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Let there be Light, said God; and forthwith Light
Ethereal, first of things, quintessence pure
Sprung from the deep; and from her native seat
To journey through the aery gloom began,
Spher'd in a radiant cloud, for yet the Sun
Was not; she in a cloudy tabernacle
Sojourn'd the while. God saw the light was good;
And light from darkness by the hemisphere
Divided : light the Day, and darkness Night,
He nam'd. Thus was the first day even and morn...-Creation.



un Henry Cornelius Agrippa, 1486, St. Cornelius (Pope), 252.

St. Cyprian, of Carthage, 258. 14. Sir John Vaughan, 1608, Car- Chrysostom, 407, d. Comana, diganshire.

in Pontus. Constantinople. Joseph de Jouvenci, 1643, Paris. St. Albert, of Jerusalem, 1214. Dr. William Clagett, 1646, Alighieri Dante, 1321. died Bury St. Edmunds.

(and buried), Ravenna. Thomas Baker, 1656, Lanches- John Plantagenet, Duke of Bedter, in Durham,

ford, 1435. Rouen Cathedral. Dr. Browne Willis, 1682, St. Adrian VI. (Pope), 1523. Mary's, Blandford.

Bishop Richard Fox, 1528.
Alexander Guy Pingre, 1711, Margaret (of Savoy), 1574.

Thomas, Earl of Arundel, 1646.
Matthew Boulton, 1728, Bir- d. Padua.

Robert, Earl of Essex, 1646. d.

Esser House. Abbey.
Richard Atkyns, 1677. d. Mar.

shalsea Prison.

Wm. Joyner, 1706. d. Ickford. Obits of the Latin Church. John Dominic Cassini, 1712. St. Cormac, Bishop of Cashel,

Louise Bois de la Pierre, 1730. King of Munster, in Ireland, Charles Rollin, 1741. d. Paris. 908.

Jas. Philip d'Orville, 1751. St. Catharine (Catterinetta Fi- James Essex, 1784. Cambridge.

eschi Adorno) of Genoa, Wi- Marshal Noel de Vaux, 1788. dow, d. 1510.

David Ross, 1790. d. London. John Vander-Mersch, 1792. J. Grahame, 1811, Whitehill.

Hail, active Nature's watchful life and health! Her joy, her ornament, and

wealth ---Hymn to Light.

Nor past uncelebrated, nor unsung
By the celestial quires, when orient light
Exhaling first from darkness they beheld;
Birth-day of Heaven and Earth, with joy and shout.
The hollow universal orb they fill'd,
And touch'd their golden harps, and hymning prais'd
God and his works : Creator him they sung,
Both when first evening was, and when first morn.


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The UNIVERSAL Creation. This sublime and, perhaps, everlasting

circumstance,' was now fashioned out from Chaos. They all say the world had a beginning,' saith Aristotle de Cælo.'—See Genesis.

The Months. The seventh Roman month, September, agrees with the first month, Thoth, of the fixed, and the seventh in the ancient Egyptian year ; with the first month Afruden, of the Persians; with the first months, Hyperberetæus, Aphrodisius, and Ereus, of the Syro-Macedonians, Paphians, and Bithynians ; with the first months, Mascaram, Tut, and Navasardi, of the Ethiopians (Abyssinians), Copts, and Armenians; with the first lunar month, Dius, of the Macedonians, and the ninth, Gorpæus, of their solar year; with the twelfth solar month, Elul, of the Syrians; with the fourth Attic month, Pyanepsion (some place Mæmacterion next after Boëdromion, but contrary to Scaliger, and several decisive inscriptions); and with the third moons, Rabie 1. and Rabiul-euul, of the Arabs and the Turks.—See 22nd Sept.

EMBER WEEK. The third' of those solemn hebdominal periods, called the Ember days, depends on and immediately follows the festival of ‘Holy Cross.'— See 220 February.

The Thesmophoria, in honour of Ceres, 'the lawgiver,' of four days.

The Exaltation of the Holy Cross' is a universal Christian holiday, for the recovery of that precious fragment from the Persians by the Emperor Heraclius, in 629; and its exhibition' at Jerusalem, upon its discovery by the Empress Helena, in the year 335.

Belisarius achieves the conquest of Africa,' a chaotic waste of enslaved humanity, where the image of intelligence is unknown, 533.

The decisive battle of Homildon Hill, against the Scots, 1402.
Gama lands at Lisbon from his immortal adventure, 1499.
Napoleon passes the · Mount of Salvation,' and enters Moscow, 1812.

Who with the thund'ring noise of his swift courser's feet, Astupn'd the earth that day.--- Drayton's 'Hotspur.'

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Again, God said, 'Let there be firmament
Amid the waters, and let it divide
The waters from the waters," and God made
The firmament, expanse of liquid, pure,
Transparent, elemental air, diffus'd
In circuit to the uttermost convex
Of this great round; partition firm and sure,
The waters onderneath from those above
Dividing; for as Earth, so he the world
Built on circumfluous waters calm.




xvII. Nakita Ivanowitz, Count de Philip (of Austria), 1506. Cal.

Panin, 1718, Lucca. Gerard Bontius, 1599. Leyden. 15.

Philip Nich. Pia, 1721, Paris. Sir Thomas Overbury, 1613.
John Sylvanus Bailly, 1736, poisoned, Tower.

Lady Arabella Stuart, 1615. er

pired, Tower.

