of ignorance and darkness; 2000 either fabulous or doubtful; 1000 of ancient history, commencing with the Persian Empire, and the Republics of Rome and Athens ; 1000 from the fall of the Roman Empire in the West to the discovery of America ; and the remaining 337 years will compose the modern state of Europe and mankind.-See 13th September.
The month September' is placed by the Julian Calendar under the dominion of Vulcan, that child of mischief, the dæmon of the storm. Volcanic eruptions and earthquakes being usually accompanied with hurricane and tempest invest with an air of truth Virgil's sublime impersonation, as those huge chimneys Etna and Vesuvius may with equal probability be two of the safety-valves of a combustible world. The calends' at Rome was dedicated to Jupiter Maimactes (furiosus), 'black-brow'd and bluff,' who gave his name to the Greek month.
Divine honours are decreed to the memory of Cæsar, B. C. 44.
General Monk takes Dundee by storm, 1651. “ Mounche commaundit all, of quhatsummever sex, to be putt to the edge of the sword. Ther were 800 inhabitants and soldiers killed, and about 200 women and children. The plounder and buttie they gat in the towne, exceeded 2 millions and a half,” (£200,000.)
The planet. Juno’ is discovered by Mr. Harding of Lilienthal, near Bremen, 1804. She performs a very eccentric orbit round the sun in 4 years and 128 days. Her diameter is 1425 miles. See 1st Jan.
Partridge shooting this day commences.--Second fair at Riga.
Neither caress nor contend with a wife in the presence of strangers, the one being a sign of folly, the other of madness.
Cleobulus. ......... 593 ocoran
Fair maiden, white and red,
Fair maiden, white and red,
Duke of St. Leu, Louis, Ex-King Sir Richard Grenville, 1591. Non.
of Holland, 1778, Ajaccio.] killed off Flores. (Azores.) 2.
James Bailly, 1679. France.
Alice Lisle, executed, 1685. We see in all other pleasures
be used, their verdure departeth, 1701. Dublin.
de Torcy, 1746, Paris,
d. 1813. St. Petersburg.
That same Diomed's a falseSt. Stephen, King of Hungary, hearted knave; I will no more 1038.
trust him when he leers, than I St. William (Chaplain to Ca- will a serpent when he hisses :
nute), Bp. of Roschild, 1067. he will spend his mouth and Margaret, Virgin, Martyr at promise like Brabler the hound: Louvain, 13th Century.
but when he performs astrono
mers foretel it.-Thersites. Whosoever spares perjured men, robbers, plunderers, and traitors, lays the foundation of innumerable mischiefs to the virtuous and innocent.
Mark, how the dread Pantheon stands,
Cicero delivers the first of those speeches against Marc Antony, called his · Philippics,'B.C. 44. The true path of glory, he told the consuls, was to be dear to our citizens, to deserve well of our country, to be praised, respected, and beloved.
ACTIUM. This important naval contest was decided near the promontory of Actium, in Epirus, B.C.31. Upon the flight of the Queen of Queens,'Antony bowed to the augury, abandoned a superlative strength both by sea and land, and unsinewed by her eclipse, followed his mistress in despair.-See 1st August. Octavius instituted quinquennial games, called • Actia,' to Apollo, and founded Nicopolis on the spot, while Marcus Agrippa vowed to Cybele and Neptune, the · Pantheon,' at Rome, in memory of their inglorious victory.—See 1st November. In passing home, Augustus tarried four days at Atella, where Mæcenas was with the poet Virgil, who, assisted by his patron, read to him his
Georgicks,' then newly completed. It was a Sabbatic year, also remarkable for a tremendous earthquake in the spring which destroyed ten thousand Judæans. Herod figured in the scales.
Edward III. is invested by the Emperor at Coblentz, with the title of his • Vicar,' 1338. He refused, however, to kiss the imperial foot.
Gassendi describes the phenomenon of the Northern streamers, observed all over France, by the name of · Aurora Borealis,' 1621.
Fire of LONDON. This visitation, Sunday, consumed 400 streets, 13,200 dwelling-houses, and 89 churches, with the city gates, 1666. It began at the house of the King's baker (Faryner), two o'clock of the morning, in Pudding Lane, and stopped at the Temple, called Pyecorner. The fire destroyed the plague most righteously.
