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As a young lion in the Lybian plains, or Araby desert, sent by his aged sire to hunt for prey, or health, or exercise ; he scours along, wishing to meet some tiger from the mountains, or furious boar: if chance a wild ass, with brayings importune, affronts his ear, the generous beast, though loathing to distain his claws with blood so vile, yet much provoked at the offensive noise, which Echo, foolish nymph, like her ill-jodging sex, repeats much louder and with more delight than Philomela's song; he vindicates the honour of the forest, and honts the noisy long-ear'd animal. So Wotton fled, so Boyle pursued.-Battle of the Books.
WALLACE defeats the Earl Warenne, near Cambuskenneth, on the Forth, 1297. Cressingham, with 5000 English, were slain ; and to show their utter detestation of that tool of Edward, the victors flayed his body, and converted the skin into thongs for their horses.
Orellana arrives at Cubagua, without knowing his station, 1541.
Cromwell takes Drogheda by assault, 1649. A universal massacre was permitted during five days: “I believe we put to the sword (is the general's despatch) the whole number of the defendants. This is a marvellous great mercy.” The garrison alone consisted of 2500 foot and 300 horse. “ There was scarce thirty lives saved in the whole town, and these were by Cromwell reserved to be sent to Barbadoes.”
Charles now assumed the character of a servant, and departs in front of bis supposed mistress, a daughter of Colonel Lane, of Bentley, from that place to the vicinity of Bristol. He rode with a hawk on his fist, and dogs by his side ; and by the boldness of his manner, passed and repassed, and occasionally joined the royal party with impunity, 1651, Miss Lane was rewarded for her services with £1000, by an order of the two houses of Parliament, 21st December, 1660.
Alexander Selkirk sails from Kinsale, in Ireland, 1703.
Marlborough's famous victory at Malplaquet, near Mons, 1709. His coadjutor, Prince Eugene, received a shot in the head.
The Americans, under Washington, are routed near Philadelphia by General Howe, 1777. The Marquis de la Fayette served the first day of his apprenticeship to freedom in the American ranks.
General Jourdan (nicknamed the anvil, from his frequent disasters in the field) is defeated by the Austrians, near Munich, 1796.
This is a lucky' day for the reaper, saith the honest Hesiod.
A wise man changes his mind, a fool never.--- Spanish Proverb.
God save your 'worship,' then said the messenger,
And grant your • lady' her own heart's desire;
That sweet, gentle, and gallant young' squire.'
The King and Miller.
Prid. Francis I. (of France), 1494, Numerian (Emperor), 284. d.
Heraclea, on Marmora. 12.
Sir W.Dugdale, 1605, Shustoke, Bp. Otho, 1158. d. Morimond.
Innocent VI. (Pope), 1362.
Holloway, near London. Tirnau, in Hungary.'
Philip Stanhope, Earl of Ches.
Tannegui le Fevre, 1672. died, Certainly virtue is like pre
Saumur. cious odours, most fragrant Alphonso VI. (of Portugal), where they are incensed or
1683. d. Castle of Cintra. crushed; for prosperity doth but
Bishop (Nathaniel) Crew,1721. discover vice, but adversity doth
Stene, but discover virtue.—Bacon.
Jean Philippe Rameau, 1764.
Edward, Lord Thurlow, 1806. Obits of the Latin Church,
d. Brighton. (Temple.)
General Ross, 1814. killed, near St. Albeus, Ist Abp. and Patron
Baltimore. of Munster, in Ireland, 525. Gebharal Lebrecht von Blucher, St. Eanswide, Virgin, Abbess of 1819. d. Kriblowits.
Folkstone, in Kent, 7th Cent. Catharine (Tylney Long) Wel.
Their jolly son Richard rode foremost of all;
- 614 -...
So rushes on his foe the grisly bear,
The Roman Games properly terminate upon the eve of the · Ides.'
Nicias surrenders himself on this day, corresponding with the 27th of Carneus, B.C. 413.–See 27th July. A stranger detailed the fatal intelligence to a barber of the Piræus, who first proclaimed it to the dismayed citizens. “Thus perished Nicias,"observes the pious Thucydides, “who, of all those of his time, was least worthy to perish in that manner [by lapidation], on account of his having always been attached to the service of the gods.” Timæus, however, asserts that the two (Demosthenes the other) Athenian commanders died by their own hands. The mission of Alcibiades to Asia, occurred about this time in the next year.
Edward I. espouses his second wife, Margaret of France, at Canterbury, 1299. The issue of this marriage were Thomas, of Brotherton, and Edmund, of Woodstock, Earls of Norfolk and of Kent.
Columbus sails from San Domingo, that great man's last voyage. His crazy and shattered bark, like his body, anchored at St. Lucar, on the 7th of November, 1504. Isabella was then dead.