Nicholas Bergier, 1623. Paris.
They say, that the first inha- Richard Boyle, Earl of Cork,
bitants of the earth, glorying in

1643. Youyhall.
their own strength and size, and Sidney, Earl of Godolphin, 1712.
despising the gods, undertook to

d. St. Albans. (Abbey.)
raise a tower whose top should Arthur Bedford, 1745. died,
reach the sky : but when it ap-

proached the heaven, the 'winds' Jacob Rodriguez Pereire, 1780.
assisted the gods, and overturn- General Lazarus Hoche, 1797.
ed the work.-Berosus.

d. Wetzlar.
William Huskisson, 1830. d.

Eccles. (Liverpool.)
Obits of the Lutin Church.
St. Nicomedes, Priest at Rome,
Martyr, c. 90.

Happiness is the only thing
St. Nicetas, a Goth, Martyr, c. of real value in existence, nei-

ther riches, nor power, nor wis-
St. John the Dwarf, of the Great dom, nor learning, nor strength,

Desert, 5th Century. nor beauty, nor virtue, nor reli-
St. Aper (or Evre), Bishop of gion, nor even life itself, being

Troyes (after), 486. of any importance, but as they
St. Aicard (or Achart), Abbot contribute to its production.
in Normandy, d. 687.

Jenyns. The eternal God is the best of the good, the wisest of the wise : he is the father of equity and justice, and the only inventer of the sacred philosophy. ---Zoroaster.

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Three cups of wine a prudent man may take;
The first of these for constitution's sake :
The second to the girl he loves the best :
The third and last to lull him to his rest:
Then bome to bed. But if a fourth he pours,
That is the cup of folly and not ours.
Loud noisy talking on the fifth attends ;
The sixth breeds feuds and falling out of friends.
Seven beget blows, and faces stain'd with gore;
Eight and the watch patrol breaks ope the door.---Eubulus.


The CREATION. The second' day's work were the ethereal elements. It was the termination or period of the old lunar patriarchal year.

The Feast of Tabernacles. This grand autumnal festival, the · Hosannah,' of seven days, began on the fourteenth evening of the month Tisri. It commemorated the dwelling of the Israelites in tabernacles, or tents, for forty years. See Lev. xxiii. The booths were to be formed of the branches of particular trees : as the chron, the palm, the myrtle, the willow; and occasionally, of those goodly trees, the olive and the pine. The citron was an emblem of the righteous ; the willow of the wicked ; as the palm was a type of the hypocrite ; and the myrtle of those who perform good works without the law. This, the first day, was observed as a 'sabbath,' the rest were devoted to feasting and merriment.-See 5th October. It may be noted that the feast was celebrated in booths upon the Surrey side of the Thames, after the readmission of the Jews, in 1656, under the protection of Cromwell, who first permitted them, from sound motives, to erect a Synagogue in a corner of the city.

The Grecian ‘Thesmophoria,' at Eleusis, continued from the fourteenth of Pyanepsion. The women (free-born), clad in white apparel, carried the books of the law upon their heads, in memory of their mistress's invention, and every appearance of mirth was scrupulously banished from their assemblies. During this festival all prisoners for the lesser offences were released. There were three days of preparation, so that altogether the holiday lasted seven days. It was observed by divers other states.

The first aërial voyage in England was executed this day, by Vincent Lunardi, an Italian, from Moorfields to Ware, in Hertfordshire, 1784.

RAILWAY. The ' Manchester and Liverpool Railway' for carriage by steam is opened, a truly national and great commercial day, 1830.

Mad with the ninth, another cup goes round,
And the swilld sot drops senseless on the ground.---Bacchus.

... 621

Be gather'd now ye waters under Heav'n
Into one place, and let dry land appear.'
Immediately the mountains boge appear
Emergent, and their broad bare backs upheave
Into the clouds; their tops ascend the sky:
So high as heav'd the tumid hills, so low
Down sunk a hollow bottom broad and deep,
Capacious bed of waters; thither they
Hasted with glad precipitance, u proll’d,
As drops on dust conglobing from the dry.



xvi. Engelbert Koempfer, 1651, Saint Martin 1. (Pope), 655.

Lemgow, in Westphalia. d. Crimea.
Dr. James Foster, 1697, Exeter. Victor, 3d (Pope), 1087.

Cardinal Pandulpho, 1226. Nor-
From the fame and memory

wich Cathedral. of him that begot me, I have Charles V. the Wise (of France), learned both shamefacedness

1380. d. Vincennes. and manly behaviour; of my Dean (John) Colet, 1519. St. mother, to be religious and

Paul's. bountiful; of my grandfather, Michael Baius, 1589. Louvain. to be gentle and meek.

Thos. Earl of Cardigan, 1663. Aurelius.

Fychan Gaunor, 1686. died,

Aber-cowarch, in Wales, aged
Obits of the Latin Church.

St. Cornelius, Pope, Mart. 252. James II. (of England), 1701.
St. Cyprian, Abp. of Carthage, N.S. St. Germains.
Martyr, 258.

Gabriel Dan. Fahrenheit, 1736.
Sts. Lucia, Widow, and Geini- | Allen, Earl Bathurst, 1775.

nianus, Martyrs at Rome, 304. Simon, Earl Harcourt, 1777. St. Euphemia, Virgin, Martyr drowned, Nuneham. at Chalcedon, 307.

Carlo Broschi (Farinelli), 1782. St. Ninian (or Ninyas), Bp. of d. Bologna.

Withern, in Galloway, Apos- W. Tindal, 1804. k. (se) Tower.
tle of the Southern Picts, d. Peter Isaac Thelluson, Lord

Rendlesham, 1808.
St. Editha, Virgin, Foundress of Louis XVIII. (of France),

St. Denis, at Wilton, d. 984. 1824.
St. Editha (or Eadgithe), died, James [' Jemmy') Gordon, 1825.

d. Cambridge. The dry land, Earth; and the great receptacle Of congregated waters, he callid Seas.-Creation.

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