OLD STYLE. This day the ‘ Julian year' expired in England, 1752.
A great earthquake at Constantinople and Cairo, 1754. A hurricane at Barbadoes, 1786. The massacre of 12,847 state-prisoners, at Paris, 1792. Three Swiss villages in Schweitz are overwhelmed, 1806. The conflagration of the city Copenhagen, under Admiral Gambier, 1807.
The sacred call of National Independence, rightful liberty, and good government,' which should excite in all but one sentiment, directs us to gather under the same standard.
Spanish Manifesto. ...... 595
Happy Törne, whose most wholesome air
John Otto Tabor, 1604, Bautzen. Sir William Buttes, 1583. Non.
Eugene Napoleon Beauharnois, Richard Tarlton [Yorick),1588. 3. 1780, Brittany.
buried, Shoreditch. Robert Greene, A. M. 1592.
Sir Edward Coke, 1634. d. Stoke It is manifest, that a poet Claudius Salmasius (Saumaise),
Pogeis. (Titeshall.) should be a poet, or maker of
1653. d. Spa. fables, rather than of verses; Oliver Cromwell, 1658. d. Sosince it is imitation that consti
merset House. Westm. Abbey. tutes the poet, and of this imi- David Ancillon, 1692.d. Berlin. tation actions are the object : Elizabeth Cheron, 1711. Paris. nor is he the less a poet, though John Hardouin, 1729. d. Paris. the incidents of his fable should
George Lillo, 1739. chance to be such as have actu
Bishop Lavington, 1762. Exeter. ally happened.- Aristotle.
Andrew de Premontval, 1764. Antony Pont de Vesle, 1774.
Joseph Ritson, 1803. d. Hoiton.
James Wyatt, killed, 1813.
Apostle of Lorrain, c. 375.
or prose that the historian and St.Simeon Stylites, the Younger, the poet are distinguished ; but
of Antioch, c. 592. by this, that the one relates St. Remaclus, Bp.of Maestricht, what has been, the other what c. 664.
Perhaps some story of his pitied woe,
The woodcock's early visit and abode,
The third day of the Hebrew month, Tisri, was a fast established for the murder of Gedaliah, B.C. 588.-See Jeremiah xli.
The Roman Dionysia, or feasts of grape-gathering.
BARTHOLOMEW Fair is proclaimed about noon of this day, at Cloth Fair, and closes on the sixth at night. The cloth and drapery fair was originally confined to three days, and kept in the churchyard of the
Priory, where the corporation of London held a court of piepowder with į criminal jurisdiction.—See 24th August.
The inauguration of Richard Cæur de Lion, at Westminster, a most splendid pageant, 1189. The three swords were borne by John, the king's brother; David, brother to the King of Scotland ; and William Devereux, Earl of Salisbury. He was anointed on the head, breast, and shoulders, and invested by the proper officers with the cap, tunic, dalmatic, sword, spurs, and mantle,-the external marks of sovereignty.
The famous 'bull-feast' is celebrated in the Coliseum, after the fashion of the Moors and Spaniards, 1332. The Roman ladies were ‘marshalled in three squadrons,' and seated in three balconies, lined with scarlet cloth. Every knight assumed a livery and device. The champions, who were left on the arena, outnumbered the quadrupeds.
Henry VIII. by letters patent, confirmed by parliament, erects the city of Gloucester' into a Bishopric, with a dean and chapter, 1541.
Cromwell's great and bloody victory over the Scots, at Dunbar, 1650. There were 10,000 prisoners, one-half of whom were drivenölike turkeys,' into England. In the year preceding he sat down before Drogheda : and the disastrous battle of Worcester is recorded upon the same day in the year ensuing. It is the anniversary also of his defeat by that mighty conqueror Death, who snatched him in no ordinary manner, for Dan Æolus proclaimed it in tempest to all the nations of Europe.
New STYLE. Eleven days are blotted from the English Calendar, this, the third,' being accounted the ' fourteenth day, 1752.
All the tears that 'St. Swithin' can cry