The Protestant massacre is repeated on the 26th of August, at La Charité ; on the 27th at Orleans ; on the 29th at Saumur and Angers ; and on the 30th at Lyons. The phrensy was renewed on the 2d of Sept. at Troyes ; on the 11th at Bourges ; on the 17th at Rouen ; on the 20th at Romans; on the 23d at Toulouse, and stopped its red arm at Bourdeaux, the 3d of October, 1572.-See 24th August.
The act of the assembly of Barbadoes is passed, to levy an impost of four and a half per cent. upon productions payable in specie to the British Crown, in exchange for its immediate protection, 1663. Thus terminated her proprietary government.
John Sobieski routs the vast Turkish army, under the walls of Vi. enna, and sends a post to his Queen, that the Grand Vizier had made him his sole executor (including 70,000 dead men), 1683.
Witches can blight our corn by magic spell,
Then, having show'd his wounds, he'd sit him down,
Idus. Sir William Cecil, Lord Burgh- Titus Flavius Vespasianus, A.D. 13.
ley, 1520, Bourn, Lincolnsh. 81. d. Phalacrine, near Reate. John Home, 1722, near Leith? Cabades (of Persia), 531.
William de St. Amour, 1272.
Durand de St. Pourçain, 1333. He was a monarch and a Sir John Cheke, 1557. Wood Christian, and equally defective
Street, London. in both these characters : in the Wm. Farel, 1565. died, Neufformer case, because his intel
chatel. lectual eye constantly soared Michael de Montaigue, 1592. d. above, and never descended be
Montaigne, near Bourdeaur. neath the limits of his own Philip II. (of Spain), d. 1598. sphere. His religious creed was
buried, Escurial. gloomy and unmerciful, because John Buxtorf, the Elder, 1629. his deity was a tremendous be
d. Basil. ing : he had nothing to hope Peter de la Porte, 1680. Paris. from his benevolence.-Schiller. John Barbier d’Aucour, 1694.
James Wolfe, 1759, k. Quebec.
John Peter de Florian, 1794. St. Eulogius, Patriarch of Aler- John Fell, 1797. d. London. andria, 606, or 608.
Charles James Fox, 1806. d.
Chiswick House. Abbey.
Xavier Bettinelli, 1808. d. Italy. St. Amatus (or Ame), Bishop Wm. Smith (Actor), 1819, d. of Sion in the Valais, c. 690.
Bury St. Edmunds.
A. Rose' by any other name wonld smell as sweet.-Juliet.
Religion finds hope and fear implanted in every human breast; by acquiring an ascendancy over those passions, by diverting these affections towards a single object, she virtually transforms the free moral agency of many millions into one abstract essence. The mind of the Monarch is no longer perplexed by the infinite variety of human wills. There is now a general criterion of moral excellence and deformity, which he can display or remove at pleasure, and which perfectly co-operates with his views, even there where his presence is withdrawn. An eternal barrier is now formed, whereby the progress of Liberty is arrested. An awful and sacred line is now drawn, in which all the eccentric motions of the human will most finally coincide.---Schiller's Belgian Republic.
ROMAN CAPITOL. The 'dedication' fell to Horatius Pulvillus, by lot (in the third consulate), upon this day, about the full moon, of the Greek month, Metagitnion, B. C. 507. As supreme prætor, he drove the first annual nail in the wall of the temple, next the fane of Minerva ; so that the · Ides' of September, when the auguries were taken for appointing the magistrates, may be considered the foundation of the Republican Æra, as well as an historical Epoch, embracing remoter periods.See 24th February. It was upon the present day that a vast concourse of people annually assembled in the grounds of the younger Pliny, where stood open the Adda a small and ancient temple of Ceres, and offered vows before her effigy in wood, and transacted their affairs.
The 'oration' of Lucius Crassus (so highly praised by Tully), which, with a fate like Chatham's, caused his death in seven days, B.C. 91.
Cæsar executes his last testament at his seat, near Lavicanum, 44. He left the people his gardens, near the Tiber, and 300 sesterces to each man.
The Greek festival of Cornelius, the Centurion.—Marignano, 1515.
Constantine dedicates his great church of the Resurrection, at Jerusalem, Saturday; and exalts, on Sunday, the relic of the Cross, 335.
Calvin returns to Geneva, and establishes his rigorous consistory, 1541. The death of Philip II. of Spain, husband to Mary, 1598.
Edward Alleyn establishes his new Hospital, at Dulwich, “ The College of God's Gift,” and becomes, as master, his own pensioner, 1619.
The nuptials of James II. and Anne Hyde, eldest daughter of the Earl of Clarendon, 1660. She was mother of our two queens, ' Mary' and * Anne. The floating sops for Gibraltar demolished by Elliott, 1782.
Dryden to his sons, 1669, N. S. : “I am writing a song for St. Cecilia's Feast, who you know is the patroness of music. This is troublesome, and no way beneficial ; but I could not deny the stewards of the feast, who came in a body to me to desire that kindness.”
Surely God hath made man to dwell in doubt, that he might be awed into goodness, and into a dependance on his providence. Feltham on Divination.