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THE MUNDANE EPoch. The present is the sixth' historical day.

In this place may be noted, two events synchronal with the great 'mysteries ;' the destruction of Bæotian Thebes, and removal of her inhabitants by Alexander, B.C. 335; and the occupation of Munychia, the principal fort of the Athenians, by a Macedonian garrison, when Antipater disfranchised 12,000 of the poorer citizens (the census returned 21,000), and settled them in Thrace, B.C. 322. The sixth' day was called lacchus (Cush), the name of the son of Jupiter and Ceres, when his image, bearing a torch, was carried from the Ceramicus (the ‘Père la Chaise' of Athens) to Eleusis, with dance and song by beat of kettle,

Constantinople is founded, A.D. 329, about the day that Solomon dedicated his Temple at Jerusalem, B.C. 1005.-See 11th May.

The inauguration of William, surnamed Rufus, at Westminster, in the third week from the Conqueror's demise, and to the exclusion of Robert, his elder brother, 1087. Stark' like his father, he was his favourite. The veritable Saxon Chronicler thus speaks of William the Norman. “He set many deer-friths ; and he made laws therewith, that whosoever should slay hart or hind, him man should blind. As he forbade the slaying of harts, so also did he of boars. So much he loved the high-deer, as if he had been their father. He also decreed about hares, that they should go free.” Lord Howe enters Philadelphia, 1777.

The famous Comet, tailed like a flaming lance,' through Boötes Ursa Major and Serpentis, was visible from this day, until the 5th of November, 1607. It had appeared before about Easter, 1305, in the Summer of 1456, and in 1531. In 1682 it returned again, at Christmas, 1758, and is awfully expected in less than, or about three years.

" Millions of spirits for his fault amerc'd Of Heaven, and from eternal splendourg fung.

r. 643 ----..

Admiring enter'd ; and the work some praise,
And some the architect; bis hand was known
In Heaven by many a tower'd structure high.
Men call'd him Mulciber; and how he fell
From Heaven they fabled, thrown by angry Jove
Sheer o'er the crystal battlements : from morn
To noon he fell, from noon to dewy eve,
A summer's day, and with the setting Sun
Dropt from the zenith like a falling star.- Pandemonium.




V. Cal. 27.


Louis XIII. the Just, 1601, Sigebert (of England), k. 642.

Walter Devereux, of Chartley,
James Alting, 1618, Heidelberg.

Viscount Hereford, 1558.
James Benignus Bossuet, 1627, Mark Jerome Vida, 1566, d.

Alba. Cathedral of Cremona.
William Samuel Powell, 1717, St. Vincent of Paul, 1660.

Innocent XII. Pignatelli, 1700.
Anthony Frederic Busching, Dr. Thos. Burnet, 1715. Char-

1724, Stadthagen.
Michael Denis, 1729, Schand- Bishop (George) Smalridge,
ing, in Bavaria.

1719. Oxford Cathedral.
William (of Wurtemburg), Lawrence Eusden, 1730. d. Co-

Robert Wilkes (Actor), 1732.

Peter Artedi, 1735. dr. Leyden.
She is fair and she knows it; Admiral René Duguay-Trouin,
she has a pretty light wit too,

1736. d. Paris. and she knows it; she can

Dominic Parennin, 1741. Pekin.
dance, and she knows that too ; Bishop (Isaac) Maddox, 1759.
play at shuttlecock, and that

Wm. Smith (Painter), 1764.

Jas. Brindley, 1772. d. Turn

hurst, Staffordshire.

E. Lovibond, 1775. d. Hampton.
Obits of the Latin Church.

Stephen Bezout, 1783. d. Paris.
Sts. Cosmas and Damian, Bro- Gaetano Apoline Balthazar Ves-
thers and Physicians, Mar-

tris, 1808. d. Paris.
tyrs at Ægea, in Cilicia, 303. Count Alex. de Strogonoff, 1811.
Sts. Elzear (Count of Arian), Edward Chas. Howard, 1816.
1323, and Delphina, 1369.

A thousand demi-gods on golden seats,
Frequent and fall.–The great consult began.


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Satan except none higher sat : with grave
Aspect he rose, and in his rising seem'd
A pillar of state ; deep on his front engraven
Deliberation sat, and public care ;
And princely counsel in his face yet shown,
Majestic, though in ruin: sage he stood
With Atlantean shoulders fit to bear
The weight of mightiest monarchies; his look
Drew audience and attention still as night. - Beelzebub.


THE MUNDANE EPOCH. The first Sabbath is solemnized in Paradise. The • seventh' was esteemed by Pythagoras the most perfect number. That hotchpot entertainment, the Pyanepsia (which gave its name to the Grecian month), on the seventh day, records the return of Theseus from exile. It was dedicated at Rome to Venus Mater, and Fortuna Redux,

The festival of St. John, surnamed Mark, at whose house St. Peter knocked, when released by the angel, is kept by the foreign churches.

Theodoric, the Ostrogoth, defeats Odoacer, King of Italy, on the banks of the Adage, near Verona, who fled to Ravenna, 489.–See 5th March.

Sigebert is the supposed founder of the University of Cambridge.

The battle before the walls of Tinchebrai, between the two brothers, Henry of England, and Robert of Normandy, which accomplished the destiny of that duchy, with its noble and generous master, who ‘forgot and forgave too much,' 1106. Restlessness in his prison was the plea of cruelty to rob him of his precious eyesight, and he lived until 1135.

The reduction by Henry V. of HARFLEUR (the place where Richmond embarked), which he rifles of her affluent stores, and dismissed the inhabitants with five pennies. Pointing straight to Calais, as the eagle pounces upon its quarry, he left the banks of the Seine at the end of nine days, in three grand divisions, winged by two detachments ; passed the Bresle and drove the garrison of Eu from their walls in the second week of October ; reaches Branchetaque on the Somme, which he crossed en face, at Voyenne and Bethencourt, unopposed on the nineteenth ;' and swept the bridge, bestriding the rapid Ternois, that resisted his line of march through Blangi, the “ twenty-fourth' morning, 1415.

The Magdalen · Library' at Oxford is founded, 1733. Alexander and his Empress are crowned with great pomp at Moscow, 1801. His memorable conference with Napoleon at Erfurt, 1808. Lord Wellinglon defeats Massena on the heights of Busaco in Portugal, 1810.

Thither let us bend all our thoughts, to learn
What creatures there inhabit, of what mould.

.......... 645

If shape it might be call'd that shape had none
Distinguishable in member, joint, or limb;
Or substance might be callid that shadow seem'd,
For each seem'd either: black it stood as Night,
Fierce as ten furies, terrible as Hell,
And shook a dreadful 'dart;' what seem'd his head
The likeness of a kingly crown had on.
The undaunted Fiend what this might be admir'd, -Hell-portal.




IV. Cal. 28.

Theodore Turquet de Mayerne, Hippias, B. C. 490. killed, Ma1573, Geneva.

rathon. Fabian Philips, 1601, Prest- Lothaire I. (Emperor), A. D. bury, Gloucestershire.

855. d. Ardennes. (Prum.) Ismael Bullialdus, 1605, Lou- Henry VI. (Emperor), 1197. don, in France,

poisoned, Messina.
John Anstis, 1669, St. Neots. George Buchanan, 1582. Edin-
Dr. George Berkeley, 1733, burgh.

Joshua Sylvester, 1618. died,
Sir Wm. Jones, 1746, London. Middleburg

Sir George Buck, 1623. Under the idea of weeping for Sir Arthur Gorges, 1625. the loss of the person who was James Golius, 1667. d. Leyden. dear to us, we weep in reality Francis Turretini, 1687. died, for ourselves : we weep over the

Geneva. diminution of our fortune, of our Archbishop (Hugh) Boulter, pleasure, of our importance.

1742. Westminster Abbey. Hypocrisy. John Baptist Massillon, 1742.

d. Clermont?

John Byrom, 1763. Manchester. Obits of the Latin Church.

Thomas Day, 1789. Wurgrave St. Exuperius,

ishop of Toulouse (after), 409.

Dr. Ralph Griffiths, 1803. d. St. Eustochium, Virgin, Abbess Turnham Green.

at Bethlehem, c. 419. C. G. Kiesewetter, 1827.
St. Lioba, of Winburn, Abbess,

c. 779.
St. Wenceslas, Duke of Bohe-

mia, Martyr, d. 938.

upon Thames.

The infernal doors she open'd, but to shut
Excell'd her power; the gates wide open stood.-Sin.

roo. 646 ...

Before his eyes in sudden view appear
The secrets of the hoary deep; a dark
Illimitable ocean, without bound,
Without dimension, where length, breadth, and height,
And time, and place, are lost; where eldest Night
And Chaos, ancestors of Nature, hold
Eternal anarchy, amidst the noise
Or endless wars, and by confusion stand.


THE MUNDANE EPOCH. This is the eighth' historical day. The number eight, as the first cube of an even number, and the double of the first square, expressed the firmness and immovable power of Neptune.

MARATHON. It took place at the full moon on this Julian day. The Spartan aid arrived a day after the battle.-See 6th August.

The Emperor Constantius defeats Magnentius at Mursa, on the Drave (celebrated for its bridge of boats), in a most desperate contest, 351.

The entire land (nearly) of Flanders is immersed by a storm, 1014.

Bajazet achieves his famous victory over the King of Hungary, at Nicopolis, 1396. The greater part of an army of 100,000 confederate Christians were slain, or driven into the Danube, and Sigismond escaping to Constantinople by the river and the Black Sea, returned after a long circuit, to his exhausted kingdom. A gout preserved Europe.

Essex appears suddenly at the Queen's feet, at Nonsuch, disgraced, from Ireland, 1599. His course'is shadowed with deep lines in Hamlet.

Milton describes his case for Thevenot to an illustrious Athenian, 1654 : "Whilst He looks out, and provides for me as he does, and leads me about, as it were, with his hand through the paths of life, I willingly surrender my own faculty of vision in conformity to his good pleasure; and with a heart as strong and steadfast, as if I were a Lynceus, I bid you, my Philaris, farewell!”

Jefferies receives the Great Seal for his Western services, 1685.

The literary Boyle, Earl of Orrery, is committed to the Tower, on suspicion of being implicated in · Layer's Plot,' 1722. The · Habeas Corpus’Act was suspended for the first time by his favour, during one year.

The contention between the two houses.' The • Romeo' of Barry with Mrs. Cibber's ‘ Juliet' were matched against Garrick and Miss Bellamy at Drury, 1750. Arne's dirge' is first introduced at the Garden.

Entrecasteaux sails from Brest in hopeless search of Perouse, 1791.

There, on the brink of Hell, he look'd a while,
Pondering his voyage; for no narrow frith he had to cross,

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